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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, April 27, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 27-Apr-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


Leveraging open hardware to alleviate the burden of COVID-19 on global health systems

Free open-source hardware and 3D printing could help to alleviate the burden of Covid-19 on global health systems, according to scientists at the University of Sussex.

– PLOS

PLOS Biology

Embargo expired on 24-Apr-2020 at 14:00 ET


The Best Material for Homemade Face Masks May Be a Combination of Two Fabrics

Researchers report in ACS Nano that a combination of cotton with natural silk or chiffon can effectively filter out aerosol particles –– if the fit is good.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Nano

Embargo expired on 24-Apr-2020 at 08:00 ET


Coupled magnetic materials show interesting properties for quantum applications

In a new study led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory, researchers have uncovered a novel way in which the excitations of magnetic spins in two different thin films can be strongly coupled to each other through their co...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Environment-Friendly Compound Shows Promise for Solar Cell Use

In research published today in Advanced Functional Materials, a team of engineers, material scientists, and physicists demonstrated how a new material — a lead-free chalcogenide perovskite — that hadn’t previously been considered for use in sol...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Advanced Functional Materials


Advanced software framework expedites quantum-classical programming

An ORNL team developed the XACC software framework to help researchers harness the potential power of quantum processing units, or QPUs. XACC offloads portions of quantum-classical computing workloads from the host CPU to an attached quantum accelera...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Quantum Science and Technology, Feb-2020


Big data reveals we're running out of time to save environment and ourselves

The use of big data can help scientists' chart not only the degradation of the environment but can be part of the solution to achieve sustainability, according to a new commentary paper.

– University of Melbourne

Nature Communications


FSU Researchers Discover New Structure for Promising Class of Materials

Florida State researchers have published a new study in the journal Science Advances that explains how they created a hollow nanostructure for metal halide perovskites that would allow the material to emit a highly efficient blue light.

– Florida State University

Science Advances


URI study finds PBS KIDS Series The Cat in the Hat Knows a Lot About That!™ boosts preschoolers’ understanding of science, engineering

A study led by the University of Rhode Island has found that preschool children who interacted with multimedia learning materials created for the PBS KIDS show The Cat in the Hat Knows a Lot About That!™ provided opportunities to learn about scienc...

– University of Rhode Island

The Cat in the Hat Knows a Lot About That


Reusable medical devices could help solve key COVID-19 problem

Penn State research team designing device that uses plasma to sterilize ventilators, face shields and masks

– Penn State College of Engineering


Coronavirus outbreak trending topics - See the Coronavirus Channel

Research and experts on the symptoms and spread of COVID-19, impact on global trade and financial markets, public health response, search for an effective treatment, and more

– Newswise


Argonne scientists fashion new class of X-ray detector

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne and Los Alamos National Laboratories have identified a new class of X-ray detectors based on layered perovskites, a semiconducting material.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Science Advances


Computer simulations explore potential COVID-19 therapeutics

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago recently published a study in the journal ACS Nano that details findings from computer simulations seeking to identify inhibitors, which eventually could assist chemists to develop new medicines to...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

ACS Nano


Gen Z's surprising response to remote learning

While studying student use of digital devices in college classrooms in the United States and Canada, Nebraska Professor Barney McCoy learned Generation Z students are using devices less often in the classroom than their millenial counterparts. His st...

– University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Journal of Media Education


Scientists uncover major cause of resistance in solid electrolytes

Scientists investigated grain boundaries in a solid electrolyte at an unprecedentedly small scale. The resulting insights provide new avenues for tuning chemical properties in the material to improve performance.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Materials, April-2020


Tiny sensors fit 30,000 to a penny, transmit data from living tissue

Cornell University researchers who build nanoscale electronics have developed microsensors so tiny, they can fit 30,000 on one side of a penny. They are equipped with an integrated circuit, solar cells and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that enable the...

– Cornell University

PNAS, April 2020


A Novel Method to Precisely Deliver Therapeutics Inside the Body

A new way to deliver therapeutic proteins inside the body uses an acoustically sensitive carrier to encapsulate the proteins and ultrasound to image and guide the package to the exact location required.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

ACS Nano Apr-2020


Researchers Make Gemstones with Salty, Soapy Water for the First Time

Collaborators from the University of California San Diego and New York University (NYU) used salt, soap and water to make “bling” with a proposed novel experiment by UC San Diego’s Jérémie Palacci to form ionic colloidal crystals from common ...

– University of California San Diego

Nature, Apr-2020; DMR-1653465; DMR-1420073; DMR-0923251; DMR-1554724; FG-2017-9392


A new biosensor for the COVID-19 virus

A team of researchers from Empa, ETH Zurich and Zurich University Hospital has succeeded in developing a novel sensor for detecting the new coronavirus. In future it could be used to measure the concentration of the virus in the environment - for exa...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

ACS Nano, April-2020; Empa Media release


UChicago Medicine doctors see ‘remarkable’ success using ventilator alternatives to treat COVID-19

Doctors at the University of Chicago Medicine are seeing “truly remarkable” results using high-flow nasal cannulas rather than ventilators and intubation to treat some COVID-19 patients. A team from UChicago Medicine’s emergency room took 24 CO...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Successful delivery: ORNL demonstrates bi-directional wireless charging on hybrid UPS truck

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) demonstrated a 20-kilowatt bi-directional wireless charging system installed on a UPS medium-duty, plug-in hybrid electric delivery truck. The project is the first of it...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Stay 6 Feet Apart. Mechanically Simulated Cough Reveals That May Not be Enough

A preliminary, flow visualization experiment suggests that staying 6 feet apart may not be sufficient. It only took the particles from the simulated cough a couple of seconds to travel 3 feet; in about 12 seconds it reached 6 feet and in about 41 sec...

– Florida Atlantic University


Features and Experts


K-12 online learning platform from U-M sees dramatic rise in use

Like thousands of K-12 Michigan teachers, Wendy Skinner wasn't sure where to turn when the Michigan Department of Education released its "Learning at a Distance" guideline in early April, requiring teachers to help students maintain and continue lear...

– University of Michigan

"Learning at a Distance" guideline


Penn State engineer aims to tackle COVID-19 from two angles

– Penn State College of Engineering


Leg up for UniSA’s podiatry students as 3D-printed feet put them strides ahead of the rest

3D-printed feet – complete with calluses, corns and fake toenails – will enable UniSA’s podiatry students to practise and fine-tune their podiatry skills from the comfort of their own home, ensuring they attain the required practical experience...

– University of South Australia


Fighting COVID with computing: Fermilab, Brookhaven, Open Science Grid dedicate computational power to COVID-19 research

Scientists and engineers at Fermilab and Brookhaven are uniting with other organizations in the Open Science Grid to help fight COVID-19 by dedicating considerable computational power to researchers studying how they can help combat the virus-borne d...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Donation Aids Nursing Transition to Virtual Clinical Simulation

With the help of generous funding from the Sheldon F. Reese Foundation, Augustana has added a virtual clinical simulation software package to support the nursing program clinical experiences through the end of the semester and into the summer.

– Augustana University, South Dakota


Soup to Nuts

The COVID-19 pandemic demands action on many fronts, from prevention to testing to treatment. Not content to focus its research efforts on just one, the laboratory of George Church in the Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School and the Wyss Ins...

– Harvard Medical School


Children Ages 5 to 18 Create Hundreds of 3D Printed PPE and Donate Them to Local Hospitals

Over the last month, FAU elementary and high schools students ages 5 to 18, along with two faculty members, have worked tirelessly to create 3D printed face shields, intubation chambers and ear savers for several local hospitals in Palm Beach County....

– Florida Atlantic University


Mayo Clinic researchers contribute unique CT data to public repository

Medical physicists at the Mayo Clinic have just made a unique library of computed tomography (CT) data publicly available so that imaging researchers can study, develop, validate, and optimize algorithms and enhance imaging hardware to produce peak-q...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

EB17095; EB017185


Rutgers Supplies Hospitals with PPE to Battle COVID-19

During the coronavirus pandemic, health care professionals worldwide are facing shortages of personal protection equipment (PPE). But faculty, students and staff from across Rutgers are coming together to produce face shields and intubation boxes the...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Personalized device could support multiple COVID-19 patients from a single ventilator

-M and Michigan Medicine researchers have invented an individualized vent-splitter that may allow multiple patients to receive customized pressures while sharing a single ventilator.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Upgrades for LLNL supercomputer from AMD, Penguin Computing aid COVID-19 research

To assist in the COVID-19 research effort, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Penguin Computing and AMD have reached an agreement to upgrade the Lab’s unclassified, Penguin Computing-built Corona high performance computing (HPC) cluster with a...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Overcoming the Tyranny of Distance in the Arctic

S&T established the ADAC Center of Excellence specifically to support Coast Guard missions and the maritime community in the Arctic through research and development of specialized technology capabilities, knowledge products, and educational opportuni...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


CNF jump-starts startups in New York state

The Cornell University NanoScale Science and Technology Facility enables scientists and engineers from academia and industry to conduct micro- and nanoscale research with state-of-the-art technology and expertise from its technical staff. But perhaps...

– Cornell University


Eric Potma: Then and Now

Eric O. Potma is a professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of California, Irvine (UCI). He holds adjunct positions in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, and in the Beckman Laser Institute at UCI.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Meet the Director: Michael E. Papka

This is a continuing profile series on the directors of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facilities. Michael E. Papka is the director of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


New reusable respirator will trap, kill coronavirus

A multi-institutional team of researchers who will be designing and developing a mask with a reusable respirator that captures and kills the novel coronavirus.

– South Dakota State University

Medical Physics, Dec-2019 ; Int Jl for Num Method in Biomed Eng, Nov-2017; Int Forum of Allergy & Rhinology, March-2019


How the coronavirus pandemic accelerates the 4th Industrial Revolution

– Thunderbird School of Global Management


A contact-tracing app that helps public health agencies and doesn't compromise your privacy

– University of Washington


Contact tracing and technology can help prevent the spread of COVID-19

– Virginia Tech


Announcements and Events


Marrying molecular farming and advanced manufacturing to develop a COVID-19 vaccine

UC San Diego nanoengineers received a Rapid Response Research (RAPID) grant from the National Science Foundation to develop—using a plant virus—a stable, easy to manufacture COVID-19 vaccine patch that can be shipped around the world and painless...

– University of California San Diego


ASU Launches Comprehensive Summer School 2020 Program for Learners at all Levels

What does Summer School look like for students in 2020? In a period of economic uncertainty with shifting job markets and employment opportunities that are evaporating in some places and springing to life in others, higher education remains one of th...

– Arizona State University (ASU)


Mayo Clinic introduces skill for Amazon's Alexa about COVID-19

Mayo Clinic has launched a new skill for Alexa, Amazon’s cloud-based voice service, to put the latest information about the COVID-19 pandemic just a question away for consumers.

– Mayo Clinic


Enhanced climate change models possible through NSF grant

Mechanical engineering's Matthew Rau will study ocean particulate matter, with the hopes of adding to the knowledge surrounding carbon dioxide absorption

– Penn State College of Engineering


Fourth cohort of 6 innovators selected for Chain Reaction Innovations program

Six new innovators will be joining Chain Reaction Innovations (CRI), the entrepreneurship program at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, as part of the elite program’s fourth cohort.

– Argonne National Laboratory


ORNL’s Brian Post named SME Young Engineer of the Year

Brian Post, a researcher in large-scale additive manufacturing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has been selected as a recipient of the 2020 Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award by the Society of Mechanical Engineers (SME).

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Engineering Honor for Lashanda Korley

LaShanda Korley’s lab at the University of Delaware creates new materials inspired by nature for applications in healthcare, sensing, soft robotics and more. Korley is pushing the boundaries of what materials scientists and engineers previously tho...

– University of Delaware

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