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Thursday, February 27, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 27-Feb-2020

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Comparing greenhouse gas footprints of online versus traditional shopping

In a study in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology, researchers estimated that shopping at brick-and-mortar stores for personal/home care products produces less greenhouse gas than one type of online shopping, but more than another.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2020 at 08:00 ET

Complex local conditions keep fields of dunes from going active all at once

New research on sand dunes in China describes how even neighboring dunes can long remain in different and seemingly conflicting states — confounding the assessment of stabilization efforts and masking the effects of climate change.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2020 at 14:00 ET

Continuous soil fertility monitorcould benefit agriculture

The ever-increasing price of fertilizers and environmental concerns about nutrient runoff make development of a rugged continuous electronic monitoring device to detect soil fertility a possible boon to agriculture in the United States and the United...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2020 at 10:00 ET

Monogamous Female Sea Turtles? Yes, Thanks to Sperm Storage

Female sea turtles mate multiply to ensure fertilization. A study of nesting loggerhead female sea turtles in southwestern Florida used genotyping to uncover how many fathers were represented in their nests. Surprisingly, scientists found that 75 per...

– Florida Atlantic University

Ecology and Evolution

FAU Poll Shows Florida Democrats, Republicans and Independents Concerned About Impact of Climate Change on Future Generations

Floridians from all major political parties believe climate change is real and are concerned about its impact on future generations in the state, according to the second Florida Climate Resilience Survey.

– Florida Atlantic University

Florida Climate Resilience Survey

Study Maps 1790s Distribution of American Chestnut in WNY

The American chestnut tree was made functionally extinct by an invasive blight fungus in the early 1900s. Work is currently underway to develop a blight-resistant variety through breeding and genetic engineering. With the potential reintroduction of ...

– State University of New York at Geneseo

Forest Ecology and Management

Antarctic Ice Walls Protect the Climate

Inland Antarctic ice contains volumes of water that can raise global sea levels by several metres. A new study published in the journal Nature shows that glacier ice walls are vital for the climate, as they prevent rising ocean temperatures and melti...

– University of Gothenburg


Preparing Plants for our Future Climate

Study investigates plant behavior when exposed to higher carbon dioxide levels.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

2019 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting

CT scanning wheat grains for stress tolerance

Scientists have developed a computed tomography (CT) scanning method for screening large samples of wheat for drought and heat tolerance. They believe the new system will allow more accurate and much more rapid analysis of wheat heads, speeding up th...

– University of Adelaide

Plant Methods

Research shows significance of native predators to naturally restore ecosystem

A new research study led by Queen’s University highlights the crucial role that recovering native predators can play in conserving the natural ecosystem.

– Queen's University Belfast

Royal Society Open Science

Naked mole rats migrate above ground with no help from the moon

A new study published in the African Journal of Ecology considers the role of the moon in driving a particularly rare occurrence: the solo journey of a naked mole rat from one underground colony to start a new one.

– Washington University in St. Louis

African Journal of Ecology

NUS-led study suggests that mangrove forests provide cause for conservation optimism, for now

An international team of researchers led by Associate Professor Daniel Friess and Dr Erik Yando of the National University of Singapore has found that globally, mangrove loss rates have reduced by almost an order of magnitude between the late 20th a...

– National University of Singapore

Current Biology, VOLUME 30, ISSUE 4, PR153-R154, FEBRUARY 24, 2020

What to expect when you're expecting electric transportation

While electric vehicles alone may not reduce carbon emissions, a new study reveals that when electric vehicles are powered with renewable energy and coupled with carbon policy strategies, they can help combat climate change without sacrificing econom...

– Hiroshima University

Environmental Research Letters

Scientists call on government to increase ambition to save our ocean

In the last decade there has been rapid expansion in the area of ocean designated as a Marine Protected Area (MPA).

– University of Plymouth

Marine Policy

Lava flows tell 600-year story of biodiversity loss on tropical island

A natural experiment created by an active volcano gives new insight into the long-term negative impacts of human colonisation of tropical forest islands. The findings are published in the British Ecological Society journal, Journal of Ecology.

– British Ecological Society

Journal of Ecology

Heatwave Exposure Linked to Increased Risk of Preterm Birth in California

A new study at UC San Diego, published February 11, 2020, found that exposure to heatwaves during the last week of pregnancy was strongly linked to an increased risk of preterm delivery – the hotter the temperature or the longer the heatwave, the g...

– University of California San Diego Health

Environment International

As Oceans Warm, Fish Flee

New research shows that nations in the tropics are especially vulnerable to the loss of fish species due to climate change. But none of the 127 international fisheries agreements have language that prepares countries for the exits of stock, climate c...

– University of Delaware

Nature Sustainability

How the urban environment affects the diet of its citizens

Previous studies have revealed the influence of unhealthy food environments on the population's eating behaviour.

– University of the Basque Country


Solar storms could scramble whales' navigational sense

When our sun belches out a hot stream of charged particles in Earth's general direction, it doesn't just mess up communications satellites.

– Duke University

Current Biology

Quadrupling turbines, U.S. can meet 2030 wind-energy goals

The United States could generate 20% of its electricity from wind within 10 years, without requiring any additional land, according to Cornell University research published in Nature Scientific Reports.

– Cornell University

Nature Scientific Reports, Jan. 2020

Predicting persistent cold pool events

In a multi-institutional field campaign with NOAA and other laboratories, researchers at Argonne National Laboratory are working to better identify and forecast the occurrence of cold pool events.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Journal of Applied Meteorological and Climatology, Nov-2019

How earthquakes deform gravity

Lightning - one, two, three - and thunder. For centuries, people have estimated the distance of a thunderstorm from the time between lightning and thunder.

– GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam

Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Greener spring, warmer air

Advanced leaf-out, or early sprouting and opening leaves, is a direct response to climate change.

– Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Nature Climate Change

A genetic map for maize

Researchers have decoded the genetic map for how maize from tropical environments can be adapted to the temperate U.S. summer growing season. They’re attempting to expand the genetic base by using exotic varieties, which could help counter stresses...

– University of Delaware

Watching TV helps birds make better food choices

By watching videos of each other eating, blue tits and great tits can learn to avoid foods that taste disgusting and are potentially toxic, a new study has found.

– University of Cambridge

Journal of Animal Ecology

Newly found bacteria fights climate change, soil pollutants

Cornell University researchers have found a new species of soil bacteria that is particularly adept at breaking down organic matter, including the cancer-causing chemicals that are released when coal, gas, oil and refuse are burned.

– Cornell University

International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Feb-2020


The Brain and Climate Change

Changing global temperatures could mean lost productivity for workers around the globe, according to Nancy Sicotte, MD, chair of the Department of Neurology at Cedars-Sinai.

– Cedars-Sinai

Arctic's Global Seed Vault to receive 1000 types of seeds from Warwick's Vegetable Genebank

The UK Vegetable Genebank (UKVGB) at the University of Warwick is to make their second and largest deposit at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Arctic Norway on the 25th February

– University of Warwick

Svalbard Global Seed Vault, 25th February, Arctic Norway

How do my food choices affect the environment?

Every action counts – no food is impact-free.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Sustainable, Secure Food

Using eyes in the sky for sustainability: HU research team to harness AI, satellite imagery to create Lean, Smart cities

According to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, exposure to polluted air, water, and soil caused more than 9 million premature deaths in 2015 – three times more than malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis combined. Other pollution forms, such...

– Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

New Alternative Spring Break Empowers Students in Climate Resilience and Local Activism

The program welcomes students from any major to enroll in HSU’s first alternative spring break with a specific focus on climate change.

– Humboldt State University


Freeze in NYC sea wall study delays funding, solutions for at-risk coastline

– Cornell University

University of Redlands School of Business Dean criticizes Amazon after PBS Frontline report

– University of Redlands


Aphea.Bio Joins the International Phytobiomes Alliance

Aphea.Bio has joined the International Phytobiomes Alliance as a sponsoring partner, both organizations announce today

– International Phytobiomes Alliance

Identifying the sources of salt pollution

To Nathaniel Warner, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering and recipient of a new National Science Foundation CAREER Award, a lack of available water-quality data and an abundance of potential salt polluters, such as road salting...

– Penn State College of Engineering

UN Global Compact Network USA Seeks Professionals Committed to Advancing Sustainable Development Goals

The UN Global Compact Network USA is seeking applicants for this year's SDG Pioneers program from businesses and other organizations worldwide. Nominate an SDG Pioneer from your organization today!

– Thunderbird School of Global Management





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