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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, October 30, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(37 New)
 

Science News

30-Oct-2017


Of Glues and Gases: Barnacle Adhesion and Nanomechanical Sensors

Among the diverse research studies being presented at this year’s 64th AVS International Symposium and Exhibition are two biomaterial interfaces sessions that feature some highly unusual applications of engineering. The first describes the use of s...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 08:20 ET


Gene Expression Study Reveals “Hidden” Variability in How Cancer Cells Respond to Drugs

Drug exposure can cause significant changes in gene expression without affecting growth or survival in some cell lines, highlighting strategies to better evaluate drug effectiveness.

– Harvard Medical School

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 06:00 ET


Scientists Penetrate Mystery of Raging Black Hole Beams

They are nature’s very own Death Star beams – ultra-powerful jets of energy that shoot out from the vicinity of black holes like deadly rays from the Star Wars super-weapon. Now a team of scientists led by the University of Southampton has moved ...

– University of Southampton

Nature Astronomy

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 00:00 ET

includes video


Good Vibrations: Smart Access to Homes and Cars Using Fingers

“Good, good, good, good vibrations” goes the catchy Beach Boys song, a big hit in 1966 and beyond. Now Rutgers engineers have created VibWrite, a smart access system that senses finger vibrations to verify users. The low-cost security system coul...

– Rutgers University

ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security; Rutgers Today, Oct-2017

29-Oct-2017


Zika Transmission, Overcoming Resistance to Immunotherapy, ASCB's E.E. Just Award, Proteins of the Ear, and More in the Cell Biology News Source

The latest research and features in cell biology in the Cell Biology News Source

– Newswise

28-Oct-2017


“Instant Replay” for Computer Systems Shows Cyber Attack Details

Until now, assessing the extent and impact of network or computer system attacks has been largely a time-consuming manual process. A new software system being developed by cybersecurity researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology will largely ...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

2017 ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security


“Combosquatting” Attack Hides in Plain Sight to Trick Computer Users

To guard against unknowingly visiting malicious websites, computer users have been taught to double-check website URLs before they click on a link. But attackers are now taking advantage of that practice to trick users into visiting website domains t...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

2017 ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security


UNLV Engineers Build 3D-Printed Robohand for World Series First Pitch

Armed with her UNLV-built, 3D-printed "Robohand," local 7 year-old Hailey Dawson will throw the first pitch at game four of the World Series Oct. 28. She's also earned an invite from every MLB team.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

includes video

27-Oct-2017


Switch From Wood to Gas for Cooking Is Not a Climate Problem

Switching from using fuelwood to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for cooking would provide modest climate benefits, but the extent of these depend on whether the wood is renewably sourced, and if the short-lived emissions from burning wood are taken in...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Environmental Research Letters

Embargo expired on 27-Oct-2017 at 13:00 ET


Peatland Plants Adapting Well to Climate Change, Suggests Study

They account for just three per cent of the Earth’s surface but play a major role in offsetting carbon dioxide emissions – and now a team of scientists led by the universities of Southampton and Utrecht has discovered that the plants that make up...

– University of Southampton

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 27-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET


Plenty of Room at the Top: Breaking through the Sunlight-to-Electricity Conversion Limit

In hybrid materials, “hot” electrons live longer, producing electricity, not heat, in solar cells.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 353, 1409 (2016). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf9570]


Scientists Unveil the Water Buffalo Genome

An international team of researchers led by the University of Adelaide has published the full genome of the water buffalo – opening the way for improved breeding and conservation of this economically important animal.

– University of Adelaide

GigaScience; PLOS ONE


Researcher Reveals how Beetles Bounce Back from Forest Fires

Research from Florida State University has illuminated the piecemeal patterns of recolonization among a hardy species of beetle regularly affected by these managed burns.

– Florida State University

Journal of Animal Ecology


New Studies on Disordered Cathodes May Provide Much-Needed Jolt to Lithium Batteries

In a pair of papers published this month in Nature Communications and Physical Review Letters, a team of scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has come up with a set of rules for making new disordered materials, a process that had previ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters; Nature Communications

26-Oct-2017


Bamboozled! Climate Change Pushing Greater Bamboo Lemur Closer to the Brink of Extinction

Human disturbance of tropical rainforests in Madagascar including wildfires, burning and timber exploitation, have led to reduced rainfall and a longer dry season, further pushing the already critically endangered Greater Bamboo Lemur to the brink of...

– Stony Brook University

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Deep-Depletion: A New Concept for MOSFETs

Diamond is largely recognized as the ideal material in wide bandgap development, but realizing its full potential in field-effect transistors has been challenging. Researchers incorporate a new approach by using the deep-depletion regime of bulk-boro...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET


AJPH Supplement Examines How Climate Change Is Harming Our Health

In this special supplement, AJPH examines the impact of climate change on public health.

– American Public Health Association (APHA)

American Journal of Public Health AJPH

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 16:00 ET


Scientists Get First Close-ups of Finger-Like Growths that Trigger Battery Fires

Menlo Park, Calif. — Scientists from Stanford University and the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have captured the first atomic-level images of finger-like growths called dendrites that can pierce the barrier between b...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET

includes video


UC San Diego Researchers Solve Mystery of Oxygenation Connections in the Brain

Using an advanced form of optical microscopy, scientists have uncovered how oxygen levels—even those in different brain hemispheres—connect to share signals when the body rests. Their results have immediate impact on human health and medicine app...

– University of California San Diego

Neuron, Oct-2017

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET


Imperfections Show “Swimming” Particles the Way to Self-Healing and Shape-Changing

Defects in liquid crystals act as guides in tiny oceans, directing particle traffic.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review X 7, 011029(2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.7.011029]


Hubble Observes Exoplanet That Snows Sunscreen

Astronomers using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope have found a blistering hot planet outside our solar system where it “snows” sunscreen. The problem is the sunscreen (titanium oxide) precipitation only happens on the planet’s permanent nightti...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astronomical Journal, Oct-2017


You Can’t Tell a Gerrymandered District by Its Shape

When it comes to judging the fairness of electoral districts, we can’t believe our eyes.

– Ohio State University


Study: Junk Food Almost Twice as Distracting as Healthy Food

Seeing junk food distracts people from work nearly twice as much as seeing healthy food, but after a few bites, people find it no more engaging than kale. The study underscores people’s implicit bias for fatty, sugary foods.

– Johns Hopkins University

Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, Oct-2017; N000141010278; DGE-1232825

includes video


Food Allergy Lab Fits on Your Keychain

More than 50 million Americans have food allergies and often just trace amounts of allergens can trigger life-threatening reactions. Now, researchers have developed a $40 device that fits on a key chain and can accurately test for allergens, like glu...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

ACS Nano, Aug-2017; EB004626, EB010011, HL113156, CA205322


New Technique Produces Tunable, Nanoporous Materials

A collaborative group of researchers including Petr Kral, professor of chemistry at the University of Illinois at Chicago, describe a new technique for creating novel nanoporous materials with unique properties that can be used to filter molecules or...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Science


Field of Meteorologists’ Dreams

With more than 200 instruments, the Southern Great Plains (SGP) atmospheric observatory is the world’s largest and most extensive climate research facility. This year, the site celebrates 25 years of operations, helping scientists gain vital insigh...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Neutrons Improve Weld Integrity of Underwater Wind Turbine Foundations

Massive offshore structures like oil rigs and wind turbines are designed to withstand the myriad punishments oceans tend to mete out. However, over time, just the saltwater itself can significantly decrease the durability of a structure’s welds. Th...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


CSU Working to Foster More Great Minds in STEM

Undergraduate participation in research is a high-impact practice that enhances student learning, engages students in their own success and prepares them for the demands of the future. CSU campuses are providing hands-on and relevant approaches to le...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

SciWire Announcements


Jeetu Eswaraka Named Assistant Vice President for Comparative Medicine Resources at Rutgers University

Jeetendra (Jeetu) Eswaraka, DVM, Ph.D., DACLAM, who joined Rutgers University’s Office of Research and Economic Development earlier this month as Assistant Vice President for Comparative Medicine Resources, brings a decade and a half of experience ...

– Rutgers University's Office of Research and Economic Development


UF Partners with International Organization to Combat Food Insecurity in Africa

UF/IFAS signed an agreement with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture so their scientists can work together to fight hunger in Africa.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Wayne State Receives $1.85 Million NIH Grant to Identify Novel Antibiotic Targets

A research team from Wayne State University has received a $1.85 million grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health for the project “Mechanisms of Non-Shine-Dalgarno Translation Initiation.”...

– Wayne State University Division of Research

National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health, GM124733


$1 Million Grant to Improve Corn Genetics for Organic Production Practices

A $1 million grant will help ISU researchers advance the genetics of corn varieties intended to be grown in organic settings. The project aims to improve the performance of field and sweet corn varieties in conditions unique to organic production sys...

– Iowa State University


Press Registration for ACMG 2018 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting is Now Open

Join journalists from around the world covering the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting, April 10 – 14, 2018 in Charlotte, NC

– American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)


Seven Los Alamos Scientists Honored as APS Fellows

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 26, 2017—Seven scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory were tapped this year as new Fellows of the American Physical Society (APS), a significant honor for the Laboratory and its people. The honorees are Christopher J. F...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Geobiologist Receives Prestigious Packard Fellowship

Magdalena R. Osburn, a Northwestern University geobiologist who studies ancient and modern microbes, has been awarded a 2017 Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.

– Northwestern University


UC San Diego’s Joann Trejo to Be Honored with ASCB’s EE Just Award

JoAnn Trejo, professor in the Department of Pharmacology at University of California, San Diego, has been named the 2017 winner of the E.E. Just Award by the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB). Trejo will receive the award and present a lecture...

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)


CU Boulder Breaks Ground on New $82.5 Million Aerospace Engineering Building

The University of Colorado Boulder broke ground today on a new $82.5 million aerospace engineering building complete with an indoor flight environment for unmanned aircraft that will ensure the nationally ranked program continues to drive innovation ...

– University of Colorado Boulder

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