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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, January 25, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 25-Jan-2020
 

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.


Medical News


Study IDs non-hormonal options for menopause symptoms

Cognitive therapy, depression drugs are found to relieve night sweats, hot flashes and also help with sleep.

– University of Washington School of Medicine

The Journal of the North American Menopause Society


Opioid Dependence Found to Permanently Change Brains of Rats

Approximately one-quarter of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, with five to 10 percent developing an opioid use disorder or addiction. In a new study, UC San Diego researchers found that opioid dependence produced perm...

– University of California San Diego Health

PNAS


UCI researchers identify a connection between early life adversity and opioid addiction

Individuals with a history of early life adversity (ELA) are disproportionately prone to opioid addiction. A new UCI-led study reveals why. Published in Molecular Psychiatry, the study titled, “On the early life origins of vulnerability to ...

– University of California, Irvine

Molecular Psychiatry


High-Protein Diets Boost Artery-Clogging Plaque, Mouse Study Shows

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis reveals how high-protein diets increase atherosclerosis, especially unstable plaque that increases the risk of a heart attack.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Metabolism


Johns Hopkins Researchers: Climate Change Threatens to Unlock New Microbes and Increase Heat-Related Illness and Death

The Journal of Clinical Investigation (JCI) recently published “Viewpoint” articles by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine professors who warn that global climate change is likely to unlock dangerous new microbes, as well as threaten huma...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

The Journal of Clinical Investigation


Patients Beyond Borders Announces Top 10 Cities for Medical Tourists in 2020

Relentlessly rising consumer medical expenses have contributed to millions of US patients seeking affordable treatment abroad. Patients Beyond Borders has researched the most-traveled metropolitan areas for the international healthcare consumer, at s...

– Patients Beyond Borders


Science News


NASA's Kepler Witnesses Vampire Star System Undergoing Super-Outburst

Astronomers searching archival data from NASA's Kepler exoplanet hunting mission identified a previously unknown dwarf nova that underwent a super-outburst, brightening by a factor of 1,600 times in less than a day.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Dec-2019


Study: Commercial air travel is safer than ever

It has never been safer to fly on commercial airlines, according to a new study by an MIT professor that tracks the continued decrease in passenger fatalities around the globe.

– Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Transportation Science


Horror movies manipulate brain activity expertly to enhance excitement

Finnish research team maps neural activity in response to watching horror movies. A study conducted by the University of Turku shows the top horror movies of the past 100 years, and how they manipulate brain activity.

– University of Turku (Turun yliopisto)

Neurolmage


'Sex Tech' Study Finds Technology Facilitates Sexual and Emotional Interactions

Advances in technology have allowed us to interact with others across the globe, and a new study of adults who engage with "sex tech"—innovative technologies used to enhance sexuality—announced by the Kinsey Institute at Indiana University reveal...

– Indiana University


Mapping the Path of Climate Change

Predicting a major transition, such as climate change, is extremely difficult, but the probabilistic framework developed by the authors is the first step in identifying the path between a shift in two environmental states.

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Chaos


Air pollution in New York City linked to wildfires hundreds of miles away

A new study shows that air pollutants from the smoke of fires from as far as Canada and the southeastern U.S. traveled hundreds of miles and several days to reach Connecticut and New York City, where it caused significant increases in pollution conce...

– European Geosciences Union (EGU)

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics


Nature Study: First Ancient DNA from West Africa Illuminates the Deep Human Past

The research team sequenced DNA from four children buried 8,000 and 3,000 years ago at Shum Laka in Cameroon, a site excavated by a Belgian and Cameroonian team 30 years ago. The findings, “Ancient West African foragers in the context of African po...

– Saint Louis University

Nature


Global river deltas increasingly shaped by humans, study says

The study by current and former researchers at Tulane University looked at nearly every delta in the world.

– Tulane University

Nature


Mosquitoes are drawn to flowers as much as people — and now scientists know why

Scientists have identified the chemical cues in flowers that stimulate mosquitoes’ sense of smell and draw them in. Their findings show how cues from flowers can stimulate the mosquito brain as much as a warm-blooded host — information that could...

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Mars' water was mineral-rich and salty

Presently, Earth is the only known location where life exists in the Universe. This year the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three astronomers who proved, almost 20 years ago, that planets are common around stars beyond the solar system.

– Tokyo Institute of Technology

Nature Communications


Report reveals ‘unseen’ human benefits from ocean twilight zone

A new report from researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) reveals for the first time the unseen—and somewhat surprising—benefits that people receive from the ocean’s twilight zone. Also known as the “mesopelagic,” this is...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


New Doomsday Clock time signals inability or direct unwillingness of leaders to cooperatively respond to devastating threats to our planet

– University of Notre Dame


Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Exclusive Polling: Iowa Youth Poised for Historic Caucus Turnout

Young people are poised for a potentially historic turnout in the upcoming Iowa caucuses, and young Democrats prefer Sen. Bernie Sanders, according to an exclusive CIRCLE-Tisch College/Suffolk University Iowa youth poll released today by Tufts Univer...

– Tufts University

CIRCLE-Tisch College/Suffolk University Iowa youth poll


UW Research Expands Bilingual Language Program for Babies

A study by the University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) shows that a bilingual language program for babies can reach more families, and instructors, through online training for teachers.

– University of Washington

Mind, Brain, and Education


Data from Behind Enemy Lines: How Russia May have Used Twitter to Seize Crimea

Online discourse by users of social media can provide important clues about the political dispositions of communities.

– University of California San Diego

Post-Soviet Affairs


Traces of the European Enlightenment Found in the DNA of Western Sign Languages

Sign languages throughout North and South America and Europe have centuries-long roots in five European locations, a finding that gives new insight into the influence of the European Enlightenment on many of the world's signing communities and the ev...

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Royal Society Open Science


Public distrust in media, helping the public understand how news works

Kristy Roschke is the managing director of News Co/Lab, and she offers remedies for readers who want to stay media literate.

Expert Available

– Arizona State University (ASU)

AP news poll


UCI business analytic student's Super Bowl prediction model remains perfect - predicts 49ers victory

– University of California, Irvine


Business News


Women-only business groups marginalize and fail to empower members

Women-only business networks fail to boost female entrepreneurship and instead serve to marginalise further the very people they seek to help.

– Lancaster University

Journal of Economic Geography


Tiny Price Gaps Cost Investors Billions

New research shows that, millions of times each day, investors in the U.S. stock market see different prices at the same moment—and that these differing prices cost investors at least $2 billion dollars each year.

– University of Vermont

PLOS ONE, January 22, 2020

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