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Thursday, April 2, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 02-Apr-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Smaller scale solutions needed for rapid progress towards emissions targets

Low-carbon technologies that are smaller scale, more affordable, and can be mass deployed are more likely to enable a faster transition to net-zero emissions, according to a new study by an international team of researchers.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Science

embargoed until 02-Apr-2020, 14:00 ET


Scientists develop “backpack” computers to track wild animals in hard-to-reach habitats

With new technology described today (April 2) in PLOS Biology, researchers are able to track tiny animals that divide their time between flying around in the sky and huddling together in caves and hollow trees – by attaching little backpacks to the...

– Ohio State University

PLOS Biology

embargoed until 02-Apr-2020, 14:00 ET


Impacts of cover crop planting dates on soil properties after four years

Low biomass production limits cover crop effects on soils

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal


Wet T-Shirts Provide Effective Cooling for Older Adults during Heat Waves

Research suggests that wearing water-soaked clothing in hot, humid weather may be an inexpensive and effective way to provide cooling and reduce the risk of heat strain in older adults.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Journal of Applied Physiology


Oysters and Clams Can be Farmed Together

Eastern oysters and three species of clams can be farmed together and flourish, potentially boosting profits of shellfish growers, according to a Rutgers University–New Brunswick study. Though diverse groups of species often outperform single-speci...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Marine Ecology Progress Series; Rutgers Today


Overcoming carbon loss from farming in peatlands

Miscanthus, willow found as good biomass crops to add carbon to vulnerable soils

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal


Uncertain Climate Future Could Disrupt Energy Systems

An international team of scientists has published a new study proposing an optimization methodology for designing climate-resilient energy systems and to help ensure that communities will be able to meet future energy needs given weather and climate ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Energy


Landmark study concludes marine life can be rebuilt by 2050

An international study recently published in the journal Nature that was led by KAUST Professors Carlos Duarte and Susana Agustí lays out the essential roadmap of actions required for the planet's marine life to recover to full abundance by 2050.

– King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

Nature


Traces of ancient rainforest in Antarctica point to a warmer prehistoric world

Researchers have found evidence of rainforests near the South Pole 90 million years ago, suggesting the climate was exceptionally warm at the time.

– Imperial College London

Nature


On Mars or Earth, biohybrid can turn carbon dioxide into new products

If humans ever hope to colonize Mars, the settlers will need to manufacture on-planet a huge range of organic compounds, from fuels to drugs, that are too expensive to ship from Earth.

– University of California, Berkeley

Joule


Bison in northern Yellowstone proving to be too much of a good thing

Increasing numbers of bison in Yellowstone National Park in recent years have become a barrier to ecosystem recovery in the iconic Lamar Valley in the northern part of the park, according to a study by Oregon State University scientists.

– Oregon State University

Food Webs


Assessing Forests From Afar

A new study led by the University of Delaware’s Pinki Mondal recommends that in addition to using large swaths of coarse satellite data to evaluate forests on a national scale, it is important for countries to prioritize areas such as national park...

– University of Delaware

Remote Sensing of Environment Journal


Nanocages Trap and Separate Elusive Noble Gases

Researchers have discovered how two-dimensional nanoscale cages trap some noble gases. These cages can trap atoms of argon, krypton, and xenon at above freezing temperatures. Noble gases are hard to trap using other methods because they condense at t...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


New feathered dinosaur was one of the last surviving raptors

A new feathered dinosaur that lived in New Mexico 67 million years ago is one of the last known surviving raptor species, according to a new publication in the journal Scientific Reports.

– University of Pennsylvania

Scientific Reports


Scientists predict the size of plastics animals can eat

A team of scientists at Cardiff University has, for the first time, developed a way of predicting the size of plastics different animals are likely to ingest.

– Cardiff University

Nature Communications


Relaxing Environmental Rules Shows Poor Judgment in the Midst of COVID-19 Outbreak

Following reports of the Environmental Protection Agency’s move to implement broad changes that would relax environmental rules, the American Thoracic Society expressed disappointment with the plan.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)


How Stable is Deep Ocean Circulation in Warmer Climate?

If circulation of deep waters in the Atlantic stops or slows due to climate change, it could cause cooling in northern North America and Europe – a scenario that has occurred during past cold glacial periods. Now, a Rutgers coauthored study suggest...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Science; Rutgers Today


It’s a family thing: FSU research shows guppies help their brothers when it comes to the opposite sex

In a new study published by a Florida State University team, researchers found that male Trinidadian guppies observe a form of nepotism when it comes to pursuing the opposite sex. These tiny tropical fish often help their brothers in the mating proce...

– Florida State University

Nature Ecology & Evolution


New framework will help decide which trees are best in the fight against air pollution

A study from the University of Surrey has provided a comprehensive guide on which tree species are best for combatting air pollution that originates from our roads - along with suggestions for how to plant these green barriers to get the best results...

– University of Surrey

Climate and Atmospheric Science


Renewable energy developments threaten biodiverse areas

More than 2000 renewable energy facilities are built in areas of environmental significance and threaten the natural habitats of plant and animal species across the globe.

– University of Queensland

Global Change Biology


Features


Soil Science Society publishes blogs about Deepwater Horizon’s Anniversary

Blogs look at the immediate and long-term impacts on the Gulf’s coastal soils

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soils Matter Blog


Researchers Team up with U.S. Coast Guard to Release and Track Three Baby Sea Turtles

Beach closures and other COVID-19 pandemic restrictions required scientists to get creative. They teamed up with the U.S. Coast Guard to make sure that three baby green sea turtles made it home. The turtles were outfitted with small solar powered sat...

– Florida Atlantic University


ATS Opposes Trump Administration Roll Back of Vehicle Emissions and Mileage Requirements

The Trump Administration’s decision to roll back emission and mileage standards for cars and trucks is bad for respiratory health.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)


Impact of marine carbon on climate change to be investigated by Warwick Scientists

185 scientists won part of the European Research Council’s (ERC) €450 million for Europe’s long-term frontier research, one of which was Professor David Scanlan, from the School of Life Sciences at the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick


Experts


Covid-19 One Health Tele News Conference

– Wildlife Conservation Society


EXPERT PITCH: Zoonotic diseases, bats and the connection to COVID-19

– West Virginia University


Renewables take a blow from coronavirus, but recovery expected

– Cornell University


Former EPA Administrator Available to Comment on Clean Car Rollback

– Indiana University


EXPERT PITCH: WVU Extension vet clears up coronavirus and cattle confusion

– West Virginia University


In face of pandemic, Barclays climate resolution reflects long-term climate threat

– Cornell University


Long term air and water pollution to remain steady despite quarantines, says climate change expert

– West Virginia University

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