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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, February 5, 2018

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(40 New)

Science News


Engineers Use Natural Protein as Nanoshuttle for Anti-Cancer Vaccines

Clinical application of cancer fighting nanovaccines has been hampered by complications in large-scale manufacturing, quality control, and safety. Biomedical developed nanovaccines that bind to the albumin protein naturally present in the body. The a...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Nat Commun, Dec-2017

Taking Solar Energy to the Edge

Engineered stacked perovskite layers harvest light or create light via layer edges.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 355, 1288 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aal4211]; Science 355, 1260 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aam7154]


Hatchet Enzyme, Enabler of Sickness and of Health, Exposed by Neutron Beams

A pioneering glimpse at an enzyme inside elusive cell membranes elucidates a player in cell health but also in hepatitis C and in Alzheimer's. With neutron beams, researchers open a portal into the hidden world of intramembrane proteins, which a thir...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Biophysical Journal; Journal of Biological Chemistry; 0845445; R01GM112662; R01GM118744

Embargo expired on 02-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Bats Cooperative Breeding, Small Changes Cause Big Losses, Rescued Raptors, and More in the Wildfires News Source

The lastest research and experts on Wildfires in the Wildfires News Source

– Newswise

Scientists Discover ‘Chiral Phonons’ – Atomic Rotations in a 2-D Semiconductor Crystal

A research team has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation that could become the building block for a new form of information technology and mol...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science, Feb. 2, 2018

New Study Will Help Government Agencies Plan for Sustainable Development in Sensitive Areas

A new study by geologists at the University of Arkansas provides a new framework for assessing why and where river deltas branch and will help government agencies plan for sustainable development in environmentally sensitive areas.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Geophysical Research Letters

High Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation Linked to Tumor Activity in Male Rats

High exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) in rodents resulted in tumors in tissues surrounding nerves in the hearts of male rats, but not female rats or any mice, according to draft studies from the National Toxicology Program (NTP). The exposu...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Study Suggests Climate Models May Underestimate Future Polar Warming

A new international analysis of marine fossils shows that warming of the polar oceans during the Eocene, a greenhouse period that provides a glimpse of Earth’s potential future climate, was greater than previously thought.

– University of Florida

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

includes video

Global Temperature Report: January 2018

Temperatures fall as La Niña’s effects are felt

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Freely Shared Satellite Data Improves Weather Forecasting

For decades, the world meteorological satellite community has operated under a policy of freely shared data. It represents a philosophy and model of cooperation first promoted by the United States and adopted by global satellite agencies, which endur...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Missouri S&T Student Gets First Look at New Boeing Aircraft

A Missouri S&T student recently became one of the first members of the public to get an inside look at the cockpit of a new Boeing aircraft and to test its advanced training system.Katie Frogge of Lee’s Summit, Missouri, a sophomore majoring in ae...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mapping the Maya: Ithaca College Professor Featured in National Geographic Documentary

Technology that allows for digital deforestation has uncovered thousands of new Maya structures previously undetected beneath smothering vegetation. Ithaca College anthropologist Thomas Garrison is featured in a new National Geographic documentary.

– Ithaca College

Putting the P in Photosynthesis of Tropical Forests

Including phosphorus in predictions of photosynthesis may improve models of tropical forests where the supply of the nutrient is limited.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

New Phytologist 215(4), 1425 (2016). [DOI: 10.1111/nph.14319]


Zeroing in on Dopamine

Harvard Medical School scientists have identified the molecular machinery responsible for secretion of the neurotransmitter dopamine, opening door for new strategies to precision target dopamine release.

– Harvard Medical School

Embargo expired on 01-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Oklahoma’s Earthquakes Strongly Linked to Wastewater Injection Depth, Finds Study

A huge increase in the number of man-made earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA, is strongly linked to the depth at which wastewater from the oil and gas industry is injected into the ground, according to a new study involving the University of Southampton.

– University of Southampton

Science, February 2018

Embargo expired on 01-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

New MXene Materials Could Capture Wasted Frictional Energy From Smartphones, and More

Imagine that every time you tapped out a message on your smartphone, it would create electric power instead of sapping your phone’s battery. That scenario could one day be a reality, according to a researcher at Missouri University of Science and T...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Nano Energy; Advanced Materials

Study Reveals How the Most Common DNA Mutation Happens

Shape-shifters aren’t just the stuff of fiction, they’re real—and they’re inside our DNA. In the Feb. 1 issue of the journal Nature, researchers describe how two mismatched bases in human DNA change shape in order to avoid the body’s natura...

– Ohio State University


Tracking Microbial Diversity Through the Terrestrial Subsurface

In Nature Microbiology, DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers partnered with a team led by University of California, Berkeley's Jill Banfield and University of Calgary's Cathy Ryan to investigate samples collected at Utah's Crystal Geyser over one o...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Microbiology

Study of Salts in Water Causing Stir

A pair of Argonne scientists uncover fresh insights about the structure of saltwater.

– Argonne National Laboratory

The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Mar-2017

Neurons Get the Beat and Keep It Going in Drumrolls

Some of what researchers believed to be chaotic electrical potentials in neurons are turning out the be surprisingly orderly and rhythmic.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

10421134; Journal of Neuroscience; DA032466-02; 1DP1NS087724; 1R01MH103910; 1R01EY023173; 1R01NS067199; 1R01DA029639; 1U01MH106027; 5R44NS08310803...

UCLA Researchers Link a Relatively Unknown Gene to Early Emergence of Blood Diseases

UCLA researchers, in collaboration with the University of Iowa, discovered the contribution of a specific gene in the proper development of blood cells that give rise to hematopoietic stem cells. The findings identify a potential target for the devel...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Cell Reports

Supermassive Black Holes Feast on Stars Faster Than Expected in Some Post-Merger Galaxies

Supermassive black holes in some galaxies may eat orbiting stars at a rate of one per year in the period following a galactic merger.

– University of Colorado Boulder

The Astrophysical Journal

Distant Galaxy Group Contradicts Common Cosmological Models, Simulations

An international team of astronomers has determined that Centaurus A, a massive elliptical galaxy 13 million light-years from Earth, is accompanied by a number of dwarf satellite galaxies orbiting the main body in a narrow disk. In a paper published ...

– University of California, Irvine

Science, Feb-2018

Future of Semiconductor Lasing: Topological Insulator Lasers

Researchers have developed a new, highly efficient coherent and robust semiconductor laser system: the topological insulator laser. The results of the study pave the way towards a novel class of active topological photonic devices that may be integra...

– American Technion Society

Science, Feb 1-2018

Regional Food Sources Key to Healthier Options in Low-Income Areas

For the first time, Cornell researchers have analyzed where Northeast supermarkets source the foods they sell to their low-income customers.

– Cornell University

Enhancing Food Security in the Northeast Through Regional Food Systems

Even Small Changes Within an Ecosystem Can Have Detrimental Effects

A mutualistic relationship between species in an ecosystem allows for the ecosystem to thrive, but the lack of this relationship could lead to the collapse of the entire system. New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York re...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Ecology, Jan-2018

includes video

Male Lekking Bats Shown Cooperating During Mating Season

Researchers studied normally territorial male bats engaging in "timeshare" behavior to woo females – potentially the first example of a cooperative breeding display observed in mammals.

– Boise State University

Journal of Animal Behaviour, Feb-2018

New Tool Makes It Possible to Forecast Spring Start by Groundhog Day

A new forecasting tool attempts to predict onset of spring an entire season in advance. The technology could help managers of natural ecosystems and agriculture anticipate effects of climate change.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Research Uncovers Gene Network That Regulates Motor Neuron Formation During Embryonic Development

UCLA researchers have discovered the inner workings of a gene network that regulates the development of spinal motor neurons in the growing chicken and mouse embryo. The research also answers a long-standing question about why motor neurons, the nerv...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

PLOS Biology

Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2018

• ORNL research says quantum computers will use much less energy than current supercomputers, a potential cost benefit to equipment manufacturers and data centers • ORNL creates supertough renewable plastic with improved manufacturability. •...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Journal of Building Physics

What Is the Soil Microbiome?

Microbes are in your gut, in your medicine…and in the soil! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) February 1 Soils Matter blog post explains how the soil microbiome makes a big impact on plants’ productivity and health.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

New Radiation Detectors Developed at Sandia Used for New START Inspections

Sandia National Laboratories recently designed and produced new radiation detection equipment for New START Treaty monitoring. New START is a treaty between the United States and Russia that, among other limits, reduces the deployed nuclear warheads...

Expert Available

– Sandia National Laboratories

Rescued Raptors a Reminder Household Toxins Still Threaten Beloved Birds

Two local raptors made unexpected recoveries this month following exposure to common and deadly man-made toxins: lead and rodenticide.

Expert Available

– Cornell University

SciWire Announcements

Genetics Society of America Honors Barbara Meyer with 2018 Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal

The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Barbara Meyer is the recipient of the 2018 Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, which is awarded for lifetime achievement in genetics. This honor is given in recognition of her groundbreaking wor...

– Genetics Society of America

Genetics Society of America Honors Philip Hieter with 2018 George W. Beadle Award

The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Philip Hieter is the recipient of the 2018 George W. Beadle Award, bestowed in honor of his outstanding contributions to the genetics research community. Hieter is Professor of Medical...

– Genetics Society of America

UIC to Provide Energy-Saving ‘Kits’ with $3.1m in Funding From ComEd

The University of Illinois at Chicago’s Energy Resources Center has received funding from ComEd to provide energy-efficient LED light bulbs, advanced power strips, and educational material to income-qualified participants in northern Illinois.As pa...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

McMaster Experts Explain the Mysteries of DNA to the World in a New Massive Online Open Course, or MOOC

Two McMaster University biochemists are working to explain the mysteries of DNA through a novel new public course, called DNA Decoded, which is available to everyone.

– McMaster University

FDA-Funded NEST Program Names ACR Data Science Institute Artificial Intelligence Use Case as Demonstration Project

A U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) -funded program to speed safe and effective medical device technologies to market has chosen an ACR Data Science Institute™ (DSI) use case among its first demonstration projects.

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

Telephone Press Conference: NTP Draft Conclusions for Radiofrequency Radiation Studies in Rats and Mice

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) will hold a telephone press conference to summarize and answer questions about draft reports on the health effects of radiofrequency radiation exposure in rats and mice. The studies used radiofrequency radiation ...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Chad Mirkin to Receive 2018 Nano Research Award

EVANSTON - Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin and Chinese Academy of Sciences Professor Lei Jiang have been named recipients of the prestigious 2018 Nano Research Award.Mirkin is the George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry in the Weinberg C...

– Northwestern University





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