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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Thursday, February 8, 2018

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(40 New)
 

Science News

08-Feb-2018


Hayward Fault Earthquake Simulations Increase Fidelity of Ground Motions

In the next 30 years, there is a one-in-three chance that the Hayward fault will rupture with a 6.7 magnitude or higher earthquake, according to the United States Geologic Survey (USGS). Such an earthquake will cause widespread damage to structures,...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Geophysical Research Letters, Jan. 30 2018


International Genetic Study Identifies Gene Associated with Crohn’s Disease

International Genetic Study Identifies Gene Associated with Crohn’s Disease

– University of Haifa


How Do Scientists Do Traditional Plant Breeding?

The science of plant breeding has only existed for a little more than a century. But, humans have unofficially been selecting for the ‘cream of the crop’ for over 10,000 years. The February 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog post explains how crop...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

07-Feb-2018


University Women: Gender Parity in Underage Drinking

Binge or heavy episodic drinking (HED) – defined as four or more drinks in a two-hour period – among U.S. university women has increased by 40 percent during the past 30 years. This dramatic development suggests that women are “closing the gend...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 07-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET


SLAS Scientific Journals Honor Achievement by Authors and Reviewers

SLAS Discovery (formerly the Journal of Biomolecular Screening) and SLAS Technology (formerly the Journal of Laboratory Automation), both published by SLAS (Society of Laboratory Automation and Screening) in partnership with SAGE Publishing, hosted a...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

Embargo expired on 07-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Chemically Modified Drug Shows Promise for HIV Treatment and Elimination

Significant breakthrough could hasten an eventual HIV cure as modified antiviral drug is able to reach cells and tissues where HIV resides

– University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC)

Nature Communications, Feb. 6, 2018


The Schrödinger Equation as a Quantum Clock

Materials with controllable quantum mechanical properties are of great importance for the electronics and quantum computers of the future. However, finding or designing realistic materials that actually have these effects is a big challenge. Now, an ...

– University of Vienna

Nature Communications


Whey More Muscle: New Analysis Proves Protein Supplements Provide Significant Benefits for Weight Lifters

The debate is over. Dietary protein supplements significantly improve muscle strength and size when taken by healthy adults who lift weights, a determination reached by McMaster scientists who analyzed dozens of research studies.

– McMaster University

British Journal of Sports Medicine

includes video


Giant Viruses May Play an Intriguing Role in Evolution of Life on Earth

A virus may have influenced the evolution of multicellular life. University of Iowa biologist Albert Erives found a virus family that has a similar set of genes as eukaryotes, placing giant viruses in the evolutionary journey of most plants, insects,...

– University of Iowa

Epigenetics & Chromatin


Who’s Your Daddy? Good News for Threatened Sea Turtles

A groundbreaking study of sea turtle nests and hatchlings using paternity tests to uncover “who are your daddies?” is the first to document multiple paternity in loggerhead sea turtle nests in southwest Florida. What started out as a study on fem...

– Florida Atlantic University

PLOS One


Challenging Core Belief: Have We Misunderstood How Earth's Solid Center Formed?

A research team at Case Western Reserve is asking an important question about the self-evident paradox standing in the way of our generally accepted theory of how the Earth's inner core formed. The "inner core nucleation paradox" suggests that there ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Could an 8 Million-Year-Old Gene Help the Citrus Industry? UF Researchers Think So

After 100 years of assertions about the roots of citrus, a global group of scientists – including a University of Florida professor – has traced the evolutionary history of Florida’s signature crop up to 8 million years ago in the Himalayas of ...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Nature


Fruit Bat's Echolocation May Work Like Sophisticated Surveillance Sonar

High-speed recordings of Egyptian fruit bats in flight show that instead of using a primitive form of echolocation, these animals actually use a technique recently developed by humans for surveillance and navigation.

– University of Washington

PLOS Biology

includes video


Charter Schools Are Driving Segregation In Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools

Charter Schools in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County are directly and indirectly undermining school district efforts to desegregate public schools, according to a new study released by the Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles at UCLA with re...

– University of North Carolina at Charlotte


Devoted Frog Fathers Guard Their Eggs From Predators

A study led by PhD candidate Mr K. S. Seshadri from the Department of Biological Sciences at the National University of Singapore’s Faculty of Science has revealed that male white-spotted bush frogs (Raochestes chalazodes) dedicatedly guard their f...

– National University of Singapore

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology January 2018, 72:4


Technology Keeps Rice Fertilizer Nice

A new tool may help growers make better decisions in applying nitrogen fertilizer to their rice fields.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Annual Meeting


Fermilab’s Muon g-2 experiment officially starts up

The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab, which has been six years in the making, is officially up and running after reaching its final construction milestone.

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


How Does Your Brain Code Pizza?

The International Society of Neurogastronomy Symposium will feature experts in basic science, food science, clinical science and culinary arts discussing brain and behavior in the context of food.

– University of Kentucky

DC016831


Live Webcast to Explore How to Decipher Quantum Mysteries

Join physicist Robert Spekkens for a live webcast Feb. 7 as he draws unexpected parallels between Egyptian hieroglyphs, Plato’s philosophy, and the puzzles of quantum theory.

Expert Available

– Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

06-Feb-2018


Advances Open New Frequency Range for Wireless Communications

The “internet of things,” which make everything from your toaster to your front door accessible online, has driven an explosion in data traffic and taken up huge amounts of bandwidth. However, a new range of frequencies in the terahertz region of...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Photonics

Embargo expired on 06-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


The Future of Wireless Communications is Terahertz

Electrical and optical engineers in Australia have designed a novel platform that could tailor telecommunication and optical transmissions. They experimentally demonstrated their system using a new transmission wavelength with a higher bandwidth capa...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Photonics

Embargo expired on 06-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


The Dawn of Gallium Oxide Microelectronics

Pushing semiconductor technology to its full potential requires smaller designs at higher energy density, and transparent conductive oxides are a key emerging material, offering the unlikely combination of conductivity and transparency over the visua...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters

Embargo expired on 06-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


Sequential Model Chips Away at Mysteries of Aircraft Ice

Ice accumulation on aircraft wings is a common contributing factor to airplane accidents. Most existing models focus on either ice that freezes as a thin film on the airfoil, or immediately after it impacts the wing. Researchers have announced a new ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Physics of Fluids

Embargo expired on 06-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


An Cyanine Dye Acid Test that Won't Drown in Water

Near-infrared cyanine dyes are go-to tools for studying the inner workings of cells and investigating the biochemistry of disease, including cancer. But even though they have low toxicity and plenty of applications, these fluorescent dyes have a weak...

– Michigan Technological University

Chemical Communications, Jan-2018 ; National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health R15GM114751; National Science Foundation 1048655


Lithium — It’s Not Just for Batteries: The Powdered Metal Can Reduce Instabilities in Fusion Plasmas, Scientists Find

Scientists have found that lithium powder can eliminate instabilities known as edge-localized modes (ELMs) when used to coat a tungsten plasma-facing component called the “divertor.”

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Nuclear Fusion, Jan. 2018


Farmed Seafood and Livestock Stack Up Differently Using Alternate Feed Efficiency Measure

A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Center for a Livable Future found that, contrary to widely held assumptions, farmed fish and shrimp convert protein and calories in feed to edible seafood at rates ...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Environmental Research Letters


Sleepless in Latin America: Blind Cavefish, Extreme Environments and Insomnia

Researchers have found that differences in the production of the neuropeptide Hypocretin, previously implicated in human narcolepsy, may explain variation in sleep between animal species, or even between individual people. It may also provide importa...

– Florida Atlantic University

eLife


A New Radiation Detector Made From Graphene

Graphene is a remarkable material: light, strong, transparent and electrically conductive. It can also convert heat to electricity, and researchers have recently exploited this thermoelectric property to create a new kind of radiation detector. Class...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters


New Compound May Stop Bacteria From Causing Sickness

A study published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry is the first to describe a signaling pathway that affects communication — a process called quorum sensing — between Streptococcus bacteria cells.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Journal of Biological Chemistry


Large-Scale Removal of Beachgrass Leads to New Life for Endangered Coastal Lupine

A rare, coastal flowering plant known as Tidestrom's lupine -- threatened by native deer mice that can munch up to three-quarters of its unripe fruits under cover of an invasive beachgrass -- has been given a new life with the large-scale removal of ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Restoration Ecology


S&T-Funded Tools Help Get Ahead of Storms

DHS S&T's HV-X platform integrates forecast and planning data to provide emergency managers with decision support tools for use in advance of and during tropical weather.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


SLAC Celebrates Legacy of Theoretical Physicist Sidney Drell

With a symposium on fundamental physics, the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory remembered one of its key figures: world-renowned theoretical physicist Sidney Drell, who passed away in December 2016. Nearly 200 guests atten...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


Spritz for Sticky Pet Situations: Students Developing Spray to Keep Feces Off Fur

The owners of long-haired dogs have an unsavory problem that is not widely discussed, because, frankly, it’s kind of gross: Small clumps of feces get stuck in their dogs’ fur after the dogs defecate.

– Cornell University


Behind the Scenes: How Fungi Make Nutrients Available to the World

Without fungi, dead trees wouldn’t decay. The short-order cooks of the natural world, certain types of fungi can decompose plant cell walls and deposit carbon back in the soil. Scientists supported by the Department of Energy’s Office of Science ...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


The Mind of a Medalist:

Athletes who make it to the Olympics have the speed or strength or whatever physical skills it takes to lead the world in their sport. But Johns Hopkins University scientists say (in three videos) that those who ultimately bring home gold have also h...


Expert Available

– Johns Hopkins University

includes video

SciWire Announcements


David Asner Named Deputy Associate Laboratory Director and Head of the Instrumentation Division in Brookhaven Lab's Nuclear and Particle Physics Directorate

A particle physicist with extensive leadership and management experience, Asner will help expand a portfolio of physics programs and oversee instrumentation research and development.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Dr. Joel Berger and Dr. P. Dee Boersma of the Wildlife Conservation Society Among Finalists for World’s Leading Animal Conservation Award

Officials from the Indianapolis Prize today named the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)’s Joel Berger and P. Dee Boersma as Finalists for the world’s leading award for animal conservation. Berger and Boersma join conservation heroes Dr. Sylvia ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


TSRI Receives $10 Million Grant to Study Effects of Alcohol on the Brain

The five-year grant will support five individual research projects and three core resources at the TSRI Alcohol Research Center.

– Scripps Research Institute

2P60AA006420-35


WCS Media Briefing: The Hi-Tech Tool Poachers Hate

1) SMART Connect allows rangers and conservation area managers to exchange critical information and transmit data in real time, 2) Developer of “SMART Connect” will explain how new tool can revolutionize protected area management, 3) SMART is cur...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Gonzaga Alumnus James McCarthy ReceivesTyler Prize for Environmental Achievement

SPOKANE, Wash. – Harvard University Professor James McCarthy, a Gonzaga University alumnus, and Rutgers University Professor Paul Falkowski will share the prestigious 2018 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement for their decades of scholarship a...

– Gonzaga University

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