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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, February 22, 2020

Public edition |

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 22-Feb-2020

Medical News

Traditional Biomass Stoves, Used Widely in Developing Nations, Shown to Elevate Indoor Air Pollutants, Cause Lung Inflammation

Traditional stoves that burn biomass materials and are not properly ventilated, which are widely used in developing nations where cooking is done indoors, have been shown to significantly increase indoor levels of harmful PM2.5 (miniscule atmospheric...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Annals of the American Thoracic Society

Embargo expired on 21-Feb-2020 at 00:15 ET

Study examines reasons why colon cancer is more deadly in pediatric and young adult patients than adults age 25 and over

Colon cancer is more likely to be lethal in children and young adults than middle-aged adults.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Embargo expired on 21-Feb-2020 at 11:00 ET

People who eat a big breakfast may burn twice as many calories

Eating a big breakfast rather than a large dinner may prevent obesity and high blood sugar, according to new research published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2020 at 09:00 ET

Antidepressant Harms Baby Neurons in Lab-Grown “Mini-Brains”

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have demonstrated the use of stem-cell-derived “mini-brains” to detect harmful side effects of a common drug on the developing brain. Mini-brains are miniature human brain models, dev...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Frontiers of Cellular Neuroscience; 487 681002

Mental health challenges four times higher in young mothers

The study, recently published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, says identifying and treating mental health issues in young mothers is especially important as their health also affects the wellbeing of their children. The research recommends “fu...

– McMaster University

Journal of Adolescent Health

Study Finds Certain Genetic Test Not Useful in Predicting Heart Disease Risk

A Polygenic Risk Score — a genetic assessment that doctors have hoped could predict coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients — has been found not to be a useful predictive biomarker for disease risk, according to a Vanderbilt study published in t...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Bariatric surgery effective against early-onset obesity too

Surgical treatment of obesity is as effective for individuals who developed the disorder early, by the age of 20, as for those who have developed obesity later in life, a study from the University of Gothenburg shows.

– University of Gothenburg

Diabetes Care

The fat around your arteries may actually keep them healthy

A Michigan State University researcher is adding new evidence to the argument that the fat around our arteries may play an important role in keeping those blood vessels healthy. The finding could affect how researchers test for treatments related...

– Michigan State University

Scientific Reports

Component of Human Breast Milk Enhances Cognitive Development in Babies

Maternal factors, such as breast milk, have been shown to affect a baby’s development, and previous animal studies have determined that a carbohydrate, the oligosaccharide 2’FL found in maternal milk, positively influences neurodevelopment.

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles


Study Finds Empathy Can Be Detected in People Whose Brains Are at Rest

UCLA researchers have found that it is possible to assess a person’s ability to feel empathy by studying their brain activity while they are resting rather than while they are engaged in specific tasks.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience

Science News

Earliest interbreeding event between ancient human populations discovered

The study documented the earliest known interbreeding event between ancient human populations— a group known as the “super-archaics” in Eurasia interbred with a Neanderthal-Denisovan ancestor about 700,000 years ago. The event was between two p...

– University of Utah

Science Advances, Feb-2020

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2020 at 14:00 ET

How earthquakes deform gravity

Lightning - one, two, three - and thunder. For centuries, people have estimated the distance of a thunderstorm from the time between lightning and thunder.

– GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam

Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Greener spring, warmer air

Advanced leaf-out, or early sprouting and opening leaves, is a direct response to climate change.

– Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Nature Climate Change

Frozen bird turns out to be 46,000-year-old horned lark

Scientists have recovered DNA from a well-preserved horned lark found in Siberian permafrost.

– Stockholm University

Communications Biology

Beyond the Brim, Sombrero Galaxy's Halo Suggests a Turbulent Past

Hubble Space Telescope observations suggest that the broad "brim" of the Sombrero galaxy may conceal a turbulent past. Clues to a rough-and tumble history lie in the galaxy's extended halo.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Feb-2020

How Newborn Stars Prepare for the Birth of Planets

An international team of astronomers used two of the most powerful radio telescopes in the world to create more than three hundred images of planet-forming disks around very young stars in the Orion Clouds. These images reveal new details about the b...

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

The Astrophysical Journal; The Astrophysical Journal

Simple, fuel-efficient rocket engine could enable cheaper, lighter spacecraft

University of Washington researchers have developed a mathematical model that describes how rotating detonation engines work.

– University of Washington

Physical Review E

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Germany shooting a sign that racist hate is no longer taboo

– Cornell University





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 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

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 Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

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 GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam

 Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

 University of Gothenburg

 Stockholm University

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