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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Thursday, December 7, 2017

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(94 New)

Science News


Is There a Musical Method for Interpreting Speech?

Vocoded speech, or distorted speech that imitates voice transduction by a cochlear implant, is used throughout acoustic and auditory research to explore speech comprehension under various conditions. Researchers evaluated whether musicians had an adv...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 07-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

UF Study: Screen Houses May Help Prevent Grapefruit Greening

A system known as Citrus Under Protective Screen (CUPS) could be crucial to Florida growers, UF/IFAS researchers say.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences



Microwaved Exploding Eggs Make for an Unusual Acoustic Experiment

If you have looked closely at a microwave’s warnings or have experienced an accidental explosion, you know that certain foods pose a risk due to an increase in their internal pressure, and potatoes and hard-boiled eggs are among the most common cul...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Marine Invertebrates Have Noisy Human Neighbors

Marine invertebrates are impacted by the rising levels of underwater noise produced by humans, but the production of underwater noise is not only difficult to control, but the direct effect on marine invertebrates can be challenging to observe or mea...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Alarming Amounts of Noise Demand Ways to Silence Noisy Hospital Environments

Spending a night in the hospital is not only stressful, but also loud. The constant beeps, whirrs and alarms ascend to a cacophony that produces anything but a relaxing, restful environment. Researchers will summarize the limited number of studies av...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Disorders of the Voice Can Affect a Politician’s Success

The acoustics of political speech are known to be a powerful influencer of voter preferences, but vocal disorders can change the qualities of a person’s speech, and voice scientists in France have found that this alters politicians’ perceived cha...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

What Gave Early New Orleans Jazz Clarinets Their Unique Sound?

The hauntingly beautiful “wailing” sounds of early New Orleans jazz clarinets, often featured in brass bands or jazz funerals, are one of the most distinctive instrument styles in American music. The unique sound begs the question: What’s behin...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Want to Listen Better? Lend a Right Ear

Listening requires sensitive hearing and the ability to process information into cohesive meaning. Add everyday background noise and constant interruptions, and the ability to comprehend what is heard becomes that much more difficult. Audiology resea...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Needle in a Haystack

Overcoming a major hurdle in microbiome research, scientists have developed a method to elucidate cause-effect relationships between gut bacteria and disease. The approach could help identify disease-modulating microbes and open doors to precision-ta...

– Harvard Medical School

K08 AI108690; U19 AI109764

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 13:00 ET

Freezing Trees, Finding Answers

Ice storms can wreak havoc on communities. Frozen limbs, dragged down by the weight of the ice, can snap off and fall on cars, homes, and power lines. But scientists aren’t sure how ice storms affect long-term forest health. Researchers are changin...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Annual Meeting of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET

ALMA Finds Massive Primordial Galaxies Swimming in Vast Ocean of Dark Matter

ALMA observations push back the epoch of massive-galaxy formation even further by identifying two giant galaxies seen when the universe was only 780 million years old, or about 5 percent its current age.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Nature, Dec. 2017

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 13:00 ET

Researchers 3D Print Lifelike Artificial Organ Models

A team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has 3D printed lifelike artificial organ models that mimic the exact anatomical structure, mechanical properties, and look and feel of real organs. These patient-specific organ models, which in...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Advanced Materials Technologies

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

includes video

Study Finds Colorectal Cancer Cells and Bacteria to Be Fellow Travelers During Metastasis

Like nomads who carry tokens of home on their travels, colorectal cancer cells that spread to other parts of the body appear to bring several of the species of bacteria that were their companions in the colon, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists ...

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute


Nanomaterials: How to Separate Linear and Ring-Shaped Molecules

What is the difference between linear chains and rings composed of the same material? The molecular building blocks are identical, but from a mathematical point of view the two structures have distinct topologies, namely ring and linear chain. This d...

– University of Vienna

ACS Macro Letters

Breakthroughs in Understanding the Genetic Basis of Aggressive Prostate Cancer

New research shows how losing a ubiquitous gene opens genetic floodgates that make prostate cancer deadly, a finding that could apply to many cancers.

– Thomas Jefferson University

The Journal of Clinical Investigation

‘Stressed Out’ Cocoa Trees Could Produce More Flavorful Chocolate

Most people agree that chocolate tastes great, but is there a way to make it taste even better? Perhaps, according to scientists who looked at different conditions that can put a strain on cocoa trees. Reporting in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Bioelectronic ‘Nose’ Can Detect Food Spoilage by Sensing the Smell of Death

Strong odors are an indicator that food has gone bad, but there could soon be a new way to sniff foul smells earlier on. As reported in ACS Nano, researchers have developed a bioelectronic “nose” that can specifically detect a key decay compound ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Nano

Diesel Vehicles in Oil Sands Operations Contribute to Regional Pollution

Wildfires, cigarette smoking and vehicles all emit a potentially harmful compound called isocyanic acid. The substance has been linked to several health conditions, including heart disease and cataracts. Scientists investigating sources of the compou...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Unique 3D Printer Creates Realistic Model of Patient Prostate, Aims to Vastly Improve Surgical Outcomes

NIBIB-funded scientists have developed a new technique for 3D-printing patient-specific organ models – here the prostate gland -- using polymers that accurately model the prostate’s dimensions and physical properties, while also providing quantit...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Advanced Materials Tech, Dec-2017; EB020537

includes video

Study Finds Drones More Damaging Than Bird Strikes to Planes

As part of a multi-institution Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) study focused on unmanned aerial systems, researchers at The Ohio State University are helping quantify the dangers associated with drones sharing airspace with planes.

– Ohio State University

Heavy Metal: How First Supernovae Altered Early Star Formation

An international team of researchers ran multi-scale, multi-physics 2D and 3D simulations at NERSC to illustrate how heavy metals expelled from exploding supernovae held the first stars in the universe regulate subsequent star formation and influence...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The Astrophysical Journal

Decades-Past Logging Still Threatens Spotted Owls in National Forests

Logging of the largest trees in the Sierra Nevada’s national forests ended in the early 1990s after agreements were struck to protect species’ habitat. But new research reported Dec. 6 in the journal Diversity and Distributions by University of...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Diversity and Distributions Dec. 6, 2017

Cryo-EM Reveals “Crown-Like” Structure of Protein Responsible for Regulating Blood Flow

A team led by scientists at Van Andel Research Institute has revealed for the first time the atomic-level structure of a promising drug target for conditions such as stroke and traumatic brain injury.

– Van Andel Research Institute


Experts on CA Wildfires, Wildfire Smoke and Birthweight, Smoke and Pollution Link, and More in the Wildfires News Source

The lastest research and experts on Wildfires in the Wildfires News Source

– Newswise

Scientists Craft World’s Tiniest Interlinking Chains

For decades, scientists have been trying to make a true molecular chain: a repeated set of tiny rings interlocked together. In a study in Science published online Nov. 30, University of Chicago researchers announced the first confirmed method to craf...

– University of Chicago

Science, Nov. 2017

Uncovering Varied Pathways to Agriculture

Weizmann Institute and colleagues at the University of Copenhagen identify new dates for a 15,000-year-old site in Jordan, challenging some prevailing assumptions about the beginnings of permanent settlements

– Weizmann Institute of Science

Nature Scientific Reports, Dec-2017

Old Rules Apply in Explaining Extremely Large Magnetoresistance

Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory compared similar materials and returned to a long-established rule of electron movement in their quest to explain the phenomenon of extremely large magnetoresistance (XMR).

– Ames Laboratory

Physical Review B

NUS Researchers Uncover Novel Pathway to Suppress Virus-Induced Cancers

Researchers at the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore (CSI Singapore) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have identified a novel molecular pathway by which a tumour suppressor, TIP60, inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

– National University of Singapore

PLOS Pathogens

Reilly Center Releases Its 2018 Top 10 List of Ethical Dilemmas in Science and Technology

The annual list from the University of Notre Dame is designed to get people thinking about the ethics of potentially controversial technology, but the 2018 list shows that many of these issues are already here.

– University of Notre Dame

Beyond Politics: Private Industry Needs to Step Up on Climate Change

Two Vanderbilt experts show evidence that progress can continue to be made on climate change and other environmental issues regardless of what the government is doing.

– Vanderbilt University

Beyond Politics: The Private Governance Response to Climate Change

includes video

Goodyear, Sandia Labs Mark 25 Years of Using Computer Simulations to Improve Tire Design

Sandia National Laboratories and The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company have worked together for 25 years to create better tires and more advanced computational mechanics.

– Sandia National Laboratories

PPPL Physicists Win Supercomputing Time to Study Fusion and the Cosmos

Feature describes supercomputer allocations of 210 million core hours to PPPL physicists.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Pop the Bubbly and Hear the Quality

The classic sparkling wine that has rung in countless new years with a bang may have more to its bubbles. Champagne is notable for its iconic cork popping, but the bubble acoustics also play a key role in determining how expensive that bottle should ...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Celldance Videos Intrigue Viewers at 2017 ASCB|EMBO Meeting with Stories of How Pathogens Invade; How Cells Navigate

Two dazzling cell biology themed videos created by researchers who are members of the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) premiered on Tuesday, Dec. 5, at the 2017 ASCB|EMBO Meeting in Philadelphia as part of ASCB’s Celldance program.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

ASCB | EMBO 2017 Meeting

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 13:15 ET

includes video

Hearing Hybrid and Electric Vehicles While Quieting Noise Pollution

Low-emission vehicles are considered too quiet for hearing-impaired pedestrians, so the European Union is mandating that they be equipped with acoustic vehicle alerting systems. With these alert systems would come a marked increase in the amount of n...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Lab-Engineered Ovaries Superior to Hormone Drugs in Animal Model

New research in rats suggests the possibility of bioengineering artificial ovaries in the lab to provide a safer, more natural hormone replacement therapy for women. A safe therapy, with the potential to improve bone and uterine health, as well as bo...

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET

Future Arctic Sea Ice Loss Could Dry Out California

Arctic sea ice loss of the magnitude expected in the next few decades could impact California’s rainfall and exacerbate future droughts, according to new research led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Nature Communications, December 5, 2017

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 05:00 ET

New TB Drugs Possible with Understanding of Old Antibiotic

Tuberculosis, and other life-threatening microbial diseases, could be more effectively tackled with future drugs, thanks to new research into an old antibiotic by the University of Warwick and The Francis Crick Institute.

– University of Warwick

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 05:00 ET

Experimental Drug Blocks Toxic Ion Flow Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

A new small-molecule drug can restore brain function and memory in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. The molecule, called anle138b, works by stopping toxic ion flow in the brain that is known to trigger nerve cell death. Scientists envision tha...

– University of California San Diego

EMBO Molecular Medicine, Dec-2017; AG028709

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 06:00 ET

Men with HPV Are 20 Times More Likely to Be Reinfected After One Year

An analysis of HPV in men shows that infection with one type strongly increased the risk of reinfection of the same type. The study highlights the importance of vaccination for preventing the spread of HPV in young men before they become sexually act...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

PNAS, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

Protein-Folding Simulations Sped Up

Proteins are huge molecules whose function depends on how they fold into intricate structures. To understand how these molecules work, researchers use computer modeling to calculate how proteins fold. Now, a new algorithm can accelerate those vital s...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET

Study Finds Link Between Fragile X Syndrome Gene and Uncontrolled Tissue Growth

A study led by Indiana University researchers found a previously undetected link between the gene that causes fragile X syndrome and increased tissue growth in the intestines of fruit flies modified to model the disease.

– Indiana University

Cell Reports; R01GM124220; R21OD019916

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

Gut Microbiome Influenced Heavily by Social Circles in Lemurs, UT Study Says

Social group membership is the most important factor in structuring gut microbiome composition, even when considering shared diet, environment and kinship, according to research on lemurs at The University of Texas at Austin.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 19:05 ET

Rooftop Wiretap Aims to Learn What Crows Gossip About at Dusk

An interdisciplinary team is using a covert sound-based approach, worthy of an avian CSI, to study the link between crows' calls and their behavior.

– University of Washington

Acoustical Society of America Annual Meeting, Dec-2017

In First, 3-D Printed Objects Connect to WiFi Without Electronics

University of Washington engineers have developed the first 3-D printed plastic objects that can connect to other devices via WiFi without using any electronics, including a laundry bottle that can detect when soap is running low and automatically or...

– University of Washington

SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques

includes video

Dark Fiber: Using Sensors Beneath Our Feet to Tell Us About Earthquakes, Water, and Other Geophysical Phenomenon

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have shown for the first time that dark fiber – the vast network of unused fiber-optic cables installed throughout the country and the world – can be ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


UF Study: Farm to School Program Boosts Fruit, Veggie Intake

It’s one thing to offer students fruits and vegetables for school lunch; it’s another for them to actually eat them. Children who attend schools with Farm to School programs eat more fruits and vegetables, new University of Florida research shows...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Fish Exposed to Treated Wastewater Have Altered Behaviour: Research

A team of researchers from Environment Canada and Climate Change Canada and McMaster University have found that fish living downstream from a wastewater treatment plant showed changes to their normal behaviour—ones that made them vulnerable to pred...

– McMaster University

Scientific Reports

New Quick, Portable Test for Iron, Vitamin a Deficiency Could Help Save Lives Around the World

Cornell University engineers and nutritionists have created a swift solution for a challenging global health problem: a low-cost, rapid test to detect iron and vitamin A deficiencies at the point of care.

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Scientists Find Potential Weapons for the Battle Against Antibiotic Resistance

This UNC research shows how understanding the precise mix of bacteria and their interactions could become a standard part of clinical practice in treating bacterial infections, especially the more dangerous infections involving antibiotic resistance....

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

PLoS Biology

New Process Could Be Key to Understanding Complex Rearrangements in Genome

A team led by Tufts University biologists has successfully harnessed new technology to develop an approach that could allow for rapid and precise identification of the CGRs involved in disease, cancer and disorder development, which is critical for d...

– Tufts University

Genome Research, Dec-2017; P01GM105473; R35GM118020; R01GM60987

How to Keep Students in Science

Thousands of undergraduates engage in real scientific discovery through HHMI’s Science Education Alliance. A new analysis finds that they are more likely to persist in science than students who take traditional laboratory courses.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

PNAS, Dec-2017

WVU Physicists Tune the Dynamics of Exotic Quantum Particles

Physicists at West Virginia University have discovered a way to control a newly discovered quantum particle, potentially leading to faster computers and other electronic devices.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Physical Review; Science

Hybrid Electrolyte Enhances Supercapacitance inVertical Graphene Nanosheets

Supercapacitors can store more energy than and are preferable to batteries because they are able to charge faster, mainly due to the vertical graphene nanosheets that are larger and positioned closer together. Using VGNs as the material for superca...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Applied Physics

Living Cell Membranes Can Self-Sort Their Components by 'Demixing'

Scientists at the University of Washington show for the first time that the complex distribution of molecules within a membrane of a living yeast cell arises through demixing.

– University of Washington

Biophysical Journal

Engineers Uncover the Design Principles of Cellular Compartments

Membraneless organelles are tiny droplets inside a single cell, thought to regulate everything from division, to movement, to its very destruction. New research from engineers at Washington University in St. Louis uncovers the principles underlying t...

– Washington University in St. Louis


In Scientific First, Seattle Children's Researchers Engineer B Cells to Treat Disease

Scientists at Seattle Children’s Research Institute have unlocked the ability to engineer B cells, uncovering a potential new cell therapy that could someday prevent and cure disease.

– Seattle Children's Hospital

Molecular Therapy, 22 November 2017

NUS Researchers Develop Low Energy, Cost-Effective Wastewater Purification System

A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has come up with a novel approach to treat industrial wastewater using electricity as a reagent for purification. The method can remove up to 99 per cent of hard-to-treat organic co...

– National University of Singapore

UGA Researchers Seek Answer to Personal Hurricane Evacuation Decisions

Why do some people living in the path of a major hurricane decide to evacuate while others stay put? That’s what researchers at the University of Georgia want to know so that they can improve how emergency evacuations are handled.

– University of Georgia

Johns Hopkins Scientists Explain Rudolph, Grinch, Scrooge

A reindeer with a red glowing nose. A heart, two sizes two small, that suddenly grows three sizes. A trip to the past and to the future — all in one night. Researchers dug deep into their reserves of scientific expertise to explain how these inexpl...

– Johns Hopkins University

includes video

U.S. Customs and Border Protection to Interdict Contraband without Slowing the Flow of Goods via a Common Viewer System

Whether it is tractor-trailer rigs at our land crossings or any of the 11 million containers coming into our seaports every year, the challenge for Customs Officers is to quickly examine their contents with mission focus.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Making humanity's challenges smaller and smaller: UW launches Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems

The University of Washington has launched a new institute aimed at accelerating research at the nanoscale: the Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems, or NanoES. Housed in a new, multimillion-dollar facility on the UW's Seattle campus, the institute w...

– University of Washington

Vehicles of the Future Put to the Test

University of Delaware researchers are looking at ways to maximize fuel efficiency in automated vehicles. A new facility, equipped with six driving simulators that can represent human-driven vehicles all linked together in a transportation environmen...

– University of Delaware

includes video

Global Temperature Report: November 2017

Global temperatures drop; November still warm

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Exploring Biodiversity of Parasitic Wasps at Smithsonian

A senior research project on parasitic wasps that feed on aphids led to a summer internship at the Smithsonian Institute that was a dream come true for an entomology graduate student.

– South Dakota State University


Pigeons Can Discriminate Both Space and Time

Pigeons aren't so bird-brained after all. New research from the University of Iowa shows that pigeons can discriminate the abstract concepts of space and time, likely using a different region of the brain than humans and primates to do so. Results ap...

– University of Iowa

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

New Test Provides Accurate Measure of DNA Damage from Chemical Compounds

A new biomarker test developed by researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and their colleagues can help predict, with up to 90 percent certainty, which chemical compounds can cause DNA damage that could lead to cancer.

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center


Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2017 at 15:00 ET

Brain Researchers Gain Greater Understanding of How We Generate Internal Experiences

Our mental life is rich with an enormous number of internal experiences. We can vividly recall an episode from childhood as well as what we did just five minutes ago. We can imagine and plan in detail our next vacation. How does the brain achieve thi...

– Bar-Ilan University

Nature Human Behaviour

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET

When the Nose Doesn’t Know: Can Loss of Smell Be Repaired?

Researchers at Tufts are examining the behavior of stem cells within the context of aging and loss of smell. In Cell Stem Cell, they report mechanisms to regenerate adult stem cells in mice to restore smell cells: it mimics induced pluripotency, but ...

– Tufts University

Cell Stem Cell; R01DC002167; R21DC015889; F31DC014637; F31DC014398; F30DC013962

North American Storm Clusters Could Produce 80 Percent More Rain

Major clusters of summertime thunderstorms in North America will grow larger, more intense, and more frequent later this century in a changing climate

– National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Nature Climate Change

Computer Simulations Reveal Roots of Drug Resistance

New supercomputer simulations have revealed the role of transport proteins called efflux pumps in creating drug-resistance in bacteria, research that could lead to improving the drugs’ effectiveness against life-threatening diseases and restoring t...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Scientific Reports

Virtual Reality Users Must Learn to Use What They See

Anyone with normal vision knows that a ball that seems to quickly be growing larger is probably going to hit them on the nose. But strap them into a virtual reality headset, and they still may need to take a few lumps before they pay attention to th...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2017

U.S. cities could save billions with ORNL’s precise approach to de-icing wintry roads; discovery of overlooked function of certain microbes could boost environmental clean-up strategies; novel tools can “see” atomic structures of aluminum-ceriu...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video

UF Professor Helps Write Latest Edition of Gold Standard Propagation Textbook

The 1,000-page, 21-chapter book begins with the history of plant propagation and then leads into the principles and practices of seed, vegetative and tissue culture propagation.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

NY Hop Growers Face Challenges to Meet Rising Brewery Demands

The New York craft beer industry is really hopping. From 2012 to 2016, the number of breweries more than tripled, from 95 to 302 ¬– and the industry contributes $3.5 billion to the state’s economy annually. This surging craft-brewing industry i...

– Cornell University

Researchers Turn to Trees to Trim Highway Toxins

Cornell University engineering students are creating a state-of-the-art computer model to strategically place trees on highways near residential areas to mitigate pollution particles and improve human health.

– Cornell University

Rutgers Physics Shows Have Thrilled Thousands for 20 Years

Rutgers University-New Brunswick Professor Mark Croft began giving physics demonstrations for students and outside groups 40 years ago, but the demos required lots of heavy lifting and he later stopped giving them. But stopping the shows made Croft...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today

How the California State University Is Helping Underrepresented Students Become Scientists

​In 1973, CSUN biology professor MariaElena Zavala, along with a small group of Latinos and Native American scientists, recognized a pressing need in our nation and formed SACNAS – the Society for Advancement of Chicanos & Native Americans in Sci...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Chemist Studying Electric Fields, Microfluidics to Improve Dialysis Technology

Iowa State's Robbyn Annand is studying how a hybrid of electrochemical and microfluidic technologies could be used to improve the dialysis equipment that cleans salt, waste and water from blood. That technology could enable a wearable, artificial kid...

– Iowa State University

Research Zooms in on Enzyme That Repairs DNA Damage from UV Rays

A research team at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is using the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) to study an enzyme found in plants, bacteria and some animals that repairs DNA damage caused by the sun’s ultraviol...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SciWire Announcements

Churchill Marine Observatory Receives New Federal Funding

In Churchill today, the federal government, through Western Economic Diversification Canada, announced a significant investment to assist Canadians with the cost of food and to generate economic growth, particularly in northern Manitoba.

– University of Manitoba

Successful Startup Founder to Lead Entrepreneurship Program at Argonne

John Carlisle has been named the director of Chain Reaction Innovations (CRI), a program aimed at accelerating job creation through innovation, based at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Department of Energy Supports Argonne Nuclear Technologies

This fall, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Rick Perry announced nearly $4.7 million in funding for the department’s Argonne National Laboratory across 16 projects in three divisions. Four of those TCF awards, representing more than $1 million i...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Applications Open: ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowship 2018-2019

ECS, in a continued partnership with the Toyota Research Institute of North America (TRINA), a division of Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA), is requesting proposals from young professors and scholars pursuing innova...

– The Electrochemical Society

WVU Receives $4 Million to Commercialize Work in Vaccines, Artificial Intelligence and Shale Gas Energy

From protecting us from dangerous infections to redefining the future of artificial intelligence to advancing the use of natural gas to bring economic benefit to the state, the depth and breadth of West Virginia University’s research and its potent...

– West Virginia University

Auburn University Expands Research Engagement with State, Regional and National Partners

Auburn University President Steven Leath has launched a new research and development program to drive collaboration with leading businesses, industries and government agencies.

– Auburn University

Gulf of Mexico Alliance Announces 2017 Gulf Star Projects

GOMA announces 11 recipients receiving a combined total of over $666,000 dollars in the 2017 Gulf Star Program.

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance

Earthquake Codes Developed by SDSC, SDSU, SCEC Used in 2017 Gordon Bell Prize Research

A Chinese team of researchers awarded this year’s prestigious Gordon Bell prize for simulating the devastating 1976 earthquake in Tangshan, China, used an open-source code developed by researchers at the San Diego Supercomputer Center at UC San Die...

– University of California San Diego

OICR Launches Groundbreaking Cancer Therapeutics Innovation Pipeline to Drive Cutting-Edge Therapies to the Clinic

The Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) today announced the Cancer Therapeutics Innovation Pipeline (CTIP) initiative and the first 10 projects selected in CTIP’s inaugural round of funding. CTIP aims to support the local translation of On...

– Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

WVU Students Receive NASA Space Grant Fellowships

Five students from the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences at West Virginia University have been awarded undergraduate fellowships from the NASA West Virginia Space Grant Consortium.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

TCS & Cornell Tech Inaugurate the Tata Innovation Center, Partnership on Campus to Promote Joint Academic and Industry Research

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), (BSE: 532540, NSE: TCS) a leading global IT services, consulting and business solutions organization, announced Dec. 4 a $50 million investment in Cornell Tech. The investment includes a significant gift for the first...

– Cornell University

Chory and Walter Awarded Breakthrough Prizes

HHMI Investigators Joanne Chory and Peter Walter are among five scientists honored for transformative advances toward understanding living systems and extending human life.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Southern Research Develops Gasifier Technology to Unlock Coal's Potential

Southern Research has been selected to receive nearly $1.7 million in U.S. Department of Energy funding to develop a new, cost-efficient gasifier capable of converting low-grade coal into synthesis gas (syngas) that can be used in a number of applica...

– Southern Research

CEBAF Begins Operations following Upgrade Completion

The world's most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of matter is gearing up to begin its first experiments following official completion of an upgrade to triple its original design energy. The Continuous Electron Beam...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility





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