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Thursday, April 16, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 16-Apr-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Returning land to nature with high-yield farming

A new study shows that about half the land currently needed to grow food crops could be spared if attainable crop yields were achieved globally and crops were grown where they are most productive.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Sustainability

Embargo expired on 16-Apr-2020 at 11:00 ET


Precipitation Will Be Essential for Plants to Counteract Global Warming

A new Columbia Engineering study shows that increased water stress—higher frequency of drought due to higher temperatures, is going to constrain the phenological cycle: in effect, by shutting down photosynthesis, it will generate a lower carbon upt...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

PNAS April 13 2020

Embargo expired on 13-Apr-2020 at 15:00 ET


Exploring the link between education and climate change

What are the most effective ways to achieve desired sustainable development outcomes? A new study brings together several different connections between education and climate change and evaluates them together.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Sustainability

Embargo expired on 13-Apr-2020 at 11:00 ET


Soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization after the initial flush of CO2

Short-Term Carbon Indicates Long-Term Nitrogen

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agriculture and Environmental Letters


How tiny water droplets form can have a big impact on climate models

Understanding droplet formation in pure water in a controlled lab setting is challenging enough, but in the atmosphere, droplets form in the presence of many other substances.

– Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Physical Review Letters


Climate change: Extreme coastal flooding events in the US expected to rise

Extreme flooding events in some US coastal areas could double every five years if sea levels continue to rise as expected, a study published in Scientific Reports suggests. Today's 'once-in-a-lifetime' extreme water levels -- which are currently reac...

– Scientific Reports

Scientific Reports


Ecological dipoles: A new approach to tracking plants, wildlife

DePaul University ecologist Jalene LaMontagne is among the coauthors of a paper out this week in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution that highlights an emerging field: ecological dipoles.

– DePaul University

Trends in Ecology and Evolution


Human handling stresses young monarch butterflies

Every year thousands of monarch butterflies are caught, tagged and released during their fall migration by citizen scientists helping to track their movements. But how do the monarchs themselves feel about being handled by humans?

– University of Georgia

Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society


New geochemical tool reveals origin of Earth’s nitrogen

Researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and their colleagues used a new geochemical tool to shed light on the origin of nitrogen and other volatile elements on Earth, which may also ...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Nature


Logging threatening endangered caribou

Cutting down forests means we're also cutting down woodland caribou, says a pioneering study by University of Guelph ecologists showing that logging in Ontario's extensive boreal stands threatens populations of the elusive but iconic herbivore.

– University of Guelph

Journal of Wildlife Management


Unusually clear skies drove record loss of Greenland ice in 2019

Last year was one of the worst years on record for the Greenland ice sheet, which shrunk by hundreds of billions of tons. According to a study published today in The Cryosphere, that mind-boggling ice loss wasn't caused by warm temperatures alone; th...

– Earth Institute at Columbia University

The Cryosphere


A study at zoos shows that 42% of the animals were infected with the Toxoplasma gondii

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, which can be passed from animals to human beings (zoonosis).

– University of Cordoba

Preventive Veterinary Medicine


Reducing the risk to children’s health in flood-prone areas of India

Monsoon rainfall has become more unpredictable in India. Floods and droughts have become more common and pose multiple risks to human health and wellbeing, with children under five being particularly vulnerable. New research finds that more assistanc...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

PLOS ONE


Flamingos form firm friendships

Flamingos form friendships that last for years, new research shows.

– University of Exeter

Behavioural Processes


Soot may only be half the problem when it comes to cookstoves

Researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering spent two weeks in India cooking with local residents. They found that soot wasn't the only worrisome byproduct of traditional cookstoves; organic carbons are causing problems, too.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 2020 7 (4), 266-272; AGS-1455215; AGS-1926817; NNX15AI66G; EMR/2015/000928


Study of Earth Day at 50: Good weather increases commitment to environmental activism, can lower birth defects

In a first-of-its-kind study, University of Notre Dame investigated the long-term effects of that momentous eco-celebration, studying how the event and the weather that day affected people’s attitudes toward conservation and their health years lat...

– University of Notre Dame

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)


Features


Breeding a Hardier, More Nutritious Wheat

High-fructan wheat provides benefits for growers and consumers.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop Science


Big science, tiny snail

Researchers discovered the Tennessee cavesnail, Antrorbis tennesseensis, in caves near Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The snail measures in at less than 2 millimeters long.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ZooKeys 898:103-120


Economic Impact of COVID-19 will Make the Fight Against Climate Change Harder

Measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus have reduced the demand for fuel and slashed oil prices. Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the chief long-term cause of climate warming, have slid perhaps by one-fifth and pollution is down, but ...

– University of California San Diego


Join "Lights Out Texas" to Protect Migratory Birds

Lights Out Texas is a new two-year study now underway in Houston, Dallas, and Fort Worth. Along with local partners, researchers from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Colorado State University plan to test the best times to turn off lights at night...

– Cornell University


Birds Are Coming Through: Time to Switch Off the Lights

The biggest window of opportunity is opening up now to protect birds returning to the United States and Canada on their spring migrations. Analyses by scientists at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Colorado State University pinpoint key periods wit...

– Cornell University


Start Your Garden Right

An ounce of preparation in the spring for a summer of garden bounty.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Why climate scientists are watching the world’s response to coronavirus

Climate scientists at Notre Dame say despite the challenge to collecting data, the current crisis is already spurring new proposals for research and revealing interesting parallels to the climate crisis that could provide valuable lessons for the fut...

– University of Notre Dame


CUR’s First Virtual Posters on the Hill Showcases Undergraduate Research to Policymakers, Scholars, and the Public

On April 21, students will participate in the 2020 Posters on the Hill event. This year, because of COVID-19 challenges, undergraduate researchers and faculty mentors from institutions such as Butler University, California State University–Fullerto...

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)


Experts


Rutgers Cooperative Extension Offers “Earth Day at Home” Webinar Series

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Atmospheric Scientists Available to Discuss Environmental Impact of a Global Pandemic

– University at Albany, State University of New York


Former EPA Assistant Administrator Available to Comment on Stalled Air Pollution Standards

– Indiana University


Rutgers Experts Can Discuss Emissions, Climate Change During COVID-19 Crisis

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Mild March and 2020 Warmth

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Air Quality During COVID-19

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

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