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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, March 9, 2020

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 09-Mar-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


Two-Dimensional Metals Open Pathways to New Science

A new, atomically-thin materials platform developed by Penn State researchers in conjunction with Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and Oak Ridge National Lab will open a wide range of new applications in biomolecular sensing, quantum phenomena, catalys...

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Materials Mar-2020

Embargo expired on 09-Mar-2020 at 12:05 ET


A Talented 2D Material Gets a New Gig

Berkeley Lab scientists tap into graphene’s hidden talent as an electrically tunable superconductor, insulator, and magnetic device for the advancement of quantum information science

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature, March-04-2020

Embargo expired on 04-Mar-2020 at 11:00 ET


Layered solar cell technology boosts efficiency, affordability

What dramatically improves solar cell efficiency is to put another solar cell on top of an existing one – and that's exactly what the researchers did.

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Science


Skills Training Opens ‘DOORS’ to Digital Mental Health for Patients with Serious Mental Illness

Digital technologies, especially smartphone apps, have great promise for increasing access to care for patients with serious mental illness such as schizophrenia. A new training program, called DOORS, can help patients get the full benefit of innovat...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Psychiatric Practice


New Imaging Technique Enables the Study of 3D Printed Brain Tumors

In research published in Science Advances, Xavier Intes, a professor of biomedical engineering at Rensselaer, joined a multidisciplinary team from Northeastern University and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai to demonstrate a methodology th...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Science Advances


Machine learning illuminates material's hidden order

A Cornell collaboration led by physicist Brad Ramshaw, the Dick & Dale Reis Johnson Assistant Professor in the College of Arts and Sciences, used a combination of ultrasound and machine learning to narrow the possible explanations for what happens to...

– Cornell University

Science Advances


More Pavement, More Problems

Think your daily coffee, boutique gym membership and airport lounge access cost a lot? There may be an additional, hidden cost to those luxuries of urban living, says a new Johns Hopkins University study: more flooding. For every percentage point ...

– Johns Hopkins University

Geophysical Research Letters, March-2020


Scientists Develop Free Computer Program to Map Blood Flow ‘Landscape’ in Tumors

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have created a computer program for scientists at no charge that lets users readily quantify the structural and functional changes in the blood flow networks feeding tumors.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Scientific Reports ; 1R01CA196701, 5R01CA138264


Early research on existing drug compounds via supercomputing could combat coronavirus

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have used Summit, the world’s most powerful and smartest supercomputer, to identify 77 small-molecule drug compounds that might warrant further study in the fight against the...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ChemRxiv, Feb-2020; Science China Life Sciences


Camera Traps in Trees? That’s a Thing Now

A team of researchers says that combining standard camera trapping with new “arboreal camera traps,” where remote cameras are set high in trees, can result in more accurate population estimates of wildlife – particularly in hard-to-survey areas...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Animal Conservation


App, AI work together to provide rapid at-home assessment of coronavirus risk

A coronavirus app coupled with machine intelligence will soon enable an individual to get an at-home risk assessment based on how they feel and where they've been in about a minute, and direct those deemed at risk to the nearest definitive testing fa...

– Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology


Layered solar cell technology boosts efficiency, affordability

Researchers from CU Boulder have created a low-cost solar cell with one of the highest power-conversion efficiencies to date, by layering cells and using a unique combination of elements.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Science


Robot Uses Artificial Intelligence and Imaging to Draw Blood

Rutgers engineers have created a tabletop device that combines a robot, artificial intelligence and near-infrared and ultrasound imaging to draw blood or insert catheters to deliver fluids and drugs. Their research results, published in the journal N...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Machine Intelligence; Rutgers Today


How a Magnet Could Help Boost Understanding of Superconductivity

Physicists have unraveled a mystery behind the strange behavior of electrons in a ferromagnet, a finding that could eventually help develop high temperature superconductivity. A Rutgers co-authored study of the unusual ferromagnetic material appears ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature; Rutgers Today


Ornithology lab releases high-resolution migration maps

What do you get when you combine what bird-watchers observe with what satellites see from space? Something spectacular.

– Cornell University


Energy researchers invent error-free catalysts

A team of researchers from the University of Minnesota, University of Massachusetts Amherst, University of Delaware, and University of California Santa Barbara have invented oscillating catalyst technology that can accelerate chemical reactions witho...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Chemical Science, March 3, 2020


Car congestion outweighs scooter scourge on city streets

“Scooter clutter” has been a concern amplified by media reports in urban areas where micromobility has entered the landscape, with large numbers of dockless scooters and shared e-bikes on city streets and sidewalks. But a recent study finds that ...

– Cornell University

Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives


Supercomputer Models Accurately Simulate Tsunamis from Volcanic Events

Researchers at the University of Rhode Island (URI) used San Diego Supercomputer Center’s (SDSC) Comet supercomputer to show that high-performance computer modeling can accurately simulate tsunamis from volcanic events. Such models could lead to ea...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Scientific Reports Aug-2019; GEO-17-56665


Hold the phone: Smartphone video makes it easier to diagnose epilepsy and psychogenic seizures

What if there was a tool to help with faster, more accurate diagnosis of both psychogenic seizures and epilepsy? And what if this tool was simpler and less expensive than video EEG, and available almost everywhere?

– International League Against Epilepsy

JAMA Neurology


New material could turn clothing into a health monitor

Researchers have reported a new material, pliable enough to be woven into fabric but imbued with sensing capabilities that can serve as an early warning system for injury or illness.

– University of Houston

ACS Applied Nano Materials


This wearable device camouflages its wearer no matter the weather

Researchers at the University of California San Diego developed a wearable technology that can hide its wearer from heat-detecting sensors such as night vision goggles, even when the ambient temperature changes--a feat that current state of the art t...

– University of California San Diego

Advanced Functional Materials; Science Advances


Scientists pair machine learning with tomography to learn about material interfaces

Researchers have put a new technique based on machine learning to work uncovering the secrets of buried interfaces and edges in a material.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Scientific Reports, Dec. 27, 2019


Designing plastic to break down in the ocean is possible, but is it practical?

In a study, the researchers used a machine learning algorithm to classify more than 110 types of plastics, including commercial and lab-made varieties, to better understand how they might degrade in the ocean.

– Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

Nature Communications


Atomic-scale imaging reveals secret to thin film strength

An international team of scientists and engineers have made a discovery that could further advance the use of ultra-thin zeolite nanosheets, which are used as specialized molecular filters. The discovery could improve efficiency in the production of ...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Nature Materials


A New Ultra-Safe High Energy Li-Ion Battery for Electric Vehicles

A lithium-ion battery that is safe, has high power and can last for 1 million miles has been developed by a team in Penn State’s Battery and Energy Storage Technology (BEST) Center.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Science Advances Mar-2020


A joint venture at the nanoscale

Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory report fabricating and testing a superconducting nanowire device applicable to high-speed photon counting. This pivotal invention will allow nuclear physics experiments that were previously thought impossible...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Jan-2020


Poor Internet connection leaves rural students behind

Slow Internet connections or limited access from homes in rural areas can contribute to students falling behind academically, according to a new report from Michigan State University's Quello Center.

– Michigan State University

Broadband and Student Performance Gaps


Improved CRISPR gene drive solves problems of old tech

Gene drives use genetic engineering to create a desired mutation in a few individuals that then spreads via mating throughout a population in fewer than 10 generations.

– Cornell University

Nature Communications


Novel use of Robotics for Neuroendovascular Procedures

The advanced technology has the potential to change acute stroke treatment.

– Thomas Jefferson University

Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery


Potassium Metal Battery Emerges as a Rival to Lithium-Ion Technology

In research published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute demonstrate how they can overcome a persistent challenge known as dendrites to create a metal battery that performs near...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


MTU Engineers Zap and Unstick Underwater Smart Glue

Turning adhesion on and off is what makes a glue smart. Inspired by nature, catechols are synthetic compounds that mimic the wet-but-still-sticky proteins found in mussel feet and offer promise for underwater glue, wound dressings, prosthetic attachm...

– Michigan Technological University

Journal of the American Chemical Society; Office of Naval Research N00014-16-1-2463 ; National Institutes of Health R15GM104846


Navigating the potential pitfalls of tracking college athletes

UW researchers interviewed 22 athletes and staff members from three college athletics programs to see how collecting data from college athletes might encroach on their autonomy.

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction; ACM Conference on Supporting Group Work


New version of Earth model captures detailed climate dynamics

DOE laboratories are collaborating on a new high-resolution Earth systems model to predict climate trends into the next century. The model will provide the scientific basis by which to mitigate the effects of extreme climate on energy and other essen...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Dec-2019


They are there and they are gone: ICARUS chases a fourth neutrino

Scientists have begun filling the ICARUS detector at Fermilab with liquid argon, moving one step closer toward neutrino oscillation measurements and the potential discovery of sterile neutrinos.

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Features and Experts


Little Tissue, Big Mission: Beating Heart Tissues to Ride Aboard The ISS

Launching no earlier than March 6 at 11:50 PM EST, the Johns Hopkins University will send heart muscle tissues, contained in a specially-designed tissue chip the size of a small cellphone, up to the microgravity environment of the International Spac...

– Johns Hopkins University


New Water Cannon Technology a Breakthrough for Bomb Squads

DHS S&T, in partnership with the FBI, has fully transitioned ReVJeT tool to each and every one of the hundreds of state and local bomb squads across the country through the FBI’s Hazardous Device School

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Artificial Intelligence: Meet the students researching its future

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is changing the world, with its own developments happening every day

– University of Warwick


Saving lives through simulation: Ocean engineering doctoral student models volcanic tsunamis

Volcanic tsunamis - those caused by an underwater eruption - are as devastating as they are abrupt. Richards Sunny, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Ocean Engineering, is developing and improving simulations to map, predict and research volc...

– Texas A&M University


Father, son bond over engineering a record-smashing roadster

For the past eight years, Sandia National Laboratories manager Joel Wirth has been working afterhours in his home garage with his crew chief — his father, Jack Wirth, a retired electrical engineer from Sandia. Together, they’ve built one of the f...

– Sandia National Laboratories


How JCAP Is Making Solar Fuels Shine

As we look back at a decade of discovery, we highlight 10 achievements by scientists at Berkeley Lab and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis that bring us closer to a solar fuels future.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Announcements and Events


FCC to invest $176 million in broadband for Missouri’s rural areas

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) will invest $176 million over 10 years to connect Missourians in rural areas to high-speed internet. But with more than 1 million residents who need access, systems expert Dr. Casey Canfield says bridging t...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


Argonne’s Valerii Vinokur awarded Fritz London Prize

Valerii Vinokur, a senior scientist and distinguished fellow at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, has been awarded the Fritz London Memorial Prize for his work in condensed matter and theoretical physics.

– Argonne National Laboratory


S&T Announces 2020 Privacy Technology Demonstration

DHS S&T is calling on companies developing privacy-enhancing technologies to submit applications for the 2020 Privacy Technology Demonstration.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

2020 Privacy Technology Demonstration


Sandia, Puerto Rican university collaborate to develop energy projects for global tropics

A new 10-year agreement between Sandia National Laboratories and the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, has the potential to bring more reliable electricity to remote communities and the latest in electrical grid technology to rural areas in the w...

– Sandia National Laboratories


LLNL, Argon Electronics sign Cooperative Research Agreement to bolster realistic radiation training

LLNL and Argon Electronics (UK) Ltd. have reached a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement that will facilitate the development of an ultra-realistic radiation simulator tool for first responders.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


LLNL and HPE to partner with AMD on El Capitan, projected as world’s fastest supercomputer

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) and Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) today announced the selection of AMD as the node supplier for El Capitan, projected to be the world’s most powerful supercomputer...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


DHS S&T Announces Third Biometric Technology Rally

DHS S&T is calling for submissions to the 2020 Biometric Technology Rally (Rally).

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


LESA Center Receives Department of Energy Grant to Create Cost-Saving Technology

The U.S. Department of Energy is investing $74 million dollars in research to develop and test technologies and construction practices that will help “improve the energy performance of the nation’s buildings and electric grid.” The Lighting Ena...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Grant funds high-tech system to improve grapevine pruning

Researchers from Cornell and Pennsylvania State Universities are developing a high-tech, portable imaging system that will increase profits and yields by making winter grapevine pruning more efficient.

– Cornell University

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