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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, February 12, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(29 New)
 

Science News

12-Feb-2018


Sibling Bullying Makes Psychotic Disorders Three Times More Likely

People who were bullied by siblings during childhood are up to three times more likely to develop psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia in early adulthood, according to new research by the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick

Psychological Medicine


Tips for Community Gardens

With garden season fast approaching, the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) has updated their Community Gardens website. There, gardeners can find out how to design and build community gardens.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

09-Feb-2018


Drivers of Hate in the U.S. Have Distinct Regional Differences, U Study Finds

Ugeographers sought to understand the factors fueling hate across space. Their findings paint a rather grim reality of America; hate is a national phenomenon, and more complicated than they imagined. The researchers mapped the patterns of active hate...

– University of Utah

Annals of the American Association of Geographers, Feb-2018

Embargo expired on 09-Feb-2018 at 02:00 ET


Body Power Supply, Diesel Combustion Modeling, Particle Physics on Supercomputers, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

– Newswise


‘Optically Pumped’ Laser Closer to Improving Processing Speed of Sensors

A multi-institutional team of researchers, led by University of Arkansas engineering professor Shui-Qing “Fisher” Yu and a leading Arkansas semiconductor equipment manufacturer, have made significant improvements to a new kind of laser, a semicon...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

ACS Photonics


Your Gadget’s Next Power Supply? Your Body

Searching for a power outlet may soon become a thing of the past. Instead, devices will receive electricity from a small metallic tab that, when attached to the body, is capable of generating electricity from bending a finger and other simple movemen...

– University at Buffalo

Nano Energy


Researchers Compare Pollution Levels Before And After Hurricane Harvey

Although understanding the wide-ranging effects of disasters is vital for an effective public health response, a lack of baseline data has made it difficult to attribute post-disaster changes in environmental conditions to the impacts of disasters.

– Texas A&M University

PLOS One; National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health ; Texas OneGulf Center of Excellence ; Institute for Sustainable Communities at Texas A&M University...


Microscopic Chariots Deliver Molecules Within Our Cells

Understanding how the dynein-dynactin complex is assembled and organized provides a critical foundation to explain the underlying causes of several dynein-related neurodegenerative diseases.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Feb. 2018; S10OD021634; DP2EB020402; R00NS089428


Rapidly Measuring Beta-Glucan Content in Oats

It's the beta-glucan that gives oats its cholesterol-lowering power and now food scientists have a quick, accurate way of measuring it.

– South Dakota State University


Anthropologist Barbara Welker Lends Expertise to Law Enforcement

For nearly 20 years at Geneseo, associate professor of anthropology Barbara Welker has kept her phone nearby; she has to be ready to spring into action.

– State University of New York at Geneseo


Regional Competition Tests Knowledge and Inspires the Next Generation to Reach Towards Their Future

Thirteen middle school teams faced off at Oswego East High School for the 28th annual Department of Energy Regional Science Bowl in January.

– Argonne National Laboratory

08-Feb-2018


First 3-D Imaging of Excited Quantum Dots

Quantum dots are rapidly taking center stage in emerging applications and research developments, but researchers are still studying how to precisely control the growth of these nanoscale particles and their underlying quantum behavior. For instance, ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


When It Comes to Genes, Lichens Embrace Sharing Economy

University of Colorado Boulder researchers have discovered the first known molecular evidence of obligate symbiosis in lichens, a distinctive co-evolutionary relationship that could shed new light on how and why some multicellular organisms consolida...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Molecular Ecology

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


Nature, Meet Nurture

Is it nature or nurture that ultimately shapes an organism? A new study reveals a dramatic landscape of gene expression changes across all cell types in the mouse visual cortex after a sensory experience, many linked to neural connectivity and the br...

– Harvard Medical School

Nature Neuroscience


UNH Researchers Find Warmer Oceans Could Increase Invasive ‘Sea Squirts’

They’re lovingly called ‘sea squirts’, but certain marine soft-bodied animals, or tunicates, could cause a giant-sized problem in cold water areas like the Gulf of Maine. New research shows that with a water temperature increase of just two deg...

– University of New Hampshire

Diversity and Distributions, Sept 2017


UNH Researchers Find Beetles Make Way For Baby Similar To Humans

Before having a baby, most human parents determine if they are able to feed them, give them a good home and provide them with the best chance to grow up. Researchers have found a similar behavior pattern in the beetle world - specifically with buryin...

– University of New Hampshire

Journal of Ethology, January 2018


GM Revs up Diesel Combustion Modeling on Titan Supercomputer

Grover and GM colleagues Jian Gao, Venkatesh Gopalakrishnan, and Ramachandra Diwakar are using the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility to improve combustion models for diesel passenger car engines with an ultimate goal ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, No. 2


Particle Interactions Calculated on Titan Support the Search for New Physics Discoveries

Nuclear physicists are using the nation’s most powerful supercomputer, Titan, at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) to study particle interactions important to energy production in the Sun and stars and to propel the search for new ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Scientists Take Big Step Toward Stopping Cancer Metastasis

TSRI scientists identify molecule that fuels cancer metastasis.

– Scripps Research Institute

Oncogene, Jan. 2018; R01CA157792; R01CA105412; R01CA034282


Savanna Fires Pump Central African Forests Full of Nitrogen

Florida State University researchers are part of a global team of scientists revealing the unexpected role that large-scale fires and high nitrogen deposition play in the ecology and biogeochemistry of these lush Central African forests.

– Florida State University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan-2018


Simple Rules Can Help Fishery Managers Cope with Ecological Complexity

A team of ecologists and economists is the first to test whether real-life ecological interactions produce economic benefits for the fishing industry. The results were published online Jan. 29 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan-2018


Surprise Finding Points to DNA’s Role in Shaping Cells

Scientists have found that DNA executes an unexpected architectural role in shaping the cells of bacteria. Studying bacteria, the researchers used an array of experiments and technologies to reveal that DNA, beyond serving to encode genetic informati...

– University of California San Diego

Cell, Feb-2018

includes video


Researchers Run First Tests of Unique System for Welding Highly Irradiated Metal Alloys

Scientists of the Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS) and partners from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) have conducted the first weld tests to repair highly irradiated materials at DOE’s Oak Ridge...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video

SciWire Announcements


Underwater Seminar To Be Held Under the Water

Professor Gordon Giesbrecht is well known for his unique approach to cold water research. So well known, in fact, that he is less referred-to by his real name than his nickname, Professor Popsicle.

– University of Manitoba


Harker School Wins Second Consecutive SLAC Regional DOE Science Bowl

Twenty-four teams from 16 Bay Area high schools faced off Feb. 3 in the SLAC Regional DOE Science Bowl, a series of fast-paced question-and-answer matches that test knowledge in biology, chemistry, physics, earth and space sciences, energy and math. ...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


Using Technology to Detect Hidden Threats

A research group at the University of Delaware has received a $1 million grant to develop technology that helps soldiers detect explosive devices from a distance. The augmented reality system will use traditional cameras, thermal infrared sensing and...

– University of Delaware


Binghamton University Professor Elected to National Academy of Engineers

M. Stanley Whittingham, distinguished professor of chemistry and materials science at Binghamton University, State University of New York, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering for pioneering the application of intercalation chemis...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


David Seidman elected to the National Academy of Engineering

Northwestern University’s David N. Seidman, whose work has led to an improved understanding of materials on the atomic scale, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE).Election to the academy is among the highest professional di...

– Northwestern University


New MSU Study Evaluates Wetland Restoration Efforts Along Gulf of Mexico

A new Mississippi State research project will study a wetland restoration approach along the Gulf of Mexico, and findings will help improve future environmental restoration efforts.

– Mississippi State University

NAS 2000008944

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