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Thursday, August 13, 2020

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 13-Aug-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in ocean

Ten years after the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, radiation levels have fallen in all but the waters closest to the plant. But a new hazard exists and is growing every day in the number...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Science

Embargo expired on 06-Aug-2020 at 14:30 ET


Bird and reptile tears aren't so different from human tears

Bird and reptile tears aren't so unlike our own, shows a new study in Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Veterinary Science


Warming Greenland ice sheet passes point of no return

Nearly 40 years of satellite data from Greenland shows that glaciers on the island have shrunk so much that even if global warming were to stop today, the ice sheet would continue shrinking.

– Ohio State University

Nature Communications Earth and Environment


Technology can help speed soil recovery after oil spills

Researchers use spectroscopy to quickly and cheaply analyze soils samples

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Journal of Environmental Quality


Searching the ancient depths of a reptilian genome yields insight into all vertebrates

An Iowa State University scientists contributed to a global effort to assemble the genome of the tuatara, a rare reptile species native to New Zealand. The tuatara genome sheds light on the genomic structure of a huge range of species, including huma...

– Iowa State University

Nature (2020) Gemmell, N.J., Rutherford, K., Prost, S. et al. The tuatara genome reveals ancient features of amniote evolution. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2561-9


Mutations may have saved brown howlers from yellow fever virus

From 2007 to 2009, a yellow fever virus outbreak nearly decimated brown and black and gold howler monkey populations at El Parque El Piñalito in northeastern Argentina. A study found that in brown howlers, there were two mutations on immune genes th...

– University of Utah

American Journal of Physical Anthropology, June-2020


Zeroing out their own zap

African fish called mormyrids communicate using pulses of electricity. New research from biologists at Washington University in St. Louis shows that a time-shifted signal in the brain helps the fish to ignore their own pulse. This skill has co-evolve...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Neuroscience


New Analysis Pinpoints Most Important Forests for Biodiversity and Conservation Remaining in Central Africa

A study by WCS and partners produced new analyses to pinpoint the most important forests for biodiversity conservation remaining in Central Africa.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Research Letters


Molecular study could improve climate change modeling

For the first time, a team of chemists has unveiled the mechanics involved in the mysterious interplay between sunlight and molecules in the atmosphere known as “roaming reactions.” The research could lead to more accurate modeling of climate cha...

– Cornell University

Science, Aug. 2020


‘Insect apocalypse’ may not be happening in U.S.

Scientists have been warning about an “insect apocalypse” in recent years, noting sharp declines in specific areas — particularly in Europe. A new study shows these warnings may have been exaggerated and are not representative of what’s happe...

– University of Georgia

Nature Ecology and Evolution


Car passengers can reduce pollution risk by closing windows and changing route

Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a 'cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals.

– University of Birmingham

Atmospheric Environment


Study shows inbreeding reduces cooperation in banded mongooses

Inbreeding can reduce cooperation in banded mongooses according to a recent study by researchers.

– Swansea University

Ecology Letters


NAU scientists contribute to critical global study showing ‘best of the last’ tropical forests urgently need protection to mitigate climate change, safeguard human well-being

Professor Scott Goetz, research professor Patrick Jantz and research associate Pat Burns of Northern Arizona University contributed to the study, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, that found world’s “best of the last” tropical forests ...

– Northern Arizona University

Nature Ecology and Evolution


Biodiversity may limit invasions: Lessons from lizards on Panama Canal islands

When the U.S. flooded Panama's Chagres River valley in 1910, Gatun Lake held the record as the world's biggest reservoir.

– Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Biology Letters


How fish stocks will change in warming seas

New research out today highlights the future effects of climate change on important fish stocks for south-west UK fisheries.

– University of Exeter

Journal of Applied Ecology


Supercomputers Simulate Environmental Changes in Chesapeake Bay

Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) researchers used supercomputer simulations to examine impacts of both regional and global changes affecting the Chesapeake Bay. They discovered that historical increases in fertilizers and atmospheric carbo...

– University of California San Diego

Biogeosciences, Vol.17; OCE-1537013


New Zealand's Southern Alps glacier melt has doubled

Glaciers in the Southern Alps of New Zealand have lost more ice mass since pre-industrial times than remains today, according to a new study.

– University of Leeds

Scientific Reports


Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century

A key component of the Gulf Stream has markedly slowed over the past century—that’s the conclusion of a new research paper in Nature Communications published on August 7.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Nature Communications


COVID recovery choices shape future climate

A post-lockdown economic recovery plan that incorporates and emphasises climate-friendly choices could help significantly in the battle against global warming, according to a new study.

– University of Leeds

Nature Climate Change


Algal symbiosis could shed light on dark ocean

New research has revealed a surprise twist in the symbiotic relationship between a type of salamander and the alga that lives inside its eggs.

– Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Frontiers in Microbiology


Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales

Researchers examined toxins in tissue concentrations and pathology data from 83 stranded dolphins and whales from 2012 to 2018. They looked at 11 different animal species to test for 17 different substances. The study is the first to report on concen...

– Florida Atlantic University

Frontiers in Marine Science


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.14 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: July 2020

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Features


Aug. 2020 Science Snapshots

*Subtropical weather phenomenon likely to bring greater rainfall – and drought – by 2100 *A Q&A with scientist Bin Wang on how Berkeley Lab is helping cities prepare for a major shift in our transportation and grid sectors *Berkeley Lab founder...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Climate Change


CASL wraps up 10 years of solving nuclear problems — and hands toolbox to industry

As the Consortium for the Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors -- DOE's first Energy Innovation Hub -- ends and transitions to VERA Users Group, it has had a long-ranging impact on the nuclear industry.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Historic insect collection to modernize by going virtual

As director and head curator of the Cornell University Insect Collection, Corrie Moreau has numerous tasks on her to-do list, including one that could last her entire career: digitizing the collection’s 7 million specimens.

– Cornell University


Global Methane Emissions Soaring, But How Much Was Due to Wetlands?

A Q&A with Berkeley Lab scientist William Riley on the challenges in estimating methane emissions from wetlands and how nuanced computer models may help

Expert Available

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


I'm a public health physician and scientist and I'm blocking the path of an oil pipeline to protect health

As a doctor, I didn’t expect to find myself living in a tree at the age of 63, but here I am: 82 feet (25 meters) off the ground in a lovely grove of old cotton wood trees trying to stop construction on an oil pipeline.


Expert Available

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)


Natural way to boost crop yield to be explored by Warwick Scientists

Increases in plant yield could be naturally made thanks to research at the School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick

– University of Warwick


Experts


Trump rollback of methane regulations ‘dangerously reckless’

– Cornell University


Hurricane modeling expert available: Leah E. Talaber, Argonne National Laboratory

– Argonne National Laboratory

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