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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, June 29, 2020

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 29-Jun-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


New 3D model shows how paradise tree snake uses aerial undulation to fly

For more than 20 years, Virginia Tech biomedical engineering and mechanics professor Jake Socha has sought to measure and model the biomechanics of snake flight and answer questions about them, like that of aerial undulation's functional role.

– Virginia Tech

Nature Physics

Embargo expired on 29-Jun-2020 at 11:00 ET


An Understanding of Relaxor Ferroelectric Properties Could Lead to Advances in Multiple Fields

A new fundamental understanding of the behavior of polymeric relaxor ferroelectrics could lead to advances in flexible electronics, actuators and transducers, energy storage, piezoelectric sensors and electrocaloric cooling, according to a team of re...

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Materials Jun-2020

Embargo expired on 29-Jun-2020 at 11:00 ET


Researchers control elusive spin fluctuations in 2D magnets

A Cornell team developed a new imaging technique that is fast and sensitive enough to observe these elusive critical fluctuations in two-dimensional magnets. This real-time imaging allows researchers to control the fluctuations and switch magnetism v...

– Cornell University

Nature Materials


Faster processing makes cutting-edge fluorescence microscopy more accessible

Scientists at NIBIB have developed new image processing techniques for microscopes that can reduce post-processing time up to several thousand-fold.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Nature Biotechnology


Process for ‘two-faced’ nanomaterials may aid energy, information tech

A team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory implanted atoms precisely into the top layers of ultra-thin crystals, yielding two-sided Janus structures that may prove useful in developing energy and information technologies.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ACS Nano


Designer Peptides Show Potential for Blocking Viruses, Encourage Future Study

Chemically engineered peptides, designed and developed by a team of researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, could prove valuable in the battle against some of the most persistent human health challenges. The team’s findings, recently publi...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Scientific Reports


WHOI Researcher Dives to Challenger Deep

A Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution researcher became one of just a handful of people to visit the deepest part of the ocean following a successful dive in the deep-submergence vehicle Limiting Factor on Monday.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


X-ray vision and eavesdropping ensure quality

With an X-ray experiment at the European Synchrotron ESRF in Grenoble (France), Empa researchers were able to demonstrate how well their real-time acoustic monitoring of laser weld seams works. With almost 90 percent reliability, they detected the fo...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Scientific Reports (2020) S Shevchik, T Le-Quang, B Meylan, F Vakili Farahani, MP Olbinado, A Rack, G Masinelli, C Leinenbach, K Wasmer; Adaptive Laser Welding Control: A Reinforcement Learning Approach, IEEEAccess (2020) G Masinelli, T Le-Quang, S Zanoli, K Wasmer, SA Shevchik; ...


Peer-Reviewed Study Shows Dreem Headband Combined with AI Is as Accurate as Sleep Center Experts

The device enables large scale longitudinal research studies and provides healthcare professionals with a tool for remote patient monitoring

– Dreem

Sleep


X-rays size up protein structure at the ‘heart’ of COVID-19 virus

Researchers have performed the first room temperature X-ray measurements on the SARS-CoV-2 main protease—the enzyme that enables the virus to reproduce. It marks an important first step in the ultimate goal of building a comprehensive 3D model of t...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Communications; NSF grant 2029943


Online trackers follow health site visitors, use sensitive information

Internet trackers are more likely to follow people who visit popular health sites to other types of sites, suggesting that advertisers might be more likely to target people based on sensitive health information than previously understood.

– Cornell University

Federal Trade Commission’s PrivacyCon 2020


Unorthodox Desalination Method Could Transform Global Water Management

Over the past year, Columbia Engineering researchers have been refining their unconventional desalination approach for hypersaline brines—temperature swing solvent extraction (TSSE)—that shows great promise for widespread use. The team now report...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Environmental Science & Technology June 23 2020


‘Very Low’ Risk of Unknown Health Hazards from Exposure to 5G Wireless Networks

Experts weigh in on recent online reports that warn of frightening health consequences from new fifth generation (5G) wireless networks. Within current exposure limits, there appears to be little or no risk of adverse health effects related to radiof...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Health Physics


A Simple Device to Monitor Health Using Sweat

A device to monitor health conditions in the body using a person’s sweat has been developed by researchers at Penn State and Xiangtan University.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Lab on a Chip Jun-2020


Bristol innovation challenges regular touchscreens with new spray-on technique

A team at Bristol has challenged the idea that touchscreens are limited to 2D and rectangular shapes by developing an interactive display that can be sprayed in any shape. Inspired by the way an artist creates graffiti on a wall and using a novel co...

– University of Bristol

ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI)


Evergreen idea turns biomass DNA into degradable materials

A Cornell-led collaboration is turning DNA from organic matter – such as onions, fish and algae – into biodegradable gels and plastics. The resulting materials could be used to create everyday plastic objects, unusually strong adhesives, multifun...

– Cornell University

Journal of the American Chemical Society


Researchers develop low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients

A team of engineers and physicians at the University of California San Diego has developed a low-cost, easy-to-use emergency ventilator for COVID-19 patients that is built around a ventilator bag usually found in ambulances. The team built an a...

– University of California San Diego

Medical Devices and Sensors


Design method may boost semiconductor performance by better handling heat

Finding ways to manage the flow of heat in silicon could boost the performance of semiconductors, but, so far, discovering the right design has remained elusive. Now, a team of Penn State researchers report that a fabrication technique may offer a pa...

– Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

ACS Nano


Getting real with immersive sword fights

Sword fights are often the weak link in virtual reality (VR) fighting games, with digital avatars engaging in battle using imprecise, pre-recorded movements that barely reflect the player's actions or intentions.

– University of Bath

CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems


Laser allows solid-state refrigeration of a semiconductor material

A team from the University of Washington used an infrared laser to cool a solid semiconductor by at least 20 degrees C, or 36 F, below room temperature, as they report in a paper published June 23 in Nature Communications.

– University of Washington

Nature Communications


SLAC and Stanford scientists home in on pairs of atoms that boost a catalyst’s activity

A study identified which pairs of atoms in a catalyst nanoparticle are most active in a reaction that breaks down a harmful exhaust gas in catalytic converters. The results are a step toward engineering cheaper, more efficient catalysts.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

An-Chih Yang et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 17 June 2020 (10.1073/pnas.2002342117)


Georgia Tech Engineers Simulate Solar Cell Work Using Supercomputers

Because of silicon’s relatively high cost, hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIPs) have emerged as a lower-cost and highly efficient option for solar power, according to a recent study by Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) research...

– University of California San Diego

VINIF.2019.DA03; The Journal of Chemical Physics


Recovery from airline delays works best with future disruptions in mind

Instead of responding to each flight delay as if it were an isolated event, airlines should consider the likelihood of potential disruptions ahead, researchers report in the journal Transportation Science.

– University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Transportation Science


Researchers forecast COVID-19 pandemic could delay clean energy transition

Traveling restraints and shelter-in-place orders that grounded planes and emptied streets during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic brought greenhouse gas emissions down and air quality up.

– Cell Press

Joule


Making biodegradable plastics from cellulose

A SDSU scientist is using inorganic salts to solubilize cellulose extracted from corn stover and make a flexible, biodegradable film.

– South Dakota State University


Features and Experts


Machine Learning Has a Flaw. It’s Gullible

– University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

Strategic Management Journal


Researchers use machine learning to build COVID-19 predictions

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York are using machine learning to track the coronavirus and predict where it might surge next.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Wearable Health

There is more than cool looks about hip clothing for top performance: Thanks to a variety of smart technologies, high-tech clothing today is capable of analyzing body functions or actively optimizing the microclimate. The basis of these novel textil...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology


Drones Help Calibrate Radio Telescope at Brookhaven Lab

Cosmologists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory are experimenting with a prototype radio telescope, called the Baryon Mapping Experiment (BMX). Built at the Lab in 2017, the prototype serves as a testbed for man...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Lawrence Livermore’s Innovation and Partnerships Office assists effort to combat the SARS-CoV2 virus on several fronts

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL) technology transfer team has opened up multiple fronts to aid the nation’s efforts against the virus that causes COVID-19.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


URI engineering professor helping ALS patients use their brains to communicate

Doug Sawyer was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, 11 years ago.

– University of Rhode Island


Texas A&M offers undergraduates hands-on research experience despite pandemic

Recently, the Texas A&M University College of Engineering kicked off an online version of its Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. Taking place over the summer, this fully remote program gives 58 students from around the U.S. valuable re...

– Texas A&M University


ReCell Center could save costly nickel and cobalt, transform battery recycling worldwide

Argonne’s ReCell Center has already made pivotal discoveries as scientists create and test new recycling processes and battery designs. These discoveries will help grow a globally competitive U.S. recycling industry.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Researchers building cyber-physical system to monitor crops, drive decisions, boost yields

Researchers at Iowa State University and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln are combining their expertise in electronics, computing and crops to develop a cyber-physical system that will monitor fields at almost single-plant resolution.

– Iowa State University

U.S. Department of Agriculture grant


ACR Releases Position Statement on Telemedicine

The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has released an official position statement supporting the role of telemedicine as a tool with the potential to increase access and improve care for patients with rheumatic diseases. It also highlights the ...

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

ACR Telemedicine Position Statement


Researchers Design COVID-19 Knowledge Base and Risk Assessment Tool Powered by Artificial Intelligence

Researchers are creating a knowledge base that includes information for modeling outbreak and mutation of COVID-19, which will serve as a benchmark for better understanding the spread of the virus. They also are developing a multi-source deep neural ...

– Florida Atlantic University


Computer Vision Technology Helps Analyze Michigan Dam Collapse

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Lithium-ion battery recycling expert available: Jeff Spangenberger, Argonne National Laboratory

– Argonne National Laboratory


Announcements and Events


Asymptomatic Testing Central to UC San Diego’s Return to Learn for Fall Quarter

The University of California San Diego today announced the next step in its Return to Learn program, which will guide an incremental repopulation of the campus while offering broad, asymptomatic testing for faculty, staff and students on a recurring ...

– University of California San Diego


Mayo Clinic launches advanced care at home model of care

Mayo Clinic announced a new care model that will deliver innovative, comprehensive, and complex care to patients—all from the comfort of home via a new technology platform. Through advanced care at home, patients with conditions previously managed ...

– Mayo Clinic


Council of Engineering and Scientific Society Executives (CESSE) Elects Todd M. Osman as 2020-2021 Secretary/Treasurer

The Materials Research Society (MRS) is pleased to announce that Executive Director Todd M. Osman has been elected Secretary/Treasurer of the Council of Engineering and Scientific Society Executives (CESSE).

– Materials Research Society (MRS)


$2.3 Million Grant Will Support Development of Virtual Operating Room Team Training

A new $2.3 million grant from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering of the National Institutes of Health will support a research effort led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute to develop a virtual operating room team trainin...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


MD Anderson and UT Austin Create Unique Data-Driven Collaboration to Eliminate Cancer Using Novel Mathematical and Computational Approaches

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and two institutions at The University of Texas at Austin – the Oden Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences and the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) – today announced a new in...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center


Foundation donates $1 million to UCI’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering

Irvine, Calif., June 24, 2020 – The Lincoln Dynamic Foundation, created by University of California, Irvine alumnus John D. Lincoln, has made a $1 million gift to the university’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering to establish the World Institu...

– University of California, Irvine


DHS S&T and Israeli Partners Announce Call for Proposals for Advanced Homeland Security Technologies

The Israel – U.S. Binational Industrial Research and Development (BIRD) Foundation announced it is seeking proposals for collaborative projects to develop advanced technologies for the homeland security mission.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Hackensack Meridian CDI-based company Shade, maker of UV Detectors, Awarded Competitive Grant from National Science Foundation

The UV detector company receives $750,000 from the NSF

– Hackensack Meridian Health


SDSC’s Sherlock Cloud Announces 'Skylab' Cloud Solution

The Sherlock Division of the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego has broadened its secure Cloud solutions portfolio to offer Skylab, an innovative customer-owned Cloud platform solution that provides a sel...

– University of California San Diego


Six Argonne researchers receive DOE Early Career Research Program awards

Argonne scientists Michael Bishof, Maria Chan, Marco Govini, Alessandro Lovato, Bogdan Nicolae and Stefan Wild have received funding for their research as part of DOE’s Early Career Research Program.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Preparing for exascale: LLNL breaks ground on computing facility upgrades

To meet the needs of tomorrow’s supercomputers, the National Nuclear Security Administration’s (NNSA’s) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has broken ground on its Exascale Computing Facility Modernization (ECFM) project, which will ...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Tulane scientists to share in $20 million NSF award for materials research

The $20 million Louisiana Material Design Alliance (LAMDA) aims to create a diverse and highly skilled STEM workforce for Louisiana.

– Tulane University


DHS S&T Seeks Partners for First Responders Technology R&D

DHS S&T announced today it is seeking new technologies for first responders.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

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