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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, February 3, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 03-Feb-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


DIII-D Researchers Use Machine Learning to Steer Fusion Plasmas Near Operational Limits

Researchers at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility recently achieved a scientific first when they used machine learning calculations to automatically prevent fusion plasma disruptions in real time, while simultaneously optimizing the plasma for peak ...

– General Atomics

Embargo expired on 03-Feb-2020 at 06:00 ET


Discovery would allow researchers to fine-tune CAR-T activity

In a study published in Cancer Cell, researchers reported new findings about the regulation of co-stimulatory molecules that could be used to activate cancer-killing immune cells – chimeric antigen receptor T-cells, or CAR-T – or decrease their ...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Cancer Cell

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2020 at 11:15 ET


Machine learning technique speeds up crystal structure determination

A computer-based method could make it less labor-intensive to determine the crystal structures of various materials and molecules, including alloys, proteins and pharmaceuticals. The method uses a machine learning algorithm, similar to the type used ...

– University of California San Diego

Science, Jan-2020

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2020 at 14:00 ET


Computer model mines medicines

Most medicines work by binding to and blocking the effect of disease-causing molecules. Now to accelerate the identification of potential new medicines, bioengineers have created a computer model that mimics the way molecules bind.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

PNAS, Dec-2019; R21EB022258


Autonomous pods SWARM together like bees in world first demonstration

Autonomous pods born in Coventry are now able to swarm together in a world first, thanks to research by WMG at the University of Warwick in partnership with Aurrigo and Milton Keynes council.

– University of Warwick


Self-learning heat­ing control system saves energy

Can buildings learn to save all by themselves? Empa researchers think so. In their experiments, they fed a new self-learning heat­ing control system with temperature data from the previous year and the current weather forecast. The “smart” contr...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Energy and Buildings Volume 211, 15 March 2020, 109792; Empa media release


New research could aid cleaner energy technologies

New research led by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York, could aid cleaner energy technologies.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Nature Communications, Jan-2020


Science Snapshot From Berkeley Lab - a biocompatible material that turns up the heat on antibacterial-resistant diseases

Scientists at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry have designed a biocompatible polymer that has the potential to advance photothermal therapy, a technique that deploys near-infrared light to combat antibacterial-resistant infections and cancer.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Angewandte Chemie, Oct-7-2019


Robot sweat regulates temperature, key for extreme conditions

Just when it seemed like robots couldn’t get any cooler, Cornell University researchers have created a soft robot muscle that can regulate its temperature through sweating.

– Cornell University

Science Robotics, Jan. 2020


Robotic Submarine Snaps First Images at Foundation of Notorious Antarctic Glacier

These are the first-ever images taken at the foundations of the glacier that inspires more fear of sea-level rise than any other - Thwaites Glacier. The grounding line is integral to Thwaites' fate and that of the world's coastlines.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

National Science Foundation; UK Natural Environment Research Council; U.S. Antarctic Program; British Antarctic Survey


What’s in Your Water?

Mixing drinking water with chlorine, the United States’ most common method of disinfecting drinking water, creates previously unidentified toxic byproducts, says  Carsten Prasse from Johns Hopkins University and his collaborators from the Universi...

– Johns Hopkins University

Environmental Science & Technology, Jan-2020; P42 ES004705


Virtual assistants provide disappointing advice when asked for first aid, emergency info

Virtual assistants don't yet live up to their considerable potential when it comes to providing users with reliable and relevant information on medical emergencies, according to a new study from University of Alberta researchers.

– University of Alberta

BMJ Innovations


Crab-shell and seaweed compounds spin into yarns for sustainable and functional materials

Researchers from Aalto University, the University of São Paulo and the University of British Columbia have found a way to make a new kind of fibre from a combination of chitin nanoparticles, extracted from residual blue crab shells and alginate, a c...

– Aalto University

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering


Contradicting prevalent view, UCI oceanographers predict increase in phytoplankton

Irvine, Calif., Jan. 27, 2020 – A neural network-driven Earth system model has led University of California, Irvine oceanographers to a surprising conclusion: Phytoplankton populations in low-latitude waters will expand by the end of the 21st centu...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Geoscience, Jan.-2020


Tiny containers transport targeted treatments

Promising intracellular protein-based therapeutics have been of limited use due to the difficulty of delivery into diseased cells. Now bioengineers have developed nanoparticles that can deliver these therapeutics to their targets—avoiding degradati...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Science Advances, Dec-2019; R01EB022148


The great e-scooter hack

Micromobility vehicles, such as e-scooters, zip in and out of traffic. In San Antonio alone, over 12,000 scooters are on the road. For this reason, micromobility is seen as an alleviating trend to help tackle traffic congestion.

– University of Texas at San Antonio

MEETING AutoSec 2020


Features and Experts


Burning to understand

Wildfires significantly impact the health of economies in the western United States that are highly dependent on tourism, agriculture, and timber. David Blunck, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Oregon State University, has been select...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


CFN Staff Spotlight: Xiaohui Qu Bridges the Data Science-Materials Science Gap

As a staff member in the Theory and Computation Group at Brookhaven Lab's Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Qu applies various approaches in artificial intelligence to analyze experimental and computational nanoscience data.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Protecting our Northern Border with the Slash CameraPole

DHS S&T partnered with MIT Lincoln Laboratory and several private companies to create the Slash CameraPole.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Breaking Through Computational Barriers to Create Designer Proteins

Using advanced computational methods to find working designs, researchers created six protein pairs in cells.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Stretched to the Limit and Sparkling on Curved Surfaces

Scientists grew tungsten disulfide 2D crystals over donut shapes. With this approach, they created strain that changed the materials’ growth dynamics and light emission properties.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Cornell co-leads effort to use big data to combat catastrophes

With a team of experts in fields including data science, statistics, computer science, finance, energy, agriculture, ecology, hydrology, climate and space weather, The Predictive Risk Investigation System for Multilayer Dynamic Interconnection Analys...

– Cornell University


Particle Physics Turns to Quantum Computing for Solutions to Tomorrow’s Big-Data Problems

Giant-scale physics experiments are increasingly reliant on big data and complex algorithms fed into powerful computers, and managing this multiplying mass of data presents its own unique challenges. To better prepare for this data deluge posed by ne...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


UC San Diego Health Launches Drone Transport Program with UPS, Matternet

UC San Diego Health launches pilot project using drones to move medical samples, supplies and documents between Jacobs Medical Center, Moores Cancer Center and the Center for Advanced Laboratory Medicine, speeding delivery of services and patient car...

– University of California San Diego Health


New UC San Diego Symposium Stirs Dialogue Among Data Science and Arts and Humanities Experts

On February 7 and 8, UC San Diego will bring together experts from data science and the arts and humanities to examine the emerging relationship between data and culture. The symposium will provide a forum for artists, historians, philosophers, liter...

– University of California San Diego

Cultured Data Symposium, February 7-8


Nanospirals that form as molten metals solidify could be key to new materials—and even invisibility

Humans have been cooling metal mixtures from liquid to solid for thousands of years. But surprisingly, not much is known about exactly what happens during the process of solidification. Particularly puzzling is the solidification of eutectics, which ...

Expert Available

– University of Michigan


The Big Questions: Ian Foster on High-Performance Computing

The Big Questions series features perspectives from the five recipients of the Department of Energy Office of Science’s 2019 Distinguished Scientists Fellows Award describing their research and what they plan to do with the award. Ian Foster is the...

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


5 Big Questions About the Future of Retail

Traditional retail remains in a period of widespread transformation. Many suburban malls have shuttered, or limp along with few tenants. The rapid transformation even has its own doom-and-gloom shorthand: the Retail Apocalypse. Amid the turmoil, ther...

Expert Available

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Researchers Take Body Armor to the Next Level with High Energy Fibers

Body armor for U.S. soldiers are heavy, cumbersome, and way above the desired aerial density, which limits their mobility and physical performance. FAU scientists expect to improve performance of military helmets and body armor using hybridized nanoc...

– Florida Atlantic University


NSF’s Newest Solar Telescope Produces First Images

Just released first images from the National Science Foundation’s Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope reveal unprecedented detail of the Sun’s surface and preview the world-class products to come from this preeminent 4-meter solar telescope. NSF’s...

– National Solar Observatory


Announcements and Events


Los Alamos high-performance computing veteran to chair SC22

Candace Culhane, a program/project director in Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Directorate for Simulation and Computation, has been selected as the general chair for the 2022 SC Conference (SC22).

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


The Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) Announces its Annual Life Science and Technology Awards

Science and technology awards were announced during SLAS2020 International Conference and Exhibition, the annual flagship event of the Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening. Each year SLAS recognizes several exceptional attendees and exhibi...

– SLAS

SLAS2020 International Conference and Exhibition


Materials Research Society Partners with Springer Nature

The Materials Research Society (MRS) and Springer Nature have signed a strategic new publishing agreement that will come into effect starting on January 1, 2021. At that time, the two organizations will partner to publish all five journals in the MRS...

– Materials Research Society (MRS)


New Centers Lead the Way towards a Quantum Future

The Department of Energy (DOE) recently announced that it will establish Quantum Information Science Centers to help lay the foundation for these technologies. As Congress put forth in the National Quantum Initiative Act, the DOE’s Office of Scienc...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


UTEP Professor Named Fellow of International Society for Optics and Photonics

Raymond C. Rumpf, Ph.D., professor of electrical and computer engineering at The University of Texas at El Paso, was promoted to Fellow of the International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE), an educational nonprofit established to advance ligh...

– University of Texas at El Paso


Cactus Communications announces acquisition of UNSILO, a Denmark-based technology solutions company

Cactus Communications, a global scientific communications company, announced that it has acquired UNSILO, a Denmark-based Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Natural Language Processing (NLP) company that specializes in text analytics, linguistics, and ...

– Cactus Communications


Fifteen organizations join Los Alamos’ Efficient Mission Centric Computing Consortium in first year

Just over a year after Los Alamos National Laboratory launched the Efficient Mission Centric Computing Consortium (EMC3), 15 companies, universities and federal organizations are now working together to explore new ways to make extreme-scale computer...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Public Interest Technology Event to Showcase Latest Research in Tech Law, AI and Society, Data Science, and More—Feb. 6

New York University will feature the latest public interest technology research, including work in the areas of tech law, AI, social science, data science, robotics, investigative journalism, human rights, and more on Thurs., Feb. 6.

– New York University


Ceevra mobile 3D visualization platform adopted by renowned urologic oncology surgeon Dr. James Porter

Ceevra, Inc., a San Francisco-based advanced visualization platform for surgeons, today announced that renowned urologic oncology surgeon, Dr. James Porter, has commercially adopted Ceevra’s mobile 3D visualization platform to help plan and perform...

– Ceevra

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