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Thursday, March 5, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 05-Mar-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


What We Don't Know (about lakes) Could Hurt Us

As the power of extreme weather events increase with climate change, a team of scientists warn that lakes around the world may dramatically change, threatening ecosystem health and water quality.

– University of Vermont

Global Change Biology

Embargo expired on 05-Mar-2020 at 04:00 ET


Unstable Rock Pillars Near Reservoirs Can Produce Dangerous Water Waves

In many coastal zones and gorges, unstable cliffs often fail when the foundation rock beneath them is crushed. Large water waves can be created, threatening human safety. In this week’s Physics of Fluids, scientists reveal the mechanism by which t...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Physics of Fluids

Embargo expired on 03-Mar-2020 at 11:00 ET


Federally protected lands reduce habitat loss and protect endangered species, study finds

Habitat loss for imperiled species in the U.S. was found to be more than twice as great on non-protected private lands than on federally protected lands. The study shows that federal land protection and endangered species listings are effective tools...

– Tufts University

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2020 at 12:15 ET


Illness won’t stop vampire bat moms from caring for their offspring

A study of social interactions among vampire bats that felt sick suggests family comes first when illness strikes – and may help explain which social interactions are most likely to contribute to disease transmission.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Animal Ecology


Camera Traps in Trees? That’s a Thing Now

A team of researchers says that combining standard camera trapping with new “arboreal camera traps,” where remote cameras are set high in trees, can result in more accurate population estimates of wildlife – particularly in hard-to-survey areas...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Animal Conservation


Birds of a feather better not together

A new study of North American birds from Washington University in St. Louis finds that the regional stability of ecosystems over time depends on both the total number of species present in a locality and on the variation in species identities among l...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


Supercomputer Models Accurately Simulate Tsunamis from Volcanic Events

Researchers at the University of Rhode Island (URI) used San Diego Supercomputer Center’s (SDSC) Comet supercomputer to show that high-performance computer modeling can accurately simulate tsunamis from volcanic events. Such models could lead to ea...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Scientific Reports Aug-2019; GEO-17-56665


Study reveals rapid sea-level rise along U.S. Atlantic coast in 18th century

A new study reveals that during the 18th century, sea levels along a stretch of the Atlantic coast of North America were rising almost as fast as they were during the 20th Century.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Geophysical Research Letters


Almost Alien: Antarctic Subglacial Lakes are Cold, Dark and Full of Secrets

More than half of the planet’s fresh water is in Antarctica. While most of it is frozen in the ice sheets, underneath the ice pools and streams of water flow into one another and into the Southern Ocean surrounding the continent. Understanding the ...

– Michigan Technological University

Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Feb-2020; National Science Foundation (NSF). Grant Numbers: 0838896, 0838941, 0839142, 0839059, 0838885, 0838763, 0839107, 0838947, 0838854, 0838764, 1142123, 0654336, 0838933, 0838855 NSF‐IGERT. Grant Number: 0654336...


More than 60 per cent of Myanmar’s mangroves has been deforested in the last 20 years: NUS study

New research from the National University of Singapore showed that between 1996 and 2016, substantial mangrove forests have been converted to agricultural use in Myanmar.

– National University of Singapore

Environmental Research Letters, March 3, 2020


Designing plastic to break down in the ocean is possible, but is it practical?

In a study, the researchers used a machine learning algorithm to classify more than 110 types of plastics, including commercial and lab-made varieties, to better understand how they might degrade in the ocean.

– Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

Nature Communications


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.134 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: February 2020

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Biologists Capture Fleeting Interactions Between Regulatory Proteins and Their Genome-wide Targets

New York University biologists captured highly transient interactions between transcription factors—proteins that control gene expression—and target genes in the genome and showed that these typically missed interactions have important practical ...

– New York University

Nature Communications


Beef consumption hurting river quality

A new study shows irrigation of cattle feed crops is the greatest consumer of river water in the Western United States, implicating beef and dairy consumption as the leading driver of water shortages and fish imperilment in the region.

– University of Delaware

Nature Sustainability


Containing methane and its contribution to global warming

Methane is a gas that deserves more attention in the climate debate as it contributes to almost half of human-made global warming in the short-term.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Environmental Research Communications


How much does black carbon contribute to climate warming?

Black carbon particles — more commonly known as soot — absorb heat in the atmosphere. For years, scientists have known that these particles are having an effect on Earth’s warming climate, but measuring their exact effect has proved elusive.

– Michigan Technological University

PNAS


Study shows rapid sea level rise along Atlantic coast of North America in 18th century

The study, led by the University of York, found evidence for a period of enhanced pre-industrial sea-level rise of about two to three millimetres per year in three locations: Nova Scotia, Maine and Connecticut.

– University of York

Geophysical Research Letters


Study reveals Missoula Floods impact on past abrupt climate changes

A new study shows for the first time how massive flood events in the eastern North Pacific Ocean—known as the Missoula Floods—may have in part triggered abrupt climate changes in the Northern Hemisphere during the last deglaciation (approximately...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Science Advances


Thinning, prescribed burns protected forests during the massive Carlton Complex wildfire

In the first major study following the devastating 2014 Carlton Complex fire in north central Washington, researchers from the University of Washington and U.S. Forest Service found that previous tree thinning and prescribed burns helped forests surv...

– University of Washington

Ecological Applications, Feb-2020


Features


Cover crops can benefit hot, dry soils

Soil gets more than just “cover” from cover crops.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment


Ornithology lab releases high-resolution migration maps

What do you get when you combine what bird-watchers observe with what satellites see from space? Something spectacular.

– Cornell University


The Lungs and Climate Change

Leading up to Earth Day on April 22, Cedars-Sinai is posting a weekly story and video that investigates the various ways climate change is impacting our bodies. This week's topic: The Lungs and Climate Change.

– Cedars-Sinai


New version of Earth model captures detailed climate dynamics

DOE laboratories are collaborating on a new high-resolution Earth systems model to predict climate trends into the next century. The model will provide the scientific basis by which to mitigate the effects of extreme climate on energy and other essen...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Dec-2019


Itineraries of Migratory Birds Are Revealed in Unprecedented Detail

The eBird program at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology just released more than 500 animated maps spanning the entire Western Hemisphere. The maps show in fine detail where hundreds of species of migratory birds travel and how their numbers vary with hab...

– Cornell University


What Happened to Alaska’s Soils During the 2019 Fires?

Protecting the permafrost after a record fire season

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


How JCAP Is Making Solar Fuels Shine

As we look back at a decade of discovery, we highlight 10 achievements by scientists at Berkeley Lab and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis that bring us closer to a solar fuels future.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Experts


Rutgers Creates ‘Scarlet Sunrise’ Bicolor Grape Tomato

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Experts Available to Discuss Winter’s Snow Drought in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Announcements


Grant funds high-tech system to improve grapevine pruning

Researchers from Cornell and Pennsylvania State Universities are developing a high-tech, portable imaging system that will increase profits and yields by making winter grapevine pruning more efficient.

– Cornell University


ESF is First College in New York to Sign Plastic Ban Pledge

The SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) is the first college in New York state to sign the #breakfreefromplastic pledge committing to develop a roadmap to a plastic-free campus by 2025. Students drive the college's zero-waste eff...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

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