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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, September 25, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(34 New)
 

Science News

25-Sep-2017


Brain Guides Body Much Sooner Than Previously Believed

The brain plays an active and essential role much earlier than previously thought, according to new research from Tufts University scientists which shows that long before movement or other behaviors occur, the brain of an embryonic frog influences mu...

– Tufts University

Nature Communications, Sept 25, 2017; Allen Discovery Center program through The Paul G. Allen Frontiers Group; W. M. Keck Foundation; G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Charitable Foundation...

Embargo expired on 25-Sep-2017 at 05:00 ET


MRI Contrast Agent Locates and Distinguishes Aggressive From Slow-Growing Breast Cancer

A new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent being tested by researchers at Case Western Reserve University not only pinpoints breast cancers at early stages but differentiates between aggressive and slow-growing types.

– Case Western Reserve University

Nature Communications; Sept.-2017

Embargo expired on 25-Sep-2017 at 05:00 ET


Legume Crops Good for Soil Fertility, Smallholder Farmers

Protein malnutrition can be caused by low soil fertility, which in turn reduces yields. Food security hinges on this issue. The “Building Institutional Capacity in Tropical Legumes” symposium planned at the Managing Global Resources for a Secure ...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 25-Sep-2017 at 09:00 ET


Scientists Call for More Research on How Human Activities Affect the Seabed

A group of UK scientists, co-ordinated by the University of Southampton, has published extensive research into how industry and environmental change are affecting our seafloors, but say more work is needed to help safeguard these complex ecosystems a...

– University of Southampton

Biogeochemistry

22-Sep-2017


Overcoming Obstacles to Measure Nitrous Oxide Emissions

“Indirect” emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) represent a large and very uncertain component of the greenhouse gas budget of agricultural cropping systems, but quantifying and reducing indirect N2O emissions have proven to be very challenging. The ...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 22-Sep-2017 at 09:00 ET


Enhancing the Sensing of Diamonds, Mobile Microgrids, Self-Folding Robots, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

– Newswise


Enhancing the Sensing Capabilities of Diamonds with Quantum Properties

When a nitrogen atom is next to the space vacated by a carbon atom, it forms what is called a nitrogen-vacancy center. Now, researchers have shown how they can create more NV centers, which makes sensing magnetic fields easier, using a relatively sim...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


Observatory Detects Extragalactic Cosmic Rays Hitting the Earth

Fifty years ago, scientists discovered that the Earth is occasionally hit by cosmic rays of enormous energies. Since then, they have argued about the source of those ultra-high energy cosmic rays—whether they came from our galaxy or outside the Mil...

– University of Chicago

Science, Sept. 22, 2017


NYU Dentistry Study Pinpoints Role of Proteins That Produce Pearls

Pearls’ Tough Structures Hold Clues for Creating Hardy Materials, With Possibilities from Dentistry to Aerospace

– New York University

Biochemistry


Tackling Air Pollution in Sub-Saharan Africa

The University of Portsmouth is helping to tackle air pollution and its harmful effects in Sub-Saharan Africa.

– University of Portsmouth


Researchers Study How Wet Soils May Fuel Tropical Storms Over Land

Researchers at the University of Georgia in partnership with NASA Goddard Space Flight Center have been awarded a grant to study how wet soils may strengthen tropical storms over land.

– University of Georgia


Hacking a Pressure Sensor to Track Gradual Motion Along Marine Faults

Oceanographers and a Seattle engineering company are testing a simple technique to track seafloor movement in earthquake-prone coastal areas.

– University of Washington

21-Sep-2017


Scientists Sequence Asexual Tiny Worm—Whose Lineage Stretches Back 18 Million Years

A team of scientists has sequenced, for the first time, a tiny worm that belongs to a group of exclusively asexual species that originated approximately 18 million years ago—making it one of the oldest living lineages of asexual animals known.

– New York University

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET


Detecting Cosmic Rays from a Galaxy Far, Far Away

Where do cosmic rays come from? Solving a 50-year old mystery, a collaboration of researchers has discovered it's much farther than the Milky Way.

– Michigan Technological University

Science, September 21, 2017; Information on funding

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 14:00 ET


Signs of Sleep Seen in Jellyfish

The upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea demonstrates the three hallmarks of sleep and represents the first example of sleep in animals without a brain, HHMI researchers report.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET


Locking Down the Big Bang of Immune Cells

Scientists have found that ignored pieces of DNA play a critical role in the development of immune cells (T cells). These areas activate a change in the structure of DNA that brings together crucial elements necessary for T cell formation. This “bi...

– University of California San Diego

Cell, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET


Biomass-Produced Electricity in the US Possible, but It’ll Cost

If the U.S. wants to start using wood pellets to produce energy, either the government or power customers will have to pay an extra cost, a new University of Georgia study has found.

– University of Georgia

Energy Economics


Scientists Restore Tumor-Fighting Structure to Mutated Breast Cancer Proteins

Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have successfully determined the full architecture of the breast cancer susceptibility protein (BRCA1) for the first time. This three-dimensional information provides a potential pathway to ...

– Virginia Tech

Science Advances


Dino-Killing Asteroid's Impact on Bird Evolution

Human activities could change the pace of evolution, similar to what occurred 66 million years ago when a giant asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs, leaving modern birds as their only descendants. That's one conclusion drawn by the authors of a new stud...

– Cornell University

Systematic Biology, July 2017


High-Speed Movie Aids Scientists Who Design Glowing Molecules

In a recent experiment conducted at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, a research team used bright, ultrafast X-ray pulses from SLAC’s X-ray free-electron laser to create a high-speed movie of a fluorescent protein i...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Chemistry, 11 September 2017 (10.1038/nchem.2853)


Find the Expert You Need in the Newswise Expert Directory

Need an expert in a hurry? Need to pitch an expert in a hurry? Find experts and manage your experts in the Newswise Expert Directory. Our database of experts is growing daily. Search by institution, name, subject, keywords, and place.

– Newswise


Science and Health News Tips from Johns Hopkins

These news tips, from stories in the fall 2017 issue of Johns Hopkins Magazine, include an engineer/fisherman's idea for a "smart" lure and the need for a really high SPF sunscreen for a new solar probe.

– Johns Hopkins University


Pew! Pew! Curiosity’s ChemCam Zaps a Half Million Martian Rocks

Late Tuesday, the ChemCam instrument that sits atop NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover fired its 500,000th shot at a Martian rock.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Sensing Their Way to the Future

The Northwestern Institute of Science and Engineering this summer offered its inaugural summer research program for 12 undergraduate science and engineering majors. During the 10-week program, the students worked on projects of mutual strategic impor...

– Argonne National Laboratory


From Self-Folding Robots to Computer Vision

From self-folding robots, to robotic endoscopes, to better methods for computer vision and object detection, researchers at the University of California San Diego have a wide range of papers and workshop presentations at the International Conference ...

– University of California San Diego


From Science to Finance: SLAC Summer Interns Forge New Paths in STEM

Internships at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have a way of opening surprising doors to the future.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


Missouri S&T Receives Federal Support for Early-Stage Research Into Tapping “Citizen Scientists” to Collect Water Quality Data

Picture teams of smartphone-toting citizen scientists, poised to collect water samples and test for contaminants thanks to a user-friendly app that can crowdsource rapid responders to mobilize the next time a public water system is at risk. Resear...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


Scott Montgomery Makes Case for Nuclear Power in New Book 'Seeing the Light'

Nuclear power is not merely an energy option for the future, geoscientist Scott L. Montgomery writes in his new book, it is a life-saving and essential way for the world to provide energy and avoid "carbon and climate failure."

– University of Washington

SciWire Announcements


Center for Materials Research’s NSF Funding Extended, Increased

The Cornell Center for Materials Research – which through research and education is enhancing national capabilities in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and materials research at all levels – has been has been granted $23.2 million ...

– Cornell University


Women in Cell Biology Recognize Three Outstanding Scientists in 2017

The Women in Cell Biology (WICB) Committee of the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) annually honors investigators from three distinct career stages through its Recognition Awards. Winners will receive their awards during the 2017 ASCB|EMBO Mee...

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)


Spider Silk, Sea Cucumber Skin, Squid Beak and Pine Cones as Models For "Soft-Sided" Robots?

With a new $5.5 million, five-year federal grant, a Case Western Reserve University researcher is leading an international team to develop functional materials inspired by some of the most desirable substances found in nature. The bioinspired materia...

– Case Western Reserve University

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 09:30 ET


Los Alamos Gains Role in High-Performance Computing for Materials Program

A new high-performance computing initiative announced this week by the U.S. Department of Energy will help U.S. industry accelerate the development of new or improved materials for use in severe environments.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


PPPL Physicist Francesca Poli Named ITER Scientist Fellow

Article describes new ITER Scientist Fellow.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Next-Generation DNA Sequencer Research Grant Awarded to California State University, Dominguez Hills by National Science Foundation

California State University, Dominguez Hills’ (CSUDH) Department of Biology has been awarded a three-year, $216,310 National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation grant to enhance research and curriculum at the university with a n...

– California State University, Dominguez Hills

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