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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, October 23, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(36 New)
 

Science News

23-Oct-2017


Taming ‘Wild’ Electrons in Graphene

Graphene – a one-atom-thick layer of the stuff in pencils – is a better conductor than copper and is very promising for electronic devices, but with one catch: Electrons that move through it can’t be stopped. Until now, that is. Scientists at R...

– Rutgers University

Nature Nanotechnology; Rutgers Today


Tiny Tornados at the Dawn of the Universe

Swirling soup of matter’s fundamental building blocks spins ten billion trillion times faster than the most powerful tornado, setting new record for “vorticity.”

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 548, 62-65 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nature23004]


Electricity From Shale Gas vs. Coal: Lifetime Toxic Releases From Coal Much Higher

Despite widespread concern about potential human health impacts from hydraulic fracturing, the lifetime toxic chemical releases associated with coal-generated electricity are 10 to 100 times greater than those from electricity generated with natural ...

– University of Michigan

Environmental Science & Technology


Crops Evolving Ten Millennia Before Experts Thought

Ancient hunter-gatherers began to systemically affect the evolution of crops up to thirty thousand years ago – around ten millennia before experts previously thought – according to new research by the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.


50 Simulations of the ‘Really Big One’ Show How a 9.0 Cascadia Earthquake Could Play Out

The largest number yet of detailed simulations for how a Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake might play out provides a clearer picture of what the region can expect when the fault unleashes a 9.0 earthquake.

– University of Washington

Geological Society of America’s annual meeting

22-Oct-2017


On-Demand 3-D Printing of Tiny Magic Wands

Direct writing of pure-metal structures may advance novel light sources, sensors and information storage technologies.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(9), 8233-8240 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b13062]

21-Oct-2017


Eye-Catching Labels, Improving Crops, Beet-Red Beets, Power of Green Foods, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

– Newswise

20-Oct-2017


Cool Roofs Have Water Saving Benefits Too

The energy and climate benefits of cool roofs have been well established: By reflecting rather than absorbing the sun’s energy, light-colored roofs keep buildings, cities, and even the entire planet cooler. Now a new study by the Department of Ener...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 20-Oct-2017 at 02:00 ET


Killer Pollution, Predicting Droughts, Salmon Spawning, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

– Newswise


Mutant Gene Found to Fuel Cancer-Promoting Effects of Inflammation

Biologists have uncovered a mechanism linking a human gene’s function to chronic inflammation and cancer. They discovered that “mutant p53” taps the body’s immune response system to fuel pro-inflammatory responses that increase cancer growth....

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications-Sep-2017


Novel “Converter” Invented by NUS Scientists Heralds Breakthrough in Ultra-Fast Data Processing at Nanoscale

A research team from the National University of Singapore has recently invented a novel “converter” that can harness the speed and small size of plasmons for high frequency data processing and transmission in nanoelectronics.

– National University of Singapore

Nature Photonics


Metacognition Training Boosts Gen Chem Exam Scores

Students, and people in general, can tend to overestimate their own abilities. But University of Utah research shows that students who overcome this tendency score better on final exams. The boost is strongest for students in the lower 25 percent of ...

– University of Utah

Journal of Chemical Education


Heavy Quarks Probe the Early Universe

New studies of behaviors of particles containing heavy quarks shed light into what the early universe looked like in its first microseconds.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 7; Physical Review C 95, 034904 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.034904]...

19-Oct-2017


Key Psychiatric Drug Target Comes Into Focus

UNC-Chapel Hill and UC-San Francisco scientists solved the crystal structure of a specific dopamine receptor called D4 at an incredibly high resolution and designed a new compound that tightly binds only to D4 and none of the other 320 receptors they...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Science

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Scientists Solve a Magnesium Mystery in Rechargeable Battery Performance

A Berkeley Lab-led research team has discovered a surprising set of chemical reactions involving magnesium that degrade battery performance even before the battery can be charged up. The findings could steer the design of next-gen batteries.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Chemistry of Materials

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 10:30 ET


Genetic Influences on the Brain’s Reward and Stress Systems Underlie Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Chronic Pain

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) often co-occurs with chronic pain (CP), yet the relationship between the two is complex – involving genetic, neurophysiological, and behavioral elements – and is poorly understood. This review addressed the genetic infl...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 10:00 ET


Suicide Molecules Kill Any Cancer Cell

Small RNA molecules originally developed as a tool to study gene function trigger a mechanism hidden in every cell that forces the cell to commit suicide, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study, the first to identify molecules to trigger a fail-sa...

– Northwestern University

eLife


The Blob That Ate the Tokamak: Physicists Gain Understanding of How Bubbles at the Edge of Plasmas Can Drain Heat and Reduce Fusion Reaction Efficiency

Scientists at PPPL have completed new simulations that could provide insight into how blobs at the plasma edge behave. The simulations, produced by a code called XGC1 developed by a national team based at PPPL, performed kinetic simulations of two di...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Aug-2017


Study Reveals Key Molecular Link in Major Cell Growth Pathway

A team of scientists has uncovered a surprising molecular link connecting how cells regulate growth with how they sense and make available nutrients. The findings also implicate a new protein as a potential drug target in pancreatic cancer.

– Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Cell


Scientists Make First Detection of Gravitational Waves Produced by Colliding Neutron Stars

University of Minnesota astrophysicists involved in discovery observed in both gravitational waves and light

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

includes video


UNH Researchers Create New Concept That Could Lead to Improved Drug Delivery

Inspired by a color changing mechanism found in cephalopods, like squid, cuttlefish and octopus, researchers at the University of New Hampshire have conceived a design for a unique sequential cell-opening mechanism that has many potential application...

– University of New Hampshire

Advanced Engineering Materials

includes video


‘Y’ a Protein Unicorn Might Matter in Blindness

A protein shaped like a "Y" makes scientists do a double-take and may change the way they think about a protein sometimes implicated in glaucoma. The Y is a centerpiece in myocilin, binding four other components nicknamed propellers together like bal...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

MCB-1452464; Structure; R01EY021205; 9P41 GM103622; 1S10OD018090-01; W-31-109-Eng-38


40 Years of Research Milestones (Part 2: 1997 to 2017)

To celebrate DOE's 40th anniversary, the Office of Science has collected 40 major papers from the past 40 years that we've supported via research through our national labs, user facilities, and grants programs.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


40 Years of Research Milestones (Part 1: 1977 to 1996)

To celebrate DOE's 40th anniversary, the Office of Science has collected 40 major papers from the past 40 years that we've supported via research through our national labs, user facilities, and grants programs.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Sandia Labs Team Continues to Quantify Fatigue Using Wearables

Sandia Labs team continues to quantify fatigue using wearablesLIVERMORE, Calif. – Can fatigue be predicted? Can life-threatening fatigue be differentiated from recoverable fatigue?A team of researchers led by Sandia National Laboratories is seeking...

– Sandia National Laboratories


'Impactful Times’ Tells Story of Decades of Sandia Shock Physics Research

A new book by Sandia National Laboratories researchers describes shock physics research at the labs from its early history to today. Speeding bullets practically stand still compared to impact velocities achieved in shock physics studies.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Researcher on TB and the Intersection of Aging and Immune Function Joins Texas Biomed as Vice President for Research

Joanne Turner, Ph.D., a preeminent scientist in tuberculosis (TB) research, has joined the Texas Biomed team, bringing with her a portfolio of research on the immune system in relation to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and aging.

Expert Available

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute

SciWire Announcements


Ursula Jakob Joins Journal of Biological Chemistry

Ursula Jakob, a professor of biological chemistry at the University of Michigan, has joined the Journal of Biological Chemistry as an associate editor.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)


Council on Undergraduate Research Announces 2017 Geosciences Mentor Award Winner

C. Brannon Andersen, professor and chair in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Furman University and adjunct professor in the Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences at Clemson University, will receive the 2017 C...

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)


2017 AIP Science Writing Award Winners Announced

The American Institute of Physics announced today the winners of its 2017 Science Communication Awards for Books, Articles, Writing for Children, and Broadcast and New Media: Timothy Jorgensen for Strange Glow: The Story of Radiation; Natalie Wolchov...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


Two ORNL-Led Research Teams Receive $10.5 Million to Advance Quantum Computing for Scientific Applications

DOE's Office of Science has awarded two research teams, each headed by a member of ORNL’s Quantum Information Science Group, more than $10 million over 5 years to both assess the feasibility of quantum architectures in addressing big science proble...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Barry Simon Wins 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics

AIP and APS announced that Barry Simon of Caltech is the recipient of the 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, which is awarded annually to honor significant contributions to the field. In recognizing Simon, the two organizations cite...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


October Facebook Tech Talk: Cybersecurity for Automobiles – Building in Security

On October 24 from 12 to 12:30 p.m. EDT, join DHS S&T on our Facebook page for a Facebook Tech Talk focused on cybersecurity for automobiles.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Chad Mirkin receives 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal in Austria

Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin received a prestigious 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal at an award ceremony at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna on Oct. 19.

– Northwestern University


MSU Scientist Leads NOAA-Funded Effort to Better Predict Droughts

A Michigan State University scientist is leading a federally funded effort to create a better system for predicting droughts, which cause billions of dollars in direct losses to the U.S. economy every year.

– Michigan State University


Los Alamos Scientists, Engineers Receive 2017 Fellows Prizes

Five Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have been awarded the Laboratory’s prestigious Fellows Prize in the areas of science or engineering research and leadership

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

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