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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, August 15, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 15-Aug-2020
 

Medical News


Cardiovascular risk factors tied to COVID-19 complications and death

COVID-19 patients with cardiovascular comorbidities or risk factors are more likely to develop cardiovascular complications while hospitalized, and more likely to die from COVID-19 infection, according to a new study published August 14, 2020 in the ...

– PLOS

PLoS ONE 15(8): e0237131. Sabatino J, De Rosa S, Di Salvo G, Indolfi C (2020) Impact of cardiovascular risk profile on COVID-19 outcome. A meta-analysis.

Embargo expired on 14-Aug-2020 at 14:00 ET


Yoga Shown to Improve Anxiety, Study Shows

A new study led by researchers at NYU Langone Health found that yoga improves symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder.

– NYU Langone Health

JAMA Psychiatry

Embargo expired on 12-Aug-2020 at 11:00 ET


Preliminary study of 300+ COVID-19 patients suggests convalescent plasma therapy effective

A preliminary analysis of an ongoing study of more than 300 COVID-19 patients treated with convalescent plasma therapy at Houston Methodist suggests the treatment is safe and effective. The results, published in The American Journal of Pathology, rep...

– Houston Methodist

The American Journal of Pathology, online/in press Aug. 11, 2020


Researchers find clues to SARS-CoV-2 infection and explore why COVID-19 impacts patients differently

Previously, scientists have determined that entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cells occurs through a receptor on the cell surface, known as ACE2. But the McMaster-Waterloo team has found that the ACE2 receptor is at very low levels in human lung tissue.

– McMaster University

European Respiratory Journal; Molecular Systems Biology


COVID-19 clinical trials lack diversity

Despite disproportionately higher rates of COVID-19 infection, hospitalization and death among people of color, minority groups are significantly underrepresented in COVID-19 clinical trials.

– University of Georgia

New England Journal of Medicine; Journal of Hospital Medicine


Mouthwashes could reduce the risk of coronavirus transmission

Sars-Cov-2 viruses can be inactivated using certain commercially available mouthwashes.

– Ruhr-Universität Bochum

Journal of Infectious Diseases


Science News


AI software enables real-time 3D printing quality assessment

Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers have developed artificial intelligence software for powder bed 3D printers that assesses the quality of parts in real time, without the need for expensive characterization equipment.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Additive Manufacturing, vol 36


Traces of Ancient Life Tell Story of Early Diversity in Marine Ecosystems

If you could dive down to the ocean floor nearly 540 million years ago just past the point where waves begin to break, you would find an explosion of life--scores of worm-like animals and other sea creatures tunneling complex holes and structures in ...

– University of Saskatchewan

Science Advances


Hubble Finds that Betelgeuse's Mysterious Dimming Is Due to a Traumatic Outburst

Hubble Space Telescope observations show that the unexpected dimming of supergiant star Betelgeuse was probably caused by an immense amount of hot plasma ejected into space. The plasma cooled, forming a dust cloud that blocked starlight coming from B...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Aug-2020


SLAC scientists invent low-cost emergency ventilator and share the design for free

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have invented an emergency ventilator that could help save the lives of patients suffering from COVID-19, the disease caused by novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

medRxiv


Warming Greenland ice sheet passes point of no return

Nearly 40 years of satellite data from Greenland shows that glaciers on the island have shrunk so much that even if global warming were to stop today, the ice sheet would continue shrinking.

– Ohio State University

Nature Communications Earth and Environment


UChicago scientists discover way to make quantum states last 10,000 times longer

Scientists discovered a simple modification that allows quantum systems to stay operational 10,000 times longer than previous systems.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Science, Aug. 13, 2020


New Analysis Pinpoints Most Important Forests for Biodiversity and Conservation Remaining in Central Africa

A study by WCS and partners produced new analyses to pinpoint the most important forests for biodiversity conservation remaining in Central Africa.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Research Letters


Bouncing, Sticking, Exploding Viruses: Understanding the Surface Chemistry of SARS-CoV-2

Better understanding of the surface chemistry of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is needed to reduce transmission and accelerate vaccine design.

– Michigan Technological University

Chem


Lifestyle & Social Sciences


When you’re smiling, the whole world really does smile with you

From Sinatra to Katy Perry, celebrities have long sung about the power of a smile – how it picks you up, changes your outlook, and generally makes you feel better. But is it all smoke and mirrors, or is there a scientific backing to the claim? Grou...

– University of South Australia

Experimental Psychology; Grant NCN 2012/04/A/HS6/058; Nos. 17J05236 and 19K14482; JSPS KAKENHI Nos. 15H05709, 17H00875, 18H04199, and 18K12015; PGC2018-098558-B-I00; H2019/HUM-5705

Embargo expired on 12-Aug-2020 at 18:00 ET

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