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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, July 6, 2020

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 06-Jul-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


2D Semiconductors Found to Be Close-To-Ideal Fractional Quantum Hall Platform

Columbia University researchers report that they have observed a quantum fluid known as the fractional quantum Hall states (FQHS), one of the most delicate phases of matter, for the first time in a monolayer 2D semiconductor. Their findings demonstra...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Nanotechnology July 6 2020

Embargo expired on 06-Jul-2020 at 11:00 ET


Harmful Microbes Found on Sewer Pipe Walls

Can antibiotic-resistant bacteria escape from sewers into waterways and cause a disease outbreak? A new Rutgers study, published in the journal Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, examined the microbe-laden “biofilms” that cling t...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology; Rutgers Today


Innovations for sustainability in a post-pandemic future

According to the latest report released by The World in 2050 (TWI2050) initiative, the COVID-19 crisis can provide an opportunity to create sustainable societies with higher levels of wellbeing for all.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Innovations for Sustainability: Pathways to an efficient and sufficient post-pandemic future


Putting zinc on Bread Wheat Leaves

Applying zinc to the leaves of bread wheat can increase wheat grain zinc concentrations and improve its nutritional content.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal


The lightest shielding material in the world

Empa researchers have succeeded in applying aerogels to microelectronics: Aerogels based on cellulose nanofibers can effectively shield electromagnetic radiation over a wide frequency range – and they are unrivalled in terms of weight.

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

ACS Nano (2020); Advanced Science (2020); Empa Media release


Carbon-loving materials designed to reduce industrial emissions

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, are advancing gas membrane materials to expand practical technology options for reducing industrial carbon emissions.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Chem


Science fiction becomes fact -- Teleportation helps to create live musical performance

Teleportation is most commonly the stuff of science fiction and, for many, would conjure up the immortal phrase "Beam me up Scotty".

– University of Plymouth

Journal of New Music Research


New method measures temperature within 3D objects

University of Wisconsin–Madison engineers have made it possible to remotely determine the temperature beneath the surface of certain materials using a new technique they call depth thermography. The method may be useful in applications where tradit...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

ACS Photonics March 5, 2020


Summit Helps Predict Molecular Breakups

A team used the Summit supercomputer to simulate transition metal systems—such as copper bound to molecules of nitrogen, dihydrogen, or water—and correctly predicted the amount of energy required to break apart dozens of molecular systems, paving...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, Apr-2020


Reverse engineering of 3D printed parts by machine learning Reveals security vulnerabilities

Glass- and carbon- fiber reinforced composites, whose use in aerospace and other high-performance applications is soaring. Components made of these materials are often 3D printed. Their strength and flexibility depends on how each layer of fibers is ...

– NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Composites Science and Technology; DGE- 1931724


Research reflects how AI sees through the looking glass

Intrigued by how reflection changes images in subtle and not-so-subtle ways, a team of Cornell University researchers used artificial intelligence to investigate what sets originals apart from their reflections. Their algorithms learned to pick up on...

– Cornell University

2020 Conference on Computer Vision, June 2020


GPS isn’t just for road trips anymore

Precision agriculture technologies can improve efficiency on smaller farms

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agricultural & Environmental Letters


Traffic Data Show Drastic Changes in Floridians’ Behavior at Onset of the Pandemic

A study using same-day traffic volumes for March 2019 and March 2020 across Florida examined the chronological relationship of key governmental requests for public isolation and travel limitations. Results show the drastic changes in human behavior d...

– Florida Atlantic University

National Hazards Review


Researchers Observe Branched Flow of Lightfor the First Time

A team of researchers from the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology has observed branched flow of light for the very first time. The beautiful phenomenon allows for new and exciting research opportunities in the fields of Optics and Optofluidics...

– American Technion Society

Nature, Jul-2020


Clinical-grade wearables offer continuous monitoring for COVID-19

Stamp-sized device comprises a suite of clinical-grade sensors, including temperature and pulse oximetry

– Northwestern University

Science Advances


Building a harder diamond

Researchers at the University of Tsukuba used computer calculations to design a new carbon-based material even harder than diamond.

– University of Tsukuba

Physical Review Letters


Jellyfish-Inspired Soft Robots Can Outswim Their Natural Counterparts

Engineering researchers have developed soft robots inspired by jellyfish that can outswim their real-life counterparts. More practically, the new jellyfish-bots highlight a technique that uses pre-stressed polymers to make soft robots more powerful. ...

– North Carolina State University

Advanced Materials Technologies, Jun. 30, 2020


Engineers 3D-print sensors onto moving organs

A new technique funded by NIBIB and developed by University of Minnesota researchers allows 3D printing of hydrogel-based sensors directly on the surface of organs, such as lungs—even as they expand and contract.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Science Advances, June-2020; DP2EB020537


A revolutionary new treatment alternative to corneal transplantation

A new approach in ophthalmology that offers a revolutionary alternative to corneal transplantation has just been developed by researchers and clinicians in North America, Europe, and Oceania.

– Universite de Montreal

Science Advances


Researchers Identify Multiple Molecules that Shut Down SARS-Cov-2 Polymerase Reaction

Researchers at Columbia Engineering and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have identified a library of molecules that shut down the SARS-CoV-2 polymerase reaction, a key step that establishes the potential of these molecules as lead compounds to be...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Antiviral Research June 19 2020


Study: New leaders emerge as organizations go to virtual work spaces

When work meetings shifted online this spring, some may have noticed new standouts among their colleagues. According to new research, members of virtual teams identify leaders in significantly different ways compared to members of in-person teams.

– Brigham Young University

Journal of Business and Psychology


Using cellular networks to detect at-risk areas for spread of COVID-19

In the fight against COVID-19, researchers at Colorado State University have developed a new, non-invasive strategy to identify areas at greatest risk for spreading the disease.

– Colorado State University

IEEE Open Journal of Engineering in Medicine and Biology


Need to Check Patient’s Jugular Venous Pressure? There’s An App For That

DALLAS – July 1, 2020 – A new report from cardiologists at UT Southwestern raises the hope that doctors will be able to visually check the jugular venous pressure of heart failure patients remotely, using the camera on a smartphone. The finding i...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

JAMA Cardiology


Artificial intelligence identifies, locates seizures in real-time

Research from the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis has shown that understanding brain activity as a network instead of readings from an EEG allow for more accurate and efficient detection of seizures in real-time. ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Scientific Reports 10, 8653 (2020); AR91084L-51; 1019976; CMMI-1763070; CMMI-1933976


Researchers catch a wave to determine how forces control granular material properties

Stress wave propagation through granular material is important for detecting the magnitude of earthquakes, locating oil and gas reservoirs, designing acoustic insulation and designing materials for compacting powders. A team of researchers including ...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Native Amazonians, Americans and monkeys show similar thinking patterns

Humans and monkeys may not speak the same lingo, but our ways of thinking are a lot more similar than previously thought, according to new research from UC Berkeley, Harvard University and Carnegie Mellon University.

– University of California, Berkeley

Science Advances


Science Snapshots July 2020

Berkeley Lab Science Snapshots July 2020

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications; Nature Chemical Biology; Nature


High-throughput X-ray diffraction instrument comes to Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source

A collaboration between Argonne and several universities has led to the creation of a new high-throughput X-ray diffraction instrument that will enable materials research and clear the way for improvements in advance of the APS Upgrade.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Features and Experts


Warwick Moto superbike designs unveiled

As the government has announced proposals to ban the sale of petrol, diesel and hybrid cars by 2035 the race to electrify the motor industry is on, and motorbikes aren’t to be overlooked.

– University of Warwick


Designing Better Holograms

Researchers demonstrated novel ways to design and build materials for controlling light. The new materials have two layers of metasurfaces, overcoming the limits on conventional single-layer materials. The novel two-layer design enables a new level o...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Surveys Reveal Significant Shifts in Consumer Behavior During Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly altered how people shop, how much they buy, the trips they take outside their homes, and the number of tele-activities — like work, medicine, and education — that have become commonplace. These changes were...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Using your phone’s microphone to track possible COVID-19 exposure

Signals sent and received from cell phone microphones and speakers could help warn people when they have been near someone who has contracted COVID-19, researchers say. In a new paper, researchers described a system that would generate random, anony...

– Ohio State University

arXiv


Argonne to advance energy security and safety with funds from U.S.-Israel Energy Center

Researchers at Argonne will share advances in offshore drilling safety and technology in the Eastern Mediterranean with a new five-year grant from the U.S.-Israel Energy Center.

– Argonne National Laboratory


S&T and NSA Test Automated Security Vetting for Mobile Apps

Under a joint pilot program, DHS S&T and NIAP within the National Security Agency (NSA) cybersecurity mission have demonstrated that the process can be automated.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Mission to Mars: @UNLV Scientist Gives Insider Glimpse at NASA's 2020 Rover Mission

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)


Announcements and Events


Department of Energy awards $3.15 million to Argonne to support collaborations with industry

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $33 million in funding for 82 projects aimed at advancing commercialization of promising energy technologies and strengthening partnerships between DOE’s National Laboratories and private-sect...

– Argonne National Laboratory


UA Little Rock’s new flexible MBA program offers best of online, face-to-face classes

The University of Arkansas at Little Rock is offering Master of Business Administration (MBA) students the opportunity to embrace the best of on-campus and online learning through a new flexible MBA program.

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


UC San Diego Receives $1.6 Million to Better Prepare Young Adults for Engineering and Technical Careers

Longtime University of California San Diego supporter Buzz Woolley has pledged $1.6 million over the next three years to fund an innovative new initiative that will significantly expand the region’s engineering and technical workforce.

– University of California San Diego


The Electrochemical Society and Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Announce 2020-2021 Fellowship Winners for Projects in Green Energy Technology

Prof. Dr. Shoji Hall, Prof. Dr. Piran Ravichandran Kidambi, and Dr. Haegyeom Kim have been awarded the 2020-2021 ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowships. Through this, ECS and Toyota aim to promote innovative and unconventional technologies borne f...

– The Electrochemical Society


Researchers tracking COVID-19 in wastewater to join forces on framework for translating data into a public health response

Researchers from four institutions will create a "startup blueprint" that cities can use to implement SARS-CoV-2 surveillance at their area's wastewater treatment plants. Funded by the Sloan Foundation, the action plan they develop could be used to m...

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


Nobel Prize-winning chemist M. Stanley Whittingham named to “Great Immigrants, Great Americans” list for 2020

M. Stanley Whittingham, a 2019 Nobel Laureate and distinguished professor at Binghamton University, State University of New York, has been named to the Carnegie Corporation of New York’s 2020 list of “Great Immigrants, Great Americans.”

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Rutgers Institute for Health Names Mariana Figueiro Director for New Center for Healthy Aging

Mariana Figueiro, director of the Lighting Research Center, joins the Rutgers University community on Sept. 1 to lead two new programs focused on aging and on sleep and circadian research.

– Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University


National Science Foundation Awards $5 Million to Develop Innovative AI Resource

The NSF has awarded the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego a $5 million grant to develop a high-performance resource for conducting artificial intelligence (AI) research across a wide swath of science and engineering domains.

– University of California San Diego

2005369


TMS and MRS Announce 2020-2021 Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow

Megan Malara, The Ohio State University, has been named as the 2020-2021 TMS/MRS Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow.

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society)


NSF Grant Supports Search for Plastic Polymer That Can Be Broken Down and Reused

With the support of a grant from the National Science Foundation, chemical engineers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute aim to develop a new polymer that can replace polystyrene, a commonly used plastic that is inexpensive and easy to make — but...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Springer Named Director of UA Little Rock Emerging Analytics Center

Dr. Jan P. Springer, associate professor in the Department of Computer Science, has been named the new director of the George W. Donaghey Emerging Analytics Center at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.The Emerging Analytics Center (EAC) is a ...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


Sandia weapons program meets safety, design requirements

Sandia National Laboratories has successfully completed another milestone in the B61-12 gravity bomb refurbishment program, demonstrating the labs is meeting important nuclear safety and use-control requirements.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Infant heart-assist device gets new life with $4.7M grant

After being defunded by a company with rights to its intellectual property, development of a pediatric heart-assist device has been revived at Cornell with the help of a $4.7 million grant from the U.S. Department of Defense.

– Cornell University

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