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Thursday, May 21, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 21-May-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Long term data show hurricanes are getting stronger

In almost every region of the world where hurricanes form, their maximum sustained winds are getting stronger. That is according to a new study by scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Center for Environmental Inf...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 18-May-2020 at 15:00 ET


Using Big Data to Design Gas Separation Membranes

Researchers at Columbia Engineering and the University of South Carolina have developed a method that combines big data and machine learning to selectively design gas-filtering polymer membranes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Their study, publis...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Science Advances May 15 2020

Embargo expired on 15-May-2020 at 14:00 ET


Global Cooling Event 4,200 Years Ago Spurred Rice’s Evolution, Spread Across Asia

A major global cooling event that occurred 4,200 years ago may have led to the evolution of new rice varieties and the spread of rice into both northern and southern Asia, an international team of researchers has found.

– New York University

Nature Plants, May 15; IOS-1546218

Embargo expired on 15-May-2020 at 11:00 ET


Development of heat-tolerant annual ryegrass germplasm

Researchers develop new annual ryegrass for earlier fall planting in the southeastern U.S.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop Science


Untangling a key step in photosynthetic oxygen production

Researchers zeroed in on a key step in photosynthesis in which a water molecule moves in to bridge manganese and calcium atoms in the catalytic complex that splits water to produce breathable oxygen. What they learned brings them one step closer to o...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

; PNAS


Study suggests aggressive carbon taxation could help US meet targets in Paris agreement

Nearly all the countries of the world ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016. The accord aims to limit the increase of the world's temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures

– Carnegie Mellon University

Environmental Research Communications


New technique separates industrial noise from natural seismic signals

For the first time, seismologists can characterize signals as a result of some industrial human activity on a continent-wide scale using cloud computing. In two recently published papers in Seismological Research Letters, scientists from Los Alamos N...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Seismological Research Letters; Seismological Research Letters


Researchers go cuckoo: Antarctic penguins release an extreme amount of laughing gas

More than 1600 kilometers east of the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica lies the Atlantic island of South Georgia.

– University of Copenhagen

Science of the Total Environment


Ribs evolved for movement first, then co-opted for breathing

A major transformation in vertebrate evolution took place when breathing shifted from being driven by head and throat muscles—like in fish and frogs—to the torso—like in reptiles and mammals. But what caused the shift? A new study posits that t...

– University of Utah

Scientific Reports, May-2020


UIC study examines impact of Chicago River reversal on region's aquatic environments, fauna

Prior to European settlement, wetlands, lakes and streams were the major landscape features of the Chicago region. Much of this has been altered or lost in the past 150 years, most notably by the reversal of the Chicago River in 1900 with the constru...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Urban Ecosystems


Exoplanet climate ‘decoder’ aids search for life

After examining a dozen types of suns and a roster of planet surfaces, Cornell University astronomers have developed a practical model – an environmental color “decoder” – to tease out climate clues for potentially habitable exoplanets in gal...

– Cornell University

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, May 2020


Modern Sea-Level Rise Linked to Human Activities, Rutgers Research Reaffirms

New research by Rutgers scientists reaffirms that modern sea-level rise is linked to human activities and not to changes in Earth’s orbit. Surprisingly, the Earth had nearly ice-free conditions with carbon dioxide levels not much higher than today ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Science Advances; Rutgers Today


Researchers reveal largest and hottest shield volcano on Earth

In a recently published study, researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology revealed the largest and hottest shield volcano on Earth.

– University of Hawaii at Manoa

Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Ocean ‘breathability’ key to past, future habitat of West Coast marine species

Historical observations collected off California since the 1950s suggest that anchovies thrive where the water is breathable — a combination of the oxygen levels in the water and the species’ oxygen needs, which are affected by temperature. Futur...

– University of Washington

Science Advances


Bizarre new species discovered... on Twitter

While many of us use social media to be tickled silly by cat videos or wowed by delectable cakes, others use them to discover new species.

– University of Copenhagen

MycoKeys


Strong Sharing Networks Can Help Communities Rebound From Crises

Of the top five countries in the world most at risk to disasters, three are Pacific Island nations. Yet time and time again, Pacific Islanders exhibit marked abilities to quickly recover. Part of the reason may be due to strong social networks that ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Coastal Management


Cornell research traces how farmlands affect bee disease spread

A new Cornell University study on bees, plants and landscapes in upstate New York sheds light on how bee pathogens spread, offering possible clues for what farmers could do to improve bee health.

– Cornell University

Ecology Letters, April-2020


Story Tips: Mining for COVID, rules to grow by and the 3D connection

ORNL story Tips: Mining for COVID, rules to grow by and the 3D connection

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Energy Storage Materials, Dec-19


Mammoths, mastodons and the fruit they left behind at Fermilab

If you live in the Chicago suburbs and have ever taken a walk on the Fermilab hike-and-bike trail along Batavia Road, you’ve probably noticed large trees with long, slender bean pods, which — even after they fall to the ground — are ignored by ...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Features


How did soil salinity affect ancient civilizations?

Saline soils near the Salt River led to many challenges for North American group

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soils Matter blog


Ocean explorer and filmmaker James Cameron to host virtual event on Extreme Ocean Machines

On May 20, ocean explorer and world-renowned filmmaker James Cameron will host a special edition of Ocean Encounters, a popular virtual event series from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Birdwatchers Set World Records On Global Big Day

Birdwatchers set a new world record on May 9 for birds documented in a single day. During the annual Global Big Day, participants reported a record-breaking 2.1 million bird observations, recording 6,479 species. An all-time high of 50,000 participan...

– Cornell University


Jonathan Schilling: Then and Now

Jonathan Schilling is a professor in the Department of Plant & Microbial Biology at the University of Minnesota. He is also the director of the Itasca Biological Station and Laboratories in northern Minnesota.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Experts


Rutgers Experts Can Discuss 2020 Hurricane Season Outlook in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

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