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Thursday, May 7, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 07-May-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Life on the Rocks Helps Scientists Understand How to Survive in Extreme Environments

By studying how the tiniest organisms in the Atacama Desert of Chile, one of the driest places on Earth, extract water from rocks, researchers at the Johns Hopkins University, University of California, Irvine, and U.C. Riverside revealed how, against...

– Johns Hopkins University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, May-2020

Embargo expired on 04-May-2020 at 15:00 ET


Ocean Acidification Prediction Now Possible Years in Advance

CU Boulder researchers have developed a method that could enable scientists to accurately forecast ocean acidity up to five years in advance. This would enable fisheries and communities that depend on seafood negatively affected by ocean acidificatio...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Nature Communications, 10.1038/s41467-020-15722-x

Embargo expired on 01-May-2020 at 05:00 ET


Modeling Gas Diffusion in Aggregated Soils

Researchers develop soil-gas diffusivity model based on two agricultural soils

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal; NRC-17-019


Virgin birth has scientists buzzing

Researchers discover a gene in honey bees that causes virgin birth

– University of Sydney

Current Biology


Minimum energy requirements for microbial communities to live predicted

A microbial community is a complex, dynamic system composed of hundreds of species and their interactions, they are found in oceans, soil, animal guts and plant roots. Each system feeds the Earth’s ecosystem and their own growth, as they each have ...

– University of Warwick

Journal of the Royal Society Interface


Soil pores hold the key to stability for desert soils

Study shows which desert soils better recover from disturbance

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal


Sustainable Recovery of Nutrients from Urine

Most ammonia capture is done through the Haber-Bosch (HB) process, an energy-intensive technique used to produce fertilizer that accounts for 1-2% of the world’s annual energy consumption. Columbia engineers report they have recovered ammonia throu...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering May 6 2020


FSU researchers study Gulf of Mexico in international collaboration

Florida State University and partner universities investigated current baseline conditions in the southern Gulf of Mexico to create a series of maps and guides that detail the distribution of carbon, nitrogen and the carbon-14 isotope.

– Florida State University

PLOS ONE


Arctic 'shorefast' sea ice threatened by climate change, study finds

For people who live in the Arctic, sea ice that forms along shorelines is a vital resource that connects isolated communities and provides access to hunting and fishing grounds.

– Brown University

Nature Climate Change


Simulations Forecast Nationwide Increase in Human Exposure to Extreme Climate Events

Using ORNL’s now-decommissioned Titan supercomputer, a team of researchers estimated the combined consequences of many different extreme climate events at the county level, a unique approach that provided unprecedented regional and national climate...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Earth's Future, Mar-2020


Will our clean air last after COVID-19? UCLA study says it’s possible

Will our clean air last after COVID-19? UCLA study says it’s possible. Achieving net-zero emissions in California by 2050 can prevent thousands of deaths annually — in every community — researchers say

– UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

Wang, T., Jiang, Z., Zhao, B. et al. Health co-benefits of achieving sustainable net-zero greenhouse gas emissions in California. Nat Sustain (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0520-y


Microorganisms in parched regions extract needed water from colonized rocks

Irvine, Calif., May 4, 2020 – In Northern Chile’s Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on Earth, microorganisms are able to eke out an existence by extracting water from the very rocks they colonize. Through work in the field and laboratory e...

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, May-2020


Expansion, environmental impacts of irrigation by 2050 greatly underestimated

The amount of farmland around the world that will need to be irrigated in order to feed an estimated global population of 9 billion people by 2050 could be up to several billion acres, far higher than scientists currently project, according to new re...

– Princeton University

Geophysical Research Letters


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.135 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: April 2020

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Researchers Discover How Vegetation Thinning Affects New Mexico Mule Deer Population

The study by Texas Tech scholars found deer prefer newly cleared areas in summer months and older areas during the winter.

– Texas Tech University


Glacial ice will likely hold records of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers say

Ice from glaciers around the world, undisturbed for centuries, show changes in how societies functioned throughout history – and will likely hold a record of the current impact of the COVID-19 pandemic for future generations.

Expert Available

– Ohio State University

Frontiers in Microbiology


Features


Texas A&M AgriLife mobilizes task force to head off possible emergence of “murder hornet” in Texas

A giant invasive hornet was sighted several times in northwestern Washington state and Canada in late 2019, causing concern across the U.S. At the request of Gov. Greg Abbott, a specialized task force led by Texas A&M AgriLife experts is spearheadin...

– Texas A&M AgriLife


World Migratory Bird Day is May 9

Migratory birds are now flooding across the continent, as they return to their nesting grounds this spring. World Migratory Bird Day is on May 9, 2020, as people around the globe welcome birds back—and lend them a helping hand.

– Cornell University


How are soil microbes affected by fertilizer in soils?

Nutrients are responsible for more than just plant growth.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soils Matter Blog


New Studies to Uncover the Costs of Florida’s Red Tide

GCOOS and NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) are funding two new studies designed to uncover the full costs of harmful algal blooms (HABs) across numerous sectors — from tourism and seafood to industries where impacts are l...

– Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System-Regional Association (GCOOS-RA)


Communicating Corporate Action on Climate Change: Q&A With Joanna Price, Sr. Vice President, Public Affairs and Communications, at Coca-Cola

How should brands communicate their sustainability plans and their corporate environmental performance? Professor June West and Joanna Price, Sr. Vice President, Public Affairs and Communications at Coca-Cola, explore the challenges of developing a s...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Experts


Study Explores Temperature Regulation in Extreme and Humidity during Emergency Rescue

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Windy, Cool April Weather

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Experts Available to Discuss Invasive Asian Giant Hornet

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


It's Time to Kill the Murder Hornet Headlines

– West Virginia University


Announcements


Erika Hersch-Green Wins CAREER Award for Biodiversity Research

Erika Hersch-Green is studying how increasing amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus in terrestrial ecosystems lead to decreasing biodiversity, not only among plant species, but in herbivores and pollinators as well.

– Michigan Technological University

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