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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, June 8, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 08-Jun-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


New Smart Parking Software Cuts Congestion, Emissions

New smart parking software developed by Cornell University researchers, which matches drivers with parking garage spots based on travel time and other factors, could reduce congestion and emissions while saving drivers the time of circling to look fo...

– Cornell University

Transportation Research Part E, June 2020


Crystalline ‘Nanobrush’ Clears Way to Advanced Energy and Information Tech

A team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory synthesized a "nanobrush" structure with high surface area and discovered how its unique architecture drives ions across interfaces to transport energy or information.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Communications


New Smart Fabrics From Bioactive Inks Monitor Body and Environment by Changing Color

Researchers developed biomaterial-based inks that respond to and quantify chemicals released from the body or in the environment by changing color. Multiple inks can be screen printed onto clothes or even face masks at high resolution, providing a de...

– Tufts University

Advanced Materials; W911QY-15-2-0001; N00014-19-1-2399


Silicon ‘neurons’ may add a new dimension to computer processors

When it fires, a neuron consumes significantly more energy than an equivalent computer operation. And yet, a network of coupled neurons can continuously learn, sense and perform complex tasks at energy levels that are currently unattainable for even ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12 May 2020; 1935073


New technique for engineering living materials and patterns

Engineered living materials (ELMs) is a new class of materials that exploit the properties of living organisms

– University of Warwick

ACS Synthetic Biology


Showtime for Photosynthesis

Using a unique combination of nanoscale imaging and chemical analysis, an international team of researchers has revealed a key step in the molecular mechanism behind the water splitting reaction of photosynthesis, a finding that could help inform the...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

PNAS


‘Artificial Chemist’ Combines AI, Robotics to Conduct Autonomous R&D

Researchers have developed a technology called “Artificial Chemist,” which incorporates artificial intelligence and an automated system for performing chemical reactions to accelerate R&D and manufacturing of commercially desirable materials.

– North Carolina State University

Advanced Materials, Jun-2020


Technology for cloud efficiency for databases during data-intensive COVID-19 pandemic

A Purdue University data science and machine learning innovator wants to help organizations and users get the most for their money when it comes to cloud-based databases.

– Purdue University

2020 USENIX Annual Technical Conference


Can't concentrate at work? This AI system knows why

Computer scientists have developed a way to measure staff comfort and concentration in flexible working spaces using artificial intelligence.

– Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University

IEEE Internet of Things Journal


Developing field device to detect PFAS contamination

Detecting the presence of harmful manmade chemicals known PFAS in water and samples may soon be possible using a portable field device.

– South Dakota State University


One-of-a-kind Microscope Enables Breakthrough in Quantum Science

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology researchers recently made an extraordinary breakthrough in the field of quantum matter when they documened, for the first time, a new type of interaction between light and matter.

– American Technion Society

Nature, Jun 3-2020


Making sense of climate scenarios: New toolkit available for decision makers

To make climate scenarios work for decision makers, an international team of researchers have developed a comprehensive interactive online platform.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


Study: Reflecting sunlight to cool the planet will cause other global changes

How can the world combat the continued rise in global temperatures? How about shading the Earth from a portion of the sun's heat by injecting the stratosphere with reflective aerosols? After all, volcanoes do essentially the same thing, albeit in sho...

– Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Geophysical Review Letters


JCESR lays foundation for safer, longer-lasting batteries

Researchers sped-up the motion of lithium ions in solid-state batteries using the paddlewheel effect.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Matter, June-2020


Scanning the Brain to Predict Behavior, a Daunting ‘Task’ for MRI

To study the brain “in action,” researchers use a specialized form of brain imaging known as task-based functional MRI (task-fMRI), which shows how the brain responds to stimuli. While this technique can reveal much about the general workings of ...

– Association for Psychological Science

Psychological Science


New technique takes 3D imaging an octave higher

A collaboration between Colorado State University and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign resulted in a new, 3D imaging technique to visualize tissues and other biological samples on a microscopic scale, with potential to assist with cancer or...

– Colorado State University

Nature Photonics


Small study demonstrates sample inactivation may lead to SARS-CoV-2 false negatives

To protect medical laboratory personnel from infection when testing clinical samples for SARS-CoV-2, most laboratories inactivate the virus before testing.

– American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

Journal of Clinical Microbiology


UCI scientists engineer human cells with squid-like transparency

Irvine, Calif., June 2, 2020 — Octopuses, squids and other sea creatures can perform a disappearing act by using specialized tissues in their bodies to manipulate the transmission and reflection of light, and now researchers at the University of Ca...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Communications, Jun-2020


Argonne’s new menu of data storage software helps scientists realize findings earlier

A research team, led by Argonne, is developing a new data navigation system called Mochi that will provide scientists with a menu of data services they can rapidly combine and customize to suit the particular needs of a specific science domain.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Journal of Computer Science and Technology, Jan-2020; IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin, March-2020


New Biosensor Visualizes Stress in Living Plant Cells in Real Time

Plant biologists have developed a nanosensor that monitors mechanisms related to stress and drought. The new biosensor allows researchers to analyze changes in real time involving specific kinases, which are known to be activated in response to droug...

– University of California San Diego

eLife, May-2020


Living Walls: University Researchers Develop Green Tech for Treating Wastewater from Microbreweries

SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) and Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) researchers received a patent for green wall technology that will provide craft breweries cost-effective and sustainable options for wastewater trea...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry


Features and Experts


Your doctor's ready: Please log in to the videoconference

The coronavirus has prompted many medical centers to switch from in-person appointments to video visits. A new study from UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals suggests that for some hospitals, video visits may become a permanent feature of the patient-p...

– University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

Journal of Adolescent Health


Story Tips: Shuffling atoms, thinning forests, fusion assembly and nuclear medicine

ORNL Story Tips: Shuffling atoms, thinning forests, fusion assembly and nuclear medicine

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature, May-2020; Science, May-2020


Johns Hopkins APL, NASA Upgrade Global Search and Rescue System

NASA may be best known for focusing on what’s beyond Earth’s atmosphere, but the agency also has another role — searching for human life on our home planet, especially when those lives are in danger. Staff members from the Air and Missile Defen...

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory


Scientists Aim Gene-Targeting Breakthrough Against COVID-19

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and Stanford have joined forces to aim a gene-targeting, antiviral agent called PAC-MAN against COVID-19.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Researchers eye manganese as key to safer, cheaper lithium-ion batteries

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Argonne National Laboratory are developing a technology that centers on manganese, one of Earth’s most abundant metals.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Deep learning system will monitor birds at solar facilities

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has been awarded $1.3 million from DOE's Solar Energy Technologies Office to develop technology that can cost-effectively monitor avian interactions with solar energy infrastructure.

– Argonne National Laboratory


SENSEI gets quiet

A good dark matter detector has a lot in common with a good teleconference setup: You need a sensitive microphone and a quiet room. The SENSEI experiment has demonstrated world-leading sensitivity and the low background needed for an effective searc...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Robots armed with UV light fight grape mildew

Robots fitted with ultraviolet light lamps that roam vineyards at night are proving effective at killing powdery mildew, a devastating pathogen for many crops, including grapes.

– Cornell University


VENUS construction on track for ORNL’s newest neutron imaging instrument

Researchers and engineers at the Spallation Neutron Source are making progress on the construction of VENUS, the facility’s newest neutron scattering instrument for studying materials in exciting new ways that are currently not possible for open re...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Smart Farms of the Future: Making Bioenergy Crops More Environmentally Friendly

Farmers have enough worries – between bad weather, rising costs, and shifting market demands – without having to stress about the carbon footprint of their operations. But now a new set of projects by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Labo...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Notre Dame researchers to create material for new antimicrobial mask

Scientists and engineers are collaborating to translate existing water filtration technology to create a new fabric that will not only capture viruses, like the coronavirus, but also deactivate them.

– University of Notre Dame


Evgenya Simakov: Then and Now

Evgenya I. Simakov is a staff scientist in the Accelerator Operations and Technology Division, Accelerators and Electrodynamics Group, at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Flight tests show B61-12 compatible with F-15E Strike Eagle

Flight tests designed to demonstrate the refurbished B61-12’s compatibility with the U.S. Air Force’s F-15E Strike Eagle jet fighter demonstrate the bomb’s compatibility with the jet.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Argonne’s Mitch Farmer honored for addressing challenges to U.S. nuclear energy industry

Nuclear engineer Mitch Farmer has been selected as a fellow by the American Nuclear Society for his work to improve light water reactor development, design and safety.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Food science professor’s ‘instant ice cream’ gains patent

One moment, you have a bowl of creamy chocolate liquid. Then, in an instant, it’s ice cream. Forget hocus-pocus: This is physics, engineering and a new Cornell University patent.

– Cornell University


ISPOR Short Course Program Now Offered Virtually

ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research (HEOR) announced that its HEOR Short Course Program is now being offered virtually with 9 upcoming short courses in June and July.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR Short Course Program, Jun-2020


Rutgers Expert Can Discuss Artificial Intelligence and Art

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Announcements and Events


Argonne to Collaborate with Raytheon Technologies to Accelerate Aircraft Engine Design

This new agreement will dramatically improve and reduce the computational expense of fluid dynamics models. Both partners aim to improve the design and durability of engine components.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Acoustics and biomedical engineering professor receives NSF CAREER grant

Julianna Simon, assistant professor of acoustics and biomedical engineering in the Penn State College of Engineering, was recently awarded an Early Career Development Program (CAREER) grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

– Penn State College of Engineering


NSF CAREER grant recipient offers potential boost for stem cell therapy

Xiaojun “Lance” Lian, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Penn State, has received a $500,000, five-year Early Career Development Program (CAREER) grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). 

– Penn State College of Engineering

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