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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, February 1, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 01-Feb-2020
 

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.


Medical News


Jump in Employment Seen Among Medicaid Expansion Enrollees, Especially the Most Vulnerable

Getting covered by health insurance may have a major impact on a low-income person’s ability to get a job or enroll in school, according to a new study. The percentage of low-income people enrolled in Michigan’s Medicaid expansion program who ha...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Network Open, January 31 2020

Embargo expired on 31-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Study: Antioxidant Flavonol Linked to Lower Risk of Alzheimer’s Dementia

People who eat or drink more foods with the antioxidant flavonol, which is found in nearly all fruits and vegetables as well as tea, may be less likely to develop Alzheimer’s dementia years later, according to a study published in the January 29, 2...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 29-Jan-2020 at 16:00 ET


Past Trauma Exposure, Major Depression Risk Factors for Suicidal Thoughts in Deployed Soldiers

Lifetime history of exposure to a traumatic event and self-reported lifetime and current depression are predictive of recent suicide ideation in deployed soldiers, according to a new JAMA Network Open study published January 29, 2020. Researchers sug...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

JAMA Network Open, Jan. 29, 2020

Embargo expired on 29-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Parkinson's Disease May Start Before Birth

People who develop Parkinson's disease before age 50 may have been born with disordered brain cells that went undetected for decades, according to EMBARGOED Cedars-Sinai research that will publish Jan. 27 in the journal Nature Medicine. The research ...

– Cedars-Sinai

Nature Medicine, Jan. 27, 2020

Embargo expired on 27-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Can Exercise Improve Video Game Performance?

Time spent playing video games is often seen as time stolen from physical activities. Research has shown that exercise has many physical and cognitive benefits.

– McGill University

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise


The Lancet: Modelling study estimates spread of 2019 novel coronavirus

Authors caution that given the lack of a robust and detailed timeline of records of suspected, probable, and confirmed cases and close contacts, the true size of the epidemic and its pandemic potential remains unclear.

– Lancet

The Lancet


A High-Fiber Diet May Counteract the Harmful Health Effects of Pollutants

Research from the University of Kentucky’s Superfund Research Center shows that a diet high in fiber could possibly reverse the adverse effects that environmental toxins have on cardiovascular health.

– University of Kentucky

UK-SRC’s “Project #1”


Rapid Weather Swings Increase Flu Risk

New research from a team of Florida State University scientists shows that rapid weather variability as a result of climate change could increase the risk of a flu epidemic in some highly populated regions in the late 21st century.

– Florida State University

Environmental Research Letters


Letting your child pick their snack may help you eat better, study suggests

Giving in to your kid's desire for an unhealthy snack may improve your own eating choices, a new University of Alberta study shows.

– University of Alberta

Appetite


Study provides first look at sperm microbiome using RNA sequencing

A new collaborative study published by a research team from the Wayne State University School of Medicine, the CReATe Fertility Centre and the University of Massachusetts Amherst provides the first in-depth look at the microbiome of human sperm utili...

– Wayne State University Division of Research

Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics; National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences ; from Merck KGaA Darmstadt


Virtual assistants provide disappointing advice when asked for first aid, emergency info

Virtual assistants don't yet live up to their considerable potential when it comes to providing users with reliable and relevant information on medical emergencies, according to a new study from University of Alberta researchers.

– University of Alberta

BMJ Innovations


Study IDs non-hormonal options for menopause symptoms

Cognitive therapy, depression drugs are found to relieve night sweats, hot flashes and also help with sleep.

– University of Washington School of Medicine

The Journal of the North American Menopause Society


Opioid Dependence Found to Permanently Change Brains of Rats

Approximately one-quarter of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, with five to 10 percent developing an opioid use disorder or addiction. In a new study, UC San Diego researchers found that opioid dependence produced perm...

– University of California San Diego Health

PNAS


UCI researchers identify a connection between early life adversity and opioid addiction

Individuals with a history of early life adversity (ELA) are disproportionately prone to opioid addiction. A new UCI-led study reveals why. Published in Molecular Psychiatry, the study titled, “On the early life origins of vulnerability to ...

– University of California, Irvine

Molecular Psychiatry


Schizophrenia Is A Disease, Not An Extreme of Normal Variation

“Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, and many other types of mental illness, are diseases of the brain and should be treated and studied as such,” say Johns Hopkins researchers.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Molecular Neuropsychiatry


Infectious Disease Experts Sound Alarm Over Risk of Outbreaks in U.S. Border Detention Centers

– Over the past year, at least seven children have died from diseases including influenza while being detained by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency. Infectious disease experts at the University ...

– University of Maryland School of Medicine

New England Journal of Medicine


Wuhan coronavirus links origin to wild animals, says wildlife epidemiology expert

– Virginia Tech


Science News


Microplastics from ocean fishing can ‘hide’ in deep sediments

Researchers reporting in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology have linked microplastics in China’s Beibu Gulf with heavy fishing activities.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 29-Jan-2020 at 08:00 ET


The First Potentially Invasive Species to Reach the Antarctica on Drifting Marine Algae

Drifting algae in the Austral Ocean can bring invasive species to the Antarctic coasts, according to a study published in the journal Scientific Reports.

– Universitat de Barcelona

Scientific Reports


California can become carbon neutral by 2045

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have identified a robust suite of technologies to help California clear the last hurdle and become carbon neutral – and ultimately carbon negative – by 2045. This groundbreaking study, “...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Getting to Neutral: Options for Negative Carbon Emissions in California


Scientists Find Far Higher than Expected Rate of Underwater Glacial Melting

Tidewater glaciers, the massive rivers of ice that end in the ocean, may be melting underwater much faster than previously thought, according to a Rutgers co-authored study that used robotic kayaks. The findings, which challenge current frameworks fo...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Geophysical Research Letters; Rutgers Today


Tiny, ancient meteorites suggest early Earth's atmosphere was rich in carbon dioxide

Tiny meteorites that fell to Earth 2.7 billion years ago suggest that the atmosphere at that time was high in carbon dioxide, which agrees with current understanding of how our planet’s atmospheric gases changed over time.

– University of Washington

Science Advances


Robotic Submarine Snaps First Images at Foundation of Notorious Antarctic Glacier

These are the first-ever images taken at the foundations of the glacier that inspires more fear of sea-level rise than any other - Thwaites Glacier. The grounding line is integral to Thwaites' fate and that of the world's coastlines.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

National Science Foundation; UK Natural Environment Research Council; U.S. Antarctic Program; British Antarctic Survey


NASA's Kepler Witnesses Vampire Star System Undergoing Super-Outburst

Astronomers searching archival data from NASA's Kepler exoplanet hunting mission identified a previously unknown dwarf nova that underwent a super-outburst, brightening by a factor of 1,600 times in less than a day.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Dec-2019


Study: Commercial air travel is safer than ever

It has never been safer to fly on commercial airlines, according to a new study by an MIT professor that tracks the continued decrease in passenger fatalities around the globe.

– Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Transportation Science


Horror movies manipulate brain activity expertly to enhance excitement

Finnish research team maps neural activity in response to watching horror movies. A study conducted by the University of Turku shows the top horror movies of the past 100 years, and how they manipulate brain activity.

– University of Turku (Turun yliopisto)

Neurolmage


Lifestyle & Social Sciences


People May Lie to Appear Honest

People may lie to appear honest if events that turned out in their favor seem too good to be true, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

American Psychological Association; Journal of Experimental Psychology: General

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2020 at 00:05 ET


Those Who Believe that the Economic System is Fair Are Less Troubled by Poverty, Homelessness, and Extreme Wealth

We react less negatively to extreme manifestations of economic disparity, such as homelessness, if we think the economic system is fair and legitimate, and these differences in reactivity are even detectable at the physiological level, finds a team o...

– New York University

Nature Communications


Exclusive Polling: Iowa Youth Poised for Historic Caucus Turnout

Young people are poised for a potentially historic turnout in the upcoming Iowa caucuses, and young Democrats prefer Sen. Bernie Sanders, according to an exclusive CIRCLE-Tisch College/Suffolk University Iowa youth poll released today by Tufts Univer...

– Tufts University

CIRCLE-Tisch College/Suffolk University Iowa youth poll


Herstory Being Made During Super Bowl LIV: Women Play Prominent Roles in Sports Medicine, Coaching and Entertainment

While Super Bowl LIV occurs during the NFL’s 100th anniversary, it also marks another historic achievement: the first time, three female athletic trainers (ATs) will provide medical care during a Super Bowl. They will join other powerhouse females ...

– National Athletic Trainers' Association


Trump’s Lopsided Mideast Peace Plan

The long-awaited plan presented by President Donald J. Trump paves the way for broader Israeli annexation of occupied territories, has no real chance of Palestinian support, and risks provoking violence.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Philip H. Gordon, "Trump's Lopsided Mideast Peace Plan", In Brief, CFR.org, January 28, 2020.


The Mindset of Success - Personified by Kobe Bryant

– California State University, Fullerton


Without accountability, sex scene guidelines won’t change industry

– Cornell University


Business News


Companies Innovate More When Their Boards Include Women

Corporate innovation is crucial for value creation. What does that have to do with gender diversity? A new global study shows the real influence and impact of gender diversity on boards; when it comes to greater balance, so come greater innovation ou...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


5 Big Questions About the Future of Retail

Traditional retail remains in a period of widespread transformation. Many suburban malls have shuttered, or limp along with few tenants. The rapid transformation even has its own doom-and-gloom shorthand: the Retail Apocalypse. Amid the turmoil, ther...

Expert Available

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

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