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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, January 8, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(26 New)
 

Science News

08-Jan-2018


Vision, Sensory and Motor Testing Could Predict Best Batters in Baseball

Duke Health researchers found baseball players with higher scores on vision and motor tasks completed on large touch-screen machines called Nike Sensory Stations had better on-base percentages, more walks and fewer strikeouts -- collectively referred...

– Duke Health

Scientific Reports; W911NF-15-1-0390

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET

includes video


Yeast May Be the Solution to Toxic Waste Clean-Up

About 46,000 nuclear weapons were produced during the Cold War era, leading to tremendous volumes of acidic radioactive liquid waste seeping into the environment. A new study suggests yeast as a potentially safer and more cost effective way to help c...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Frontiers in Microbiology

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 03:00 ET


Chemists Discover Plausible Recipe for Early Life on Earth

Following the chemistry, scientists develop fascinating new theory for how life on Earth may have begun.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Communications, Jan-2018; CHE-1504217

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET

07-Jan-2018


Grazing Sharks: Bonnethead Sharks Eat and Digest Seagrass

New research shows that bonnethead sharks are able to digest seagrass, challenging the notion that all sharks survive on a purely carnivorous diet. This work will be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Bi...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meetin

Embargo expired on 07-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


Can Machines Learn Animal Behavior?

New research applies machine learning to classify the behavior of juvenile salmon based on tracking data. Scientists are using these approaches to identify when and where salmon are being eaten by invasive fishes. The results of this study will be pr...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 07-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

includes video


Coral Immigrants Provide Hope for Reefs Facing Climate Change

New models identify factors that put coral reefs at risk of extinction in the face of climate change, and suggest that facilitating migration of corals could allow reefs to adapt. The results of this research will be presented at the annual conferenc...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 07-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


Conservation in Colombia, Leaping Larvae, Electric Sense in Sharks, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

– Newswise

06-Jan-2018


Tracking Ancient Whale Migrations with Fossilized Barnacles

New research on the isotopic composition of barnacle shells shows that prehistoric whales were undertaking migrations, just like their modern-day descendants.

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 06-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

05-Jan-2018


Leaping Larvae: Developing Flies Jump Without Legs

New research characterizes jumping behavior in larval midge flies. Even though these larvae are typically restrained during development, they can use a unique physiological mechanism to jump long distances. These results will be presented at the annu...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


When a Bad Thing Becomes Good: Was Inflammation Modified to Become Implantation in Placental Mammals?

New research shows that inflammation was modified by uterine decidual cells to facilitate implantation in placental mammals. The results of this study will be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology i...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


How Zika Infection Drives Fetal Demise

An interferon cell receptor spurs cell suicide in fetuses infected with the Zika virus and could play a role in certain pregnancy complications.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Yockey et al., Science Immunology (2018)

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Mirror Neuron Activity Predicts People’s Decision-Making in Moral Dilemmas, UCLA Study Finds

Researchers found that the brain’s inferior frontal cortex is more active in people who are more averse to harming others when facing difficult ethical choices

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience


In Scientific First, Researchers Grow Hairy Skin In A Dish

Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have successfully developed a method to grow hairy skin from mouse pluripotent stem cells—a discovery that could lead to new approaches to model disease and new therapies for the treatment of ski...

– Indiana University

Cell Reports, Jan-2018


Ocean Acidification Means Major Changes for California Mussels

Accelerating ocean acidification could be transforming the fundamental structure of California mussel shells, according to a new report from a Florida State University-led team of scientists.

– Florida State University


Scientists Find That Genome Size Affects Whether Plants Become Invasive

A University of Rhode Island scientist who studies the invasive plant Phragmites was part of an international research team that found that the most significant factor in determining whether a plant will become invasive is the size of its genome.

– University of Rhode Island

Ecology


Colombia Creates New Marine and Coastal Area Benefitting Wildlife and Coastal Communities

The Government of Colombia has recently established a new marine and coastal area for conservation and sustainable use in partnership with local communities in Tumaco, Colombia, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society).

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Cold Comfort: Professor Compares Winter on East Coast, Mars and Antarctica

Astronomy professor Mark Salvatore, who studies Mars via Antarctica, talks about how those winters compare to the winter storm that shut down the East Coast.

– Northern Arizona University

04-Jan-2018


Scientists Take a Big Step Toward Building a Better Opioid

For the first time, UNC School of Medicine scientists and collaborators solved the crystal structure of the activated kappa opioid receptor bound to a morphine derivative. They then created a new drug-like compound that activates only that receptor, ...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Cell

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Soft, Self-Healing Devices Mimic Biological Muscles, Point to Next Generation of Human-Like Robotics

A new class of soft, electrically activated devices is capable of mimicking the expansion and contraction of natural muscles. These devices, which can be constructed from a wide range of low-cost materials, are able to self-sense their movements and ...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Science; Science Robotics

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


DNA Analysis of Ancient Mummy, Thought to Have Smallpox, Points to Hepatitis B Infection Instead

Scientists have sequenced the complete genome of an ancient strain of Hepatitis B, shedding new light on a pathogen that today kills nearly one million people every year. The findings, based on data extracted from the mummified remains of a small chi...

– McMaster University

PLOS Pathogens

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Eating More Foods with Choline During Pregnancy Could Boost Baby’s Brain

When expectant mothers consume sufficient amounts of the nutrient choline during pregnancy, their offspring gain enduring cognitive benefits, a new Cornell University study suggests.

– Cornell University

Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology


Danforth Center Scientists Uncover a Genetic Mechanism that Could Enhance Yield Potential in Cereal Crops

The Eveland laboratory’s research findings, “Brassinosteroids modulate meristem fate and differentiation of unique inflorescence morphology in Setaria viridis”, were recently published in the journal The Plant Cell.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

The Plant Cell


Real World Native Biocrusts: Microbial Metabolism

Specific compounds are transformed by and strongly associated with specific bacteria in native biological soil crust (biocrust) using a suite of tools called “exometabolomics.” Understanding how microbial communities in biocrusts adapt to harsh e...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications


New Argonne Decontamination System Improves Safety and Eases Complexity

Argonne researchers have created a new technique that decontaminates urban areas faster than any other approach. The technology is simple and uses widely available materials and tools to clean and isolate radioactivity quickly, helping to restore bas...

– Argonne National Laboratory

includes video

SciWire Announcements


Argonne names John Quintana Deputy Laboratory Director for Operations and COO

John Quintana has been named Deputy Laboratory Director for Operations and Chief Operations Officer (COO) of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Peter M. Scott III Elected Chair, Board of Governors, at RTI International

Peter M. Scott III was elected chair of RTI’s board of governors on December 13 during the Institute’s annual election of corporate governors and officers.

– RTI International

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