Is this email not displaying correctly? View it in your browser.
Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Thursday, March 1, 2018

Public Edition |

(58 New)

Science News


Researchers Move Closer to Improved Method of Detecting Breast Cancer

Engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas have moved closer to developing an alternative method of detecting and possibly treating breast cancer. The researchers work with pulsed, terahertz imaging, a type of electromagnetic radiation tec...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Journal of Biomedical Optics

Image Conscious People Are More Likely to Give to Crowdfunding Campaigns

People who are more image conscious tend to support more crowdfunding campaigns according to a new study. The research, from the University of Portsmouth, says that funders who have a public profile containing a photo are more likely to be image cons...

– University of Portsmouth

Computers in Human Behavior Volume 83, June 2018, Pages 45-55

The Irish Potato Famine – Could It Happen Again?

With St. Patrick’s Day right around the corner, thoughts turn to the Irish experience of the 1800s. This includes the devastating conditions in Ireland that led many to the U.S. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) March 1 Soils Matter blog p...

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

They’re Back! Shark Migration Kicks Off in S.E. Florida

For eight years, researchers have been tracking blacktip sharks using a boat, plane, acoustic monitoring devices, and drones. Water temperatures affect their migration patterns. In prior years, as many as 15,000 sharks were reported on any given day....

– Florida Atlantic University

includes video

Researchers Decipher the Structure of a Bacterial Microcompartment

The geometric complexities uncovered provide insights into how these mini-organs get assembled, potentially of interest for fuel production.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 356 (6344), 1293 (2017).


Sandwich Battery with ‘Melty’ Layer is Safe, Robust

Engineers from the University of Maryland created a non-flammable battery from ceramic materials by using a 'melty' layer that, when cool, unites a solid-state battery.

– Maryland NanoCenter

Joule; W911NF1510187

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Mudsnails Provide Water Quality Indicators

A tiny snail could be a big help to researchers measuring water quality along the U.S. and Canadian Atlantic coast.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Journal of Environmental Quality, November 9, 2017

Scientists Confirm Century-Old Speculation on the Chemistry of a High-Performance Battery

Scientists have discovered a novel chemical state, first proposed about 90 years ago, that enables a high-performance, low-cost sodium-ion battery. The battery could quickly and efficiently store and distribute energy produced by solar panels and win...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Feb. 28, 2018

Newly Discovered CRISPR Mechanism May Help Prevent Dangerous Errors

Researchers at The Ohio State University report that they’ve figured out the mechanism by which the CRISPR gene-editing enzyme Cas9 determines where and when to cut DNA strands—a discovery that could help prevent gene-cutting errors.

– Ohio State University

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Researchers Develop Methods To Clean Polluted Groundwater

Researchers have studied the use of bacteria to break down organic contaminants in groundwater; however, this bioremediation process has been met with limited success under some conditions.

– Texas A&M University

Environmental Science & Technology, Feb-2018; Digital object identifier; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia ; United States Geological Survey ; ETexas Water Resources Institute Feb-2018...

New Method Accelerates Studies on Carbohydrate Biology

The breakthrough may expand research on the roles of glycans in human diseases, including cancers.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Communications, Feb. 2018; GM093282; GM113046 ; GM103390; U1606403

Researchers Probe Gene Therapy for Frontotemporal Dementia

A UAB study shows that a gene therapy approach can help neurons remove lipofuscin, or cellular debris, in mouse models for frontotemporal dementia. The study added a gene that encodes for the missing protein progranulin.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Journal of Neuroscience

CUORE Constrains Neutrino Properties

The CUORE experiment set the tightest limits yet on the rare decay of tellurium-130, providing insights into the nature of neutrinos.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters. [arXiv:1710.07988]

Deep Learning Technology Helps Researchers Map Soil Water Content Over Time

Historically mapping the amount of water content in soil is essential to determine whether crops will flourish, wildfires will ignite or floods will destroy the land. Employing deep learning technology to existing soil moisture data can help accurate...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Geophyiscal Research Letters

All the Right Moves

Argonne offers licensing opportunities for a patented refueling method that can significantly lower capital investment costs while increasing capacity at hydrogen refueling stations.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Pulsar Watchers Close In On Galaxy Merger History

Fifty years after pulsar discovery published, massive new data set moves closer to finding very-low-frequency gravitational waves, researchers say.

– Green Bank Observatory

New Invention Could Save Food Producers Thousands Annually

A recently invented device that measures relative humidity more accurately than current products could save producer growers an average of $6,500 annually and cheese producers up to $10,000 a year.

– University of Vermont

​​UNC Charlotte’s 2018 Analytics Frontiers Conference to Focus on Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning​​

The Data Science Initiative at UNC Charlotte will convene the 2018 Analytics Frontiers Conference from 8 5 p.m., Wednesday, March 21, at the Ritz-Carlton in Uptown Charlotte.

– University of North Carolina at Charlotte

GOES-S Weather Satellite Launch Will Provide Unique View of Lightning Over the Western Hemisphere

UAH scientists are looking forward to getting a unique stereo view of lightning in storms over the U.S. with the launch of the GOES-S weather satellite.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Novel Genome Platform Reveals New HIV Targets

SBP researchers have developed the first ever high-throughput, genome-scale imaging-based approach to investigate protein stability. The method has been used to identify several previously unknown human proteins that HIV degrades to enhance its infec...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Cell Reports.; P01 AI090935; R01 AI124843; R01 AI105184; R01 AI127302, ; P01 CA177322

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Alcohol Intervention for Emerging Adults Who Are Not Attending College

Emerging adulthood (between ages 18-25) is a period of critical vulnerability for problematic alcohol use. A substantial amount of research has examined alcohol risks in college-student populations, while much less research has focused on emerging ad...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET

Massive Data Analysis Shows What Drives the Spread of Flu in the U.S.

Using several large datasets describing health care visits, geographic movements and demographics of more than 150 million people over nine years, researchers at the University of Chicago have created models that predict the spread of influenza throu...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET

Why Are Some Mushrooms “Magic?”

Psychedelic mushrooms likely developed their “magical” properties to trip up fungi-munching insects, suggests new research. The work helps explain a biological mystery and could open scientific doors to studies of novel treatments for neurologica...

– Ohio State University

Evolution Letters

AMP Publishes Recommendations for Clinical CYP2C19 Genotyping Allele Selection

AMP has published consensus, evidence-based recommendations to aid clinical laboratory professionals when designing and validating clinical CYP2C19 assays, promote standardization of testing across different laboratories and complement existing clini...

– Association for Molecular Pathology

The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics

New Research Illustrates How Birds Help to Produce Rare Wild Chili Peppers

A new study involving Iowa State University scientists explores how birds in the Mariana Islands help to disperse the seeds of a wild chili plant. The research highlights the unique ways different species help one another, a concept known as mutualis...

– Iowa State University

Ecological Applications 27 February 2018

Wind and Solar Power Could Meet Four-Fifths of U.S. Electricity Demand, Study Finds

The United States could reliably meet about 80 percent of its electricity demand with solar and wind power generation, according to scientists at the University of California, Irvine; the California Institute of Technology; and the Carnegie Instituti...

– University of California, Irvine

Energy & Environmental Science, Feb-2018

Largest Chinook Salmon Disappearing From West Coast

The largest and oldest Chinook salmon — fish also known as "kings" and prized for their exceptional size — have mostly disappeared along the West Coast, according to a University of Washington-led study.

– University of Washington

Fish and Fisheries, Feb-2018

American Service Industry Approaching a ‘Tipping Point’

The average rate at which Americans tip for services has been increasing steadily for decades, but the practice has been branded over the years as classist, anti-egalitarian, and downright undemocratic, leading some restaurateurs to abandon it. A new...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


A Marriage of Light-Manipulation Technologies

Researchers from Argonne and Harvard University built a metasurface-based lens atop a Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) platform. The result is a new, infrared light-focusing system that combines the best features of both technologies while redu...

– Argonne National Laboratory

APL Photonics, Feb-2018

Plasma Bubbles Help Trigger Massive Magnetic Events in Outer Space

Scientists at PPPL have discovered key conditions that give rise to fast magnetic reconnection, the process that triggers solar flares, auroras, and geomagnetic storms that can disrupt signal transmissions and other electrical activities, including c...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2017

Rutgers Personal Bioblitz Connects People with Nature

When Lena Struwe was hiking in the Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve in Costa Rica three years ago, she spotted a yellowish harvestman, a spider-type animal, on a hiking trail rail and took a photo with her camera. It turned out her photo of...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Reforesting US Topsoils Store Massive Amounts of Carbon, with Potential for Much More

Forests across the United States—and especially forest soils—store massive amounts of carbon, offsetting about 10 percent of the country's annual greenhouse gas emissions and helping to mitigate climate change.

– University of Michigan

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 15:00 ET

How Do Your FRIENDS Plan to Vote?

Most election polls take the political pulse of a state or nation by reaching out to citizens about their voting plans. Santa Fe Institute Professor Mirta Galesic says pollsters might also ask: how do your friends plan to vote?

– Santa Fe Institute

Nature Human Behavior

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

King Penguins May Be on the Move Very Soon

More than 70 percent of the global King penguin population, currently forming colonies in Crozet, Kerguelen and Marion sub-Antarctic islands, may be nothing more than a memory in a matter of decades, as global warming will soon force the birds to mov...

– University of Vienna

Nature Climate Change

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

Mammoth Data: Researchers Sequence Complete Genomes of Extinct and Living Elephants Pointing to Highly Complex Relationships, Rich Evolutionary History

An international team of researchers has produced one of the most comprehensive evolutionary pictures to date by looking at one of the world's most iconic animal families - namely elephants, and their relatives mammoths and mastodons-spanning million...

– McMaster University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 15:00 ET

includes video

Powerful Flare from Star Proxima Centauri Detected with ALMA

Using data from ALMA, a team of astronomers discovered that a powerful stellar flare erupted from Proxima Centauri last March.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal Letters, Feb. 2018

Glowing Designer Sponges: New Nanoparticles Engineered to Image and Treat Cancer

A team of Sandia National Laboratories researchers has designed and synthesized metal-organic framework nanoparticles that glow red or near infrared for at least two days in cells. This could prove useful in tracking the spread of cancer cells.

– Sandia National Laboratories

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces

Could Cleaning Up Beaches Make Americans Better Off?

Cleaning up beaches could boost local economies in addition to preserving natural treasures and animal habitats.

– Ohio State University

Marine Resource Economics

For Energy Experts, New Method Is a Gas

Researchers have developed a method that will help natural gas experts better understand shale samples and eventually help them decide whether to invest time and resources to extract gas from the formation the samples came from.

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications

The Fine-Tuning of Two-Dimensional Materials

In two recent publications, teams of researchers led by Penn State provide new understanding of why synthetic two-dimensional materials often perform orders of magnitude worse than predicted, and how to improve their performance in future electronics...

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Advanced Functional Materials Jan-2018; Scientific Reports Dec-2017

Neutrons Reveal Promising Properties of Novel Antioxidant Polymer

A team of researchers from ORNL and the University of Alabama at Birmingham recently developed the antioxidant manganoporphyrin, a new polymer that could potentially improve drug delivery methods and other biomedical applications. Using neutrons, the...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Chemistry of Materials

Decoding the Genome’s Dark Matter

These new areas of interest belong to the so-called “non-coding” genome—the 98 percent of the genome that doesn’t directly code for proteins but instead regulates how key proteins are produced.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Genetics, Feb. 2018

SLU Researcher Develops New Way to Grow Nanowires

Saint Louis University researcher Irma Kuljanishvili, Ph.D. developed a promising technique to produce nanoscale materials using simple processes.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Advanced Materials Interfaces

Brain Can Navigate Based Solely on Smells

Northwestern University researchers have developed a new “smell virtual landscape” that enables the study of how smells engage the brain’s navigation system. The work demonstrates, for the first time, that the mammalian brain can form a map of ...

– Northwestern University

Nature Communications; 1R01MH101297; CRCNS 1516235

First Nanoscale Look at How Lithium Ions Navigate a Molecular Maze to Reach Battery Electrode

Lithium ions have to travel through layers of molecules in the electrolyte liquid before they can enter or leave a lithium-ion battery electrode. Tweaking this process could help batteries charge faster.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Energy & Environmental Science, 24 January 2018 (10.1039/C7EE02724A)

Carbon Yarn Taps Nerves for Electroceutical Treatments and Diagnostics

Yarn weaved from carbon nanotubes monitors brain control of organ functions in rats, paves way for disease diagnosis and treatment at single nerve level.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Scientific Reports, Sep-2017; U18EB021759

New Online Tool Gives 3D View of Human Metabolic Processes

A new computational resource called Recon3D provides a 3D view of genes, proteins and metabolites involved in human metabolism. Researchers used the tool to map disease-related mutations on proteins and also probed how genes and proteins change in re...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Biotechnology, Feb-2018; NNF10CC1016517; GM057089

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Professors Offer Insights on Cognitive Science

Sergei Nirenburg, professor and head of the Department of Cognitive Science at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, was the guest editor of the Winter 2017 edition of AI magazine, the official publication of the Association for the Advancement of Artifi...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

SciWire Announcements

DOE Seeks Industry Partners for HPC Research on Materials in Applied Energy Technologies

The Department of Energy (DOE) today announced a funding opportunity totaling $3 million to support projects between U.S. industry and DOE national laboratories related to improving materials in severe or complex environments through the new High Per...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 13:00 ET

Brazilian Research Leader Embrapa Taps Benson Hill Biosystems Genome Editing Capabilities to Modernize Crop Improvement

Brazilian research leader Embrapa, one of the largest plant biodiversity and crop science institutions in the world, announced a partnership to leverage Benson Hill Biosystem’s cutting edge genome editing capabilities to further modernize its R&D p...

– Benson Hill Biosystems

Critically Endangered Siamese Crocodile to Get Key Recognition as Mascot

WCS Indonesia applauds the Government of East Kutai for celebrating the Siamese crocodile as the mascot for the East Kalimantan Provincial Games of 2018.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Announces $30 Million for Small Business Research and Development Grants

Today, U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry announced that the Department of Energy (DOE) will award 179 grants totaling $30 million to 149 small businesses in 36 states.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

University Partnership to Help Nevada Scientists Commercialize Discovery

UNLV’s Office of Technology Transfer and the Desert Research are partnering to help faculty and students leverage each other’s talent and resources to transform inventions into new products and services.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research and Georgetown University Launch Research, Education Collaboration

A new collaboration established between Georgetown University and the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research aims to expand both institutions’ research and training missions in the biomedical sciences.

– Georgetown University Medical Center

Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate Student Wins Three Minute Thesis Competition

A pharmaceutical sciences doctoral student studying results of weight-reduction surgery delivered the top presentation at North Dakota State University's Three Minute Thesis Competition hosted by the College of Graduate and Interdisciplinary Studies ...

– North Dakota State University

Microgrid Coming to Northern California Airport

Designed by the Schatz Energy Research Center at Humboldt State University, the microgrid will generate green electricity, create jobs for local contractors and technicians, and provide an energy lifeline in the event of a natural disaster.

– Humboldt State University

Two NYU Studies Part of “STAT Madness” 2018—a Virtual Tournament of Science

Two NYU studies are part of STAT Madness 2018—a virtual tournament of science in which the public votes for which studies they like best in a bracketed format.

– New York University

New Committee Examining Solutions to Enhance Coral Reef Resilience

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recently appointed a new committee of 12 international experts tasked with investigating strategies to increase the resilience of coral reefs. California State University, Monterey Bay (CS...

– California State University, Monterey Bay





 Subscribe / Unsubscribe
 Edit My Preferences
 Comments / Suggestions
 Contact Us
 Newswise Home
 Newswise Contact Directory
 Expert Queries
 Presspass Application

More News from:

 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

 Northwestern University

 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

 American Institute of Physics (AIP)

 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

 University of Alabama at Birmingham

 Department of Energy, Office of Science

 Penn State College of Engineering

 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

 University of Portsmouth

 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Subscribe / Unsubscribe
Edit my preferences

© 2018 Newswise, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

215 E. 5th St. SW, Charlottesville VA 22903 | 434-296-9417

 Contact Us