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Newswise Special Wire
Tuesday, May 26, 2020

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 26-May-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


The First 3D Map of the Heart’s Neurons

An interdisciplinary research team establishes a new technological pipeline to build a 3D map of the neurons in the heart, revealing foundational insight into their role in heart function and cardiac disease

– Thomas Jefferson University

iScience

Embargo expired on 26-May-2020 at 11:00 ET


Critical Transition Theory Shows Flickering in Heart Before Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation ranks among the most common heart conditions, and episodes are difficult to predict. Researchers have proposed a way to define cardiac state and have studied the dynamics before the cardiac rhythm changes from normal sinus to AF r...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Chaos

Embargo expired on 26-May-2020 at 11:00 ET


Understanding ceramic materials’ ‘mortar’ may reveal ways to improve them

New research shows that in the important ceramic material silicon carbide, carbon atoms collect at those grain boundaries when the material is exposed to radiation. The finding could help engineers better understand the properties of ceramics and cou...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nature Materials

Embargo expired on 25-May-2020 at 11:00 ET


Public Disclosure of COVID-19 Cases Is More Effective than Lockdowns

South Korea is a standout in the current battle against COVID-19, largely due to its widespread testing and contact tracing; however, key to its innovation is publicly disclosing detailed information on the individuals who test positive for COVID-19....

– University of California San Diego

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Embargo expired on 25-May-2020 at 01:00 ET


A sound treatment

University of Utah biomedical engineering assistant professor Jan Kubanek has discovered that sound waves of high frequency (ultrasound) can be emitted into a patient’s brain to alter his or her state. It’s a non-invasive treatment that doesn’t...

– University of Utah

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 20-May-2020 at 14:00 ET


Researchers use drones, machine learning to detect dangerous 'butterfly' landmines

Using advanced machine learning, drones could be used to detect dangerous "butterfly" landmines in remote regions of post-conflict countries, according to research from Binghamton University, State University at New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

remote sensing, 3-2020


Why are we still failing to stop deforestation?

A new study calls for a radically different approach to managing deforestation that focuses on our understanding of how individuals make choices.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

One Earth


NUS researchers develop a new library of atomically thin 2D materials

Researchers from the National University of Singapore have created a new collection of atomically thin two-dimensional materials. Using novel synthesis conditions for transition metal dichalcogenides, more than 10 new materials have been made by the ...

– National University of Singapore

Nature


Why Toothpaste and Cement Harden Over Time

Cements, clays, soils, inks, paints, and even toothpaste. Many paste materials, also known as dense colloidal suspensions, stiffen as they age. Structural dynamics, or changes in the loads the materials undergo over time, are partly responsible for t...

– University of Delaware

Nature Materials


Australian researchers record world's fastest internet speed from a single optical chip

Researchers from Monash, Swinburne and RMIT universities have successfully tested and recorded Australia's fastest internet data speed, and that of the world, from a single optical chip - capable of downloading 1000 high definition movies in a split ...

– Monash University

Nature Communications


NUS researchers create novel device that harnesses shadows to generate electricity

Researchers from the National University of Singapore have created a device called a ‘shadow-effect energy generator’ that makes use of the contrast in illumination between lit and shadowed areas to generate electricity. This novel concept opens ...

– National University of Singapore

Energy & Environmental Science


“One-Way” Electronic Devices Enter the Mainstream

Columbia engineers are the first to build a high-performance non-reciprocal device on a compact chip with a performance 25 times better than previous work. The new chip, which can handle several watts of power (enough for cellphone transmitters that ...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Electronics May 4 2020


New wearable sensor tracks Vitamin C levels in sweat

A team at the University of California San Diego has developed a wearable, non invasive Vitamin C sensor that could provide a new, highly personalized option for users to track their daily nutritional intake and dietary adherence. The study was publi...

– University of California San Diego

ACS Sensors


The UK Public want the NHS to be the controlling body in Covid-19 contact-tracing app – says new research

The public have massive trust in the NHS, who should have control and access to data in the Covid-19 contact-tracing app, according to new research by researchers in WMG at the University of Warwick, and at the University of Birmingham.

– University of Warwick

“Speak for Yourself! Attitudes to contact tracing applications in the context of COVID 19: results from a nationally representative survey of the UK population”


Computer science student builds website to track COVID-19 in India

In the midst of the global pandemic, a student at Binghamton University, State University of New York is helping India keep track of COVID-19 infection rates.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Platinum-free catalysts could make cheaper hydrogen fuel cells

Argonne scientists studied platinum-free catalysts for important fuel cell reactions. The research provides understanding of the mechanisms that make the catalysts effective, and it could inform production of more efficient and cost-effective catalys...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Journal of the American Chemical Society, Dec-2019


Retrofitting of VW Diesel engines was successful

Using exhaust gas measurements taken from the roadside, a team from the University of York and Empa was able to prove the "Dieselgate" scandal has led to positive results. The forced retrofitting of thousands of VW diesel engines saves the environmen...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 2020, XXXX


Nature Unveiling Herself Before Science

21st century societal challenges such as demographic developments and an ageing population demand for new functional materials, such as for bone prostheses. Nature often serves as inspiration when designing these materials. In a recent study publishe...

– University of Vienna

Analytical Chemistry, 2020


Algorithmic Autos

Connected and automated vehicles use technology such as sensors, cameras and advanced control algorithms to adjust their operation to changing conditions with little or no input from drivers. A research group at the University of Delaware optimized v...

– University of Delaware

Society of Automotive Engineers


Self-isolating? Get fit faster with multi-ghost racing

Eager to ramp up your fitness while stuck at home? A new generation of virtual reality (VR) exergames nudges home-based cyclists to perform a lot better by immersing them in a crowd of cyclists. And as all cyclists participating in the race are versi...

– University of Bath

2020 ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems


Scientists use light to accelerate supercurrents, access forbidden light, quantum properties

Iowa State's Jigang Wang continues to explore using light waves to accelerate supercurrents to access the unique and potentially useful properties of the quantum world.

– Iowa State University

Physical Review Letters, Volume 124, Issue 20


LightStrike Robots Proven to Deactivate SARS-CoV-2 on Surfaces in 2 Minutes

A new study published on medRxiv reports the effectiveness of a broad spectrum, pulsed xenon ultraviolet (PX-UV) disinfection system in quickly deactivating SARS-CoV-2 on surfaces, and the implications for reducing the risk of COVID-19 transmission e...

– Xenex Disinfection Services

medRxiv


Exoplanet climate ‘decoder’ aids search for life

After examining a dozen types of suns and a roster of planet surfaces, Cornell University astronomers have developed a practical model – an environmental color “decoder” – to tease out climate clues for potentially habitable exoplanets in gal...

– Cornell University

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, May 2020


Scientists use pressure to make liquid magnetism breakthrough

Scientists have forced a magnetic crystal into a spin liquid state, which may lead to insights into superconductivity and quantum computing.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters, Feb-2020


New wearable devices set to diagnose medical conditions such as preeclampsia, epilepsy and heart attacks

Transforming how common health conditions are diagnosed using point-of-care and wearable bio diagnostic devices is the goal of a new $2.2 million University of South Australia project.

– University of South Australia


Aurora workshop helps researchers ramp up preparations for exascale computing

The Argonne Leadership Computing Facility recently hosted a workshop to help researchers advance code development efforts for Argonne’s upcoming exascale system, Aurora.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Features and Experts


New SLAS Discovery Auto-Commentary Available

In the latest auto-commentary from SLAS Discovery, “Controlling Phosphate Removal with Light: The Development of Optochemical Tools to Probe Protein Phosphatase Function,” researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Department of Chemistry (Pit...

– SLAS

SLAS Discovery


Company moves metals characterization technology forward with help from Sandia Labs

When a small business needed help proving that its tabletop laser system could characterize metals faster and more easily than current equipment, they turned to Sandia National Laboratories. Sandia’s testing verified that the company's patented pro...

– Sandia National Laboratories


DESI Team Prepares for Telescope Instrument’s Restart after Unexpected Shutdown

Despite a temporary shutdown of the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument in Arizona – which was in its final stages of testing in preparation to begin mapping millions of galaxies in 3D when the pandemic struck – a variety of project tasks are st...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Onboard Separation Technology Set to Improve Fuel Economy

A technology developed by researchers at PNNL could pave the way for increased fuel economy and lower greenhouse gas emissions as part of an octane-on-demand fuel-delivery system. The system separates ethanol-blended gasoline into high- and low-octan...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


During COVID-19, Telehealth Reconnects Patients with Health Care Providers

During COVID-19, UC San Diego Health expanded telehealth to provide patients with safe and convenient access to appointments with their health care providers. Video visits expanded by more than 50-fold.

– University of California San Diego Health


Researchers Collaboratively Test Mask Effectiveness to Fight Spread of COVID-19

Faculty members at Texas Tech University and the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center are examining both intermediate materials and finished masks from a multidisciplinary approach.

– Texas Tech University


Telehealth visits: What if you need an X-ray?

LifeBridge Health, in continuing to provide care while keeping patients and team members safe during the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis, is embracing telehealth visits.

– LifeBridge Health


iTHRIV seeks to address COVID-19 information gap in Virginia

The Integrated Translational Health Institute of Virginia (iTHRIV) has developed an online tool to collect COVID-19 information from volunteers who live in Virginia.

– University of Virginia Health System


This COVID-19 Detector Has Berkeley Lab Roots

A technology spun from carbon nanotube sensors discovered 20 years ago by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists could one day help healthcare providers test patients for COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-C...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


S&T researcher examines if AI have a mind of their own

A Missouri University of Science and Technology researcher is examining what is considered evidence of artificial intelligence having a “mind,” which will show when a person perceives AI actions as morally wrong.

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


A Fresh Pair of Eyes On an Old Nuclear Physics Problem

As an intern for the National Nuclear Data Center, Pedro Rodríguez is working to resolve a 70-year-old problem in nuclear physics. He and his mentor are figuring out a way to simplify one of the steps for ensuring nuclear reactors can be modeled cor...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Wichita State University technology breathes new life into aging Army helicopter fleet

The US Army is turning to “digital-twin” technology from Wichita State University to resolve challenges and boost efficiencies for its enduring fleet of Black Hawk helicopters.

– Wichita State University


Penn State's supercomputer takes on COVID-19 — and its aftermath

Penn State researchers will need the power of supercomputers not just to investigate possible treatments and therapies for the novel coronavirus, but also to explore ways to help the world recover socially, economically and psychologically.

– Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences


Students offer pediatric surgeons a helping hand

In a surgery suite, it’s all hands on deck. Using an endoscope, a tube with a light and camera attached, can sometimes hinder that mobility, a problem a team of seniors worked to solve with their final capstone project.

– Texas A&M University


A low-power, low-cost wearable to monitor COVID-19 patients

Engineers at the University of California San Diego are developing low-cost, low-power wearable sensors that can measure temperature and respiration--key vital signs used to monitor COVID-19. The devices would transmit data wirelessly to a smartphone...

– University of California San Diego


Work begins on autonomous vehicle trial route

Over 300 kilometres of West Midland’s roads are set to trial connected and autonomous vehicles, making UK roads safer and allowing for more predictable goods delivery and journey times.

– University of Warwick


Why having a national health information technology infrastructure could help save lives

Real-time data about health and health care during the COVID-19 pandemic can help contain the virus but has been difficult to obtain. A new paper published in JAMA explores the concept of a national health information technology (IT) infrastructure t...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

JAMA


UCI physicists exploring use of Blu-ray disc lasers to kill COVID-19, other viruses

Irvine, Calif., May 19, 2020 – A new weapon in the arsenal against the coronavirus may be sitting in your home entertainment console. A team led by physicist Chris Barty of the University of California, Irvine is researching the use of diodes from ...

– University of California, Irvine


S&T Brings Partners Together to InSPIRE Disaster Preparedness and Resilience Innovation

To help communities prepare for disasters and rebuild in the aftermath, DHS S&T partnered with NAPSG to convene experts from around the country to share best practices and identify practical solutions related to information sharing, geospatial techno...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


NSF-funded antimicrobial technology targets COVID-19

The commercialization of a Cornell-created antimicrobial coating technology that keeps surfaces clean by extending the life of chlorine-based disinfectants – by days and even weeks – is being fast-tracked to determine how well it can combat COVID...

– Cornell University


Next-gen nano technologies to tackle infection and diagnose disease

Next-gen nano technologies that can prevent infection and diagnose disease are set to transform the medical industry as this important UniSA research is awarded more than $2 million dollars under the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHM...

– University of South Australia


Harness artificial intelligence and take control your health

Sedentary behaviours, poor sleep and questionable food choices are major contributors of chronic disease, including diabetes, anxiety, heart disease and many cancers. But what if we could prevent these through the power of smart technologies?

– University of South Australia


Florida Tech Astrophysicist Daniel Batcheldor: Why SpaceX Crew Dragon Mission Will Provide Better Access to Space

– Academy Communications


COVID-19 and Connectedness: Finding a Balance in Our Online Lives

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)


New Apple iOS supports contact tracing — but is meaningless without government adoption

– Cornell University


The switch to online education shows that schools provide much more than academic education

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Announcements and Events


The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation Announces 2020 Fellows

The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to empowering the most promising innovators in science and technology, has announced the 2020 recipients of the Hertz Fellowship. This year’s fellowships will fund 16 research...

– The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Embargo expired on 20-May-2020 at 10:00 ET


Midlands Medictech company Medherant in partnership to develop multiple new products with tech developed at University of Warwick

Midlands Medictech company Medherant has just this month (May 2020) signed a partnership agreement with Cambridge based Cycle Pharmaceuticals to develop multiple new products using Medherant technology developed by University of Warwick chemistry res...

– University of Warwick


Hackensack Meridian Health Administers Treatment to 1,000th Patient in COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Hackensack Meridian Health researchers have treated 1,000 patients as part of 10 clinical trials in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

– Hackensack Meridian Health


TRIUMF spin-off company secures US$19M investment

ARTMS Inc., TRIUMF spin-off company and global leader in isotope production technology, has announced US$19 million in Series A financing from a consortium led by Deerfield Management Company and Quark Ventures.

– TRIUMF


UA Little Rock Receives Unprecedented $25 Million Gift for Scholarships and Student Success

The University of Arkansas at Little Rock has received the largest single gift in the institution's 93-year history, announced during the May 21 meeting of the Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas. The $25 million gift from an anonymous do...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


Hackensack Meridian Health Invests in EpiBone, Inc., A Regenerative Medicine Company

EpiBone’s Craniomaxillofacial, or EB-CMF, product is a living, anatomically correct bone graft made from a patient’s own fat-derived stem cells.

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Grant will help scientists break new ground in gene editing

A new grant from the National Institutes of Health will allow Iowa State University scientists to continue to develop gene editing technologies to model human disease in zebrafish. The research aims to build new tools to determine which genes have th...

– Iowa State University

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