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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, January 22, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(44 New)
 

Science News

22-Jan-2018


Developing the VTX-1 Liquid Biopsy System: Fast and Label-Free Enrichment of Circulating Tumor Cells

A new article in the February 2018 issue of SLAS Technology describes a new platform that could change the way cancer is diagnosed and treated by automating the isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) directly from cancer patient blood. The artic...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 09:00 ET


Finding Unravels Nature of Cognitive Inflexibility in Fragile X Syndrome

Mice with the genetic defect that causes Fragile X syndrome (FXS) learn and remember normally, but show an inability to learn new information that contradicts what they initially learned, shows a new study by a team of neuroscientists.

– New York University

PLOS Biology


Double Trouble: Moisture, Not Just Heat Impacts Sex of Sea Turtle Hatchlings

Male sea turtles are disappearing and not just in Australia. FAU researchers found that 97 to 100 percent of hatchlings in southeast Florida have been female since 2002. They are the first to show why and how moisture conditions inside the nest in ad...

– Florida Atlantic University

Zoology

includes video


How Do Fertilizers Help with Food Security?

Consumption of crops is outgrowing the production of crops around the world. Malnutrition and starvation are major international issues. Fertilizers can help growers increase food production, but how? The January 22 Sustainable, Secure Food blog post...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

19-Jan-2018


Novel Genomic Tools Provide New Insight Into Human Immune System

La Jolla Institute scientists provide new insights into how so-called CD4 cytotoxic T cells arise in humans and thus could facilitate improved vaccine design.

– La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Science Immunology; U19AI118626; U19AI118610; R01HL114093; R24AI108564; S10OD016262; S10RR027366

Embargo expired on 19-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Bio-Renewable Process Could Help ‘Green’ Plastic

Plastics are often derived from petroleum, contributing to reliance on fossil fuels and driving harmful greenhouse gas emissions. To change that, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) scientists are trying to take the pliable nature of plasti...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Science Advances Jan. 19, 2018

Embargo expired on 19-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Neurogastronomy, After Surgical Weight Loss, Probiotic Akkermansia and More in the Obesity News Source

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source

– Newswise


World Needs Broader Appreciation of Nature’s Contributions to People

Writing in the prestigious journal Science, 30 global experts associated with the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) have presented an innovative new approach to obtaining benefits from nature.

– University of Portsmouth

Science 19 Jan 2018: Vol. 359, Issue 6373, pp. 270-272 DOI: 10.1126/science.aap8826


Queen’s University Scientist Helps Uncover Secret of Mass Mortality Event in Remote Steppe Grassland of Central Asia

Professor Eric Morgan, a Professor at the Institute for Global Food Security, Queen’s University Belfast, along with an interdisciplinary, international research team has investigated the sudden death of over 200,000 saiga antelopes (more than 80% ...

– Queen's University Belfast


Climate Change Linked to More Flowery Tropical Forests

New research from a Florida State University scientist has revealed a surprising relationship between surging atmospheric carbon dioxide and flower blooms in a remote tropical forest.

– Florida State University

Global Change Biology


City Lights Setting Traps for Migrating Birds

A University of Delaware study has examined how light pollution lures birds into urban areas during fall migration, a trend that poses risk for the fowl that often fly into buildings and has increased with the addition of brighter LED lights. The res...

– University of Delaware

Ecology Letters

includes video


Temporary 'Bathtub Drains' in the Ocean Concentrate Flotsam

An experiment using hundreds of plastic drifters in the Gulf of Mexico shows that rather than simply spread out, as current calculations would predict, many of them clumped together in a tight cluster.

– University of Washington

PNAS


Breakthrough Study Shows How Plants Sense the World

Researchers have created the first network map for 200 of the membrane proteins that help plants sense microbes or other stresses. The map shows how a few key proteins act as master nodes critical for network integrity, and the map also reveals unkno...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Nature; IOS-1557796


Cells Lacking Nuclei Struggle to Move in 3-D Environments

A study led by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and published in the Journal of Cell Biology examined the role of the physical structure of the nucleus in cell movement through different surfaces.

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Journal of Cell Biology

includes video


On the Rebound

New research from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and Stanford University has found that palladium nanoparticles can repair atomic dislocations in their crystal structure, potentially leading to other advances in materia...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Nov-2017


TRIUMF’s Original Main Magnet Power Supply Laid to Rest

On the afternoon of Thursday, December 21st, 2017, employees and alumni gathered around Ewart Blackmore on the second basement level of the Meson Hall for a celebration of a unique nature

– TRIUMF


BRI Publishes Chapter in Elsevier's Encyclopedia of the Anthropociene

The chapter, The Effects of Methylmercury on Wildlife: A Comprehensive Review and Approach for Interpretation, authored by BRI Executive Director and Chief Scientist, David Evers, was recently published in Elsevier's Encyclopedia of the Antrhopocene,...

– Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI)

Encyclopedia of the Antrhopocene, 1st Edition


The Biggest Little Detectors

The international ProtoDUNE project is building two smaller-scale test detectors for the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment. But even the smaller detectors in this case are enormous and complex.

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Six CSU Campuses Join Partnership to Develop Future 'Green' Entrepreneurs

​CSU students with big ideas on how California can preserve its energy, agriculture and water supply need look no further than the BlueTechValley Innovation Cluster to bring their concepts to life.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

18-Jan-2018


Fragile X Finding Shows Normal Neurons that Interact Poorly

Neurons in mice afflicted with the genetic defect that causes Fragile X syndrome (FXS) appear similar to those in healthy mice, but these neurons fail to interact normally, resulting in the long-known cognitive impairments, shows a new study by a tea...

– New York University

Neuron

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Packing a Genome, Step-by-Step

For the first time, scientists can see in minute-time resolution how cells package chromosomes into highly condensed structures prior to cell division.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Science, January-2018

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Flu Vaccine Could Get a Much-Needed Boost

More than 700,000 Americans were hospitalized due to illnesses associated with the seasonal flu during the 2014–15 flu season, according to federal estimates. A radical new approach to vaccine development at UCLA may help lower that figure for futu...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Science, Jan. 18, 2018

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Researchers Create First Global Atlas of the Bacteria Living in Your Dirt

What lives in your dirt? University of Colorado Boulder researchers are one step closer to finding out after compiling the first global atlas of soil bacterial communities and identifying a group of around 500 key species that are both common and abu...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Science

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Coupling Experiments to Theory to Build a Better Battery

A Berkeley Lab-led team of researchers has reported that a new lithium-sulfur battery component allows a doubling in capacity compared to a conventional lithium-sulfur battery, even after more than 100 charge cycles.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Dec. 22, 2017


UNH Researchers Find Human Impact on Forest Still Evident After 500 Years

Tropical forests span a huge area, harbor a wide diversity of species, and are important to water and nutrient cycling. Researchers used high-tech tools to more precisely view where these cleared sites were and the lasting impact they had on the rain...

– University of New Hampshire

Ecosphere


Researchers at Sandia Work on New Way to Image Brain

Sandia National Laboratories researchers want to use small magnetic sensors to image the brain in a way that’s simpler and less expensive than the magnetoencephalography system now used.

– Sandia National Laboratories

Physics in Medicine and Biology


FANGED FRIENDS: Study Says the World’s Most Vilified and Dangerous Animals may be Humankind’s Best Ally

An international review led by the University of Queensland and WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that many native carnivores that live in and around human habitation are declining at an unprecedented rate – spelling bad news for humans who ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Nature Ecology & Evolution


One Giant Step Behind for Mankind

Researchers analyzed the archived mission reports from the Apollo moonwalks to see how well moonwalkers were able to stick to their expected timelines. On nearly every extravehicular activity, activities took longer than predicted to complete.

– Georgia Institute of Technology


New Method Uses DNA, Gold Nanoparticles and Top-Down Lithography to Fabricate Optically Active Structures

Northwestern University researchers have developed a first-of-its-kind technique for creating entirely new classes of optical materials and devices that could lead to light bending and cloaking devices — news to make the ears of Star Trek’s Spock...

– Northwestern University

Science; #DE-SC0000989; FA9550-12-1-0280; FA9550-14-1-0274; FA9550-17-1-0348


Mothers and Young Struggle as Arctic Warms

A new study from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and partners reveals for the first time the ways in which wild weather swings and extreme icing events are negatively impacting the largest land mammal of the Earth’s polar realms—the muskoxen....

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Scientific Reports


A Survival Lesson From Bats – Eating Variety Keeps Species Multiplying

A new study reveals that omnivorous New World noctilionoid bats, those species with diets including both plant and animal materials, produce more new species in the long run than specialized vegetarian or insectivorous species.

– Stony Brook University

Ecology Letters


Detect Locally, Protect Globally

Argonne’s Cyber Fed Model provides a community-based system for near-real-time dissemination of cyberthreat indicators, defensive measures, and tools to simplify use of this information. Once the system detects an attack, it rapidly repairs the loc...

– Argonne National Laboratory


New Study of Vertebrate Genomes, Phenomes, Populations to Predict Response to Climate Change

The project, led by Northern Arizona University professor Loren Buck, has the potential to change the way scientists understand life on Earth.

– Northern Arizona University


NAU Scientists Lead DoD Project to Assess Environmental Impact of Changing Climate on Boreal Forests

Professors Scott Goetz and Michelle Mack earned a $2 million grant to study the resiliency and vulnerability of the boreal forest in central Alaska.

– Northern Arizona University


Innovation Shines at CSU's 30th Biotech Symposium

This year's symposium received 290 abstract submissions, representing research from faculty-led labs at 22 CSU campuses. Projects focused on topics ranging from developing an antiviral for the West Nile virus to targeting enzymes that contribute to A...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Four to Beam Up

Just months after completing a nine-year construction project to upgrade its research capabilities, the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has delivered its next technological success: For the first time, the Contin...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


DOE Under Secretary for Science Paul Dabbar Visits SLAC

Paul Dabbar, the Department of Energy Under Secretary for Science, visited SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Jan. 17 for a day of tours and discussions on how the lab is driving scientific innovation. His visit included meetings with SLAC and Stan...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SciWire Announcements


UF/IFAS Researchers Awarded $10.5m to Work on Citrus Greening Resistance or Tolerance

Three University of Florida scientists will use the grants to study ways to help growers cope with the disease, including research on genetic editing that may produce potentially resistant fruit and trees.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Civil War-Era U.S. Navy Ships’ Logs to Be Explored for Climate Data, Maritime History

A new fleet joins the ongoing quest to learn more about past weather from the records of long-gone mariners.

– University of Washington


Fermilab Delivers First Cryomodule for Ultrapowerful X-Ray Laser at SLAC

The first superconducting cryomodule built and tested at Fermilab for the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory was successfully delivered. A series of 37 of these cryomodules will power the three-mile-long X-ray free-el...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Superconducting X-Ray Laser Takes Shape in Silicon Valley

An area known for high-tech gadgets and innovation will soon be home to an advanced superconducting X-ray laser that stretches 3 miles in length, built by a collaboration of national laboratories. On January 19, the first section of the machine’s n...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


The Wistar Institute Awarded More Than $1.4 Million to Create a Malaria Vaccine Through Synthetic DNA-Based Technology

Wistar is pleased to announce it has been awarded a $1,494,972 grant by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to advance a DNA-based vaccine candidate for protection against malarial infection utilizing a synthetic DNA platform created in the lab of Da...

– Wistar Institute


New ASCB Public Engagement Grants Target Science Literacy

Apply for ASCB’s Public Engagement Grants. Grantees will receive from $10,000 to $35,000 for bold ideas that engage local communities with the process of science and increase public scientific literacy. The application deadline is March 31.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)


Astrobiologist Named NASA Planetary Protection Officer

Indiana University astrobiologist Lisa Pratt has been named to a NASA position responsible for protecting the planet from microscopic threats originating on other planets. As planetary protection officer, she will be responsible for the protection of...

– Indiana University

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