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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, March 30, 2020

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 30-Mar-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


Diabetes care reaches new heights as drone delivers insulin for patient

The international medical team that accomplished the world’s first documented drone delivery of insulin for a patient living in a remote community described the project in an ENDO 2020 abstract that will be published in the Journal of the Endocrine...

– Endocrine Society

Journal of the Endocrine Society, Apr-May-2020; ENDO 2020, Mar-2020

Embargo expired on 30-Mar-2020 at 10:00 ET


Mandatory Building Energy Audits Alone Do Not Overcome Barriers to Energy Efficiency, NYU Researchers Conclude

The pioneering requirement may be insufficient to incentivize significant reductions in energy use by owners of residential and office buildings, according to the study.

– New York University

Nature Energy

Embargo expired on 30-Mar-2020 at 11:15 ET


Experimental AI Tool Predicts Which Patients with Pandemic Virus Will Develop Serious Respiratory Disease

An artificial intelligence tool accurately predicted which patients newly infected with the COVID-19 virus would go on to develop severe respiratory disease, a new study has found.

– New York University

Computers, Materials, and Continua

Embargo expired on 30-Mar-2020 at 11:00 ET


What are You Looking At? ‘Virtual’ Communication in the Age of Social Distancing

When discussions occur face-to-face, people know where their conversational partner is looking and vice versa. With “virtual” communication due to COVID-19 and the expansive use of mobile and video devices, now more than ever, it’s important to...

– Florida Atlantic University

Attention, Perception & Psychophysics


Heart attack on a chip: scientists model conditions of ischemia on a microfluidic device

Researchers invented a microfluidic chip containing cardiac cells that is capable of mimicking hypoxic and other conditions following a heart attack. The chip can be used to monitor electrophysiological and molecular response of the cells to heart at...

– Tufts University

NANO Letters; W81XWH-16-1-0304; 16GRNT27760100


In politics and pandemics, Russian trolls use fear, anger to drive clicks

A new analysis of more than 2,500 fake ads posted by the Russian troll factory, the Internet Research Agency, shows fear and anger work remarkably well to draw clicks. With the 2020 election approaching and the COVID-19 pandemic wearing on, the troll...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly


A Faster Way To Replace Inaccurate Information On Social Networks

Researchers have demonstrated a new model of how competing pieces of information spread in online social networks and the Internet of Things. The findings may be used to disseminate accurate information more quickly, displacing false information on a...

– North Carolina State University

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, Mar-2020


New ways to stop caller ID spoofing to be investigated

With commonly available VoIP software, a caller can fabricate an arbitrary phone number for the display of the incoming call on the receiver’s phone.

– University of Warwick

Which? magazine 


Paired with super telescopes, model Earths guide hunt for life

– Cornell University astronomers have created five models representing key points from our planet’s evolution, like chemical snapshots through Earth’s own geologic epochs. The models will be spectral templates for astronomers to use in the appr...

– Cornell University

Astrophysical Journal Letters, March 2020


Quantum Effect Triggers Unusual Material Expansion

New research conducted in part at Brookhaven Laboratory may bring a whole new class of chemical elements into a materials science balancing act for designing alloys for aviation and other applications.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters, 26 March 2020


Upconverting Nanolasers from Subwavelength Plasmons: Stability and Ultralow Powers

Researchers have created miniature lasers that are stable and work continuously at room temperature. The lasers use arrays of nanopillars with nanoparticles that can absorb two photons of light and emit them as a single photon with higher energy. The...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Ultrasound Solves an Important Clinical Problem in Diagnosing Arrhythmia

Columbia Engineering researchers have used an ultrasound technique they pioneered a decade ago--electromechanical wave imaging (EWI)--to accurately localize atrial and ventricular cardiac arrhythmias in adult patients in a double-blinded clinical stu...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Science Translational Medicine Mar 25 2020


Video game experience, gender may improve VR learning

Students who used immersive virtual reality (VR) did not learn significantly better than those who used two more traditional forms of learning, but they vastly preferred the VR to computer-simulated and hands-on methods, a new Cornell study has found...

– Cornell University

PLOS One


Solving a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing, part two:

Two Iowa State engineers, who announced the solution to a 50-year-old puzzle in signal processing last fall, have followed up with more research results. The engineers say their new algorithm is more useful and just as fast as the one previously used...

– Iowa State University

Scientific Reports


Study uses AI to estimate unexploded bombs from Vietnam War

Researchers have used artificial intelligence to detect Vietnam War-era bomb craters in Cambodia from satellite images – with the hope that it can help find unexploded bombs.

– Ohio State University

PLOS One


Planning for future water security in China

The findings of a new study underscore the value and potential of technological adoptions to help design targets and incentives for water scarcity mitigation measures.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)


A new ‘gold standard’ for safer ceramic coatings

Scientists report progress toward a new type of ceramic glaze that includes gold and silver nanoparticles, which are less toxic and more environmentally friendly, while still providing vibrant colors. The researchers are presenting their results thro...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

SciMeetings


Help line requests for food skyrocket as pandemic spreads

In the first week since COVID-19 was designated a pandemic, requests for food pantries skyrocketed across the United States. Requests for home-delivered meals more than tripled in the same time period, said a Brown School researcher who tracks calls ...

– Washington University in St. Louis


Engineered Nanowrappers Carry and Release Tiny Cargo

Scientists have discovered a new method for creating hollow metallic nanostructures. They used advanced electron tomography to collect 3D images of the transition from gold nanocubes with sharp corners to gold-silver alloy nanowrappers with pores at ...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Lab researchers aid COVID-19 response in antibody, anti-viral research

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists are contributing to the global fight against COVID-19 by combining artificial intelligence/machine learning, bioinformatics and supercomputing to help discover candidates for new antibodies and pharma...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Wrapped, Layered Semiconductors Catch the Light

Heterostructures are semiconductors that have special optical and electronic properties. Researchers discovered a new way to make heterostructures that consist of a core of tin sulfide crystals wrapped in a tin disulfide shell, a structure with excel...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


UCI team demonstrates ability to supercharge cells with mitochondrial transplantation

Irvine, Calif., March 23, 2020 – Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have shown that they can give cells a short-term boost of energy through mitochondrial transplantation. The team’s study, published today in the Journal of the A...

– University of California, Irvine

Journal of the American Heart Association, Mar-2020


A MAGIC Approach to Understanding the Genetic Basis of Complex Biological Functions

Researchers use a strategy called metabolic engineering to improve how microbes produce bioproducts. Typically, scientists modify one or a few genes to understand how those genes affect bioproduct production. However, some traits are controlled by ma...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Staying Two Steps Ahead of the Coronavirus

A method of predicting the coronavirus spread – pioneered and developed by Weizmann Institute scientists – may enable authorities to focus efforts on areas where an outbreak is anticipated and relieve measures taken in others. Several countries, ...

– Weizmann Institute of Science

MedRxiv, Mar-2020


UC San Diego Engineers and Doctors Retrofit and Build Ventilators with 3D-Printing

A team of engineers and physicians at the University of California San Diego is working to turn emergency hand-held ventilators into devices that can work autonomously for long periods of time, without human input.

– University of California San Diego


Argonne's researchers and facilities playing a key role in the fight against COVID-19

Argonne scientists are working around the clock to analyze the virus to find new treatments and cures, predict how it will propagate through the population, and make sure that our supply chains remain intact.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Features and Experts


'Pandemic drone' in development to detect people infected with coronavirus

A ‘pandemic drone’ to remotely monitor and detect people with infectious respiratory conditions is being developed by the University of South Australia (UniSA) in partnership with a Canadian company.

– University of South Australia

Embargo expired on 25-Mar-2020 at 15:00 ET


Citizen Scientists Are Helping Researchers Design New Drugs to Combat COVID-19

Using a free computer game called Foldit, researchers are enlisting the help of citizen scientists to design drugs that could stop the novel coronavirus from infecting human cells.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)


Sandia supports hypersonic flight test

Sandia National Laboratories employees and contractors saw their work culminate in a hypersonic flight test conducted by the U.S. Navy and U.S. Army on March 19 at the Kauai Test Facility in Hawaii.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Wearable Technology in the Perioperative Period: Predicting Risk of Postoperative Complications inPatients Undergoing Elective Colorectal Surgery

There is significant room for improvement in baseline preoperative activity levels of patients undergoing colorectal surgery, and poor activity is associated with increased postoperative complications.

– Diseases of the Colon and Rectum Journal

Diseases of the Colon & Rectum: April 2020 - Volume 63 - Issue 4 - p 538-544


What Every Colorectal Surgeon Should Know About Telemedicine

– Diseases of the Colon and Rectum Journal

Diseases of the Colon & Rectum: April 2020 - Volume 63 - Issue 4 - p 418-419; DCR Journal


Zimmerli Art Museum Offers Virtual Tours, Demonstrations in Response to COVID-19

In response to coronavirus quarantines in New Jersey and nationwide, Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers–New Brunswick is taking steps to provide children and adults with online demonstrations, virtual tours and activities to keep the community producti...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Campus rallies to 3-D print protective medical gear

When representatives from Phelps Health, anticipating a shortage of protective masks due to the coronavirus outbreak, needed help, students, faculty and staff at Missouri S&T answered by harnessing the power of technology and ingenuity.Campus was abn...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


FDA Approves First Plasma Therapy for Houston Methodist COVID-19 Patient

Houston Methodist received FDA approval Saturday to become the first academic medical center in the nation to transfuse donated plasma from a recovered COVID-19 patient into a critically ill patient. This treatment was fast-tracked to the bedside ove...

– Houston Methodist


Going online gets real as we inch towards full isolation

From the couch choir to YouTube yoga, online communities are flourishing, as the restrictions on social gatherings to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, become tighter and tighter. UniSA Online course facilitator and communicative engagement resear...

– University of South Australia


Johns Hopkins APL-Developed Health Surveillance Tool Augments Nation’s COVID-19 Response

A public health electronic surveillance tool developed by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, is helping to fill gaps by tracking the COVID-19’s spread symptomatically.

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory


Fermilab presents: March Magnets

Missing March Madness? Let Fermilab fill a small part of the void created in these times of social distancing and shelter-in-place. Participate in Fermilab’s sendup of the NCAA tournament: March Magnets. Learn about eight different types of magnets...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Four things school districts need to know before moving learning online

As the number of cases of COVID-19 multiplies and the duration of school closures increases, school districts are struggling with the feasibility of providing students with online learning opportunities. A new report from Michigan State University’...

– Michigan State University


Engineers make progress in developing face shields, N95 masks to combat coronavirus

Engineers at Binghamton University, State University are testing prototypes of ventilator adapters, masks, face shields and a UV sterilizing technique to help local healthcare partners during the coronavirus pandemic.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


DePaul University faculty, students use 3D printers to make face shields, face mask covers

Health care workers treating COVID-19 patients across the nation are facing a critical shortage of personal protection equipment, especially face shields and respiratory N95 face masks. DePaul University faculty and students are answering the call by...

– DePaul University


Online Learning Community event highlights accessibility

Accessibility for people with disabilities was the theme of “Simplifying Accessibility in Online Learning,” co-hosted by the Center for Teaching Innovation (CTI) and the Cornell Online Learning Community (COLC). The March 4 event, which drew more...

– Cornell University


Teamwork Triumphs at 2020 Illinois Regional Middle School Science Bowl

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory Educational Programs and Outreach hosted the 2020 Illinois Regional Science Bowl Competition, where 15 different schools competed in trivia across a wide range of STEM topics.

– Argonne National Laboratory


How drones can help farmers

With a little training, farmers and scientists can use drones to grow food more efficiently

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

FAA Drone Certification Training Webinar Series


DHS S&T Completes Successful Test of DNA Tool to Detect African Swine Fever in Pigs

DHS S&T and MatMaCorp completed a successful evaluation of a field-deployable genetic test to detect African Swine Fever (ASF) virus in infected pigs and pork products.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


S&T Lab ‘Focuses’ on Body Armor for Women in Law Enforcement

In September 2019, it was five women from DHS S&T NUSTL who embarked on a project to assess the capability, usability, deployability, maintainability, and affordability of various makes and models of female body armor.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Engineers design ventilator parts, face shields to combat coronavirus

Engineers at Binghamton University, State University of New York are stepping up on several fronts to help regional healthcare providers deal with the coronavirus pandemic.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Iowa State faculty get creative as courses move online for remainder of spring semester

Iowa State faculty are getting creative and innovative as they have shifted their coursework online for the remainder of the spring semester due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Calculus is now coming through YouTube videos and demonstrations. A 3D printer ...

– Iowa State University


Cornell history course adds spring 2020 to the archives

Like all other course instructors in the College of Arts and Sciences, Corey Ryan Earle ’07, instructor of The First American University (AMST2001), the popular course about Cornell’s history and unique role, has had to modify his class in the wa...

– Cornell University


DHS Initiating Crucial Research to Mitigate COVID-19

DHS S&T is conducting ongoing research that will help scientists better understand the coronavirus that causes the disease known as COVID-19, and methods to prevent its spread.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Argonne uses artificial intelligence to improve the safety and design of advanced nuclear reactors

Argonne scientists and engineers are looking toward AI — specifically, machine learning — to help us better understand the mechanics that govern nuclear reactors.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Do-It-Yourself Medical Devices, Protective Gear Fuel Battle Against COVID-19

The race is on to improvise ventilators, face shields, respirators, surgical gowns, and other health care gear to help the hundreds of thousands of people expected to swamp hospitals with waves of critical COVID-19 illness. Using 3D-printed parts, pl...

– Georgia Institute of Technology


The Coronavirus: Communicating With Virtual Teams

The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the number of teams working virtually. Here: tips for leaders of virtual teams on how to communicate expectations clearly, choosing the appropriate communication style and supporting a team from afar.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Is Your Organization Coronavirus Agile? 10 Tips

COVID-19 has sent us into a grand and growing telework experience. How do organizations, employees and leaders function in a world in which operations must continue but face-to-face may be impossible? Included: alternatives to in-person communication...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Fish story: ORNL researchers use 3D printing, sensors to create models for hydropower testing

Environmental scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in recent months teamed with the lab's experts in advanced manufacturing to create model fish that can be used to test hydropower turbine designs for potential impacts on fish species of inter...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


VERA nuclear reactor simulation software licensed commercially for first time

A software package, 10 years in the making, that can predict the behavior of nuclear reactors’ cores with stunning accuracy has been licensed commercially for the first time.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


UNH Experts Offer Tips To Help Parents More Smoothly Shift to Online Learning

As the coronavirus continues to spread, children are transitioning to virtual learning that can be done safely at home. Teachers have been tasked with preparing online lessons and students and parents may be facing apprehension moving into a brave n...

Expert Available

– University of New Hampshire


Using Fiber Optics to Advance Safe and Renewable Energy

Fiber optic cables, it turns out, can be incredibly useful scientific sensors. Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have studied them for use in carbon sequestration, groundwater mapping, earthquake detection, and monitoring of Arctic...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Endocrine Society to hold ENDO Online 2020

The Endocrine Society will host its largest-ever online meeting in June to ensure endocrine researchers and clinicians continue to have access to the latest scientific information, despite the COVID-19 pandemic.

– Endocrine Society

ENDO Online 2020, June-2020


Olin College of Engineering Names Dr. Gilda Barabino as Its Second President

Dr. Gilda Barabino has been named the next president of Olin College of Engineering, effective July 1, 2020. Dr. Barabino’s unanimous selection by the Olin College Board of Trustees comes after a comprehensive search that drew interest from around ...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


University of Utah libraries produce much-needed supplies for COVID-19 crisis

Library employees at the University of Utah are working together to produce and distribute face shields desperately needed in the health care community while facing the COVID-19 pandemic. In an agreement with University of Utah Health, the shields ar...

– University of Utah


Georgia Tech Professor Uses Virtual Reality to Move Major Conference Online

For the first time in its 26-year history, the IEEE VR conference will meet in an all-virtual environment, a change prompted by the need to support social distancing recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

– Georgia Institute of Technology


Online Mindfulness Initiative Promotes Caring and Connection During the COVID-19 Outbreak

As the country adjusts to new work- and learn-from-home routines and increasingly practices social distancing, the Center for Mindfulness, Compassion and Resilience at Arizona State University is finding ways to help people reconnect and create commu...

– Arizona State University (ASU)


As Millions Set Up Work-from-Home Offices for the First Time, Baylor Expert Tells How to Make a Smooth Transition

– Baylor University


6 tips for older adults to avoid scams brought on by COVID-19

– Virginia Tech


Robots vs. #COVID19: @JohnsHopkins expert available to discuss how robots may soon be used to disinfect operating rooms, resume manufacturing, take temperatures and more.

– Johns Hopkins University


Tips for teams and leaders in the virtual workplace during COVID-19

– University of Delaware


Moving your classes online? Here’s what you should know

– West Virginia University


"Rapid movement to online learning does not come without concerns and challenges for both educators and parents," says Nicol Howard, University of Redlands professor of teaching and learning.

– University of Redlands


Announcements and Events


UD’s Jason Gleghorn Receives NSF Career Award

The University of Delaware’s Jason Gleghorn, an assistant professor in biomedical engineering with a joint appointment in biological sciences, has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development Award to understand how...

– University of Delaware


Brookhaven Lab's Lijun Wu Receives 2020 Chuck Fiori Award

For the past 20 years, Wu has been advancing quantitative electron diffraction to study batteries, catalysts, and other energy materials.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

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