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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, January 15, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(28 New)
 

Science News

15-Jan-2018


What Is Vermicompost?

Composting is a great way to reduce waste sent to landfills while benefiting garden soil. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) January 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the difference between traditional composting and vermicomposting—and ho...

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

12-Jan-2018


Future Weather Forecasting: It’s all in the “MRI” of Clouds

A team of researchers at the Stony Brook University School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS), led by Professor Pavlos Kollias, is using news types or radar in combination with current meteorology technology to take an “MRI” of clouds.

– Stony Brook University


Undergraduates Design and Build ‘Sandbox’ to Show How Gravity Works

The University of Iowa has a new sandbox—and it’s used to explain gravity. Undergraduates physics and astronomy designed and built an augmented-reality sandbox where users can design their own universe and then watch how gravity affects an object...

– University of Iowa

11-Jan-2018


Surprise: A Virus-Like Protein is Important for Cognition and Memory

A protein involved in cognition and storing long-term memories looks and acts like a protein from viruses. The protein, called Arc, has properties similar to those that viruses use for infecting host cells, and originated from a chance evolutionary e...

– University of Utah Health

Cell, Jan-11-2018; NS076364; MH112766; GM77582; GM112972

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Breaking Bad Metals with Neutrons

By combining the latest developments in neutron scattering and theory, researchers are close to predicting phenomena like superconductivity and magnetism in strongly correlated electron systems. It is likely that the next advances in superconductivit...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Science, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


NASA Space Telescopes Provide a 3D Journey Through the Orion Nebula

By combining the visible and infrared capabilities of the Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes, astronomers and visualization specialists from NASA's Universe of Learning program have created a new three-dimensional fly-through movie of the Orion nebu...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

American Astronomical Society Meeting, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET

includes video


GBT Detection Unlocks Exploration of ‘Aromatic’ Interstellar Chemistry

Astronomers using the Green Bank Telescope have made the first definitive interstellar detection of benzonitrile, an intriguing organic molecule that helps to chemically link simple carbon-based molecules and truly massive ones known as polycyclic ar...

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Science, Jan-2018; AAS Winter Meeting, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Estrogen-Mimicking Compounds in Foods May Reduce Effectiveness of Breast Cancer Treatment

Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have discovered that two estrogen-mimicking compounds found in many foods appear to potently reverse the effects of palbociclib/letrozole, a popular drug combination for treating breast cancer.

– Scripps Research Institute

Cell Chemical Biology, Jan. 2018; R01 GMH4368; PO1 A1043376-02S1

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Hubble Probes the Archeology of Our Milky Way's Ancient Hub

A new analysis of about 10,000 normal Sun-like stars in the Milky Way's bulge reveals that our galaxy’s hub is a dynamic environment of variously aged stars zipping around at different speeds. This conclusion is based on nine years’ worth of arch...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

America Astronomical Society Meeting, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 10:15 ET


NASA's Great Observatories Team Up to Find Magnified and Stretched Out Image of Distant Galaxy

An intensive survey deep into the universe by NASA's Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes has yielded the proverbial needle-in-a-haystack: the farthest galaxy yet seen in an image that has been stretched and amplified by a phenomenon called gravitatio...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

American Astronomical Society Meeting, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 10:15 ET


Researchers Catch Supermassive Black Hole Burping — Twice

Astronomers have caught a supermassive black hole in a distant galaxy snacking on gas and then "burping" — not once, but twice.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Jan-2018; American Astronomical Society Meeting, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 10:15 ET


Hubble Finds Substellar Objects in the Orion Nebula

In an unprecedented deep survey for small, faint objects in the Orion Nebula, astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered the largest known population of brown dwarfs sprinkled among newborn stars. Looking in the vicinity of the su...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

American Astronomical Society Meeting, Jan.-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 14:15 ET


Tagged Tiger Shark Proving Unstoppable

For more than a decade, researchers at NSU's Guy Harvey Research Institute have been tagging and tracking sharks in order to study their migratory patterns and more. One tiger shark - Andy - is now the longest-ever tracked tiger shark, providing year...

– Nova Southeastern University

Journal of Marine Science

includes video


New Sandia Balloon-Borne Infrasound Sensor Array Detects Explosions

Danny Bowman, a Sandia National Laboratories geophysicist, launched a fleet of five solar-powered hot air balloons last year. They reached a height of 13 to 15 miles, twice as high as commercial jets, and detected the infrasound from a test explosion...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Geophysical Research Letters; Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.


Mount Sinai Researchers Discover Possible Link between Crohn’s & Parkinson’s Disease in Jewish Population

Findings could lead to new treatments and early diagnosis

– Mount Sinai Health System

GM007205 and DK098927 (to K.Y.H.); DK62429, DK062422, DK092235, and DK106593 (to J.H.C.); DK062413, DK046763-19, AI067068; MH08; 08929882 and 0845677


Shedding Light on Life in the Arctic

Scientists know that light triggers zooplankton and other marine organisms to move up and down in the water column during normal day and night cycles. Now, an international team of researchers has found that zooplankton are also susceptible to artifi...

– University of Delaware


More Accurately Identifying Forests, Grasses, Crops

A new program uses Landsat satellite data to automatically differentiate land cover into 16 categories in 30-meter resolution— and does so more accurately than other land cover products.

– South Dakota State University

Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017


UCLA Scientists Make Cells That Enable the Sense of Touch

Researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA have, for the first time, coaxed human stem cells to become sensory interneurons — the cells that give us our sense of touch. The new protocol co...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Stem Cell Reports


All in the Family: Focused Genomic Comparisons

In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by researchers at the Technical University of Denmark, the DOE Joint Genome Institute and the Joint BioEnergy Institute report the first outcome from the large-scale sequencing of 300...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

PNAS


Artificial Intelligence Used to Limit Collision-Prone Roadways

Kennesaw State University and the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) are nearing completion on a two-year study to develop an image-based system for monitoring and assessing the safety of intersections that could potentially prevent fatal cr...

– Kennesaw State University

includes video

SciWire Announcements


Notre Dame to Lead $26 Million Multi-University Research Center Developing Next-Generation Computing Technologies

The new center will focus on conducting research that aims to increase the performance, efficiency and capabilities of future computing systems for both commercial and defense applications.

– University of Notre Dame

Embargo expired on 15-Jan-2018 at 09:00 ET


DOE Announces First Awardees for New HPC4Materials for Severe Environments Program

The Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy (FE) today announced the funding of $450,000 for the first two private-public partnerships under a brand-new initiative aimed at discovering, designing and scaling up production of novel materials ...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


DOE Announces Funding for New HPC4Manufacturing Industry Projects

The Department of Energy’s Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) today announced the funding of $1.87 million for seven new industry projects under an ongoing initiative designed to utilize DOE’s high-performance computing (HPC) resources and exper...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Argonne Welcomes Department of Energy Secretary Perry

U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Rick Perry visited Argonne National Laboratory yesterday, getting a first-hand view of the multifaceted and interdisciplinary research program laboratory of the Department.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Two Argonne Scientists Recognized for a Decade of Breakthroughs

Two scientists with the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have been named to the Web of Science’s Highly Cited List of 2017, ranking in the top 1 percent of their peers by citations and subject area. Materials Scientis...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Chad Mirkin to Receive Prestigious Remsen Memorial Lecture Award

Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin will receive the prestigious Remsen Memorial Lecture Award for his outstanding discoveries in chemistry.

– Northwestern University


Partnership Brings Alabama, Pakistan Researchers Together

professor at The University of Alabama is part of an international team performing geological research in northeast Pakistan aiming to understand where possible oil and gas deposits reside beneath the surface.

– University of Alabama


Brian Berridge Tapped to Manage National Toxicology Program

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) has named Brian Berridge, D.V.M., Ph.D., as its new Associate Director. Berridge, formerly of GlaxoSmithKline, will oversee day-to-day operations as NTP coordinates toxicology research and testing across nine dif...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

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