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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, March 5, 2018

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Science News

04-Mar-2018


Comparison Shows Value of DNA Barcoding in Selecting Nanoparticles

The first direct comparison of in vitro and in vivo screening techniques for identifying nanoparticles that may be used to transport therapeutic molecules into cells shows that testing in lab dishes isn’t much help in predicting which nanoparticles...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

ACS Nano Letters

02-Mar-2018


Special JACR Issue Focuses on Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

A new special issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR) addresses clinical, regulatory, technological, societal and ethical challenges faced as medical imaging artificial intelligence (AI) use advances.

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

Journal of the American College of Radiology

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 08:00 ET


Text-Messaging Can Help Liver-Transplant Candidates Maintain Sobriety

Each year in the U.S., more than 40,000 patients need a liver transplant because of complications associated with cirrhosis and liver failure. Alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) alone accounts for nearly 30 percent of all liver transplants, yet up t...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 10:00 ET


Two Species of Ravens Nevermore? New Research Finds Evidence of 'Speciation Reversal'

A new study almost 20 years in the making provides some of the strongest evidence yet of the "speciation reversal" phenomenon in two lineages of Common Ravens.

– University of Washington

Nature Communications, Mar-2018

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 05:00 ET


“Supercolony” of Adélie Penguins Discovered in Antarctica

For the past 40 years, the total number of Adélie Penguins, one of the most common on the Antarctic peninsula, has been steadily declining—or so biologists have thought. A new study however, is providing new insights on this species of penguin.

– Stony Brook University

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 05:00 ET


Dual Frequency Comb Generated on a Single Chip Using a Single Laser

...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Science Advances March 2 2018

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 14:00 ET


JHU Scientists Discover How Extremophiles Flourish in Stressful Environments

RNA makes salt-loving microbes known as “extremophiles” highly resistant to the phenomenon oxidative stress – the uncontrollable production of unstable forms of oxygen called “free radicals,” which can negatively affect DNA, proteins, and l...

– Johns Hopkins University

Journal of Bacteriology, Feb-2018; FA9950-14-1-0118


Science and Health News Tips From Johns Hopkins

These science news tips on everything from intercepting asteroids to learning from past extinctions come from the winter issue of Johns Hopkins Magazine

– Johns Hopkins University

01-Mar-2018


NASA Finds a Large Amount of Water in an Exoplanet's Atmosphere

Scientists using NASA's Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes have found a larger than expected amount of water in the atmosphere of WASP-39b, a hot, bloated, Saturn-mass exoplanet located about 700 light-years from Earth. Though no planet like this re...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astronomical Journal, Jan-2018


What Zombie Ants Are Teaching Us About Fungal Infections: Q & A with Entomologists David Hughes and Maridel Fredericksen

I can still remember that giddy feeling I had seven years ago, when I first read about the “zombie ant.” The story was gruesome and fascinating

– NIH, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)

PNAS


Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils

Global models may be underestimating net wetland methane emissions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 1567 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01753-4]


A Bird in the Bush Equals Money in the Hand

A new study by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Foundations of Success (FOS) finds that an ecotourism strategy based on “direct payments,” where local people are compensated for the amount of wildlife seen by tourists, has resulted in ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


The Nucleus: Coming Soon in 3D!

Physicians have long used CT scans to get 3D imagery of the inner workings of the human body. Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. A measurement of quarks in helium nuclei published las...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Physical Review Letters


Just Conservation: Environmental Issues and Social Justice Commingle

Social justice and environmental conservation are considered great values in our society. However, in some conservation efforts, conflicts arise. A team led by Michigan Technological University explore ethical frameworks to resolve these conflicts.

– Michigan Technological University

Biological Conservation, Feb-2018


Seismic Performance of a Building Subjected to Intermediate Seismic Shaking

Results from a recent study show that a prescriptive code-based approach can lead to critical underestimation of seismic demands.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Structural Journal March 2018


Researchers Discover Evidence of Forgotten Memories in Sea Slug Brains

Drs. Bob and Irina Calin-Jageman have discovered genetic changes in the brains of sea slugs that indicate learning can outlast recall. Their breakthrough reveals that molecular fragments may persist in the sea slug brain, after memory has faded, and ...

– Dominican University

Learning & Memory, Jan-2018


New Research Points to Better Way to Treat Depression

Scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered a new target for treating major depressive disorder, a disease that affects more than 16 million American adults.

– Scripps Research Institute

eLife, Feb. 2018; MH105482; HL105550; DA01992; MH107460; 762 DC014093


Hold Hands to Ease a Lover’s Pain and Your Brains Couple Up Too, New Study Shows

Reach for the hand of a loved one in pain and not only will your breathing and heart rate synchronize with theirs, your brain wave patterns will couple up.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Assessing the Impact of Hurricanes on Puerto Rico’s Forests

Building on methods they used to assess the impact of hurricanes such as Katrina, Gustav, and Rita on forests and tree mortality, scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have produced a rapid mapping of the disturbance inte...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Release online


Discovery shows wine grapes gasping for breath

University of Adelaide researchers have discovered how grapes “breathe”, and that shortage of oxygen leads to cell death in the grape. The discovery raises many questions about the potentially significant impacts on grape and wine quality and fla...

– University of Adelaide

Journal of Experimental Botany


Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2018

ORNL model could better predict tiny methylmercury pockets lurking in creek algae; engines work smarter with new fuel innovation; making narrow metallic structures to advance tiny electronics, drug delivery; certain enzymes that try to break down ant...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Report: Climate Change to Bring Heat, Precipitation to Indiana

A new report from the IN CCIA shows Hoosiers should expect to see a significant increase in temperatures and precipitation.

– University of Notre Dame


NYS Vintners Enhance Wine Quality with Latest Yeast Research

Patrick Gibney, assistant professor in the department of food science at Cornell University, is on a mission to help New York state wineries. Gibney is working out how metabolic pathways within a yeast cell determine those changes, with implications ...

– Cornell University

includes video


March Madness: DePaul University Math Prof Talks Longshot Odds of Picking Perfect Bracket

As college basketball fans get set to fill out their brackets this March Madness, DePaul University mathematics professor Jeff Bergen offers some perspective on the odds of creating the perfect bracket. It’s more likely, said Bergen, to win Powerba...

Expert Available

– DePaul University

SciWire Announcements


Watters Honored as International Certified Crop Adviser of the Year

The International Certified Crop Adviser (ICCA) Program and American Society of Agronomy have named Harold Watters of Ohio the 2018 ICCA of the Year. The award recognizes a CCA who delivers exceptional customer service, is highly innovative, shows le...

– International Certified Crop Adviser (ICCA)


Virus-Like Particle Could Lead to New Cancer Vaccine

Michigan State University scientists are engineering a virus-like particle, known as Qβ, that will generate anti-cancer immune responses in the body and potentially be used as a new vaccine for the treatment of cancer.

– Michigan State University


New SNAPP Ventures Will Seek Solutions on Water, Poverty, Sanitation, Livestock Disease, Drought

The Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP) announced the launch of five new multi-disciplinary teams aimed at tackling global issues including water quantity, poverty, sanitation, livestock disease, and drought.

– Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP)


Sandia Researcher Jacqueline Chen Elected to National Academy of Engineering

LIVERMORE, Calif. — Jacqueline Chen, a distinguished member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering. Chen is among the 99 new members from around the globe in the 2018 class.El...

– Sandia National Laboratories


FGC Plasma Solutions Wins Top NASA Innovation Award

Argonne Chain Reaction Innovator Felipe Gomez del Campo has received the 2018 NASA iTech award for X-Factor Innovation.

– Argonne National Laboratory


WVU’s Jutla Earns Prestigious NSF CAREER Award

Antar Jutla, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at West Virginia University, has earned a prestigious CAREER award from the National Science Foundation for his research on how extreme events and enhanced climatic variability i...

– West Virginia University


Registration for IFT18: A Matter of Science + Food Now Open

Registration is now open for IFT18: A Matter of Science + Food in Chicago, July 15-18 at McCormick Place. Hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), IFT18 will convene food science and technology thought leaders and decision-makers from mor...

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

IFT18: A Matter of Science + Food in Chicago


PNNL Helps Form International Energy Storage Organization

News Release DALIAN, China — Energy storage allows power operators across the nation to balance electricity supply and demand instantaneously, affording ratepayers a more resilient power supply.Now the focus on energy storage is global. In January,...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

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