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Thursday, June 4, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 04-Jun-2020

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Disorder in fish shoals may reap rewards at dinner time

The advantages of animals foraging in an orderly group are well-known, but research by the University of Bristol has found an element of unruly adventure can help fish in the quest for food.

– University of Bristol

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 01-Jun-2020 at 05:00 ET

Tillage and cover cropping effects on grain production

Soybean yields decreased when planted after cereal rye

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal

Hydrologists show environmental damage from fog reduction is observable from outer space

A study led by ecohydrologists at IUPUI is the first to show it's possible to use satellite data to understand how fog reduction from climate change is harming vegetation in ecologically rare regions.

– Indiana University

Geophysical Research Letters; EAR-1554894; IIA-1427642

Alien frog invasion wreaks havoc on natural habitat

Indiscriminate feeding by an alien population of the carnivorous spotted-thighed frog – could severely affect the native biodiversity of southern Australia according to a new study by the University of South Australia.

– University of South Australia

Australian Journal of Zoology

Assessing Data Integrity in Times of COVID

Rutgers Cancer Institute expert discusses guarding data integrity for the first remdesivir double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial addressing treatment for COVID-19.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, 2020; Lancet

Developing field device to detect PFAS contamination

Detecting the presence of harmful manmade chemicals known PFAS in water and samples may soon be possible using a portable field device.

– South Dakota State University

Making sense of climate scenarios: New toolkit available for decision makers

To make climate scenarios work for decision makers, an international team of researchers have developed a comprehensive interactive online platform.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.14 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: May 2020

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Hydrogeologist a collaborator on research, published in a special-edition journal, addressing need for conservation of springs in drying climate

Northern Arizona University professor Abe Springer, whose research focuses on springs and aquifers and their effects on surrounding ecosystems, contributed results and implications on springs as refugia from his research group’s springs ecohydrolog...

– Northern Arizona University

Ecology and the Environment

Rivers help lock carbon from fires into oceans for thousands of years

The extent to which rivers transport burned carbon to oceans - where it can be stored for tens of millennia - is revealed in new research led by the University of East Anglia (UEA).

– University of East Anglia

Nature Communications

Study: Reflecting sunlight to cool the planet will cause other global changes

How can the world combat the continued rise in global temperatures? How about shading the Earth from a portion of the sun's heat by injecting the stratosphere with reflective aerosols? After all, volcanoes do essentially the same thing, albeit in sho...

– Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Geophysical Review Letters

Climate change could dramatically reduce future US snowstorms

A new study led by Northern Illinois University scientists suggests American winters late this century could experience significant decreases in the frequency, intensity and size of snowstorms.

– Northern Illinois University

Nature Climate Change

Western Canadian scientists discover what an armoured dinosaur ate for its last meal

More than 110 million years ago, a lumbering 1,300-kilogram, armour-plated dinosaur ate its last meal, died, and was washed out to sea in what is now northern Alberta. This ancient beast then sank onto its thorny back, churning up mud in the seabed t...

– University of Saskatchewan

Significant carbon dioxide could be released by shifting continental plate in Eastern Africa

Shifting continental plates in Eastern Africa has the potential to release significant amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, according to new research by an international team of scientists including the University of Alberta’s Claire Curr...

– University of Alberta


Good Night? Satellite Data Uncovers Dolphins on the Move at Nighttime

More than 1,000 bottlenose dolphins live in Florida’s Indian River Lagoon year-round. Although extensively studied, what they do at nighttime is still a mystery. Using satellite telemetry, scientists provide the first documentation that these dolph...

– Florida Atlantic University

Animal Biotelemetry

How to build better highways in plants

As a plant grows, it moves cellular material through transporter (motor) proteins along a highway system of microtubule tracks, moving cargo from its version of manufacturing sites to the cell wall construction zone. The Dixit lab found motor protei...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Plant Cell

Measuring Climate Change

University of Delaware professor Wei-Jun Cai teamed with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists, as well as professors and professionals from numerous research institutes, to conduct an in-depth study that looks at carb...

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications

Global glacier melt raises sea levels and depletes once-reliable water source

Irvine, Calif., June 1, 2020 – The melting of glaciers and ice caps in places as diverse as the Himalayas and Andes mountain ranges, the Svalbard island group and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago has the dual effect of raising global sea levels and ...

– University of California, Irvine

Geophysical Research Letters, Apr-2020

COVID-19 could be a seasonal illness with higher risk in winter

New Australian research has found a link between COVID-19 and lower humidity

– University of Sydney

The world on their backs: Loggerhead sea turtles host diverse community of miniature organisms

There is a world of life on the backs of loggerhead sea turtles, and it’s more abundant and diverse than scientists knew. An international team led by Florida State University researchers found that more than double the number of organisms than ...

– Florida State University


Climate change an imminent threat to glass sponge reefs

Warming ocean temperatures and acidification drastically reduce the skeletal strength and filter-feeding capacity of glass sponges, according to new UBC research.

– University of British Columbia

Scientific Reports

New Biosensor Visualizes Stress in Living Plant Cells in Real Time

Plant biologists have developed a nanosensor that monitors mechanisms related to stress and drought. The new biosensor allows researchers to analyze changes in real time involving specific kinases, which are known to be activated in response to droug...

– University of California San Diego

eLife, May-2020

The most common organism in the oceans harbors a virus in its DNA

The most common organism in the world’s oceans — and possibly the whole planet — harbors a virus in its DNA. This virus may have helped it survive and outcompete other organisms.

– University of Washington

Nature Microbiology

A rising tide of marine disease? How parasites respond to a warming world

A recent study from the University of Washington explores the ways parasitism will respond to climate change, providing researchers new insights into disease transmission. The paper was published May 18 in Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

– University of Washington

Trends in Ecology and Evolution, May-2020

UNH Researchers Find Wildfires Can Alter Arctic Watersheds for 50 Years

Climate change has contributed to the increase in the number of wildfires in the Arctic where it can dramatically shift stream chemistry and potentially harm both ecosystems and humans. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found that s...

– University of New Hampshire

Nature’s Scientific Reports

Study: Climate Scientists Create Model for Global Forest Growth Through 2060

In a new study, researchers at the University at Albany have turned to more than a century’s worth of data (from 1901 to 2012) in NOAA’s International Tree Ring Data Bank to both analyze historical tree growth at 3,579 forests around the world an...

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Global Ecology and Biogeography

Two Bacteria Allow Spittlebugs to Thrive on Low-Nutrient Meals

A new study examines the symbiotic relationship between two types of bacteria and spittlebugs that helps the insect live on very low-nutrient food. The bacteria use a metabolic “trick” also employed by cancer cells to create the right conditions ...

– Cornell University

Journal of the International Society for Microbial Ecology

Taking Time to Commune with Nature Increases Feelings of Connection to It, Study Shows

The Notre Dame study showed that students reported increased mindfulness towards the environment after performing ecological attachment tasks like contemplating nature, or practicing environmental preservation tasks like recycling and limiting electr...

– University of Notre Dame


Balancing the economy while saving the planet

If you make your bio-product 100% sustainable it may be way too expensive to produce.

– Technical University of Denmark

Trends in Biotechnology


Science Snapshots May 2020

World’s forests are growing younger, U.S. wind plant performance changes with age, and fungi food choices opens the door to better methods for producing bio-based products

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science; Joule

Story Tips: Shuffling atoms, thinning forests, fusion assembly and nuclear medicine

ORNL Story Tips: Shuffling atoms, thinning forests, fusion assembly and nuclear medicine

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature, May-2020; Science, May-2020

Rigs to Reefs

Oil platforms along the coast of California are being taken offline. Research conducted by CSU faculty and students brings to light the value of these artificial reefs.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

A recipe for eco-concrete

Cement production has to drastically reduce its environmental footprint. Empa researchers are, therefore working on alternative cement recipes that cause significantly fewer emissions or can even bind the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Smart Farms of the Future: Making Bioenergy Crops More Environmentally Friendly

Farmers have enough worries – between bad weather, rising costs, and shifting market demands – without having to stress about the carbon footprint of their operations. But now a new set of projects by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Labo...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

What’s being done to restore wetlands?

Restoration projects bring back the ecological and societal benefits of wetland ecosystems

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soils Matter Blog

Living Walls: University Researchers Develop Green Tech for Treating Wastewater from Microbreweries

SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) and Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) researchers received a patent for green wall technology that will provide craft breweries cost-effective and sustainable options for wastewater trea...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Lab shutdowns enable speedier investigation of coral disease

Research labs have shut down around the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but that hasn’t stopped scientists from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) from investigating critical problems in the ocean.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Using Wastewater to Track, Contain SARS-CoV-2

Researchers took a novel approach to tracking the virus that causes COVID-19 that promises to be cost effective and ensure privacy by using a method that surveils for the virus in a local's untreated wastewater facilities.

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Rebuilding New Jersey after COVID-19: Advancing a Healthy, Resilient, Sustainable and Fair Garden State

The New Jersey Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC), New Jersey Climate Change Alliance, and Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University-New Brunswick will co-host Rebuilding New Jersey after COVID-19: Advancing a Healthy, Resilient, Susta...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Mankind is the problem, and we appear to be hastily destroying life around us, says a Washington University in St. Louis biodiversity expert about new research with a WashU connection.

– Washington University in St. Louis





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