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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, May 11, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 11-May-2020
 

Research


3D-Printed Nuclear Reactor Promises Faster, More Economical Path to Nuclear Energy

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory are refining their design of a 3D-printed nuclear reactor core, scaling up the additive manufacturing process necessary to build it, and developing methods to confirm the consi...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

embargoed until 11-May-2020, 13:00 ET


Computer vision helps SLAC scientists study lithium ion batteries

New machine learning methods bring insights into how lithium ion batteries degrade, and show it’s more complicated than many thought.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Communications, May 2020

Embargo expired on 08-May-2020 at 05:00 ET


LLNL researchers devise strategy for reducing defects in popular metal 3D printing method

Combining high-fidelity computer simulations with ultra-high-speed X-ray imaging, researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have discovered a strategy for reducing or even eliminating defects in parts built through a common, laser-based m...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Science

Embargo expired on 07-May-2020 at 14:00 ET


Unique spectrometer developed at UAHfinds ultrafast aspect of gallium arsenide

Researchers at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) have developed a unique spectrometer to study ultrafast properties of photonic materials and devices and have used it to discover a never before observed aspect of gallium arsenide (GaAs), ...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Physical Review Applied


Fundamentals of Physics Help Engineers Study Mysteries of Termite Mounds

When FAMU-FSU Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering Neda Yaghoobian looks at a termite mound, she sees more than a pile of dirt. She sees an engineered structure.

– Florida State University

Royal Society Open Science; Physics of Fluids


Portable, Reusable Test for COVID-19

University of Utah electrical and computer engineering professor Massood Tabib-Azar is developing a portable, reusable sensor for COVID-19 that works with a cellphone. It can detect the presence of the virus in about a minute and just requires a drop...

– University of Utah


Student team designs smart mask that monitors vital signs

The team’s VitalMask, made of 3D-printed resin, places sensors near the wearer’s earlobes, nose and mouth to monitor body temperature, heart rate, blood oxygen levels and respiratory rate. “These vital signs are transferred in real time to a mo...

– Cornell University


A Promising Supercapacitor for Electronics and Electric Vehicles

A new supercapacitor based on manganese oxide could combine the storage capacity of batteries with the high power and fast charging of other supercapacitors, according to researchers at Penn State and two universities in China.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Electrochimica Acta May-2020


Penn State cancer research center joins pandemic fight

– Penn State College of Engineering

Seed-Funded COVID-19 Projects


Plasma medicine research highlights antibacterial effects and potential uses

As interest in the application of plasma medicine — the use of low-temperature plasma (LTP) created by an electrical discharge to address medical problems — continues to grow, so does the need for research advancements proving its capabilities an...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Scientific Reports


People Think Robots Are Pretty Incompetent and Not Funny, New Study Says

Detecting gender bias against robots was the original intent of a study that revealed two surprises: The gender bias didn't appear. In its place, people were predisposed to find robots mostly incompetent, regardless of gender.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Proceedings of 2020 ACM Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI’20); CHI 2020 Extended Abstracts ; CHI 2020; 1849101; G-2019-11435


Breathable second skin materials provide smart protection against chemical and biological agents

A multi-institutional team of researchers led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientist Francesco Fornasiero has developed a smart, breathable fabric designed to protect the wearer against biological and chemical warfare agents.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Advanced Functional Materials


It’s Not Me—It’s You: We Believe We’re Less Likely than Others Are to Fall for Online Scams

We believe we are less likely than others are to fall for phishing scams, thereby underestimating our own exposure to risk, a new cybersecurity study has found.

– New York University

Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology


Scientists and neurosurgeon team up to develop novel imaging device for babies with brain disorders

Using night-vision goggle technology, near-infrared light, and high-resolution detectors, a wearable imaging device for awake infants with brain disorders was developed by a team of scientists and a pediatric neurosurgeon at UTHealth. Cap-based Trans...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

The IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging Journal, April 2020


Investigating the dynamics of stability

Scientists have gained important insight into the mechanisms that drive stability and activity in materials during oxygen evolution reactions. This insight will guide the practical design of materials for electrochemical fuel production.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Energy


Sustainable Recovery of Nutrients from Urine

Most ammonia capture is done through the Haber-Bosch (HB) process, an energy-intensive technique used to produce fertilizer that accounts for 1-2% of the world’s annual energy consumption. Columbia engineers report they have recovered ammonia throu...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering May 6 2020


Scientists shed light on essential carbon-fixing machinery in bacteria

Scientists have been studying cyanobacteria and its many potential applications for decades, from cutting CO2 emissions to creating a substitute for oil-based plastics, but there wasn’t a deep understanding of the full life cycle and metabolism of ...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Science Advances


Could hotel service robots help the hospitality industry after COVID-19?

Lead author Dr Tracy Xu, Lecturer in Hospitality at The University of Surrey's world-renowned School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, has had her paper published in the International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.

– University of Surrey

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management


Surfaces That Grip Like Gecko Feet Could Be Easily Mass-Produced

The science behind sticky gecko's feet lets gecko adhesion materials pick up about anything. But cost-effective mass production of the materials was out of reach until now. A new method of making them could usher the spread of gecko-inspired grabbers...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces


NUS Researchers Develop Novel Device to Improve Performance of Underactive Bladders

Researchers from NUS and the University of Tokyo have developed a new device that can monitor bladder volume in real-time and effectively empty the bladder.

– National University of Singapore

Science Advances 01 May 2020: Vol. 6, no. 18, eaba0412 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba0412


Scientists Take Steps to Create a “Racetrack Memory,” Potentially Enhancing Digital Data Storage

A team of scientists has taken steps to create a new form of digital data storage, a “Racetrack Memory,” which opens the possibility to both bolster computer power and lead to the creation of smaller, faster, and more energy efficient computer me...

– New York University

Scientific Reports


Engineers Develop Method to Improve Efficiency and Heat Tolerance of Devices

When it comes to increasing electric storage efficiency and electric breakdown strength — the ability of an electrical system to operate at higher voltage and temperatures with great efficiency — increasing one traditionally has led to a decreas...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Science Advances


Firms Perceived to Fake Social Responsibility Become Targets for Hackers, Study Shows

What corporate leaders may not realize is that strides they are making toward social responsibility may be placing a proverbial target on their backs — if their efforts appear to be disingenuous, according to new research from the University of Not...

– University of Notre Dame

Information Systems Research


Simulations Forecast Nationwide Increase in Human Exposure to Extreme Climate Events

Using ORNL’s now-decommissioned Titan supercomputer, a team of researchers estimated the combined consequences of many different extreme climate events at the county level, a unique approach that provided unprecedented regional and national climate...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Earth's Future, Mar-2020


Liquid Metal Research Invokes ‘Terminator’ Film — but Much Friendlier

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have developed “the first liquid metal lattice in the world." The team has created a series of prototypes that return to their shapes when crushed.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Additive Manufacturing, Feb-2020


Crystal power

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory have created and tested a single-crystal electrode that promises to yield pivotal discoveries for advanced batteries under development worldwide.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Advanced Energy Materials, March-2020


Chemicals from corn may bond durable plastic materials

Bioprocessing engineers formulated star-shaped thermoset resins using chemical from the ethanol fermentation.

– South Dakota State University

Polymer Degradation and Stability, July-2018; Journal of Polymers and the Environment, Sept-2017; European Polymer Journal, Feb-2017; Polymer International, Feb-2017


New device tracks e-cigarette habits to help curtail usage

A new device that attaches to e-cigarettes can unobtrusively monitor inhalations – yielding important information for research about when and where people vape, how deeply they inhale and how much nicotine they consume.

– Cornell University

Association for Computing Machinery, April 2020


Engineers demonstrate next-generation solar cells can take the heat, maintain efficiency

Iowa State engineers have developed a next-generation solar cell that takes advantage of the promising elctro-optical properties of perovskite materials.

– Iowa State University

ACS Applied Energy Materials, April 27, 2020, Volume 3, Issue 4


Microorganisms in parched regions extract needed water from colonized rocks

Irvine, Calif., May 4, 2020 – In Northern Chile’s Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on Earth, microorganisms are able to eke out an existence by extracting water from the very rocks they colonize. Through work in the field and laboratory e...

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, May-2020


Story Tips: Tracking Populations, UPS’ Special Delivery and a Long-Awaited Benchmark

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Bursting your (tiny) bubbles: New research points the way toward pore-free 3D printing

New research conducted at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) points toward pore-free 3D printing of metal components, with no additional apparatus required.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications


DUNE prepares for data onslaught

The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment will collect massive amounts of data from star-born and terrestrial neutrinos. A worldwide network of computers will provide the infrastructure to help analyze it. Using artificial intelligence and machine lea...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Renowned scientist to head new research for plasma applications in industry and quantum information science

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has appointed David Graves, an internationally known chemical engineer, to head a new research enterprise that will explore plasma applications in semiconductor manufacturing and the next generation of super-fa...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Argonne physicist Giulia Galli earns two top honors for outstanding research and leadership

Galli elected to both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Features and Experts


ASGC cube satellite would exploreusing lunar soil as human radiation shield

Science aboard an Alabama Space Grant Consortium (ASGC) student-led cube satellite mission called AEGIS could be valuable to developing future human outposts on the moon and in space travel to Mars if NASA gives the go-ahead for a 2022 flight.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Embargo expired on 07-May-2020 at 10:00 ET


UAH boosts search for COVID-19 drugs using HPE Cray Sentinel supercomputer

University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) professor of biological science Dr. Jerome Baudry is collaborating with Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) to use HPE’s Cray Sentinel supercomputer to search for natural products that are effective against th...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Embargo expired on 05-May-2020 at 10:00 ET


Sticky business

Kaichang Li has spent his career crafting environmentally friendly adhesives. His first product, an adhesive made from soy flour and magnesium oxide, is utilized extensively throughout the hardwood-plywood industry. Now, Li’s lab has developed a ve...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


UT Dallas Response Lab Projects Add New Dimension To Help COVID-19 Fight

University of Texas at Dallas researchers have designed and 3D-printed a critical ventilator part and are working to manufacture testing swabs and personal protective equipment (PPE) in a campus lab mobilized to address potential supply shortages due...

– University of Texas at Dallas


FAMU-FSU Researcher Awarded NSF Funding for Covid-19 Impact on Municipal Solid Waste Management Facilities

A FAMU-FSU College of Engineering researcher has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to examine waste-management system-related challenges in the pandemic environment across several states.

– Florida State University


'We will get through this together'

To prepare for the remote delivery of her Design for Manufacturing course, Bryony DuPont instituted several changes to give her students the best chance to succeed, including paring down course material to its most essential elements, encouraging stu...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Can newer irrigation techniques save water?

Using technology makes the best out of every drop

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Sustainable Secure Food Blog


Smartphone-based automated contact tracing: Is it possible to balance privacy, accuracy and security?

UAB professor, Nitesh Saxena, Ph.D., explains the context of contact tracing and how it will help the impact of the novel coronavirus pandemic.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Layer by layer

Metal additive manufacturing is an emerging industry projected to be worth nearly $10 billion within the next seven years. Oregon State Engineers Brian Paul and Somayeh Pasebani have secured more than $6.3 million in funding from the National Science...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Researchers Explore Quantum Computing to Discover Possible COVID-19 treatments

Quantum machine learning, an emerging field that combines machine learning and quantum physics, is the focus of research to discover possible treatments for COVID-19, according to Penn State researchers led by Swaroop Ghosh, the Joseph R. and Janice ...

– Penn State College of Engineering


The Growing Impact of the Team Awareness Kit

The Team Awareness Kit (TAK) is the emerging DHS-wide solution for situational awareness. Its exceptional tactical value has been proven time and again.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Johns Hopkins APL Delivers Prototype Defense Planning and Assessment Tool to USS Bunker Hill

Last summer, the captain of the USS Bunker Hill offered to test an APL air-defense tool if the Lab could provide a prototype before the ship deployed in six months. When the Bunker Hill left San Diego in January, the tool was onboard — and Lab engi...

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory


Systemic Risks of Pandemics

What is so special about systemic risks? Risks are systemic when a society’s essential systems, such as telecommunications, infrastructure or health systems are threatened.

Expert Available

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)


Pivoting for success: Building more resilient UK manufacturing supply chains

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted how manufacturing supply chains are critical to the process of delivering products and services essential to life. Whilst a series of ‘lifeboat’ projects are needed to protect manufacturing capability in the ...

Expert Available

– University of Warwick


Leaders must adapt to virtual workplace to effectively support employees

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Pandemic-driven digital fiat currencies to sound Bitcoin’s ‘death knell’

– Cornell University


Notre Dame Supreme Court expert available to comment on Court's online transition

– University of Notre Dame


Announcements and Events


Mount Sinai Works With Google Nest to Help Patients With COVID-19

A New Nest Camera Console Enhances Safety of Patients and Staff; Reduces PPE Demands

– Mount Sinai Health System


$2.66 Million Grant To Support New Risk Analysis System for Renewable Energy Market

With the support of a $2.66 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE), the Lally School of Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, will develop crucial risk management tools for the power sector to better incorporate renewable en...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


RNA Scientist Receives NSF Funding for Rapid Coronavirus Testing

A biomedical engineer is leading new research that could soon deliver coronavirus test results much faster and at much lower cost.

– University at Albany, State University of New York


Understanding the impacts of unexpected shift to digital learning

The unexpected transition to online classes due to the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted many changes for undergraduate students and their instructors. To understand the magnitude of these impacts and potentially improve digital learning, researchers i...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Deans for Colleges of Business, Engineering and Associate Provost for Urban Research and Community Engagement Named

UNC Charlotte announces new leadership for three academic areas--business, engineering, and urban research and community engagement--pivotal to the University’s mission to serve the greater Charlotte region and beyond.

– University of North Carolina at Charlotte


Team to design 3D-printable mask inspired by animal noses

A multi-institution team, including a Cornell researcher, has received a National Science Foundation grant to design an open-source, 3D-printable medical mask inspired by the nasal structures of animals.

– Cornell University


Latest $2.5 Million Grant Accelerates Advances in Bioimaging at Rensselaer

In order to effectively address intractable challenges like cancer, researchers, drug developers, and clinicians need to be able to see how a potential therapeutic works within a living system, ideally in real time. That type of vision and insight is...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


DHS S&T Awards $142K to Cignal for Artificial Intelligence Model Training

DHS S&T awarded $142,465 in Phase 1 funding to Cignal LLC of Ashburn, Virginia, to create high-fidelity synthetic data used to train artificial intelligence (AI).

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Novel Technology to Clean Wastewater Containing Explosives

A new grant from the US Department of Defense will help a University of Delaware team test a novel technology that uses iron nanoparticles to destroy munitions compounds in wastewater.

– University of Delaware


Fighting Covid-19 by Connecting Materials Experts with Organizations in Need

An online directory has launched that connects materials expertise and resources with organizations working against COVID-19.

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society)

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