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Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, September 10, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Climate and the Environment News from Newswise

 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media.

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Thousands of species in a speck of soil: Researchers reveal a much richer picture of the past with new DNA recovery technique

Researchers at McMaster University have developed a new technique to tease ancient DNA from soil, pulling the genomes of hundreds of animals and thousands of plants – many of them long extinct – from less than a gram of sediment.

– McMaster University

Quarternary Research


Over a century later, the mystery of the Alfred Wallace's butterfly is solved

An over a century-long mystery has been surrounding the Taiwanese butterfly fauna ever since the "father of zoogeography" Alfred Russel Wallace, in collaboration with Frederic Moore, authored a landmark paper in 1866: the first to study the lepidopte...

– Pensoft Publishers

ZooKeys


Bending the curve of biodiversity loss

A major new study suggests that without ambitious, integrated action combining conservation and restoration efforts with a transformation of the food system, turning the tide of biodiversity loss by 2050 or earlier will not be possible.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature

Embargo expired on 09-Sep-2020 at 19:00 ET


Land Development in New Jersey Continues to Slow

Land development in New Jersey has slowed dramatically since the 2008 Great Recession, but it’s unclear how the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to fight societal and housing inequality will affect future trends, according to a Rutgers co-authored rep...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Changing landscapes in the Garden State: land use change in New Jersey 1986 through 2015 (2020); Rutgers Today


Bat Tick Found for the First Time in New Jersey

A tick species associated with bats has been reported for the first time in New Jersey and could pose health risks to people, pets and livestock, according to a Rutgers-led study in the Journal of Medical Entomology. This species (Carios kelleyi) is ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Medical Entomology; Rutgers Today


Wild cousins may help crops battle climate change

Wild relatives of our domestic crops already cope with harsh conditions and resist disease. Can we use them to help our preferred crops adapt?

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop Science


New animal model identified to research hepatitis B virus

Squirrel monkeys have been identified as a new animal model to further study and improve therapies for hepatitis B infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Christopher Chen, Ph.D., Assistant Director for Research at the Southwest National Pr...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Hepatology Communications


Humans, not climate, have driven rapidly rising mammal extinction rate

Human impact can explain ninety-six percent of all mammal species extinctions of the last hundred thousand years, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Science Advances.

– University of Gothenburg

Science Advances


In Ancient Giant Viruses Lies the Truth Behind Evolution of Nucleus in Eukaryotic Cells

Perhaps as far back as the history of research and philosophy goes, people have attempted to unearth how life on earth came to be.

– Tokyo University of Science

Frontiers in Microbiology


Skeletal study suggests at least 11 fish species are capable of walking

An international team of scientists has identified at least 11 species of fish suspected to have land-walking abilities.

– Florida Museum of Natural History

Journal of Morphology


Connecting farmers to share agronomic data

A new project will help farmers use innovative technology to share data in an effort to improve production. The effort, recently funded by a federal grant, will start out as a small pilot project and gradually expand to hundreds of farmers.

– Iowa State University


Lost frogs rediscovered with environmental DNA

Scientists have detected signs of a frog listed extinct and not seen since 1968, using an innovative technique to locate declining and missing species in two regions of Brazil.

– Cornell University

Molecular Ecology


Lockdown did not reduce "most harmful" type of air pollution in Scotland

The significant reduction in vehicle journeys during the COVID-19 lockdown did not reduce the level of toxic fine particles in Scotland's air, according to experts at the University of Stirling.

– University of Stirling

Occupational and Environmental Medicine


Climate change will decimate Palm Springs, Coachella Valley tourism

A new UC Riverside study finds that climate change will have a devastating effect on the greater Palm Springs area's dominant industry -- tourism.

– University of California, Riverside

Climatic Change


New Process Boosts Lignin Bio-oil as a Next-Generation Fuel

A new low-temperature multi-phase process for upgrading lignin bio-oil to hydrocarbons could help expand use of the lignin, which is now largely a waste product left over from the productions of cellulose and bioethanol from trees and other woody pla...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Nature Energy


NUS engineers turn pineapple leaves into biodegradable aerogels for food preservation and wastewater treatment

Researchers from the National University of Singapore developed a technique of using pineapple leaf fibres to create ultra-light, biodegradable aerogels. These versatile aerogels can be used for food preservation, wastewater treatment, oil absorbing ...

– National University of Singapore


"Wrong-Way" Migrations Stop Shellfish From Escaping Ocean Warming

Ocean warming is paradoxically driving bottom-dwelling invertebrates – including sea scallops, blue mussels, surfclams and quahogs that are valuable to the shellfish industry – into warmer waters and threatening their survival, a Rutgers-led stud...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Climate Change


Drone survey reveals large earthwork at ancestral Wichita site in Kansas

A Dartmouth-led study using multisensor drones has revealed a large circular earthwork at what may be Etzanoa, an archaeological site near Wichita, Kansas.

– Dartmouth College

American Antiquity


Do big tadpoles turn into big frogs? It's complicated, study finds

If you have any children in your life, imagine for a moment that they don't look anything like their parents, they don't eat anything humans normally eat, and they're active only while adults sleep.

– University of Arizona

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


FSU researchers track nutrient transport in the Gulf of Mexico

Researchers from Florida State University found no evidence that nitrate from the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River System is mixing across the Northern Gulf shelf into the open waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The findings are consistent with recent modeli...

– Florida State University

Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.14 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: July 2020

– University of Alabama Huntsville


A tale of two understories: How mosses and climate are shaping the fate of nitrogen in the boreal

Northern Arizona University biology professor Michelle Mack is a senior author on the study, which demonstrates the invisible connections between trees and the dynamic understory of mosses and microbes that help govern their growth. Ecoss coordinator...

– Northern Arizona University

New Phytologist


New mathematical method shows how climate change led to fall of ancient civilization

A Rochester Institute of Technology researcher developed a mathematical method that shows climate change likely caused the rise and fall of an ancient civilization.

– Rochester Institute of Technology

Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science


New species of freshwater Crustacea found in the hottest place on earth

A new species of freshwater Crustacea has been discovered during an expedition of the desert Lut, known as the hottest place on Earth.

– Taylor & Francis

Zoology in the Middle East


True size of prehistoric mega-shark finally revealed

A new study led by Swansea University and the University of Bristol has revealed the size of the legendary giant shark Megalodon, including fins that are as large as an adult human.

– Swansea University

Scientific Reports


Climate change could deliver more sediment and pollution to the San Francisco Bay-Delta

Climate change could deliver more silt, sand and pollution to the San Francisco Bay-Delta, along with a mixed bag of other potential consequences and benefits, according to a new study in the AGU journal Water Resources Research, which publishes rese...

– American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Water Resources Research


Miscellaneous


Those Images of Red Skies Over Oregon Are Real

Photographs and videos show a blood-red sky over Oregon in late summer 2020.

– Newswise


Announcements


NYS Mesonet, Con Edison Partner to Launch ‘NYC Micronet’ Weather Observation Network

A new cluster of weather-monitoring stations will offer New York City’s energy provider real-time data to keep service reliable and resilient for its customers.

– University at Albany, State University of New York


UCLA Fielding School of Public Health joins consortium to address environmental change and its health impacts

The UCLA Fielding School of Public Health (FSPH) has joined the Planetary Health Alliance (PHA), a consortium of more than 200 universities, research institutes, and government agencies committed to understanding and addressing global environmental c...

– UCLA Fielding School of Public Health


Expert Pitch


Rutgers-Led Project Will Buy 76,000 Oysters From Farmers Struggling During COVID-19 Pandemic

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

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