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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(22 New)
 

Science News

22-Dec-2017


Scientists Describe How Solar System Could Have Formed in Bubble Around Giant Star

Scientists with the University of Chicago have laid out a comprehensive theory for how our solar system could have formed in the wind-blown bubbles around a giant, long-dead star. Published Dec. 22 in the Astrophysical Journal, the study addresses a ...

– University of Chicago

The Astrophysical Journal

Embargo expired on 22-Dec-2017 at 13:00 ET


New Study Visualizes Motion of Water Molecules, Promises New Wave of Electronic Devices

An Oak Ridge National Laboratory-led research team used a sophisticated X-ray scattering technique to visualize and quantify the movement of water molecules in space and time, which provides new insights that may open pathways for liquid-based electr...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 22-Dec-2017 at 14:00 ET


From Inner to Outer Space, Los Alamos Science Goes Big in 2017

With a top-story list populated by breakthroughs in supercomputing, accelerator science, space missions, materials science, life science, and more, Los Alamos National Laboratory put its Big Science capabilities to wide, productive use in 2017.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

21-Dec-2017


Hunting for Immune Cells’ Cancer Targets

A method developed by HHMI investigators sifts through hundreds of millions of potential targets to find a precise cancer beacon. The results may lead to better immunotherapies, which harness the immune system to attack tumors.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Cell, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


Meet the Tiny Machines in Cells that Massacre Viruses

When viruses infect the body’s cells, those cells face a difficult problem. How can they destroy viruses without harming themselves? Scientists at University of Utah Health have found an answer by visualizing a tiny cellular machine that chops the ...

– University of Utah Health

Science; GM121706

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Inebriation at Sporting Events Is a Problem

In many western countries, public concern about violence and other problems at sporting events has increased. Alcohol is often involved. Research shows that approximately 40 percent of the spectators drink alcohol while attending U.S. baseball and f...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 10:00 ET


Environmental Stressors, CRISPR Treatment for Hearing Loss, Mitochondria and Cocaine Addiction, and More in the Cell Biology News Source

The latest research and features in cell biology in the Cell Biology News Source

– Newswise


A Fluorescence-Based High-Throughput Assay for the Identification of Anticancer Reagents Targeting Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Aldolase

An original research report by Eun Jeong Cho et al. (University of Texas at Austin) in the January 2018 Issue of SLAS Discovery presents a newly designed biochemical assay that is rapid, sensitive, inexpensive, and high-throughput screening (HTS)-fri...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Discovery


Alaskan Microgrids Offer Energy Resilience and Independence

The electrical grid in the contiguous United States is a behemoth of interconnected systems; if one section fails, millions could be without power. Remote villages in Alaska provide an example of how safeguards could build resilience into a larger el...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy


Fish Use Deafness Gene to Sense Water Motion

Fish sense water motion the same way humans sense sound, according to new research out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Researchers discovered a gene also found in humans helps zebrafish convert water motion into electrical impu...

– Case Western Reserve University

Nature Communications; DC009437 ; DC015016 ; S10RR017980; S10OD016164


Making Waves

Researchers reveal in detail how fertilization triggers destruction of a small number of proteins, which releases the “brakes” on an egg’s cell cycle. Simultaneously, vast quantities of proteins are rapidly secreted from the egg to help prevent...

– Harvard Medical School

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; HD091846, HD073104, GM103785, GM39565


Ames Laboratory-Led Research Team Maps Magnetic Fields of Bacterial Cells and Nano-Objects for the First Time

A research team led by a scientist from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory has demonstrated for the first time that the magnetic fields of bacterial cells and magnetic nano-objects in liquid can be studied at high resolution using elec...

– Ames Laboratory

Journal of the Royal Society Interface


UCI Scientists Identify Hidden Genetic Variation That Helps Drive Evolution

Identifying complex mutations in the structure of an organism’s genome has been difficult. But in a new study published online in Nature Genetics, a research team led by J.J. Emerson, assistant professor of ecology & evolutionary biology at the Aya...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Genetics


Neutrons Track Quantum Entanglement in Copper Elpasolite Mineral

A research team including Georgia Institute of Technology professor Martin Mourigal used neutron scattering at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to study copper elpasolite, a mineral that can be driven to an exotic magnetic state when subjected to very l...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Physics


Feathering the Plasma Nest: Tiny Structures Help Prevent Short Circuits in Plasma Devices

Article describes method of preventing plasma from causing short circuits in machines such as spacecraft thrusters.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


A Catalytic Balancing Act

Scientists have recently used a new and counterintuitive approach to create a better catalyst that supports one of the reactions involved in splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen. By first creating an alloy of two of the densest naturally occurrin...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Nov-2017


Texas Tech Researchers Develop Method to Assess Damage from Natural Disasters

The team from the Debris Impact Facility can measure debris volume using drones, then develop an information-based model to determine the cost of cleanup.

– Texas Tech University


While Earthlings Take a Break, the Mars Rover Keeps Working

There’s no holiday on Mars. While many of us earthlings will spend the final days of 2017 taking a break from work and relaxing on couches or ski slopes, the ChemCam instrument aboard NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover will keep busy—all on its own. ...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


West African Dolphin Now Listed As One of Africa’s Rarest Mammals

NEW YORK (December 21, 2017) — A group of scientists now considers a little-known dolphin that only lives along the Atlantic coasts of Western Africa to be among the continent’s most endangered mammals, a list that includes widely recognized spec...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

SciWire Policy and Public Affairs


Xylella: A Conscience, Not a Science Problem

The Sbarro Health Research Organization congratulates the Italian researchers who were able to prove a direct causal link between the infection by Xylella fastidiosa and the death of olive trees in southern Italy.

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

SciWire Announcements


National Wind Institute Awarded $1.46-Million Research Contract

Texas Tech University’s National Wind Institute (NWI) has been awarded a four-year research contract from Risk Management Solutions (RMS), a catastrophe risk modeling company, worth $1.46 million.

– Texas Tech University


MTSU Research to Increase Tennessee Farm Profit with USDA’s $148K ‘Green Gold’ Ginseng Grant

Middle Tennessee State University researchers will use the grant to experiment with ginseng. The effort is expected to improve farmers’ income across the state and conserve wild ginseng, which is considered an endangered species, in Tennessee.

– Middle Tennessee State University

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