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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, March 25, 2019

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(28 New)
 

Science News

25-Mar-2019


New Mechanism of Action Found for Agricultural Pesticide Fludioxonil

A fungicide commonly used by the agricultural industry to protect grains, fruit and vegetables from mold damage seems to kill fungi by a previously uncharacterized mechanism that delivers a metabolic shock to cells, new research at the University of ...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Scientific Reports March 25, 2019

Embargo expired on 25-Mar-2019 at 06:00 ET


Bacteria May Travel Thousands of Miles Through the Air Globally

Bacteria may travel thousands of miles through the air worldwide instead of hitching rides with people and animals, according to Rutgers and other scientists. Their “air bridge” hypothesis could shed light on how harmful bacteria share antibiotic...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.; Rutgers Today


SUSU Works with Materials for Aerospace, Electric Power, and Military Industries

One key area of development in metallurgy today is the creation of new materials with especially high density, which can be used in the aerospace, aviation, military, and electric power industries. Researchers from South Ural State University are wor...

– Radar Advertising, LLC

Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 2019


Does it really matter when growers irrigate their crops?

From fields of wheat to patio tomatoes, irrigation timing is key

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Keeping construction workers out of harm’s way

What can be done to protect workers in one of the most dangerous industries on Earth? For much of his career, Oregon State University professor of construction engineering John Gambatese has studied, developed and evaluated a wide range of options de...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

24-Mar-2019


More Efficient Satellite Launch Platform on the Horizon

As part of a global industry research project, combustion experts from the University of Sydney’s School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering are one step closer to developing a more efficient and cost-effective access to space plat...

– University of Sydney

Embargo expired on 24-Mar-2019 at 15:00 ET

22-Mar-2019


Researchers Get Humans to Think Like Computers

Computers, like those that power self-driving cars, can be tricked into mistaking random scribbles for trains, fences and even school busses. People aren’t supposed to be able to see how those images trip up computers but in a new study, Johns Hopk...

– Johns Hopkins University

Nature Communications, March-2019

Embargo expired on 22-Mar-2019 at 06:00 ET

includes video


Scaling forward

An Argonne scientist has new ways of accelerating the development of new organic materials for electronics. The new approaches could have applications in other types of materials science research.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 22-Mar-2019 at 14:00 ET


4D-Printed Materials Can Be Stiff as Wood or Soft as Sponge

Imagine smart materials that can morph from being stiff as wood to as soft as a sponge – and also change shape. Rutgers University–New Brunswick engineers have created flexible, lightweight materials with 4D printing that could lead to better sho...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Materials Horizons; Rutgers Today

includes video


Optical “tweezers” combine with X-rays to enable analysis of crystals in liquids

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have developed a new technique that combines the power of microscale “tractor beams” with high-powered X-rays, enabling them to see and manipulate crystals freely f...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Feb. 11, 2019


Ancient birds out of the egg running

The ~125 million-year-old Early Cretaceous fossil beds of Los Hoyas, Spain have long been known for producing thousands of petrified fish and reptiles (Fig. 1). However, one special fossil stands unique and is one of the rarest of fossils -- a nearly...

– University of Hong Kong

Scientific Reports


New Galaxy Suite grape tomato varieties offer astronomical flavor

New York farmers have a new way to satisfy consumers’ hunger for something different. Phillip Griffiths, associate professor of plant breeding and genetics at Cornell AgriTech, has released a collection of organic grape tomato varieties that are pr...

– Cornell University


Colourful male fish have genes to thank for their enduring looks

Striking traits seen only in males of some species - such as colourful peacock feathers or butterfly wings - are partly explained by gene behaviour, research suggests.

– University of Edinburgh

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Study Shows How Electricity-Eating Microbes Use Electrons to Fix Carbon Dioxide

New research from Washington University in St. Louis explains the cellular processes that allow a sun-loving microbe to "eat" electricity -- transferring electrons to fix carbon dioxide to fuel its growth. The work is led by Arpita Bose, assistant pr...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Communications

includes video


UAlberta paleontologists report world’s biggest Tyrannosaurus rex

University of Alberta paleontologists have just reported the world’s biggest Tyrannosaurus rex and the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Canada. The 13-metre-long T. rex, nicknamed “Scotty,” lived in prehistoric Saskatchewan 66 million ye...

– University of Alberta

The Anatomical Record


Fulbright Scholar attends White House launch of global women's initiative

Daniela Staicu, a Romanian Fulbright Scholar currently at Penn State completing research with the School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs’ Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship (HESE) program, was among th...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Fortified ‘high tunnel’ growing structures withstand ‘bomb cyclone’ winds

AMARILLO – Lessons learned in construction of protected agriculture systems, or high tunnels, kept Texas A&M AgriLife Research tunnels near Amarillo securely in place during the recent “bomb cyclone” that reached recorded wind gusts of 80-90 mp...

– Texas A&M AgriLife

includes video

21-Mar-2019


Two-step path to shrinking worker bee gonads

The dramatic difference in gonad size between honey bee queens and their female workers in response to their distinct diets requires the switching on of a specific genetic program, according to a new study publishing March 21 in the open-access journ...

– PLOS

Journal of PLOS Biology

Embargo expired on 21-Mar-2019 at 14:00 ET


Breathe in Before Answering: Cognitive Function Tied to Inhalation

Prof. Noam Sobel's team at the Weizmann Institute of Science has shown that we do better on tests when we inhale at the same time we’re presented with a problem. The findings shed light on the evolution of the brain, and may lead to ways of helping...

– Weizmann Institute of Science

Nature Human Behavior, March-2019


Hundreds of Bubble Streams Link Biology, Seismology Off Washington's Coast

The first survey of methane vent sites off Washington’s coast finds 1,778 bubble columns, with most located along a north-south band that is in line with a geologic fault.

– University of Washington

Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth


Open-source solution: Researchers 3D-print system for optical cardiography

Researchers from the George Washington University and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have developed a solution for multiparametric optical mapping of the heart’s electrical activity. This technique is a useful tool for enhancing our...

– Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Scientific Reports


A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis

The symmetrical light-gathering, energy-producing complex offers insights into how modern photosystems evolved.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


NASA’s Webb to Explore Galaxies from Cosmic Dawn to Present Day

How did the first galaxies in the universe form, and did they make the universe transparent to light? How did later galaxies produce and disperse into the universe the heavier elements that are the building blocks of stars, planets, and even humans? ...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


Some Bacteria Make a Big Difference in Dryland Wheat Farming

Even a single species of bacteria can positively affect soils and plants, improving and even enabling agriculture in semi-arid areas.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

SciWire Announcements


Brookhaven Lab Publishes Second Edition of Nuclear Nonproliferation Textbook

Brookhaven Lab has published the second edition of Deterring Nuclear Proliferation: The Importance of IAEA Safeguards, a textbook that provides a history of the origins of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and introduces the ways in which...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Infectious Disease Thought Leader Headlines Tulane University’s Expanded Biotech Research Showcase

From breakthroughs in regenerative medicine and medical imaging to advances in vaccine and drug development, Tulane University will showcase its latest research discoveries to biotechnology firms, venture capitalists, foundations and potential collab...

– Tulane University


FAU Neuroscientist Alex Keene Named Kavli Fellow by National Academy of Sciences

Alex Keene, Ph.D., a leading neuroscientist, has been named a Kavli Fellow by The National Academy of Sciences. He is only the second faculty member at FAU to receive this recognition.

– Florida Atlantic University

SciWire Marketplace


Sapio Sciences Announces The Immediate Availability Of Exemplar LIMS/ELN 11

Sapio Sciences is pleased to announce the availability of Exemplar LIMS/ELN 11, a major expansion of our leading informatics platforms capabilities. Exemplar 11 focuses strongly on our drive to continuously improve user experience via interface enh...

– Sapio Sciences LLC

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