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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, September 18, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(40 New)
 

Science News

18-Sep-2017


Effects of Changing Tillage Practices on Sugar Beets Presented

Changing tillage practices can help the environment and reduce costs, according to a study in Montana.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 18-Sep-2017 at 09:00 ET


A Fat-Regulating Enzyme Could Hold the Key to Obesity, Diabetes, Cancer, Other Diseases

It had already been known that the enzyme known as phosphatidic acid phosphatase plays a crucial role in regulating the amount of fat in the human body. Controlling it is therefore of interest in the fight against obesity. But scientists at Rutgers U...

– Rutgers University

Journal of Biological Chemistry


New Study at the University of Haifa:

Conflicts at Work Increase the Risk of Unsafe Driving by Professional Drivers

– University of Haifa

Accident Analysis and Prevention Journal


NUS Scientists Combine Antimalarial Drug with Light Sensitive Molecules for Promising Treatment of Cancer

NUS scientists discovered that a combination of artemisinin, which is a potent anti-malarial drug, and aminolaevulinic acid, which is a photosensitiser, could kill colorectal cancer cells and suppress tumour growth more effectively than administering...

– National University of Singapore

ACS Central Science


Cells Programmed Like Computers to Fight Disease

Cells can be programmed like a computer to fight cancer, influenza, and other serious conditions – thanks to a breakthrough in synthetic biology by the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick

Nucleic Acids Research


New Evidence for Small, Short-Lived Drops of Early Universe Quark-Gluon Plasma?

UPTON, NY—Particles emerging from even the lowest energy collisions of small deuterons with large heavy nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)—a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility for nuclear physics research ...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

17-Sep-2017


Unlocking South Australia’s Copper Resources

The University of Adelaide will lead a $14.6 million research consortium to develop advanced technologies to boost South Australia’s copper production and develop a globally competitive mining technology services sector in the state.

– University of Adelaide

15-Sep-2017


Skin Patch Dissolves “Love Handles” in Mice

Researchers have developed a medicated skin patch that can turn energy-storing white fat into energy-burning brown fat locally while raising the body’s metabolism. The patch could be used to burn off pockets of unwanted fat and treat metabolic diso...

– Columbia University Medical Center

ACS Nano, September 15, 2017

Embargo expired on 15-Sep-2017 at 09:00 ET

includes video


How Can I Prevent Erosion and Runoff in My Yard?

Erosion can happen on any size property. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) September 15 Soils Matter blog post explains how to protect your yard—and our environment—from erosion.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 15-Sep-2017 at 09:00 ET


Forest Restoration, Old Fish, Electric Eel Insight, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

– Newswise


Sugary Secrets of a Cancer-Related Protein

The proteins in human cells are extensively decorated with different types of sugars, a phenomenon called glycosylation. These modifications greatly increase the diversity of protein structure and function, affecting how proteins fold, how they behav...

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Biological Chemistry 10.1074/jbc.M117.800102


Sensing with a Twist: A New Kind of Optical Nanosensor Uses Torque for Signal Processing

An international group of researchers have put a literal twist on this challenge, demonstrating a new nanoscale optomechanical resonator that can detect torsional motion at near state-of-the-art sensitivity. Their resonator, into which they couple li...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters


Texas Tech Engineer Developing Methods, Applications to Construct Blood Vessels Using 3-D Printing Technology

Changxue Xu’s research is critical to the development of 3-D organ printing.

– Texas Tech University


Fruit Flies May Help Understand How Some Species Eat Poison

Out of hundreds of species of fruit flies, a handful can eat toxic mushrooms, and understanding why and how they pull this off could answer broader questions about evolution and adaptation.

– University of Alabama

NSF 1737869


Small Businesses to GAIN From Argonne Nuclear Expertise

Six small businesses receive GAIN vouchers to work with Argonne

– Argonne National Laboratory


Team PrISUm Steps Up to World Stage, Prepares to Race Across Australian Outback

Team PrISUm is preparing to take its "Solar Utility Vehicle" on a 1,900-mile race across the Outback of Australia. The Bridgestone World Solar Challenge is Oct. 8-15. Iowa State's student-engineers think they've built a car that can comfortably make ...

– Iowa State University

World Solar Challenge


UF Researcher Offers Tips on Controlling Mosquitoes After Hurricane

Hurricane Irma left a lot of standing water in the yards and homes of Florida residents. So, a University of Florida researcher suggests steps for making sure your home doesn’t become a haven for mosquitoes. Some mosquito species can lay up to 200 ...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Brookhaven's Computational Science Laboratory Accelerates Radar Simulator Code for Cloud Research

Atmospheric scientists will be able to more quickly evaluate how well cloud models simulate processes observed by radar and other sensors and to determine if observational systems are capturing accurate views of the atmosphere.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

14-Sep-2017


Discovery Could Reduce Nuclear Waste with Improved Method to Chemically Engineer Molecules

A new chemical principle discovered by scientists at Indiana University has the potential to revolutionize the creation of specially engineered molecules whose uses include the reduction of nuclear waste and the extraction of chemical pollutants from...

– Indiana University

CHEM; DE-FG02-09ER16068

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET


Old Fish Few and Far Between Under Fishing Pressure

A new study by University of Washington scientists has found that, for dozens of fish populations around the globe, old fish are greatly depleted — mainly because of fishing pressure. The paper, published online Sept. 14 in Current Biology, is the ...

– University of Washington

Current Biology, Sept-2017

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET


Biologist Reaches Into Electric Eel Tank, Comes Out with Equation to Measure Shocks

Vanderbilt University researcher Ken Catania stuck his arm into a tank with small electric eel 10 times -- the only way to get accurate measurements of the circuit created by animal, arm and water.

– Vanderbilt University

Current Biology, Sept. 25, 2017

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


How Does a Cell Maintain its Identity During Replication?

Prior to cell division, chromosomes are seemingly a jumbled mess. Researchers have long assumed that genes become “silent” during cell division, not being transcribed into proteins or regulatory molecules. This has left open the question of how g...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Science; T32GM00812, 2P20GM103629, GM36477

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2017 at 14:00 ET


Fungi: Gene Activator Role Discovered

Specific modifications to fungi DNA may hold the secret to turning common plant degradation agents into biofuel producers.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Genetics 49, 964-968 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/ng.3859]


NASA's Hubble Captures Blistering Pitch-Black Planet

Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have found that the well-studied exoplanet WASP-12b reflects almost no light and appears as black as fresh asphalt. Unlike other exoplanets in its class of hot Jupiters, it has the unique capability to tra...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Sep-2017


New Insights Into Nanocrystal Growth in Liquid

PNNL researchers have measured the forces that cause certain crystals to assemble, revealing competing factors that researchers might be able to control. The work has a variety of implications in both discovery and applied science. In addition to pro...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition Feb. 6, 2017


WVU Physicists Chase New ‘Wave’ of Condensed Matter Research

Just one year after arriving at West Virginia University, physicist Lian Li is taking physics research to new frontiers. In collaboration with fellow WVU condensed matter experiment expert Cheng Cen, they are breaking the rules of classical physics i...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Nanotechnology Experts at Sandia Create First Terahertz-Speed Polarization Optical Switch

A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has for the first time used optics rather than electronics to switch a nanometer-thick thin film device from completely dark to completely transparent, or light, at a speed of trillionths of a second.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Storm Surge Prediction Tool Helps Emergency Managers Prepare

ADCIRC, combined with meteorological forecasts like rain, atmospheric pressure and wind forecasts, predicts flooding threats, allowing decision makers to make better decisions about response efforts, before severe weather occurs.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


SU Senior Turns Tornado Chaser During Summer Break

This summer, many of Alison Banks’ classmates caught some beachside rays. The Salisbury University senior preferred cloudy days. She attended the NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates program at Colorado State University, chasing tornadoes wh...

– Salisbury University


Northern New Mexico Forest Restoration Project Includes Wildlife Study

Areas in the Northern New Mexico Jemez Mountains and Valles Caldera National Preserve have been through prescribed burns or forest thins to allow for a less dense canopy, so new grasses and shrubs may grow and so wildfires will be less destructive. T...

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)

includes video


Bidding Farewell to Cassini Mission That Explored Saturn

Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists led the development of two scientific sensors on NASA’s spacecraft Cassini that provided key measurements of the space environment around Saturn after its launch in 1997, arrival in 2004 and continuing miss...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

SciWire Announcements


Advancing a Shared Goal for Farmers and Conservation

The Nature Conservancy and the American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)—collectively known as the TriSocieties—today announced a new partnership to advance the science of s...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 15-Sep-2017 at 12:05 ET


New Grant to Help Keep Misleading Data Out of Scientific Community

The National Science Foundation has awarded a research grant close to $1 million to four professors, two from Binghamton University and two from Wayne State University, who are committed to developing a national cyberinfrastructure that intends to ke...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Boise State Biophysicist Awarded Grant to Study How the Genome Works

A biophysicist has been awarded a three-year National Institutes of Health Academic Research Enhancement Award to study and help explain the basic functions of the human genome.

– Boise State University


Dr. Roberta Diaz Brinton Wins Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation's Melvin R. Goodes Prize

Dr. Brinton Has Pioneered a Promising Neurogenesis Therapy for Alzheimer's

– Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation


Olin Maintains its Number Three Position in 2018 U.S. News Rankings

U.S. News & World Report has ranked Olin College of Engineering number three in the nation among undergraduate engineering institutions.

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


Chaudhuri named Director of Manufacturing Science and Engineering at Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne National Laboratory announces the appointment of Santanu Chaudhuri, Ph.D., as the Director of the Laboratory’s new Manufacturing Science and Engineering initiative, effective Sept. 14, 2017

– Argonne National Laboratory


SLAC-Led Project Will Use Artificial Intelligence to Prevent or Minimize Electric Grid Failures

A project led by the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory will combine artificial intelligence with massive amounts of data and industry experience from a dozen U.S. partners to identify places where the electric grid is vuln...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


UF Researchers to Use $2.7 Million Grant to Help Stop Influenza

Researchers will use the NIH grant to study whether they can harness an unusual type of immune cell in pigs to treat and prevent influenza viruses in animals and humans.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


DHS S&T Awards $640K to the Critical Infrastructure Resilience Institute for Supply Chain Cyber-Threats Research

DHS S&T today announced a $640,000 award to the Critical Infrastructure Resilience Institute (CIRI) for research into prepositioned cyber-threats in mobile devices that originate in the supply chain.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

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