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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, October 9, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(44 New)
 

Science News

09-Oct-2017


Global Kids Study: More Trees, Less Disease

A study of 300,000 children in 35 nations says kids whose watersheds have greater tree cover are less likely to experience diarrheal disease, the second leading cause of death for children under the age of five.

– University of Vermont

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 09-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET


A Safe Optical Fiber for Delivering Light and Drugs Into the Body

In Penn State’s Materials Research Institute, an electrical engineer and a biomaterials engineer have joined their expertise to develop a flexible, biodegradable optical fiber to deliver light into the body for medical applications.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Biomaterials Oct-2017


UF Study: Disease-Carrying Mosquitoes Abound in Deforested Lands

UF scientists synthesized and examined data from prior studies that had looked at how many pathogen-carrying mosquito species made their homes in forested lands vs. non-forested lands in 12 countries worldwide, including the United States.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Basic and Applied Ecology

08-Oct-2017


Novel Circuit Design Boosts Wearable Thermoelectric Generators

Using flexible conducting polymers and novel circuitry patterns printed on paper, researchers have demonstrated proof-of-concept wearable thermoelectric generators that can harvest energy from body heat to power simple biosensors for measuring heart ...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Journal of Applied Physics; FA9550-15-1-0145


A New Kind of Influenza Vaccine: One Shot Might Do the Trick

Certain proteins in the influenza virus remain constant year after year. Researchers at Cornell University are taking one of those conserved proteins, Matrix-2 (M2), and packaging it in a nanoscale, controlled-release “capsule” in an attempt to c...

– Cornell University

Vaccine

07-Oct-2017


Body Temperature Regulation, Power of Potassium, Simplifying Information and More in the Obesity News Source

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source

– Newswise

06-Oct-2017


Columbia Engineers Invent Breakthrough Millimeter-Wave Circulator IC

Researchers at Columbia Engineering and UT-Austin continue to break new ground in developing magnet-free non-reciprocal components in modern semiconductor processes. They have built the first magnet-free non-reciprocal circulator on a silicon chip th...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Communications 6 October 2017

Embargo expired on 06-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET

includes video


Mineral Content of Soils Key to Physical and Chemical Behavior

Many aspects of the physical and chemical behavior of soils are directly related to the minerals present. The “Soil Mineralogy” symposium at the Managing Global Resources for a Secure Future ASA, CSSA, SSSA International Annual Meeting in Tampa, ...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 06-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


Genetic Body/Brain Connection, DNA Damage Reversed, Whole Brain Map, and More in the Cell Biology News Source

The latest research and features in cell biology in the Cell Biology News Source

– Newswise


Columbia Researchers Observe Exotic Quantum Particle in Bilayer Graphene

A Columbia team has definitively observed an intensely studied anomaly in condensed matter physics—the even-denominator fractional quantum Hall  state—via transport measurement in bilayer graphene. “Observing the 5/2 state in any system is a r...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Science 6 Oct 2017


Asymmetric Sound Absorption Lets in the Light

Many asymmetric absorbers are currently based on a single-port system, where sound enters one side and is absorbed before a rigid wall. In this design, however, light and air are unable to pass through the system. But new research shows that asymmetr...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters


DNA Damage Caused by Cancer Treatment Reversed by ZATT Protein

An international team led by scientists at the National Institutes of Health is the first to discover a new way that cells fix an important and dangerous type of DNA damage known as a DNA-protein cross-link (DPC). The researchers found that a protein...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Science; ZIAES102765; ZICES102488; ZIAES050111; R01GM105404


Genetic Body/Brain Connection Identified in Genomic Region Linked to Autism

For the first time, scientists have directly linked deletions in two genes in zebrafish and traits, such as seizures, hyperactivity, large head size, and increased fat content. Both genes are in a genome region linked to autism spectrum disorder, dev...

– Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Human Molecular Genetics


PPPL and General Atomics team up to make TRANSP code widely available

Feature describes coupling of TRANSP and OMFIT codes to expand the TRANSP global

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Connecting the Dots

Oak Ridge National Laboratory nuclear physicists and their partners are using America’s most powerful supercomputers to characterize behavior of objects, from subatomic neutrons to neutron stars, that differ dramatically in size yet are closely con...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


NSF Grant Supports Research to Define Creativity in Engineering Design

Scarlett Miller, associate professor of engineering design and industrial engineering, and a team of researchers are trying to create a unified, cross-disciplinary system to measure creative ideas.

– Penn State College of Engineering


DHS S&T Advanced Trace Detection Group to Hold Industry Day

Explosives trace detection experts from industry, academia, and government laboratories will gather to discuss advances in trace detection technologies.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Reimagining Hydrogen: A Small Molecule With Large-Scale Ideas

While hydrogen is often talked about as a pollution-free fuel of the future, especially for use in fuel cell electric vehicles, hydrogen can be used for much more than zero-emission cars. In fact, from enhancing the flexibility of the grid to greenin...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Coal Miners Shift to Beekeeping

Former coal miners or citizens whose lives have been shaped by the coal mining industry in southern West Virginia spent their summer learning how to establish and operate bee colonies thanks to help from a University of Delaware bee researcher.v

– University of Delaware

05-Oct-2017


Lack of Compatibility in Admixtures Could Harm Concrete Durability

Test results show that interactions between admixtures can reduce air-void stability, contributing to lowered freezing-and-thawing durability and scaling resistance.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Materials Journal, September/October 2017

Embargo expired on 05-Oct-2017 at 15:00 ET


Liverwort Genes and Land Plant Evolution

An international team including DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers analyzed the genome sequence of the common liverwort (Marchantia polymorpha) to identify genes and gene families deemed crucial to plant evolution and have been conserved over mil...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Cell

Embargo expired on 05-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET


Decision to Rescind Waters of the United States Rule Based on Flawed Analysis, Virginia Tech Economist Finds

New evidence suggests that the Trump Administration’s proposal to rescind the 2015 Waters of the United States (WOTUS) rule that would limit the scope of the Clean Water Act inappropriately overlooks wetlands-related values.

– Virginia Tech

Science

Embargo expired on 05-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET


New ‘Molecular Trap’ Cleans More Radioactive Waste From Nuclear Fuel Rods

A new method for capturing radioactive waste from nuclear power plants is cheaper and more effective than current methods, a potential boon for the energy industry, according to new research published in the journal Nature Communications.

– Wake Forest University

Nature Communications


Paper-Based Supercapacitor Uses Metal Nanoparticles to Boost Energy Density

Using a simple layer-by-layer coating technique, researchers from the U.S. and Korea have developed a paper-based flexible supercapacitor that could be used to help power wearable devices. The device uses metallic nanoparticles to coat cellulose fibe...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Nature Communications


Researchers Get Straight to the Heart of Piezoelectric Tissues

While some studies have supported the idea that the walls of the aorta are piezoelectric or ferroelectric, the most recent research finds no evidence of these properties. Researchers investigated by testing samples of pig aorta using a traditional se...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters


Old Faithful’s Geological Heart Revealed

University of Utah scientists have mapped the near-surface geology around Old Faithful, revealing the reservoir of heated water that feeds the geyser’s surface vent and how the ground shaking behaves in between eruptions. The map was made possible ...

– University of Utah

Geophysical Research Letters; YELL-2015-SCI-0114; CyberSEES-1442665; OCRF-2014-CRG3-2300


New Insights on the Addictions of Tumors

Stromal tissue may provide novel targets to disrupt tumor supply lines

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Cell Metabolism, Oct 2017


Segregation-induced ordered superstructures at general grain boundaries in a Ni-Bi alloy

A team of researchers found that randomly selected, high-angle, general grain boundaries in a nickel-bismuth (Ni-Bi) polycrystalline alloy can undergo interfacial reconstruction to form ordered superstructures, a discovery that enriches the theories ...

– University of California San Diego

Science


Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2017

A method developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory could protect connected and autonomous vehicles from possible network intrusion. A new ORNL technique makes ultrafast measurements using atomic force microscopy.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Bringing Visual “Magic” to Light

Scientists create widely controllable ultrathin optical components that allow virtual objects to be projected in real environments.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientific Reports 7 (2286), 1-8 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-02167-4]


S&T Testing Provides a Better Understanding of How Chlorine Spreads

The results of these tests can help emergency managers better prepare for different scenarios depending on the direction of chlorine release.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


New Technology Uses Mouth Gestures to Interact in Virtual Reality

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have developed a new technology that allows users to interact in a virtual reality environment using only mouth gestures.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

2017 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, July-2017


Professor on NMSU-UCLA Team Working on Augmented Reality, New Networks

A New Mexico State University professor is working with researchers from UCLA to integrate augmented reality into new wireless edge networks thanks to a grant from the National Science Foundation and Intel Corporation. Satyajayant Misra, NMSU associa...

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)


World-Leading Expert on Humanitarian Logistics From Rensselaer To Discuss Puerto Rico’s Supply Chain Struggles To Disperse Aid

Two weeks after Hurricane Maria wrecked devastation on Puerto Rico, destroying the power grid and leaving millions without access to necessities, distributing aid remains an issue. Extreme events pose serious logistical challenges to emergency and ai...

Expert Available

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


UC San Diego Scientists Garner National High-Risk, High-Reward Awards

Emma Farley, an assistant professor at UC San Diego’s Division of Biological Sciences and School of Medicine, has been awarded the NIH Director’s New Innovator Award. Melissa Gymrek, an assistant professor in the School of Medicine and Department...

Expert Available

– University of California San Diego

SciWire Announcements


WVU Awarded $1 Million Grant From NSF for New High Performance Computing Cluster

A three-year National Science Foundation grant totaling nearly $1 million will let West Virginia University develop its next-generation High Performance Computing, or HPC, cluster to advance computationally intensive research in a wide array of field...

– West Virginia University

Embargo expired on 06-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


Markey's Blackburn Earns NIH New Innovator Award for Cancer Research

University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center Researcher Jessica Blackburn has earned a prestigious National Institutes of Health's New Innovator Award, a grant totaling $1.5 million over five years to fund pediatric cancer research.

– University of Kentucky

DP2-CA-228043


Missouri S&T Metallurgical Engineer Named ASM International Fellow

A Missouri S&T professor known for both his teaching acumen and research portfolio has been named an ASM International fellow, a top honor in materials science and engineering. Dr. David Van Aken, a Curators’ Distinguished Teaching Professor of ...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


NIH Selects Wistar Scientist Kavitha Sarma, Ph.D., for New Innovator Award

The Wistar Institute, an international leader in biomedical research in the fields of cancer, immunology and infectious diseases, announces Kavitha Sarma, Ph.D., assistant professor in Wistar’s Gene Expression and Regulation Program, has been award...

– Wistar Institute


MTRAC Awards Spark Biomedical Innovation at Wayne State University

Three Wayne State University (WSU) research teams were recently awarded funding from Wayne State’s Michigan Translational Research and Commercialization (MTRAC) program. The goal is to accelerate the translation and commercialization of their innov...

– Wayne State University Division of Research

Michigan Translational Research and Commercialization Program


Jefferson Lab Completes 12 GeV Upgrade

Nuclear physicists are now poised to embark on a new journey of discovery into the fundamental building blocks of the nucleus of the atom. The completion of the 12 GeV Upgrade Project of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at th...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


Sustainable Financing of Conservation Just Got a Major Boost

The Conservation Finance Alliance (CFA) announced today that the French Facility for Global Environment / Fonds Français pour l'Environnement Mondial (FFEM) and the MAVA Foundation have jointly awarded 701,114 Euros (822,315 USD) to support CFA.

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Entrepreneurial Fellows Announced in New New Ppostdoctoral tTraining pProgram

Four postdoctoral researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have been named Entrepreneurial Fellows as part of a new joint initiative of the University of California and Los Alamos.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Matthew Latimer Receives 2017 Lytle Award

A staff member at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Acceleratory Laboratory, Matthew Latimer is in charge of seven spectroscopy beamlines at SSRL. He was recently selected for the 2017 Farrel W. Lytle Award, established by the SSRL Users’ ...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

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