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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, November 13, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(29 New)
 

Science News

13-Nov-2017


Scientists Discover New Mechanisms That Bacteria Use to Protect Themselves From Antibiotics

Researchers at the University of Birmingham have identified new mechanisms used by bacteria to resist infection-fighting antibiotics.

– University of Birmingham

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 13-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET


Fuel Cell X-Ray Study Details Effects of Temperature and Moisture on Performance

To find the right balance of moisture and temperature in a specialized type of hydrogen fuel cell, Berkeley Lab scientists have used X-rays to explore the inner workings of its components at tiny scales.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Electrochimica Acta, Oct. 7, 2017

Embargo expired on 13-Nov-2017 at 09:00 ET

includes video


Mirror Image: Researchers Create Higher-Quality Pictures of Biospecimens

Hari Shroff, Ph.D., chief of the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering’s lab section on High Resolution Optical Imaging (HROI), and his team have spent the last few years developing optical microscopes that produce high resolu...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Embargo expired on 13-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET

includes video

11-Nov-2017


Subalpine Wildflowers, Butterfly Evolution, Ancient Mammals, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

– Newswise

10-Nov-2017


Plama from Lasers, New Renewables, Cool Textiles, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

– Newswise


Breakthrough Research Suggests Potential Treatment for Autism, Intellectual Disability

A research team has identified the pathological mechanism for a certain type of autism and intellectual disability by creating a genetically modified mouse. They are hopeful it could eventually lead to a therapeutic fix.

– University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC)

Nature Neuroscience, Nov-2017


Plasma From Lasers Can Shed Light on Cosmic Rays, Solar Eruptions

A team of researchers led by PPPL physicist Will Fox recently used lasers to create conditions that mimic astrophysical behavior. The laboratory technique enables the study of outer-space-like plasma in a controlled and reproducible environment.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Physics of Plasmas, Aug-2017


Renewable Opportunities Abundant in Illinois

Argonne National Laboratory has developed a simple and efficient process to convert wet biomass and organic wastes into usable products.

– Argonne National Laboratory

09-Nov-2017


How to Control Traffic on Cellular Highways

Inside cells, protein “motors” act like trucks on tiny cellular highways to deliver life-sustaining cargoes. Now a team led by Rutgers University–New Brunswick researchers has discovered how cells deploy enzymes to place traffic control and “...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Current Biology; Rutgers Today

Embargo expired on 09-Nov-2017 at 12:00 ET


Hubble Spots Expanding Light Echo Around Supernova

A movie assembled from more two years’ worth of Hubble images reveals an expanding shell of light from a supernova explosion sweeping through interstellar space three years after the stellar blast was discovered. The “echoing” light looks like ...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Jan-2017; arXiv e-prints Abstract Service, Nov-2017

includes video


UK Study Shows Cell Signaling Interaction May Prevent Key Step in Lung Cancer Progression

New findings from University of Kentucky faculty published in Scientific Reports reveals a novel cell signaling interaction that may prevent a key step in lung cancer progression.

– University of Kentucky

Scientific Reports


UT Dallas Chemist Has Designs on Drug-Resistant Breast Cancer

Dr. Jung-Mo Ahn, associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry at The University of Texas at Dallas, has designed a small molecule that could help breast cancer patients for whom current treatments no longer work.

– University of Texas at Dallas

eLife, August 2017


Breeding Highly Productive Corn Has Reduced Its Ability to Adapt

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison wanted to know whether the last 100 years of selecting for corn that is acclimated to particular locations has changed its ability to adapt to new or stressful environments. By measuring population...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nature Communications Nov. 7, 2017


Saving Coney Island From the Roller Coaster of Climate Change

Cornell landscape architecture graduate students are wrestling with Coney Island’s tenable, livable resilience in the face of nature aiming to reclaim the island. By semester’s end, the students will develop 36 ways to keep Coney Island inhabitan...

– Cornell University


Transfer Technique Produces Wearable Gallium Nitride Gas Sensors

A transfer technique based on thin sacrificial layers of boron nitride could allow high-performance gallium nitride gas sensors to be grown on sapphire substrates and then transferred to metallic or flexible polymer support materials. The technique c...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Scientific Reports


Research Articles on Transcriptomics to Aid Risk Assessment, Pregnancy and Carcinogen Metabolism, and More Featured in Toxicological Sciences

Editor's Highlights include papers on aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation and neutrophil function; transcriptomic analysis of TCE and PCE in the liver and kidney; functional genomics of TCE metabolites genotoxicity; and increased aflatoxin b1 damage...

– Society of Toxicology

Toxicological Sciences, November 2017


New Routes to Renewables: Sandia Speeds Transformation of Biofuel Waste Into Wealth

A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has demonstrated faster, more efficient ways to turn discarded plant matter into chemicals worth billions. The team’s findings could help transform the economics of making fuels and other products from domest...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Scientific Reports


JHU Scientist Crowdsources Rocks Harboring Earthly “Extraterrestrials”

Crowdsourcing created an online photography archive, financed a British rock band’s tour and advanced a search for intelligent life on other planets. Now a biologist is hoping the approach can help her find rocks. But not just any rocks.

– Johns Hopkins University

Astrobiology

includes video


World-Renowned Health Research on the Hill

UC Santa Cruz’s genomics investigators have built a research powerhouse in sequencing, storing, cataloging, assembling, validating, and analyzing huge volumes of genomic data in their mission to use genomics to positively impact health, nature, and...

– University of California, Santa Cruz


Resisting the Resistance: Neutrons Search for Clues to Combat Bacterial Threats

Researchers from ORNL’s Neutron Sciences Directorate are conducting a series of experiments to better understand how resistant bacteria use enzymes called beta-lactamases to break down the beta-lactam class of antibiotics.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Developing International Solar Energy Expertise

Harnessing the power of the sun can help meet the increasing demand for energy worldwide—and the solar cell research group at South Dakota State University is doing its part to make this possible.

– South Dakota State University

SciWire Announcements


NIH Awards $2.34 Million to GBSI for Reverse Experimental Design Training to Improve Research Reproducibility

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded the Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) $2.34 million over five years for a groundbreaking experimental design training project to improve reproducibility in preclinical research. The proje...

– Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI)


Research to Prevent Blindness and American Academy of Ophthalmology Announce New Grant Opportunities to Support Vision Research

Research to Prevent Blindness and the American Academy of Ophthalmology today announced that they have created a new category of grant to support researchers who want to use the Academy’s IRIS® Registry database to conduct population-based studies...

– Research to Prevent Blindness

AAO Annual Meeting, Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 11-Nov-2017 at 13:30 ET


Jefferson Lab Staff Scientist Honored with APS Fellowship

Fulvia Pilat, a staff scientist at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, has been named a fellow of the American Physical Society. The honor is bestowed by members of APS on their peers for exceptional contributio...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


Former SLAC Director Jonathan Dorfan Awarded Japan’s Order of the Rising Sun

Former SLAC Director and Stanford University Professor Emeritus Jonathan Dorfan has been awarded Japan’s Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star for his contributions as founding president of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Gr...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


New Research to Target Air Pollution as a Potential Trigger for Parkinson’s

The Department of Defense has awarded a multi-institutional team of scientists a series of grants totaling $4.37 million to investigate the potential role of airborne pollutants as triggers of Parkinson’s disease via the nose.

– Van Andel Research Institute

Embargo expired on 09-Nov-2017 at 14:05 ET


Argonne Forms New Divisions to Focus on Computation and Data Science Strengths

Argonne has formed two new research divisions to focus its lab-wide foundational expertise on computational science and data science activities.

– Argonne National Laboratory


First Northwest Theoretical Chemistry Conference Is a Hit!

The first Northwest Theoretical Chemistry Conference was a success. The event offered ~50 early career theorists and students opportunities to present talks in a nurturing environment that developed and advanced collaborations.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Exploring the Common Gut Bacteria Bacteroides

With support from a four-year $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Blanca Barquera, an associate professor of biological sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and a team including researchers at Tufts University and Harvar...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

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