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Thursday, June 25, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 25-Jun-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


Human interactions with wild and farmed animals must change dramatically to reduce risk of another deadly pandemic

Humans interact with animals in a huge variety of ways, including wildlife trade, livestock farming and keeping pets

– University of Cambridge

Post COVID-19: a solution scan of options for preventing future zoonotic epidemics


New scenarios to help global finance go green

To assess climate destabilization risks, major central banks and supervisors plan to utilize a new set of climate scenarios developed by an international team of researchers.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


Large boreal peatland complexes near their southern range limit are likely threatened by warmer climate

In the Adirondacks, the black spruce, tamarack, and other boreal species are being overcome by trees normally found in warmer, more temperate forests. These invaders could overtake a variety of northern species, eliminating trees that have long been ...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Wetlands


Movers and stayers: Surviving a range shift due to climate change

The global redistribution of marine and terrestrial species due to climate change is a major concern for conservation planners and resource managers.

– University of Technology, Sydney

Global Change Biology


Four new species of giant single-celled organisms discovered on Pacific seafloor

Two new genera and four new species of giant, single-celled xenophyophores (protozoans belonging to a group called the foraminifera) were discovered in the deep Pacific Ocean during a joint project between scientists at the National Oceanography Cent...

– University of Hawaii at Manoa

European Journal of Protistology


Beneath the surface of our galaxy’s water worlds

Scientists have simulated conditions on water-rich exoplanets to learn more about their geological composition, and found a new transition state between rock and water.

– Argonne National Laboratory

PNAS, May-2020


Puget Sound eelgrass beds create a ‘halo’ with fewer harmful algae, new method shows

Genetic clues show that eelgrass growing underwater along Puget Sound shorelines is associated with fewer of the single-celled algae that produce harmful toxins in shellfish. The evidence shows this effect extends 45 feet beyond the edge of the eelgr...

– University of Washington

PeerJ


Tropical Forest Loss

A new study from the University of Delaware finds that tropical forest loss is increased by large-scale land acquisitions and that certain kind investment projects—including tree plantations and plantations for producing palm oil and wood fiber—a...

– University of Delaware

Nature Geoscience


Climate change and the rise of the Roman Empire and the fall of the Ptolemies

The assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March in 44 B.C.E. triggered a 17-year power struggle that ultimately ended the Roman Republic leading to the rise of the Roman Empire.

– Yale University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science


Decline in green energy spending might offset COVID-era emissions benefits

The short-term environmental benefits of the COVID-19 crisis, including declines in carbon emissions and local air pollution, have been documented since the early days of the crisis.

– Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Joule


Income, race are associated with disparities in access to green spaces

Access to green spaces in metro areas—parks, trails, even the tree cover in a neighborhood – is largely associated with income and race, new research indicates.

– Ohio State University

Landscape and Urban Planning


COVID-19 lockdown reveals human impact on wildlife

In an article published in Nature Ecology & Evolution today (22 June), the leaders of a new global initiative explain how research during this devastating health crisis can inspire innovative strategies for sharing space on this increasingly crowded ...

– Max Planck Society (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft)

Nature Ecology & Evolution


Earth Challenge 2020: Calling on citizens to help support global food supply

A new app widget provides citizens with an opportunity to get involved in one of the world’s most challenging problems: how to provide enough, high quality, nutritious food to the ever expanding global population.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


Are protected areas effective at maintaining large carnivore populations?

A recent study, led by the University of Helsinki, used a novel combination of statistical methods and an exceptional data set collected by hunters to assess the role of protected areas for carnivore conservation in Finland.

– University of Helsinki

Nature Communications


Study reveals impacts of climate change on migrating mule deer

When drought reshuffles the green-up of habitats that mule deer migrate across, it dramatically shortens the annual foraging bonanza they rely on.

– University of Wyoming

Global Change Biology


Protecting natural forest in oil palm plantations crucial for conservation

Forest conservation areas in oil palm plantations play a vital role in storing carbon and boosting rainforest biodiversity, a new study on palm oil agriculture in Borneo has revealed.

– University of York

Biological Conservation


Seasonal sea ice changes hold clues to controlling CO2 levels, ancient ice shows

Sea ice across the Southern Ocean played a crucial role in controlling atmospheric carbon dioxide levels during times of past climate change - and it could provide a critical resource to improve Earth system models, a new study shows.

– University of New South Wales

Nature Geoscience


Genetic study of Arabian horses challenges some common beliefs about the ancient breed

A study involving Arabian horses from 12 countries found that some populations maintained a larger degree of genetic diversity and that the breed did not contribute genetically to the modern-day Thoroughbred, contrary to popular thought.

– Cornell University

Scientific Reports


An ant-inspired approach to mathematical sampling

In a paper published by the Royal Society, a team of Bristol researchers observed the exploratory behaviour of ants to inform the development of a more efficient mathematical sampling technique.

– University of Bristol

Journal of the Royal Society Interface


Coronavirus: a wake-up call to strengthen the global food system

A new commentary in the journal One Earth highlights not only climate-related risks to the global food system, such as drought and floods, but also exposes the coronavirus pandemic as a shock to the system that has led to food crises in many parts o...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

One Earth


Study Finds Only 2.5 Percent of the World’s Coral Reefs Are Currently Being Actively Protected

A new global study has found that only 2.5 percent of tropical reefs are formally protected and conserved through laws and regulations. These numbers are significantly lower than previous estimates, and highlight an urgent need for governments, commu...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Marine Policy


Overconsumption and growth economy key drivers of environmental crises

A group of researchers, led by a UNSW sustainability scientist, have reviewed existing academic discussions on the link between wealth, economy and associated impacts, reaching a clear conclusion: technology will only get us so far when working towar...

– University of New South Wales

Nature Communications


Expanding protected areas is not likely to safeguard biodiversity in the long-term due to climate change

A new WCS co-authored study in Science Advances assesses how climatic conditions within global terrestrial protected areas (PAs) may change over time and the resulting impacts on species protection.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Science Advances


Study explores how multiple organs end up the same size

New research that looked at the development of Arabidopsis flowers addressed the fundamental question of how two or more organs or plant parts grow to the same size and shape, which is essential for proper function.

– Cornell University

Nature Plants


Finding renewal in the aftermath of floods

Four years after the disastrous flooding in southern West Virginia, new research highlights the role faith-based groups and other community organizations have played in the relief and recovery efforts.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Southeastern Geographer


New Effort to Link Plant Genes to Functions in Bioenergy Crops

A new Quantitative Plant Science Initiative led by Brookhaven Lab aims to decode the functions of genes and their impacts on productivity to guide efforts to develop sustainable bioenergy crops.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


From COVID-19 to Lead Poisoning, Health Crises Expose Racist Policies and Practices

The manner in which the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare racist and systemic inequalities in the United States has parallels in other environmental health threats, such as lead exposure, according to an essay written for the online magazine To...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Tulane study calls for alternatives to Bonnet Carré Spillway to improve river management

The study underscores the urgency of identifying alternatives to improve river management and confront the new normal of more frequent river floods.

– Tulane University


Features


Carbon Cycling in Wet Soils

Testing microbial activity in soil columns helps researchers understand how carbon is stored in soils that are periodically waterlogged.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Vadose Zone Journal


Love orchids? Thank their fungus.

Since few resources are available to protect orchids, many of which are endangered species, one biology student is developing new ways to sustain them.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Why do we need to know harvest yield during crop growth?

Using technology is essential for predicting tuber crop yields in drought-heavy regions

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Sustainable Secure Food Blog


Exploring Nature’s Treasure Trove of Helpful Compounds

Compounds that plants, fungi, bacteria, and animals produce can sometimes help people as well. In fact, many medicines, molecules used in research, and other useful compounds originated in nature. Learn more about recent discoveries in the fascinatin...

– NIH, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)

R01GM085770; R01GM125943; U01GM110714; R35GM122559; R01GM117259


Experts


Texas A&M Expert Available To Discuss Saharan Dust

– Texas A&M University


Rutgers Expert Can Discuss Soil Compaction, Healthy Yards

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

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