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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, February 26, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(37 New)
 

Science News

26-Feb-2018


New Technology for Use in Military Vehicles May Protect Warfighters From Blast-Induced Brain Injury

Elastic frame design reduces blast acceleration up to 80 percent; technology could be adapted for vehicle bumpers, athletic helmets.

– University of Maryland, Baltimore

Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; W81XWH-13-1-0016; FA8650-11-2-6D04

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 09:00 ET

includes video


Researchers in Drive to Develop Greener Parts for Transport Industry

University of Portsmouth researchers are at the forefront of a drive to develop environmentally-friendly materials from agricultural waste for use in the automotive, marine and aerospace industries.

– University of Portsmouth

25-Feb-2018


Are Humans 'Smeller Underachievers?' Not So Fast….

Scientists, chefs and food scientists will explore the role of flavor perception in behavior at The International Society of Neurogastronomy Symposium

– University of Kentucky

DC0168311

24-Feb-2018


Imaging the Heart, Tiny Diamond Anvils, A Nanowire Array for Screening Diseases, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

– Newswise

23-Feb-2018


Beyond Abstinence: Well-Being Also Matters

Alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment and recovery research typically focuses on outcomes such as 'days abstinent.' Yet the degree to which individuals may be functioning better physically, socially and psychologically, how happy they may be, and th...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 23-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET


Sneaky Viruses, Cancer Stem Cells, How Your DNA Gets Organized, and More in the Cell Biology News Source

The latest research and features in cell biology in the Cell Biology News Source

– Newswise


The “Loudness” of Our Thoughts Affects How We Judge External Sounds

The “loudness” of our thoughts--or how we imagine saying something--influences how we judge the loudness of real, external sounds.

– New York University

Nature Human Behaviour


Opening Windows for New Spintronic Studies

A surprising discovery could potentially offer major advantages in speed, heat dissipation and power consumption in electronic devices.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Oct-2017


Intensive Biomass Harvest Linked to Fire Ant Colonization, Decreased Invertebrate Diversity

Gleaning too much of the woody debris left on the ground after timber is cut can open the door for invasive fire ants and reduce invertebrate diversity, according to two new studies in North Carolina and Georgia.

– North Carolina State University

Forest Ecology and Management; Ecological Applications


Being Raised in Greener Neighborhoods May Have Beneficial Effects on Brain Development

New research shows for the first time that exposure to green space during childhood is associated with beneficial structural changes in the developing brain.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Environmental Health Perspectives


UF-Lead Team Mobilizes to Save Super-Rare Tree on the Brink of Extinction

The Florida torreya is the most endangered tree in North America. And it may soon disappear entirely. But scientists such as the University of Florida’s Jason Smith are ready to fight for the species, which is a critical part of its native ecosyste...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Successful Anti-Poaching Operation Leads to 5-Year Conviction for Three Poachers in Republic of Congo

Three poachers responsible for slaughtering eleven elephants in and around Nouabale-Ndoki National Park in January were convicted to five years’ imprisonment by the local district court last week, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society). T...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Helping Sunflower Producers Fight Stem Canker

Fungicides can help prevent the lodging and yield loss that stem canker causes, but timing is crucial. A new disease-forecasting model that predicts stem canker risk can help.

Expert Available

– South Dakota State University

Plant Disease, 2017; Phytopathology, 2015

22-Feb-2018


Artificial Intelligence Quickly and Accurately Diagnoses Eye Diseases and Pneumonia

Using artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques, researchers at Shiley Eye Institute at UC San Diego Health and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in China, Germany and Texas, have developed a new com...

– University of California San Diego Health

Cell

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Loops, Loops, and More Loops: This Is How Your DNA Gets Organised

A living cell is able to neatly package a big jumble of DNA into tiny chromosomes while preparing for cell division. Researchers in Delft now managed for the first time to isolate and film that process, and proof that a single protein complex call...

– Delft University of Technology

Science First Release 22 Feb

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Earliest Cave Paintings Were Made by Neanderthals, Scientists Discover

Scientists have found the first major evidence that Neanderthals made cave paintings, indicating they may have had an artistic sense similar to our own.

– University of Southampton

Science 23 February 2018. DOI: 10.1126/science.aap7778.

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET


Improved Hubble Yardstick Gives Fresh Evidence for New Physics in the Universe

Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have made the most precise measurement to date of the rate at which the universe is expanding the big bang. This may mean that there's something unknown about the makeup of the universe. The new numbers r...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Feb-2018


Imaging Individual Flexible DNA ‘Building Blocks’ in 3-D

A team of researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) and Ohio State University have generated 3-D images from 129 individual molecules of flexible DNA origami particles. Their work provides the first experimental verification of t...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Feb. 9, 2018


Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters

This research offers new information to understand the role of microorganisms in elemental cycling in the Arctic.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 772 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00759-2]


Biology, Geometry Unite to Thwart Common Cardiovascular Diseases

To treat cardiovascular disease, surgery can remove blockages in large vessels in the heart or legs but is not possible in small vessels. To address this problem, researchers designed 3D-printed patches seeded with vessel-inducing endothelial cells. ...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Nat Biomed Eng, June-2017; EB00262, EB08396


Using Light and Gold for Targeted, Non-Invasive Drug Delivery

Researchers have developed a highly-targeted and non-invasive drug-release method that combines a nanoscale gold particle-containing polymer coating and near-infrared light. The technology could also be used for other applications, including the seal...

– American Technion Society

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces


Drier Conditions Could Doom Colorado Spruce and Fir Trees

Drier summers and a decline in average snowpack over the past 40 years have severely hampered the establishment of two foundational tree species in subalpine regions of Colorado’s Front Range, suggesting that climate warming is already taking a tol...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Ecology


Sandhoff Disease Study Shows Proof of Principle for Gene Therapy

NIH researchers studying a fatal childhood illness called Sandhoff disease uncover new details about how it develops in utero that indicate gene therapy has potential.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Lipid Research


New Insight Into Plants' Self-Defense

Researchers at the University of Delaware and the University of California-Davis have uncovered new details of how chloroplasts move about in times of trouble. It's the fundamental kind of research information that helps scientists understand plant b...

– University of Delaware

eLife Sciences


Pulling Needles Out of Haystacks: With Computation, Researchers Identify Promising Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Materials

Using advanced computational methods, University of Wisconsin–Madison materials scientists have discovered new materials that could bring widespread commercial use of solid oxide fuel cells closer to reality.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Advanced Energy Materials


Climate Researchers: No Simple Trigger for Soil Carbon ‘Bomb’

A new study led by Texas Tech’s Natasja van Gestel shows the complicated relationship between soil carbon and global warming.

– Texas Tech University

Nature


Researchers Study Growth of Hawk Population in Albuquerque

A student in New Mexico State University’s Biology Department recently published a paper in “Condor,” a scientific journal, about the nesting and populating of Cooper’s hawks in urban areas.

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Condor – Ornithological Applications

includes video


Scientists Isolate Cancer Stem Cells Using Novel Method

Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas have devised a new technique to isolate aggressive cells thought to form the root of many hard-to-treat metastasized cancers, a significant step toward developing new drugs that might target these cell...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Chemistry-A European Journal, Feb. 19, 2018


Developing Antidotes for Cyanide, Mustard Gas

Two new analytical methods, one to evaluate a new cyanide antidote, dimethyl trisulfide, and another to quickly detect a substance associated with exposure to mustard gas, are helping scientists develop countermeasures against these chemical warfare ...

– South Dakota State University

Journal of Chromatography A, 2016; Cyanide antidote and sulfur mustard metabolites, 2017

includes video


Drier Conditions Could Doom Colorado Spruce and Fir Trees

Drier summers and a decline in average snowpack over the past 40 years have severely hampered the establishment of spruce and fir trees in Colorado's Front Range.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Ecology


Exercising with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: I Want to Be Fit and Strong

Signing up for 5Ks and even a 10K is a feat many people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may not have dared to attempt a decade or two ago. Fear of tragedy leads many HCM patients to a sedentary lifestyle.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA


Transforming Patient Health Care and Well-Being Through Lighting

The world of health care is changing rapidly and there is increased interest in the role that light and lighting can play in improving health outcomes for patients and providing healthy work environments for staff, according to many researchers. Rece...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Jamming to Nature’s Rhythms, ‘BeastBox’ Is Born

Musicians have long drawn inspiration from nature, but a new online game is taking that connection one step further. “Beastbox” takes sound clips from real wild animals, transforms them into loops, and allows users to mix and match them into an e...

– Cornell University


Hacker-Resistant Power Plant Software Gets a Glowing Tryout in Hawaii

Hacker-resistant software for controlling a power grid performed well in both a simulated cyber-intrusion and in a tryout in a real power plant.

– Johns Hopkins University


Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Visits Jefferson Lab

Highlights from the U.S. Secretary of Energy's visit to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility on Feb. 21, 2018. Jefferson Lab is one of 17 Department of Energy national laboratories.

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

SciWire Announcements


Bioengineering Today: Imaging the Heart

Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in the United States and around the world. February is American Heart Month, and to honor healthy heart health awareness, Bioengineering Today, an editorially independent news service of AIP Publishing,...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

SciWire Marketplace


Empa Shows "Gas Station of the Future"

What could a "gas station of the future" look like? What services does it offer? Which fuels can be refueled there and where do they come from? Possible answers to these questions can be found at the stand of the of Swiss Oil Industry Association (Er...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

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