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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, December 4, 2017

Public Edition |

(31 New)

Science News


Submarine Volcanoes Add to Ocean Soundscape

Most volcanoes erupt beneath the ocean, but scientists know little about them compared to what they know about volcanoes that eject their lava on dry land. Researchers think that with improved monitoring, they can learn more about these submarine eru...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


Research on Ionically Conductive Mortar for Electrical Heating Finds Advantages over Traditional Conductive Concrete

An innovative conductive composite, ionically conductive mortar, is developed in this study.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Materials Journal November/December 2017

Embargo expired on 01-Dec-2017 at 15:00 ET

Electrical Resistivity Measurement Method for Measuring Water Absorption Characterizes Properties of Recycled Concrete Fine Particles

The results described in this work show the electrical resistivity measurement method has the potential to be an accurate means for measuring the water absorption of very fine particles. Such advances in characterization methods for fine particles su...

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Materials Journal November/December 2017

Embargo expired on 01-Dec-2017 at 15:00 ET

What’s the Largest Terrestrial Organism?

The Giant Sequoya? Nope. The African elephant? Not even close. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) December 1 Soils Matter blog post shares that the largest land organism is—a fungus!

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 01-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET

Genes Found in Drought-Resistant Plants Could Accelerate Evolution of Water-Use Efficient Crops

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified a common set of genes that enable different drought-resistant plants to survive in semi-arid conditions, which could play a significant role in bioengineering an...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Communications


New Stars Near Supermassive Black Holes, Ghostly Neutrinos, Old Nearby Stars, and More in the Space News Source

The latest in space and astronomy in the Space News Source

– Newswise

First-of-Its-Kind Mummy Study Reveals Clues to Girl’s Story

Who is she, this little mummy girl? Northwestern University scientists and students are working to unravel some of her mysteries, including how her body was prepared 1,900 years ago in Egypt, what items she may have been buried with, the quality of h...

– Northwestern University

Speaking Up Against Bigotry Can Reduce Bad Behavior

If you’re sitting around the holiday table and one of your curmudgeonly uncles says something unintentionally bigoted, your inclination may be to ask for more mashed potatoes and get on with the feast. But Rutgers University-New Brunswick researche...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin ; Rutgers Today

Blowing in the Stellar Wind: Scientists Reduce the Chances of Life on Exoplanets in So-Called Habitable Zones

Article describes Princeton and PPPL papers on the detrimental impact of stellar wind on the atmosphere of exoplanets.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Astrophysical Journal of Letters, March-2017; Sept-2017

STUDY: Despite Forest Loss, This African Protected Area Still has Potential To Support Tens of Thousands of Elephants, 1K Lions

Despite some forest loss, Mozambique’s sprawling Niassa National Reserve has the potential to support tens of thousands of elephants and 1,000 lions according to a new land-use study published in the journal Parks.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

journal Parks

Photosynthesis without Cells: Turning Light into Fuel

An entirely human-made architecture produces hydrogen fuel using light, shows promise for transmitting energy in numerous applications.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Nano 11, 6739 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b01142]

Making Polymer Chemistry Click

Scientists unlock the key to efficiently make a new class of engineering polymers.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56, 11203-11208 (2017). [DOI: 10.1002/anie.201701160]; Nature Chemistry 9, 1083-1088 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2796]

Going Swimmingly: Biotemplates Breakthrough Paves Way for Cheaper Nanobots

New developments may now propel nanoswimmers from science fiction to reality thanks to unexpected help from bacteria. An international research team has demonstrated a new technique for plating silica onto flagella, the helix-shaped tails found on ma...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Materials

Discovery Puts the Brakes on HIV's Ability to Infect

In a study led by the University of Delaware and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, researchers discovered a "brake" that interferes with HIV's development into an infectious agent. This mechanism prevents the capsid - the protein shell...

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications

Deducing the Properties of a New Form of Diamond

Earlier this year, amorphous diamond was synthesized for the first time using a technique involving high pressures, moderately high temperatures and a tiny amount of glassy carbon as starting material. A father-son team at Clemson University has now ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters

Researchers Recover More Mammoth Bones From Chelsea-Area Farm

University of Michigan paleontologists conducted a second excavation this week at the Chelsea-area farm where the skull, tusks and dozens of intact bones of an ice age mammoth were pulled from the ground in late 2015.

– University of Michigan

Los Alamos Research Fundamental to First Efficacy Study for Mosaic HIV-1 Preventive Vaccine

international partners are announcing the first efficacy study for an investigational HIV-1-preventive “mosaic” vaccine. Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson are joining forces with The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Nation...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Newly Discovered Exoplanet Will be Swallowed by Own Star

An unusual and unstable eccentric planet orbiting a giant star highlights the diversity of planetary systems

– University of California, Riverside

The Astronomical Journal

Study Confirms that Cuprate Materials Have Fluctuating Stripes that May Be Linked to High-temperature Superconductivity

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown that copper-based superconductors, or cuprates – the first class of materials found to carry electricity with no loss at relatively h...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

E. Huang et al., Science, 1 December 2017 (10.1126/science.aak9546)

Researchers Develop Graphene Nano ‘Tweezers’ That Can Grab Individual Biomolecules

Researchers from the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering have found yet another remarkable use for the wonder material graphene—tiny electronic “tweezers” that can grab individual biomolecules with incredible efficiency. ...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Nature Communications, Nov. 30, 2017, Article number: 1867 (2017)

Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact

Novel defect control in graphene enables direct imaging of trapped electrons that follow Einstein’s rules.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Physics 12,1032 (2016). [DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS3805]

A Molecular Zipper for Efficient Gas Separation

Metal-organic frameworks with chains of iron centers adsorb and release carbon monoxide with very little energy input.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 550, 96-100 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nature23674]

Going to Extremes: Juliane Gross Gets Ready to Hunt for Meteorites in Antarctica

There are out-of-the-way places. There are remote places. Then there are places like the Trans-Antarctic Mountains, where the nearest human being – possibly, the nearest living organism – is at least 150 miles away. That’s where Rutgers Univer...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today

UAH Engineering Student Uses 3-D Printing to Successfully Build and Test Hall-Effect Thruster

UAH master’s student Ethan Hopping, who now works at Blue Origin, and UAH professor Dr. Gabe Xu partnered to design and test a Hall-effect thruster with a 3-D printed channel and propellant distributor.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

35th International Electric Propulsion Conference Georgia Institute of Technology, October 8 – 12, 2017

Sea Level Rise Experts Discuss Projected Increases in Delaware

A geologist for the state of Delaware and a climate scientist unpack the results of a recent report on sea level rise and talk about how projected increases may affect the First State and other areas on the Atlantic Seaboard.

Expert Available

– University of Delaware

includes video

SciWire Policy and Public Affairs

SOT Releases Issue Statement on Safety of Genetically Engineered Food Crops

The Society of Toxicology (SOT) has approved a new Issue Statement on food and feed safety related to genetically engineered (GE) crops (commonly referred to as GMOs). The Society's journal, Toxicological Sciences, also has published a new forum arti...

– Society of Toxicology

Toxicological Sciences, Advance Access Dec-4-2017

SciWire Announcements

Conquering Traffic Congestion with Mathematics

The National Science Foundation has awarded more than $446,000 for a new collaborative engineering project that will allow drivers to make more informed travel decisions and allow government organizations to better regulate travel within heavily cong...

– Penn State College of Engineering

1662692; 1662968

Two Former ASCB Presidents Win Breakthrough Prizes

Two past Presidents of the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB), Don Cleveland and Peter Walter, are among the winners of the 2018 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences. Cleveland, a researcher at the University of California, San Diego, was 2013 A...

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

Embargo expired on 03-Dec-2017 at 19:30 ET

Three UC San Diego Professors Named Recipients of 2018 Breakthrough Prize

Two full-time University of California San Diego faculty members ó Don Cleveland, who studies fundamental cellular mechanisms in the search for new treatments for diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and James McKernan, a mathematician...

– University of California San Diego Health

D’Angelo Receives American Cancer Society Research Scholar Grant

Maximiliano D’Angelo, Ph.D., an assistant professor at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), has received a four-year, $792,000 Research Scholar Grant from the American Cancer Society.

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Embargo expired on 01-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET

includes video

With $6.6 Million Award From PCORI, UCLA Scientists to Study Effectiveness of Strategies Designed to Increase the Use of the HPV Vaccine to Prevent Cancer

UCLA researcher Dr. Roshan Bastani will lead a $6.6 million research study awarded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) to investigate the comparative effectiveness of strategies designed to increase receipt of the human papill...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences






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