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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, January 18, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 18-Jan-2020
 

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.


Medical News


Why can’t Bertrand Might cry? Scientists offer an answer: missing water channels

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have shown that cells from children with NGLY1 deficiency—a rare disorder first described in 2012—lack sufficient water channel proteins called aquaporins. The discovery was publish...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Cell Reports

Embargo expired on 16-Jan-2020 at 08:00 ET


Sepsis Associated with 1 in 5 Deaths Globally, Double Previous Estimate

Twice as many people as previously believed are dying of sepsis worldwide, according to an analysis published today in The Lancet and announced at the Critical Care Reviews annual meeting in Belfast. Among them are a disproportionately high number of...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

The Lancet; T32HL007287, T32HL007820, R35GM119519

Embargo expired on 16-Jan-2020 at 12:05 ET


Putting the ‘lazy eye' to work

When University of California, Irvine neurobiologist Carey Y.L. Huh, Ph.D., set her sights on discovering more about amblyopia, she brought personal insight to her quest. As a child, Huh was diagnosed with the condition, which is often called “lazy...

– University of California, Irvine

Journal of Neuroscience


Rethinking interactions with mental health patients

New research overturns the belief that people with severe mental illness are incapable of effective communication with their psychiatrist, and are able to work together with them to achieve better outcomes for themselves.

– University of Adelaide

Australian Psychiatry


Russian Scientists Develop a "Smart" Chair to Correct Students’ Posture

Scientists of South Ural State University have developed a "smart" chair that will allow you to form correct posture from childhood and therefore prevent many diseases. Currently, this development has no analogs in the world.

– South Ural State University

Atlantis Press


Acid reflux drugs may have negative side effects for breast cancer survivors

Acid reflux drugs that are sometimes recommended to ease stomach problems during cancer treatment may have an unintended side effect: impairment of breast cancer survivors’ memory and concentration.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Cancer Survivorship


Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature

The lungs and placentas of fetuses in the womb — as young as 11 weeks after conception — already show a bacterial microbiome signature, which suggests that bacteria may colonize the lungs well before birth. How the microbes or microbial products ...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

HL141652; American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine


A Replacement for Exercise?

A protein called Sestrin might be responsible for many of the benefits of a good workout.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Nature Communications


Risk of Lead Exposure Linked to Decreased Brain Volume in Adolescents

In a study using brain scans from nearly 10 thousand adolescents across the country, investigators at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles show that risk of lead exposure is associated with altered brain anatomy and cognitive deficits in children from l...

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Nature Medicine


Science News


UC San Diego-led Study Finds Close Evolutionary Proximity Between Microbial Domains in the ‘Tree of Life’

A comprehensive analysis of 10,575 genomes as part of a multi-national study led by researchers at UC San Diego has revealed close evolutionary proximity between the microbial domains at the base of the tree of life, the branching pattern of evolutio...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications, Dec 2019


The mysterious, legendary giant squid's genome is revealed

How did the monstrous giant squid - reaching school-bus size, with eyes as big as dinner plates and tentacles that can snatch prey 10 yards away -- get so scarily big?

– Marine Biological Laboratory

GigaScience


Spider-Man-Style Robotic Graspers Defy Gravity

Traditional methods of vacuum suction and previous vacuum suction devices cannot maintain suction on rough surfaces due to vacuum leakage, which leads to suction failure. Researchers Xin Li and Kaige Shi developed a zero-pressure difference method to...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Physics of Fluids


Climate may play a bigger role than deforestation in rainforest biodiversity

"Save the rainforests" is a snappy slogan, but it doesn't tell the full story of how complicated it is to do just that.

– Field Museum

Biotropica


Human-caused biodiversity decline started millions of years ago

The human-caused biodiversity decline started much earlier than researchers used to believe. According to a new study published in the scientific journal Ecology Letters the process was not started by our own species but by some of our ancestors.

– University of Gothenburg

Ecology Letters


New dog, old tricks? Stray dogs can understand human cues

If you have a dog, hopefully you're lucky enough to know that they are highly attuned to their owners and can readily understand a wide range of commands and gestures. But are these abilities innate or are they exclusively learned through training?

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Psychology


Fossil Is the Oldest-Known Scorpion

Scientists studying fossils collected 35 years ago have identified them as the oldest-known scorpion species, a prehistoric animal from about 437 million years ago. The researchers found that the animal likely had the capacity to breathe in both anci...

– Ohio State University

Scientific Reports


Reinventing the Computer: Brain-Inspired Computing for a Post-Moore’s Law Era

Since 1947, computing development has seen a consistent doubling of the number of transistors that can fit on a chip. But that trend, Moore’s Law, may reach its limit as components of submolecular size encounter problems with thermal noise, making ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Reviews


Fisheries management is actually working, global analysis shows

Nearly half of the fish caught worldwide are from stocks that are scientifically monitored and, on average, are increasing in abundance. Effective management appears to be the main reason these stocks are at sustainable levels or successfully rebuild...

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan-2020


Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Black Workers’ Status in a Company Informs Perceptions of Workplace Racial Discrimination

“Research shows that black individuals encounter an enormous amount of racial discrimination in the workplace, including exclusion from critical social networks, wage disparities and hiring disadvantages,” said Adia Harvey Wingfield, co-author of...

– Washington University in St. Louis

American Sociological Review

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