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Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, May 14, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 14-May-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Towards a new generation of vegetation models

A new study explored the most important organizing principles that control vegetation behavior and how they can be used to improve vegetation models.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Plants

Embargo expired on 11-May-2020 at 11:00 ET


Persistence of forages is dependent on harvest intervals

Research investigates effects of harvest intervals on alfalfa productivity and persistence in southeastern United States.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop, Forage, and Turfgrass Management


Oyster Farming and Shorebirds Likely Can Coexist

Oyster farming as currently practiced along the Delaware Bayshore does not significantly impact four shorebirds, including the federally threatened red knot, which migrates thousands of miles from Chile annually, according to a Rutgers-led study. The...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Ecosphere; Rutgers Today


Can’t Touch This! Video Shows Blacktip Sharks Use Shallow Water to Flee Huge Predators

Aerial drone footage provides the first evidence of adult blacktip sharks using shallow waters as a refuge from a huge predator – the great hammerhead. Before this study, documentation of adult sharks swimming in shallower waters to avoid predation...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal Fish Biology


Cold War nuke tests changed rainfall

Nuclear bomb tests during the Cold War may have changed rainfall patterns thousands of miles from the detonation sites, new research has revealed.

– University of Reading

Physical Review Letters


Exploring the impacts of climate change on hydropower production

A new study investigated the impacts of different levels of global warming on hydropower potential and found that this type of electricity generation benefits more from a 1.5°C than a 2°C climate scenario.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Water Resources Research


El Niño–linked decreases in soil moisture could trigger massive tropical-plant die offs

New research has found that El Niño events are often associated with droughts in some of the world’s more vulnerable tropical regions. Associated with warmer than average ocean temperatures in the eastern Pacific, El Niños can in turn influence g...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences


Evaporating northern bogs threaten to intensify fires and global warming

A group of 59 international scientists, led by researchers at Canada’s McMaster University, has uncovered new information about the distinct effects of climate change on boreal forests and peatlands, which threaten to worsen wildfires and accelerat...

– McMaster University

Nature Climate Change


COVID-19 lockdowns significantly impacting global air quality

Levels of two major air pollutants have been drastically reduced since lockdowns began in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but a secondary pollutant - ground-level ozone - has increased in China, according to new research.

– American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Geophysical Research Letters


Breaking Down Wood Decomposition by Fungi

– George Washington University

PNAS


VIDEO AND TRANSCRIPT AVAILABLE: Newswise Live Expert Panel for May 7, 2020: Food Security, Supply Chains, Meat Shortages

Newswise Live Expert Panel for May 7, 2020: Food Security, Supply Chains, Meat Shortages

– Newswise

Newswise Live Events Registration


Air pollution, racial disparities and COVID-19 mortality

The combination of higher exposure to air pollution and pre-existing health disparities is contributing to higher mortality among minority populations during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to experts at Cincinnati Children's.

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, May-2020


Forecasting Urbanization

A new global simulation model offers the first long-term look at how urbanization—the growth of cities and towns—will unfold in the coming decades. Using data science and machine learning, the research team projects the total amount of urban area...

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications


Sea level could rise by more than 1 meter by 2100 if emission targets are not met

An international study led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) scientists found that the global mean sea-level rise could exceed 1 metre by 2100 and 5 metres by 2300 if global targets on emissions are not achieved.

– Nanyang Technological University

Climate and Atmospheric Science


Pangolins may possess evolutionary advantage against coronavirus

Similar to how a smoke detector sounds off an alarm, certain genes sense when a virus enters the body, alerting of an intruder and triggering an immune response in most mammals.

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Immunology


Soils Viruses: A Rich Reservoir of Diversity

Scientists have limited knowledge of the role of viruses in soils. New research found that soils can contain many kinds of RNA viruses. Most likely infect fungi, but they could also infect bacteria, plants, and animals. The study found that soil vira...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Fossil reveals evidence of 200-million-year-old 'squid' attack

Scientists have discovered the world's oldest known example of a squid-like creature attacking its prey, in a fossil dating back almost 200 million years.

– University of Plymouth

Proceedings of the Geologists' Association


Features


Sticky business

Kaichang Li has spent his career crafting environmentally friendly adhesives. His first product, an adhesive made from soy flour and magnesium oxide, is utilized extensively throughout the hardwood-plywood industry. Now, Li’s lab has developed a ve...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Experts


'Murder' hornet threat to humans hyped, but real threat exists for European honeybee colonies if hornets allowed to establish in US, University of Redlands professor says.

– University of Redlands


Announcements


Plant biologist to use NSF grant for maize development study

Cornell University plant biologist Michael Scanlon received a $1.8 million grant from the National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research Program to continue his research on the process of shoot development in maize.

– Cornell University


Researchers to explore perennial grains with $1.77M grant

A Cornell University researcher is part of a multi-institution team helping upstate New York organic farmers grow and increase profitability of perennial grain crops, which can be planted once and will yield grain for multiple years.

– Cornell University


URI appoints NASA scientist to lead Graduate School of Oceanography

KINGSTON, R.I. – MAY 11, 2020 – The University of Rhode has announced the appointment of NASA scientist Paula S. Bontempi as dean of the Graduate School of Oceanography. An alumna of GSO and a biological oceanographer for more than 25 years, Bont...

– University of Rhode Island

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