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Thursday, March 19, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 19-Mar-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Scientists learn how vampire bat strangers make friends

Scientists haven’t had a good grip on how friendly connections among strangers are made between animals. A new study of vampire bats living in captivity with strangers supports the “raising-the-stakes” model of relationship development: trust b...

– Ohio State University

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 19-Mar-2020 at 11:00 ET


Shedding light on how much carbon tropical forests can absorb

New research sheds light on how much tropical forests’ ability to take up and store carbon differ between forests with high versus low species richness, aiming to enhance our ability to predict tropical ecosystems’ strength as global carbon sinks...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 19-Mar-2020 at 06:00 ET


Ethylene sensor could help monitor plant health

Researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have developed an easy-to-use, robust sensor that can monitor a plant's development and health.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Central Science

Embargo expired on 18-Mar-2020 at 08:00 ET


‘Fatal attraction’: Small carnivores drawn to kill sites, then ambushed by larger kin

University of Washington researchers have discovered that large predators play a key yet unexpected role in keeping smaller predators and deer in check. Their “fatal attraction” theory finds that smaller predators are drawn to the kill sites of l...

– University of Washington

Ecology Letters, March-2020

Embargo expired on 18-Mar-2020 at 01:00 ET


Hornwort Genomes Could Lead to Crop Improvement

Researchers illuminate the dawn of land plants and discover genes that could help crops grow more efficiently with less synthetic fertilizer.

– Boyce Thompson Institute

Nature Plants

Embargo expired on 13-Mar-2020 at 12:00 ET


Salmon provide nutrients to Alaskan streambanks

Nutrient cycling of stream ecosystems dependent on portion of salmons’ lifecycle.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal; 2006-35101-16566


Greenland shed ice at unprecedented rate in 2019; Antarctica continues to lose mass

Irvine, Calif., March 18, 2020 – During the exceptionally warm Arctic summer of 2019, Greenland lost 600 billion tons of ice, enough to raise global sea levels by 2.2 millimeters in two months. On the opposite pole, Antarctica continued to lose mas...

– University of California, Irvine

Geophysical Research Letters, Mar-2020


Increasingly mobile sea ice risks polluting Arctic neighbors

The movement of sea ice between Arctic countries is expected to significantly increase this century, raising the risk of more widely transporting pollutants like microplastics and oil, according to new research from CU Boulder.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Earth’s Future


Closing the carbon cycle to stop climate change

An excessive amount of carbon dioxide is the main cause of climate change. One of the best approaches is to capture and convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into fuel such as methane.

– Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Natural solutions to the climate crisis? One-quarter is all down to Earth...

Joint research conducted by The Nature Conservancy and the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences calculated the carbon-storing power of global soils and showcased approaches like agroforestry designed to capitalise on untapped pote...

– Chinese Academy of Sciences

Nature Sustainability


If you’re poor, poverty is an environmental issue

A survey from Cornell researchers – conducted among more than 1,100 U.S. residents – found that there were, in fact, demographic differences in how people viewed environmental issues, with racial and ethnic minorities and lower-income people more...

– Cornell University

Journal of Environmental Psychology, Feb. 2020


California’s strict air quality regulations help farmers prosper, UCI-led study finds

Irvine, Calif., March 16, 2020 – Farmers in California’s Central Valley are not known for their love of government regulations, but those same growers have seen a boost in the productivity of their high-value crops – and greater earnings – as...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Food, Mar-2020


“Ruminant Plague” Threatens Populations of Wildlife and Livestock

A disease already known for causing massive die-offs of wildlife in Asia is spreading.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Mar-2020


Soft corals near Virgin Islands recover from 2017 hurricanes, but stony corals still declining

Soft corals at three sites in the U.S. Virgin Islands were able to recover from the destructive effects of nearly back-to-back Category 5 storms in 2017, but research by a UB marine ecologist puts that seemingly good news in the context of an ecosyst...

– University at Buffalo

Scientific Reports


Long-term analysis shows GM cotton no match for insects in India

Genetically modified Bt cotton is the most widely planted cotton crop in India by acreage, and it is hugely controversial. Supporters long touted increased yields and reduced pesticides to justify its pickup. But that argument does not hold up under ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Plants


What causes an ice age to end?

New University of Melbourne research has revealed that ice ages over the last million years ended when the tilt angle of the Earth's axis was approaching high values.

– University of Melbourne

Science


Arrival delayed! Water, carbon and nitrogen were not immediately supplied to Earth

Spearheaded by earth scientists of the University of Cologne, an international team of geologists has found evidence that a large proportion of the elements that are important for the formation of oceans and life, such as water, carbon and nitrogen, ...

– University of Cologne

Nature


Ocean acidification impacts oysters' memory of environmental stress

Researchers from the University of Washington School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences have discovered that ocean acidification impacts the ability of some oysters to pass down “memories” of environmental trauma to their offspring.

– University of Washington

Ecological Applications, Dec-2019; Journal of Shellfish Research


Physicists test coronavirus particles against temperature, humidity

One of the biggest unknowns about coronavirus is how changing seasons will affect its spread. Physicists from the University of Utah have received a NSF grant to create individual coronavirus particles without a genome. They’ll test how the structu...

– University of Utah


Experts


A silver lining of social distancing and quarantine? Better air quality. @HopkinsEngineer has an expert on atmospheric air pollution who can discuss how and to what extent social distancing and quarantine measures affect air pollution.

– Johns Hopkins University


Social distancing means more online shopping and that's good for climate change, right? Maybe not...

– University of Delaware


Trump floodplain buyout plan bold, but ‘uncoordinated’

– Cornell University


Announcements


$8.3M award to WHOI extends observational record of critical climate research

The National Science Foundation (NSF) recently awarded $8.2 million to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) to extend the life of the Overturning in the Sub-polar North Atlantic Program (OSNAP) in a key part of Earth’s ocean-climate syst...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

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