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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, February 19, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(43 New)
 

Science News

19-Feb-2018


Electric Eel-Inspired Device Reaches 110 Volts

In an effort to create a power source for future implantable technologies, a team of researchers developed an electric eel-inspired device that produced 110 volts from gels filled with water, called hydrogels. Their results show potential for a soft ...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


An Enzyme’s Evolution from Changing Electric Fields and Resisting Antibiotics

Bacteria can produce enzymes that make them resistant to antibiotics; one example is the TEM beta-lactamase enzyme, which enables bacteria to develop a resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillin and cephalosporins. Researchers at Stanf...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Climate Change Planning Underway for Central Ohio

A task force led by researchers at the Byrd Polar and Climate Research Center at The Ohio State University has released a draft action plan to help central Ohio prepare for climate change.

– Ohio State University

18-Feb-2018


Studying Mitosis’ Structure to Understand the Inside of Cancer Cells

Cell division is an intricately choreographed ballet of proteins and molecules that divide the cell. During mitosis, microtubule-organizing centers assemble the spindle fibers that separate the copying chromosomes of DNA. While scientists are familia...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 18-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


What Makes Circadian Clocks Tick?

Circadian clocks arose as an adaptation to dramatic swings in daylight hours and temperature caused by the Earth’s rotation, but we still don’t fully understand how they work. During the 62nd Biophysical Society Meeting, held Feb. 17-21, Andy LiW...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 18-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Using Mutant Bacteria to Study How Changes in Membrane Proteins Affect Cell Functions

Phospholipids are water insoluble “building blocks” that define the membrane barrier surrounding cells and provide the structural scaffold and environment where membrane proteins reside. During the 62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, held Fe...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 18-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Ras Protein’s Role in Spreading Cancer

Protein systems make up the complex signaling pathways that control whether a cell divides or, in some cases, metastasizes. Ras proteins have long been the focus of cancer research because of their role as “on/off switch” signaling pathways that ...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 18-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Why Bees Soared and Slime Flopped as Inspirations for Systems Engineering

Honeybee behavior inspired a web hosting algorithm that saved significant costs. Nature can serve as a wonderful model for engineering, but it can also flop. Take slime mold: As a model for connectivity, it falls flat in comparison with classical alg...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

AAAS annual meeting

Embargo expired on 18-Feb-2018 at 17:30 ET

includes video

17-Feb-2018


Stretchable Electronics a 'Game Changer' for Stroke Recovery Treatment

A new throat sensor is the latest in engineering professor John Rogers' growing portfolio of stretchable electronics that are precise enough for use in advanced medical care and portable enough to be worn outside the hospital, even during extreme exe...

– Northwestern University

AAAS annual meeting, Feb. 17

Embargo expired on 17-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Unprecedented Study of Picasso's Bronzes Uncovers New Details

An international collaboration of art and science researchers use cutting-edge portable instruments to analyze world-renowned Pablo Picasso bronzes and sculpture, revealing their materials and casting process.

– Northwestern University

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting

Embargo expired on 17-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET


Research Team Uncovers Hidden Details in Picasso Blue Period Painting

Art and science researchers uncover details hidden beneath the visible surface of Pablo Picasso’s “La Miséreuse accroupie.” Analysis shows that Picasso painted over another artist’s painting of a landscape and that Picasso altered his own pa...

– Northwestern University

AAAS annual meeting, Feb. 17

Embargo expired on 17-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET

16-Feb-2018


Birds and Beans: Study Shows Which Type of Coffee Plantations Are Best for Bird Diversity

Which is better for bird diversity: Arabica or Robusta beans?

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 16-Feb-2018 at 05:00 ET


Find the Expert You Need in the Newswise Expert Directory

Need an expert in a hurry? Need to pitch an expert in a hurry? Find experts and manage your experts in the Newswise Expert Directory. Our database of experts is growing daily. Search by institution, name, subject, keywords, and place.

– Newswise


Bringing a Hidden Superconducting State to Light

Using high-intensity pulses of infrared light, scientists found evidence of superconductivity associated with charge “stripes” in a material above the temperature at which it begins to transmit electricity without resistance—a finding that coul...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Science, Feb. 2


Immune Signature Predicts Asthma Susceptibility

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease driven by the interplay of genetics, environmental factors and a diverse cast of immune cells. In their latest study, researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI) identified a subset of T...

– La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

5T32AI007007; RR00052; Journal of Immunology, Feb-2018; R37 AI71922 ; NO1-AI-25496; NO1-AI-25482; HHSN272200900052C; HHSN2722010000521; 1UM1AI114271-01...


Deep Dive Into How Electrons Behave

Unprecedented characterization of subsurface electronic states could lead to better semiconductors and seeing new interactions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 358, 901 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aam7073]


UCI Cracks Code to Restoring Memory Creation in Older or Damaged Brains

Aging or impaired brains can once again form lasting memories if an enzyme that applies the brakes too hard on a key gene is lifted, according to University of California, Irvine neurobiologists.

– University of California, Irvine

AAAS Annual Meeting, Feb-2018


American Cleaning Institute Statement: Study Examining Effects of Cleaning Product Chemicals

In response to a widely-reported study, the American Cleaning Institute said that laundry and dishwashing products have a minimal impact overall through the selection of ingredients that biodegrade during wastewater treatment,

– American Cleaning Institute

Science


Researchers Demonstrate Promising Method for Improving Quantum Information Processing

A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes, work that could spur advancements in quantum information processing and distri...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Influenza D Antibodies Confirmed in Horses on Midwestern Farms

Researchers found antibodies against two strains of influenza D in blood samples from horses in the Midwest. “It’s nothing we need to worry about at this moment, but more studies are needed,” according to professor Feng Li.

– South Dakota State University

Zoonoses Public Health, Nov.-2017


Consumer and Industrial Products Now a Dominant Urban Air Pollution Source

Household cleaners, pesticides, paints and perfumes, now rival motor vehicle emissions as the top source of urban air pollution, according to a surprising NOAA-led study by researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder and other institutions.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Science


New Study Shows Promise Turning Volcanic Sound Into Warning Signal for Eruptions

A new study led by Boise State associate professor of geophysics Jeffrey Johnson has proven the potential for using volcanic infrasound – inaudible sounds produced by active volcanoes – to help forecast future catastrophic eruptions.

– Boise State University

Geophysical Research Letters

includes video


'Click Chemistry' Reactions May Boost Cancer-Fighting Drug Potency

Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a quick and easy way to simultaneously modify dozens of drugs or molecules to improve their disease-fighting properties.

– Scripps Research Institute

Journal of the American Chemical Society, Feb. 2018; R01 GM117145; R01 GM111938; R01GM113046


San Antonio Researchers Investigating Mysterious Children's Illness

Texas Biomedical Research Institute and The Children’s Hospital of San Antonio have joined forces to cure a mysterious condition called Kawasaki disease. The illness which affects young children is named after the Japanese doctor who first describe...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute


Biotech Violins

Do violins made of wood that had been treated with fungi sound the same as a fine, antique instrument? Acoustics experts at Empa are currently studying the body and soul of instruments made of “mycowood”. Precision structure-borne sound measureme...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology


Researchers in Dallas Study Texas’ First Federally Endangered Mussel Species

A team of Texas A&M AgriLife scientists in Dallas works alongside collaborators to understand the ecology and taxonomy of Texas' first federally endangered freshwater mussel species.

– Texas A&M AgriLife


The “Resolution Revolution” Arrives at UAB with Installation of a $600,000 Cryo-Electron Microscope Detector

Imaging of biomolecules is taking a leap forward at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. UAB installed a $600,000 direct electron detector on its cryo-electron microscope in January, and validation tests to fine-tune the resolution are underway. ...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Fusion Breakthroughs Among Highlights of the Department of Energy’s Research Milestones During the Past 40 Years

Article describes fusion breakthroughs cited by DOE Office of Science among research milestones of the past 40 years.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Integrated Gas Energy Technology Institute Launches at Stony Brook University

Stony Brook University and National Grid have launched the country’s most comprehensive Institute of Gas Innovation and Technology.

– Stony Brook University

15-Feb-2018


CRISPR-based Technology Can Detect Viral DNA

Technology that’s been used to edit genomes can also spot snippets of DNA. Such detective work may enable rapid, reliable ways to identify infections and cancer.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Science, Feb 2018

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET


Working in Harmony: New Insights Into How Packages of DNA Orchestrate Development

New research from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah illuminates aspects of how an early embryo, the product of fertilization of a female egg cell by a male sperm cell, can give rise to all the many cell types of the adult animal.

– Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Cell, Feb-2018

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET


Hubble Sees Neptune's Mysterious Shrinking Storm

Three billion miles away on the farthest known major planet in our solar system, an ominous, dark storm is shrinking out of existence as seen in pictures of Neptune taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Immense dark storms on Neptune were first discov...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astronomical Journal, Feb-2018

includes video


New Recyclable Resin Makes Wind Turbines Much More Sustainable

New composite materials make wind energy even greener by making the turbines themselves recyclable.

– Vanderbilt University

includes video

SciWire Policy and Public Affairs


Expert Panel on The Future of Fish: Trade-offs Associated with California’s Seafood

A panel of experts hosted by California State University Council on Ocean Affairs, Science and Technology (COAST) will present to legislators about ocean issues and solutions for a sustainable future in Sacramento on Feb. 20, 2018.

– California State University, Monterey Bay


Expert Panel on The Future of Fish: Trade-offs Associated with California’s Seafood

A panel of experts hosted by California State University Council on Ocean Affairs, Science and Technology (COAST) will present to legislators about ocean issues and solutions for a sustainable future in Sacramento on Feb. 20, 2018.

– California State University, Monterey Bay

SciWire Announcements


The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Names 2018 Young Professional Awardees

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) has announced the recipients of the 2018 TMS Young Leaders Professional Development Awards. The awards celebrate early-career individuals, under the age of 40, for their contributions within each of the ...

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society)


The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Names 2018 Technical Division Awardees

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) has announced the names of the individuals who will be honored with division-level awards at the TMS 2018 Annual Meeting & Exhibition (TMS2018). These awards recognize outstanding contributions and excel...

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society)

TMS 2018 Annual Meeting & Exhibition (TMS2018)


Facebook Tech Talk: Securing Surface Transportation

Please join us for a Facebook Live Tech Talk on February 22 at 1 p.m. EST to learn more about what S&T is doing to secure surface transportation.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Four NYU Faculty Win Sloan Foundation Research Fellowships

Four New York University faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

– New York University

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET


Michigan State University Team to Empower Latino Farmers

Armed with a $600,000 grant, Michigan State University researchers will work alongside Latino migrant farmers to reshape how Michigan harvests fruit – and cultivate a new workforce.

– Michigan State University


Research with Zebrafish May Lead to Treatment for Blinding Disorders, Including Glaucoma

Jakub Famulski, an assistant professor of biology at the University of Kentucky, has received an R01 grant for over $1.8 million from the National Institutes of Health to study the early formation of the anterior segment of the eye, which includes th...

– University of Kentucky


New Funding Supports Cassava Development in Africa

Cassava is vital to the food security of millions of Africans who eat some form of the root crop daily. Although cassava breeders are making progress, they face significant challenges in developing disease-resistant varieties that also increase yield...

– Cornell University


TSRI Scientists Receive $15 Million to Study Viral Outbreak Survivors

The researchers will spend the next five years collecting data from Ebola and Lassa survivors to learn how they fought off the virus.

– Scripps Research Institute

1U19AI135995

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