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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Thursday, January 18, 2018

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Science
(42 New)
 

Science News

18-Jan-2018


Exploring Past, Present, and Future Water Availability Regionally, Globally

New open-source software simulates river and runoff resources.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of Open Research Software 5(1), 21 (2017). [DOI: 10.5334/jors.181]


Let the Good Tubes Roll

PNNL scientists have created new tiny tubes that could help with water purification and tissue engineering studies.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Regrowth

West Virginia University biologist Jonathan Cumming is studying willow and poplar trees by analyzing their differential sensitivity to soils that are left behind after mining.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

17-Jan-2018


A Robust Multiplex Mass Spectrometric Assay for Screening Small-Molecule Inhibitors of CD73 with Diverse Inhibition Modalities

A new original research article in SLAS Discovery presents a fast, sensitive, and robust methodology for screening small molecule inhibitors against CD73/Ecto-5’-Nucleotidase, a promising target for developing anti-cancer drugs.

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Discovery

Embargo expired on 17-Jan-2018 at 02:00 ET


How Living Systems Compute Solutions to Problems

No individual fish or bee or neuron has enough information by itself to solve a complex problem, but together they can accomplish amazing things. In research recently published in Science Advances, Eleanor Brush (University of Maryland), David Kraka...

– Santa Fe Institute

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 17-Jan-2018 at 14:30 ET


Groundbreaking Experiment Will Test the Limits of Quantum Theory

Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding.

– Queen's University Belfast

Embargo expired on 17-Jan-2018 at 19:00 ET


New “Buck” Naked Barley: Food, Feed, Brew

Researchers are giving an ancient grain a new life: "Buck" barley is naked, but not in an indecent way. Naked barley does not require pearling, allowing it to hold onto the bran and whole grain status.

– Crop Science Society of America (CSSA)

Journal of Plant Registrations, October 26, 2017


Remotely Predicting Leaf Age in Tropical Forests

New approach offers data across species, sites, and canopies, providing insights into carbon uptake by forests.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

New Phytologist 214(3), 1033-1048 (2016). [DOI: 10.1111/nph.10451]


UF Study: Aged Garlic Extract May Help Obese Adults Combat Inflammation

Obesity has grown into a serious health issue worldwide, especially in Western countries. In the U.S., more than one-third of adults are obese, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Clinical Nutrition ESPEN


Why Don’t Turtles Still Have Tail Spikes?

In a study covering 300 million years of evolutionary history, researchers from North Carolina State University and the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences found four necessary components to tail weapon development: size, armor, herbivory and t...

– North Carolina State University

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


DRIFTing to Fast, Precise Data

Non-destructive technique identifies key variations in Alaskan soils, quickly providing insights into carbon levels.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Geoderma 305, 80-91 (2017). [DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.05.014]


Titan Topographic Map Unearths Cookie-Cutter Holes in Moon’s Surface

Using the now-complete Cassini data set, Cornell University astronomers have created a new global topographic map of Saturn’s moon Titan that has opened new windows into understanding its liquid flows and terrain. Two papers, recently published in ...

– Cornell University

Geophysical Review Letters


Scale-Eating Fish Adopt Clever Parasitic Methods to Survive

A small group of fishes — possibly the world’s cleverest carnivorous grazers — feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. A team led by biologists at the University of Washington’s Friday Harbor Laboratories is trying to understand the...

– University of Washington

Royal Society Open Science, Jan-2018


A Centuries-Old Math Equation Used to Solve a Modern-Day Genetics Challenge

Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. The work was published this month in Genetics in Medicine.

– Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Genetics in Medicine, P30 CA042014, R01 CA164944,


A Shortcut to Modeling Sickle Cell Disease

Using Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan supercomputer, a team led by Brown University’s George Karniadakis devised a multiscale model of sickle cell disease that captures what happens inside a red blood cell affected by the disease.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Biophysical Journal 113, no. 1 (2017): 48–59


Self-Healing Fungi Concrete Could Provide Sustainable Solution to America’s Crumbling Infrastructure

A new self-healing fungi concrete, co-developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York, could help repair cracks in aging concrete permanently, and help save America’s crumbling infrastructure.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Construction and Building Materials, Jan-2018

includes video


Security at the Speed of Life

DHS S&T is developing a millimeter wave imager that will screen for potential threat items unobtrusively as people pass by, without slowing them down.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere Models

New measurements offer data vital to projecting plant response to environmental changes.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

New Phytologist 216, 1090-1103 (2017). [DOI: 10.1111/nph.14740]


Graphene Flexes Its Muscle

Crumpling reduces rigidity in an otherwise stiff material, making it less prone to catastrophic failure.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 118, 266101 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.266101] Related Links


Superconducting Tokamaks Are Standing Tall

Plasma physicists significantly improve the vertical stability of a Korean fusion device.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

APS Division of Plasma Physics Meeting, abstract NO4.011. Milwaukee, Wisconsin (2017).; APS Division of Plasma Physics Meeting, abstract NO4.010. Milwaukee, Wisconsin (2017).


NUS Engineers Invent Tiny Vision Processing Chip for Ultra-Small Smart Vision Systems and Iot Applications

A team of researchers led by Associate Professor Massimo Alioto from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the NUS Faculty of Engineering has developed a tiny vision processing chip, EQSCALE, which uses 20 times less power than exi...

– National University of Singapore


Is Akkermansia the Next Hot Probiotic?

A CSU Northridge microbial ecologist and his students are investigating a gut bacteria that may affect weight gain and obesity.

Expert Available

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

16-Jan-2018


X-Rays Reveal ‘Handedness’ in Swirling Electric Vortices

Scientists used spiraling X-rays at Berkeley Lab to observe, for the first time, a property that gives left- or right-handedness to swirling electric patterns – dubbed polar vortices – in a layered material called a superlattice.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan. 16, 2018

Embargo expired on 16-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Squirtable Surgical Glue Could Transform Surgeries and Save Lives

Sutures and staples can be inadequate in complex surgeries and cannot make an air-tight or liquid-tight seal on a lung or artery wound or incision. Now researchers have created a surgical glue that sets to form an elastic air-tight or liquid-tight se...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Sci Transl Med, Oct-2017; EB023052, EB022043, EB021148, EB014283


Pharmaceuticals and Other Emerging Contaminants Force Fish to Work Harder to Survive

Pharmaceuticals and other man-made contaminants are forcing fish that live downstream from a typical sewage treatment plant to work at least 30 per cent harder just to survive, McMaster researchers have found.

– McMaster University

Environmental Science and Technology


University of Arkansas Scientists Digitally Preserve Important Arkansas Dinosaur Tracks

University of Arkansas researchers used LiDAR imaging to digitally preserve and study important dinosaur tracks.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

PLOS One, Jan. 2 2018


Researchers Devise Decoy Molecule to Block Pain Where It Starts

Dr. Zachary Campbell, who researches pain on the molecular level at the University of Texas at Dallas, recently published a study that describes a new method of reducing pain-associated behaviors with RNA-based medicine, creating a new class of decoy...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Nature Communications, Jan 2, 2018


STUDY: High Tolerance for Wildlife Exists Around Indian Reserves Despite Continued Losses

A new study from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), Duke University, and the Centre for Wildlife Studies in India finds that communities living near wildlife reserves in Rajasthan, India, show a high tolerance for wildlife. This is despite them hav...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Hügelkultur: The Mound Method for Home Gardeners

A bedding system new to Texas – hügelkultur – is trending among home gardeners looking for low-maintenance ways to grow flowers, fruits and vegetables, said Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service horticulturist Dr. Joe Masabni.

– Texas A&M AgriLife


Power Hour

Argonne’s Education department partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of Chicago and sent 50 scientists to Chicago area schools in December as part of the global Hour of Code.

– Argonne National Laboratory

15-Jan-2018


Researchers Program Biomaterials with 'Logic Gates' That Release Therapeutics in Response to Environmental Triggers

Scientists at the University of Washington announced that they have built and tested a new biomaterial-based delivery system — known as a hydrogel — that will encase a desired cargo and dissolve to release its freight only when specific physiolog...

– University of Washington

Nature Chemistry, Jan-2018 (link active after embargo lifts); DMR 1652141

Embargo expired on 15-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Researchers Develop a Remote-Controlled Cancer Immunotherapy System

A team of researchers has developed an ultrasound-based system that can non-invasively and remotely control genetic processes in live immune T cells so that they recognize and kill cancer cells.

– University of California San Diego

PNAS, Jan-2018; HL121365; GM125379; CA204704 ; CA209629; CBET1360341 ; DMS1361421

Embargo expired on 15-Jan-2018 at 15:00 ET


Aerobrick: A Brick with a World Record

Better thermal insulation means lower heating costs - but this should not be at the expense of exciting architecture. A new type of brick filled with aerogel could make thin and highly insulating walls possible in the future - without any additional ...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Energy Procedia, Volume 134, October 2017, Pages 490-498


3-D Printed Microfibers Could Provide Structure for Artificially Grown Body Part

Much as a frame provides structural support for a house and the chassis provides strength and shape for a car, a team of Penn State engineers believe they have a way to create the structural framework for growing living tissue using an off-the-shelf ...

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Journal of Advanced Healthcare Materials


Cellular Seismology: Putting Vibrations on the Map

Scientists in Montreal develop a unique technique to map, on a scale of milliseconds, the elasticity of the components inside a cell.

– Universite de Montreal

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Jan. 15, 2018


Confined Movements: How Cells Form Tubes in Confined Spaces

A team of scientists from Singapore and France, led by Professor Lim Chwee Teck, Principal Investigator at the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore and the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the National University of Singapore, has described a n...

– National University of Singapore

Nature Communications

SciWire Announcements


Kelsey Stoerzinger Earns Young Investigator Lectureship

Kelsey Stoerzinger, Pauling Fellow at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is one of the 2018 Caltech Young Investigator Lecturers in Engineering and Applied Physics.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Light-Splitting Film for Greenhouses Could Improve Photosynthetic Efficiency, Increase Crop Yields

A scalable, cost-effective greenhouse material in development at CU Boulder splits sunlight into photosynthetically efficient light and repurposes inefficient infrared light to aid in water purification.

– University of Colorado Boulder


North Dakota State University Joins Two National Distributed Computing Groups

The NDSU Center for Computationally Assisted Science and Technology (CCAST) joins OSG (Open Science Grid) and XSEDE (Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment).

– North Dakota State University


AANEM Foundation Offers Clinical Research Fellowship on the Neurological Application of Neurotoxins

The AANEM Foundation's 1-year fellowship award supports clinical research training to provide insights and answers about the safety and effectiveness of the neurological application of neurotoxins. Apply for the AANEM Foundation's Clinical Research F...

– American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM)


Penn State Aerospace Engineer Receives AFOSR Funding to Investigate Overtrust with Autonomous Vehicles

Overtrust frequently occurs with autonomous vehicles and robots—and it can have serious physical, and even fatal, consequences for humans in both the military and society, but Alan Wagner, assistant professor of aerospace engineering at Penn State,...

– Penn State College of Engineering


American Concrete Institute Announces New Webinar on Engineering Ethics

The “Engineering Ethics” webinar will review various codes of ethics and their applications, along with a review of some case studies and lessons learned.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

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