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Thursday, April 9, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 09-Apr-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


A Rapidly Changing Arctic

A new study by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and their international colleagues found that freshwater runoff from rivers and continental shelf sediments are bringing significant quantities of carbon and trace elements int...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Embargo expired on 08-Apr-2020 at 10:00 ET


Don't Look to Mature Forests to Soak up Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Mature forests are limited in their ability to absorb “extra” carbon as atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations increase. These findings may have implications for New York state’s carbon neutrality goals.

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Nature, April 8, 2020

Embargo expired on 08-Apr-2020 at 11:10 ET


Hidden army: how starfish could build up numbers to attack coral reefs

The coral-eating crown of thorns starfish that devastate tropical reefs can lie in wait as harmless young herbivores for more than six years while coral populations recover from previous attacks or coral bleaching, new research has shown.

– University of Sydney

Biology Letters

Embargo expired on 07-Apr-2020 at 19:00 ET


Ocean’s ‘biological pump’ captures more carbon than expected

Scientists have long known that the ocean plays an essential role in capturing carbon from the atmosphere, but a new study from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) shows that the efficiency of the ocean’s “biological carbon pump” has be...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 06-Apr-2020 at 15:00 ET


Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems in Paddy Fields: New Strategies for Flooded Rice Nutrition

Integrated Crop-Livestock System Brings More Sustainability to Flooded Rice

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal


COVID lockdown, seasonal changes affect California’s emissions

California’s nitrous oxide (NO₂) air pollution has been reduced by a combination of the state’s COVID-19 lockdown and naturally occurring effects, according to an atmospheric scientist at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH)

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Study gauges insecticide effects on monarch butterflies

A newly published study sheds light on how insecticides commonly applied to crops affect monarch caterpillars. Conservation efforts to protect monarch butterfly populations depend on planting milkweed on agricultural land, but doing so may put caterp...

– Iowa State University

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 39, Issue 4, April 2020


Scientists Develop New Way to Identify the Sex of Sea Turtle Hatchlings

Scientists have developed a new minimally invasive technique that greatly enhances the ability to measure neonate turtle sex ratios. This is the first time that differences in sex-specific protein expression patterns have been identified in blood sam...

– Florida Atlantic University

Scientific Reports


How Old are Whale Sharks? Nuclear Bomb Legacy Reveals Their Age

Nuclear bomb tests during the Cold War in the 1950s and 1960s have helped scientists accurately estimate the age of whale sharks, the biggest fish in the seas, according to a Rutgers-led study. It’s the first time the age of this majestic species h...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Frontiers in Marine Science; Rutgers Today


Artificial Light in the Arctic

A new study examines how artificial light during the polar night disrupts Arctic fish and zooplankton behavior down to 200 meters in depth, which could affect fish counts.

– University of Delaware

Communications Biology


Climate-related disasters increase risks of conflict in vulnerable countries

Researchers have found strong evidence that the risk for armed conflict is higher after a climate-related disaster, but only in vulnerable countries.

– University of Melbourne

Global Environmental Change


Study synthesizes what climate change means for Northwest wildfires

Researchers synthesize how climate change will affect the risk of wildfires in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and western Montana. The study also suggests how managers and individual landowners in different ecosystems can best prepare.

– University of Washington

Fire Ecology


Glaciologists’ experiments lead to slip law for better forecasts of glacier speed, sea-level rise

Backed by a decade of experiments that simulate the huge forces involved in glacier sliding, glaciologists have written a "slip law" that can be used in computer models of glacier movement and sea-level rise.

– Iowa State University

Science, April 3, 2020


Features


Cornell University joins global research university climate alliance

Cornell University has a long-standing commitment to help lead the fight against climate change, and on April 2 it became a founding member of the International Universities Climate Alliance.

– Cornell University

Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius; The Future is Now: Science to Achieve Sustainable Development


How Are Coastal Farmers Responding to Salty Soils?

Saltwater intrusion means farmers must adapt their management practices.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Every Bird Has a Story. Discover Them All

Answers to questions about any bird species, anywhere on Earth, may be found in a new digital publication from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology called Birds of the World.

– Cornell University


UIC leads largest nationwide effort to protect the monarch butterfly

The agreement may benefit up to 26 million acres of land managed by energy companies and departments of transportation across the United States

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Experts


Building a bean that resists leafhoppers

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

https://doi.org/10.1002/plr2.20021


COVID-19: Social distancing works — just ask these animals

– Virginia Tech


Earth Day historian can discuss upcoming 50th anniversary

– University at Buffalo


University of Redlands professor says 'there is simply no way to justify the Trump Administration's new fuel economy standards.'

– University of Redlands


Announcements


$1.2M grant to study evolution of Central American lizards

A research team led by a Washington University in St. Louis biologist was awarded $1.2 million for a CRISPR-based gene editing study of Anolis lizards.Jonathan Losos, the William H. Danforth Distinguished Professor and professor of biology in Arts & ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

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