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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, November 6, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(36 New)
 

Science News

06-Nov-2017


Caribbean Islands Reveal a “Lost World” of Ancient Mammals

A new study by an international team of scientists reports an analysis of the incredibly diverse “lost world” of Caribbean fossils that includes dozens of ancient mammals. The study reveals that the arrival of humans throughout the islands was li...

– Stony Brook University

Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics

Embargo expired on 06-Nov-2017 at 00:00 ET


Lightning-Fast Communications

Researchers from the University of Utah’s departments of electrical and computer engineering and physics and astronomy have discovered that a special kind of perovskite, a combination of an organic and inorganic compound that has the same structure...

– University of Utah

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 06-Nov-2017 at 06:00 ET


Breaking Cell Symmetry

A team of researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore at the National University of Singapore, along with colleagues from Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory and A*STAR’s Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology in Singapore, has uncovered...

– National University of Singapore

Nature Cell Biology, 2017 Aug, 988–995 (2017)


Rules Are Only Suggestions in Heavy Elements

The arrangement of electrons in an exotic human-made element shows that certain properties of heavy elements cannot be predicted using lighter ones.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of the American Chemical Society 139, 13361-13375 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b05569]


How Will the Nor Cal Wildfires Affect California’s Wine Industry?

Experts at Fresno State and Sonoma State are still assessing the impact of the recent fires. So far, winemakers at both campuses see a healthy picture for the state and wine lovers alike.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

03-Nov-2017


Agricultural Productivity Drove Euro-American Settlement of Utah

U anthropologists propose that agricultural productivity drove dispersal patterns of early Euro-Americans settlers in Utah in a process that led to the current distribution of populations today. They adapted a well-known ecological model, and tested ...

– University of Utah

American Antiquity

Embargo expired on 03-Nov-2017 at 11:00 ET


Synthetic Material Acts Like an Insect Cloaking Device

Synthetic microspheres with nanoscale holes can absorb light from all directions across a wide range of frequencies, making it a candidate for antireflective coatings, according to a team of Penn State engineers.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Communications Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 03-Nov-2017 at 06:00 ET


Improving Fuel Economy, High School Scientists, Highly Sensitive Sensors, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

– Newswise


Closing the Rural Health Gap: Media Update from RWJF and Partners on Rural Health Disparities

Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural hea...

– Newswise

Virtual Press Briefing - Closing the Rural Health Gap


Let There Be (White) Light: New Materials Shine Out

Modifying the internal structure of 2-D hybrid perovskite materials causes them to emit white light.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of the American Chemical Society 139, 5210(2017).[DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b01312]


Can Environmental Toxins Disrupt the Biological “Clock”?

Can environmental toxins disrupt circadian rhythms – the biological “clock” whose disturbance is linked to chronic inflammation and a host of human disorders? Research showing a link between circadian disruption and plankton that have adapted t...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Ecology and Evolution


California State University Interns Tackle So Cal's Water Woes

The California State University’s Water Resources and Policy Initiatives (WRPI) has launched a grant-funded program this fall that gives students hands-on internship experience while helping to solve water problems impacting Southern California.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Sandia Labs Team Develops Optical Diagnostic That Helps Improve Fuel Economy While Reducing Emissions

A new optical device at Sandia National Laboratories that helps researchers image pollutants in combusting fuel sprays might lead to clearer skies in the future.An optical setup developed by researchers at Sandia’s Combustion Research Facility and ...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Global Temperature Report: October 2017

Warmest October in satellite temperature record

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Johns Hopkins Undergrads win Silver Prize in 2017 Collegiate Inventors Competition

A Johns Hopkins student invention aimed at helping people breathe easier won the silver prize in the 2017 national Collegiate Inventors Competition.

– Johns Hopkins University

includes video

02-Nov-2017


Nanosensors Demystify Brain Chemistry

Nanosensors are incredible information-gathering tools for myriad applications, including molecular targets such as the brain. Neurotransmitter molecules govern brain function through chemistry found deep within the brain, so University of California...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:20 ET


Modeling Surface Chemistry and Predicting New Materials

The ruddy flakes of a rusted nail are a sure sign that an undesirable chemical reaction has occurred at the surface. Understanding how molecules and atoms behave with each other, especially at surfaces, is central to managing both desirable chemical ...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:20 ET


Computer Program Helps Doctors Detect Acute Kidney Injury Earlier to Save Lives

Embedding a decision support tool in the hospital electronic health record increases detection of acute kidney injury, reducing its severity and improving survival. The results address one of the most costly and deadly conditions affecting hospitaliz...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 17:30 ET


How Do Adult Brain Circuits Regulate New Neuron Production?

UNC School of Medicine neuroscientists discover a long-distance brain circuit that controls the production of new neurons in the hippocampus. Research could have implications for understanding and treating many brain disorders, including epilepsy, sc...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Cell Stem Cell

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 12:00 ET


Hubble Sees Nearby Asteroids Photobombing Distant Galaxies

Photobombing asteroids from our solar system have snuck their way into this deep image of the universe taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. These asteroids reside roughly 160 million miles from Earth, yet they’ve horned their way into this pic...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

includes video


Jellyfish-Inspired Electronic Skin Glows When It Gets Hurt

Electronic-skin technologies for prosthetics and robots can detect the slightest touch or breeze.But oddly, the sensors that make this possible do not respond effectively to a harmful blow. Now researchers report in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces


Honey, I Shrunk the Features for Low-Cost, Flexible, Large-Area Electronics

Exploiting reversible solubility allows for direct, optical patterning of unprecedentedly small features.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Advanced Materials 29, 1603221 (2017). [DOI: 10.1002/adma.201603221]; Chemistry of Materials 29, 832-841 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b04880]


Exotic Nucleus Exhibits Curious Shape

A new shape measurement of unstable ruthenium-110 has found this nucleus to be similar to a squashed football.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physics Letters B 766, 334-338 (2017). [DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.01.031]


UC-Led Genomic Study Reveals Clues to Wild Past of Grapes

About 22,000 years ago, as the ice sheets that consumed much of North America and Europe began retreating, humans started to consume a fruit that today brings joy to millions of wine drinkers around the world: grapes

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, Nov-2017


Penny-Wise, Pound-Foolish Decisions Explained by Neurons’ Firing

People sometimes spend as much time deciding whether to spend a few cents more on groceries as they do deciding whether to spend a few thousand dollars extra when buying a car. A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis sh...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Communications, Oct-2017; R01-DA032758; R01-MH104494; T32-GM008151; F31-MH107111


Protecting the Wild: Baylor Professor Helps to Minimize Recreation Disturbance to Wildlife

In a cover story published this week in the Ecological Society of America’s premier journal, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Kevin J. Gutzwiller, Ph.D., professor of biology in Baylor University’s College of Arts & Sciences, and co-auth...

– Baylor University

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment


Scientists Decipher Mechanisms Underlying the Biology of Aging

Scientists have helped decipher the dynamics that control how our cells age, and with it implications for extending human longevity. The group used cutting-edge computational and experimental approaches to discover new details about chromatin silenci...

– University of California San Diego

PNAS-Oct-2017

includes video


Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2017

ORNL story tips, November 2017: Fast-learning computing technique supports hurricane damage assessments; neutrons unlock liquid flow mystery; “puckering” 2D material creates tunable energy gap; window air conditioning prototype allows safe use of...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video


Fifty Years of Vision Research Opens Window Into the Brain

The eye is more than a window to the soul; it is a window to the brain. To highlight the important connection between vision science and neuroscience, the NIH’s National Eye Institute is kicking off its 50th anniversary celebration with the symposi...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience


Rutgers Reflects: Five Years Since Sandy

It has been five years since Hurricane Sandy claimed the lives of more than a hundred people and upended the lives of millions more along the mid-Atlantic coast. After the storm, New York City called upon the Rutgers School of Public Health to train ...

– Rutgers School of Public Health


‘Super T Cells’ Engineered for Optimal Performance Drive New Roswell Park Gene-Therapy Approach

Researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute have initiated a clinical trial based on a unique two-pronged strategy for arming the immune system to more effectively attack cancer cells.

– Roswell Park Cancer Institute

R01CA164333; P30CA016056

includes video


Identifying Pathogens That Cause Soybean Stem Canker

Soybean diseases caused by various species of Diaporthe pathogens are on the rise and scientists are identifying the pathogens behind this increase.

Expert Available

– South Dakota State University

Plant Disease, August 2015; Plant Disease, November 2016; Plant Disease, October 2017; Plant Disease, July 2015

SciWire Announcements


International Advocacy Organization for Stomach Cancer Research, Awareness, and Prevention brings "Spotlight on Stomach Cancer" to City of Hope

No Stomach For Cancer will host its fifth Spotlight on Stomach Cancer on Saturday, November 11 at the City of Hope's Cooper Auditorium in Duarte California.

– No Stomach For Cancer


Rutgers University Receives 2017 Edison Patent Award For Polymer Used to Develop World’s First Fully Resorbable, X-Ray Visible Stent

A breakthrough patent – the polymer that enabled the development of the world’s first fully resorbable and x-ray visible coronary stent – invented by a Rutgers University researcher received the 2017 Edison Patent Award from the Research & Deve...

– Rutgers University's Office of Research and Economic Development

includes video


Georgia State Physicist Gets $400,000 Grant to Study Solar Energy Conversion

Dr. Gary Hastings, a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Georgia State University, has received a two-year, $400,000 federal grant to study solar energy conversion in photosynthesis.

– Georgia State University


DHS S&T partners with NFL, MLB and NBA For Increased Security

Three major sporting leagues: NFL, MLB, and NBA, have played a key role in significantly upgrading and strengthening security at stadiums and arenas throughout the country with the help of the DHS S&T SAFETY Act.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

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