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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, October 2, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

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(42 New)
 

Science News

02-Oct-2017


If Your Child is Bilingual, Learning Additional Languages Later Might be Easier

It is often claimed that people who are bilingual are better than monolinguals at learning languages. Now, the first study to examine bilingual and monolingual brains as they learn an additional language offers new evidence that supports this hypothe...

– Georgetown University Medical Center

Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

Embargo expired on 02-Oct-2017 at 00:05 ET


Why Is My Basement Wall Cracked?

Basement walls crack for a variety of reasons. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) October 1 Soils Matter blog post explains how they form—and which ones to be wary of.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 02-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


A Sea of Spinning Electrons

Picture two schools of fish swimming in clockwise and counterclockwise circles. It’s enough to make your head spin, and now scientists at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and the University of Florida have discovered the “chiral spin mode” – ...

– Rutgers University

Physical Review Letters ; Rutgers Today


Scientists Find Evidence that Siberian Volcanic Eruptions Caused Extinction 250 Million Years Ago

A team of scientists has found new evidence that the Great Permian Extinction, which occurred approximately 250 million years ago, was caused by massive volcanic eruptions that led to significant environmental changes.

– New York University

Scientific Reports


Helping Communities Weather the Storms

GCOOS collects data from more than 2,000 ocean sensors that play a critical role in hurricane forecasting and ensures that the information is timely, reliable, accurate and -- above all -- available to those working to understand ocean systems and su...

– Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System-Regional Association (GCOOS-RA)

includes video

01-Oct-2017


Win-Win Strategies for Climate and Food Security

Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture and forestry sectors could lead to increased food prices—but new research identifies strategies that could help mitigate climate change while avoiding steep hikes in food prices.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Environmental Research Letters; EU FP7 290693

Embargo expired on 01-Oct-2017 at 23:00 ET

29-Sep-2017


A Stinging Report: FSU Research Shows Climate Change a Major Threat to Bumble Bees

New research from a team of Florida State University scientists and their collaborators is helping to explain the link between a changing global climate and a dramatic decline in bumble bee populations worldwide.

– Florida State University

Ecology Letters

Embargo expired on 29-Sep-2017 at 00:00 ET


Nematodes as Indicators of Soil Health

Organic matter in soil is an important component of soil health. And nematodes are a sentinel organism to flag it. The “Nematode Community Succession: Decomposition Hot Spots” presentation at the Managing Global Resources for a Secure Future ASA,...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 29-Sep-2017 at 09:00 ET


Attosecond Laser Pulses, Tiny Energy Harvesters, School Energy Upgrade, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

– Newswise


Genes That Separate Humans From Fruit Flies Found

Genes which determine animal complexity – or what makes humans so much more complex than a fruit fly or a sea urchin – have been identified for the first time.

– University of Portsmouth

Download manuscript PDF here; PLoS One


New Med-Tech Zinc Sensor Developed

A new zinc sensor has been developed by researchers, which will allow for a deeper understanding of the dynamic roles that metal ions play in regulating health and disease in the living body.

– University of Adelaide

ACS Omega


Getting to the Heart of Mapping Arrhythmia-Related Excitations

Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent form of cardiac arrhythmia, affecting up to 6 million people in the U.S. alone. Common treatments for severe forms of the erratic beating phenomenon are controversial, and guided by detection methods that are...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Chaos


Fall Foliage: As Greens Fade, Reds and Yellows Pop

Every year around this time, nature puts her greens to bed and awakens her autumn colors. That palette of reds, yellows and oranges painting the landscape is part of a very important ecological process.

– University of Kentucky


Compound From Oilseeds May Be High-Value Product

Extracting a substance called glucosinolate from camelina and carinata seeds may help bring these promising sources of biofuel one stop closer to reality.

– South Dakota State University

28-Sep-2017


New Approaches to Difficult Drug Targets: The Phosphatase Story

Discovering new drugs has never been easy and some potential drug targets have historically been viewed as too challenging and thus off limits for prosecution. In a new SLAS Discovery review, authors John S. Lazo et al. of the University of Virginia ...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Discovery, Oct-2017

Embargo expired on 28-Sep-2017 at 20:00 ET


NASA's Hubble Observes the Farthest Active Inbound Comet Yet Seen

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has photographed the farthest active inbound comet ever seen, at a whopping distance of 1.5 billion miles from the Sun (beyond Saturn's orbit).

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Sep-2017


Popping Bubbles: Surfactants Have Surprising Effect on Nanobubble Stability

The stability of nanobubbles is well understood, but the mechanisms causing their eventual destabilization are still in question. Using molecular dynamics simulations, researchers in China explored the effect of surfactants -- components that lower s...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters


m6A Enzymes Found to Be Central to the Development of AML

A team of researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) and Weill-Cornell Medical College have identified, for the first time, a new molecular pathway that is required for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) development. This work could prov...

– Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Nature Medicine


Hunt Is Over for One of the ‘Top 50 Most-Wanted Fungi’

In a step toward bridging the gap between fungal taxonomy and molecular ecology, scientists from several institutions including Los Alamos National Laboratory have characterized a sample of “mystery” fungus collected in North Carolina and found i...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Mycologia


A Flexible New Platform for High-Performance Electronics

A team of University of Wisconsin–Madison engineers has created the most functional flexible transistor in the world — and with it, a fast, simple and inexpensive fabrication process that’s easily scalable to the commercial level.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nature Flexible Electronics Sept. 27 2017


Rutgers Scientist Helps Uncover Key Mechanism in Immune Response

Scientists are closer to discovering what makes some individuals better able to clear viral infections than others can, thanks to a new study by researchers at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School's Child Health Institute of New Jersey and the ...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Immunity , Volume 47 , Issue 2 , 310 - 322.e7


New Role for Fragile X Protein Could Offer Clues for Treatment

The protein behind fragile X syndrome, a leading cause of autism and intellectual disability, controls a suite of genetic regulators.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Cell


A Potential New and Easy Way to Make Attosecond Laser Pulses: Focus a Laser on Ordinary Glass

Scientists from the Stanford PULSE Institute at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a potential new way to make attosecond laser pulses using ordinary glass - in this case, the cover slip from a microscope sli...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Y.S. You et al., Nature Communications, 28 September 2017 (10.1038/s41467-017-00989-4)


Bringing Diversity Into Computational Science Through Student Outreach

This summer, a diverse group of high school, undergraduate, and graduate students—including women and underrepresented minorities—performed data science research at Brookhaven Lab.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Examining the Lifestyles of Microbes

University of Delaware researchers are studying microbes called Parcubacteria that were found by James Cameron (director of "Terminator") during a recent deep sea expedition. They want to study the microbes' lifestyle and see how similar they are to ...

– University of Delaware

Environmental Microbiology


Where Is All the Water From?

West Virginia University geology researchers are measuring the quantity and quality of the water along Peters Mountain in collaboration with the Indian Creek Watershed Association.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


After-School Energy Rush

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory partnered with the University of Chicago to sponsor “All About Energy,” a six-week program that gives Chicago public high school students an up-close look at careers in science, ...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Sensible Driving Saves More Gas Than Drivers Think

A new study by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has quantified the impact speeding and slamming on the brakes has on fuel economy and consumption. Aggressive behavior behind the wheel can lower gas mileage in light-duty vehi...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video


JHU Undergrads’ ‘Nasal Relief’ is Finalist in Collegiate Inventors Competition

A Johns Hopkins student team that wants to help people breathe easier has scored a coveted finalist spot in the 2017 Collegiate Inventors Competition. The students devised a simple, discreet device to open obstructed nostrils, a common problem that c...

– Johns Hopkins University

includes video


Missouri S&T adds master’s degree in explosives technology

Growing interest in explosives technology among both federal investigators and military personnel is prompting Missouri University of Science and Technology to further expand its graduate programs in the field.

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

SciWire Announcements


UF Researchers Awarded $7M Grant to Improve How Plants Get Nitrogen, Reduce Pollution

A team of researchers at the universities of Florida and Wisconsin-Madison will use the grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to pinpoint genes that could improve plants’ ability to access nitrogen, an essential nutrient for plant growth.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


NYU College of Dentistry’s Yu Zhang Awarded Nearly $3.7 Million by NIH’s National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research

New York University College of Dentistry (NYU Dentistry) researchers have received two R01 grants from the National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research, part of the National Institutes of Health, totaling nearly $3.7 million.

– New York University

1R01DE026279; 1R01DE026772


Four Los Alamos Scientists Named as 2017 Laboratory Fellows

Four Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have been named 2017 Fellows.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


A tiny, do-it-yourself microscope, adopted by 200 labs worldwide, gets $8.3 million boost from NSF

Open-access device -- which can be built from instructions posted online -- has opened a new universe to brain scientists, allowing them to observe neurons firing, and even the creation of memories.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


NYU ITP Launches Adjacent, an Online Journal Of Emerging Media

New York University’s Interactive Telecommunications Program (ITP) at NYU Tisch School of the Arts today announced the launch of an online journal dedicated to showcasing, announcing, and enhancing the understanding of emerging media.

– New York University


NDSU Researcher Receives NIH Grant to Study Repair of Vascular Damage From Diabetes

A North Dakota State University research team led by Dr. Yagna Jarajapu in pharmaceutical sciences has been awarded more than $1.3 million in a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health for research to combat the negative impact of diabe...

– North Dakota State University

1R01AG056881-01


Renowned Economists Launch Global Poverty Research Lab

Northwestern University’s Buffett Institute has launched the Global Poverty Research Lab, a collaborative research center that uses empirical evidence to address the challenges of overcoming poverty and to improve well-being in the developing worl...

– Northwestern University


Robert Langer of MIT Receives $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine From Northwestern

Chemical engineer and prolific inventor Robert S. Langer of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- known as the “Edison of medicine” -- is the recipient of the $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine for 2017, Northwestern U...

– Northwestern University


ASCB’s Doorstep Meeting Focuses on the Cell Biology of Neurodegeneration and Repair

Understanding and treatment targets for diseases such as Lou Gehrig’s (ALS), Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s are among the main topics of discussion at this year's ASCB Doorstep Meeting.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)


Cindy Stewart, PhD, CFS Named 78th President of the Institute of Food Technologists

.On September 1, 2017 Cindy Stewart, PhD, CFS became the 78th president of the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), a nonprofit scientific institute committed to advancing the science of food and its application across the global food system. Dr. S...

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)


U.S. Department of Energy Awards Danforth Center $16M to Enhance Sorghum for Bioenergy

This project aims to deliver stress-tolerant sorghum lines, addressing DOE's mission in the generation of renewable energy resources.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

SciWire Marketplace


New Chameleon Species Discovered (Video)

The Ph.D. candidate in UTEP’s Ecology and Evolutionary Biology program has discovered three new species of chameleons. The reptile trio, historically thought to be a single species, was found in different parts of the Albertine Rift in Central Afri...

– University of Texas at El Paso

includes video

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